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“ As sure

she had not slept till Friday the 8th. effect of witchcraft. “ She is under an The hurry of spirits, occasioned by too evil tongue,” said the youth. many visitors, rendered her feverish; and as you are alive, sir," continued a stander. ber feet were found to be completely by, “ she is bewitched, and so are two mortified. The cold had extended its vio- other young girls that live near her." lent effects from the end of the toes to the The boor related, tha: at the town he middle of the instep, including more than came from in Bedfordshire, a man had an inch above the heels, and all the bot- been exactly in the same way; but, by a tom of the feet, insomuch, that she lost all charm, he discovered the witch to be an her coes with the integuments from the old woman in the same parish, and that bottom of one foot. Her life was saved, her reign would soon be over; which but the mutilated state in which she was happened accordingly, for she died in left, without even a chance of ever being a few days, and the man recovered. able to attend to the duties of her family, “ Thomas Brown tried this charm last was almost worse than death itself. She night for his daughter, but it did not suclingered until the 13th of July, 1799, ceed according to our wishes; so they when she expired, after a lapse of five have not at present found out who it is months from the period of her discovery. that does all the mischief."

Mr. Nicholson was greatly shocked NATURALISTS' CALENDAR.

at the general opinion of the peoMean Temperature ... 40•37. ple that Alice Brown, Fanny Amey,

and Mary Fox were certainly bewitchel February 3.

by some person who had bought a fami

liar or an evil spirit of the devil at the St. Blaise. St. Agatha. expense of the buyer's soul, and that These two Romish festivals are still various charms had been tried to discover retained in the church of England ca

who the buyer was. It was utterly out lendar.

of his power to remove or diminish the Of St. Blaise's festival there is an ac

impressions of his parishioners as to the count in vol. i. p. 207.

enchantment; and on the following Sunday, a few minutes before he went to

church, Ann Izzard, a poor woman about WITCHCRAFT.

sixty years old, little, but not ill-looking, The necessity for instruction is power- the mother of eight children, five of whoni fully exemplified by the following narra- were living, requested leave to speak to tive. Some who reflect upon it, and dis- him. In tears and greatly agitated, she cover that there are other and worse told him her neighbours pretended, that, consequences to be apprehended from ig- by means of certain charms, they had disnorance than those related below, will covered that she was the witch. She said consult their own safety, by providing they abused her children, and by their cducation for the children of labouring violent threats frightened her sú much people, and influencing their attendance that she frequently dropped down to the where they may gain the means of dis- ground in fainting-fits.” She concluded tinguishing right from wrong.

by asserting her innocence in these words: În February, 1808, at Great Paxton, in “'I am not a witch, and am willing to Huntingdonshire, Alice Brown, crossing prove it by being weighed against the the ice on the river Ouse, fell into the church bible." After the sermon, he adwater, and narrowly escaped drowning, dressed his flock on the folly of their opiin the sight of her friend, Fanny Amey, a nions, and fatal consequences of brooding poor epileptic girl, who, in great terror, over them. It appears, however, that his witnessed the accident. Alice arrived at arguments, explanations, and her father's house shivering with cold, strances were in vain. On Thursday, the and, probably from sympathetic affection, 5th of May, Ann Izzard was at St. Neot's was herself seized with epilepsy. The fits market, and her son, about sixteen years returning frequently, she became emaci- old, was sent there by his master for a ated, and incapable of labour. In April load of corn : his mother and another following, the rev. Isaac Nicholson, curate woman, a shopkeeper in the parish, acof the parish, inquiring after her health, companied him home; but, contrary to was astonished by her brother informing the mother's advice, the woman put a him that her fits and debility were the basket of grocery on the sacks of corn

remon

One of the horses, in going down hill, for a few hours, of the unhappy Alice became restive, and overturned the cart; Izzard. and by this accident the grocery was At the Huntingdon assizes in the much damaged. Because Ann Izzard had August following, true bills of indictment advised her neighbour against putting it were found by the grand jury against in the cart, she charged her with upsetting nine of these ignorant, infuriated wretches, it by the black art, on purpose to spoil for assaults on Wright Izzard and Ann the goods. In an hour, the whole village Izzard, which were traversed to the folwas in an uproar. “ She has just over lowing assizes.* It does not appear how turned a loaded cart with as much ease as they were disposed of. if it had been a spinning-wheel: this is positive proof; it speaks for itself; she is the person that does all the mischief; and if Captain Burt, an officer of engineers, something is not done to put a stop to who, about the year 1730, was sent into her baseness, there will be no living in the north of Scotland on government serthe place.” As it grew dark, on the fol- vice, relates the following particulars of

an interview between himself and a milowing Sunday, these brutal creatures assembled together, and at ten o'clock, nister, whom he met at the house of a taking with them the young women sup

nobleman. posed to be bewitched, they proceeded to

Witchcraft. Wright Izzard's cottage, which stood in a solitary spot at some distance from the

After the minister had said a good deal body or ine village; they broke into the poor bolical practice as sorcery ; and that I, in

concerning the wickedness of such a diaman's house, dragged his wife naked from her bed into the yard, dashed her head my turn, had declared ny opinion of it, against the large stones of the causeway, dertook to convince me of the reality of

which

you knew many years ago; he untore her arms with pins, and beat her on the face, breast, and stomach with the it by an example, which is as follows : wooden bar of the door. When the inob

A certain Highland laird had found had dispersed, the abused and helpless

himself at several times deprived of some woman crawled into her dwelling, put her part of his wine, and having as often exclothes on, and went to the constable, who amined his servants about it, and none of said he could not protect her for he had them confessing, but all denying it with not been sworn in. One Alice Russell,

asseverations, he was induced to conclude a compassionate widow, unlocked her they were innocent. door to her at the first call, comforted her, this could happen. Rats there were none

The next thing to consider was, how bound up her wounds, and put her to bed.

to father the theft. Those, you know, acIn the evening of the next day she was again dragged forth and her arms torn till cording to your philosophical next-door they streamed afresh with blood. Alive neighbour, might have drawn out the the following morning, and apparently their tails, which, being long and sponge

corks with their teeth, and then put in likely to survive this attack also, her enemies resolved to duck her as soon as the ous, would imbibe a good quantity of labour of the day was over. On hearing this liquor. This they might suck out again, she fled to Little Paxton, and hastily took bottles as were sufficient for their num

and so on, till they had emptied as many refuge in the house of Mr. Nicholson, who bers and the strength of their heads. But effectually secured her from the cruelty of his ignorant flock, and had the mortifica

to be more serious :-I say there was no tion to learn that his own neighbours could be done by none but witches.

suspicion of rats, and it was concluded it condemned him for “ harbouring such a wretch."

Here the new inquisition was set on The kindness and affection of the foot, and who they were was the question ; widow Russel were the means of short but how should that be discovered? To ening her days. The infatuated popu: made choice of one night, and an hour

the shortest way to work, the laird lace cried, “The protectors of a witch are just as bad as the witch, and deserve when he thought it might be wateringthe same treatment.” She neither ate

time with the hags; and went to his cellar por slept again from anxiety and fear; but died a martyr to her humanity in twelve

* Sermon against Witchcraft, preached at Great days after her home became the asylum, Paxton, Juls 17, 1908, by the Rev. I. Nicholson

с

without a light, the better to surprise many parts as you think fit, in the manner them. Then, with his naked broad- of a carpenter's rule: lay across the top sword in his hand, he suddenly opened of this another piece of wood, marked G the door, and shut it after him, and fell to with a small wheel, or pulley, at each end cutting and slashing all round about him, thereof, marked CD; they should be so till, at last, by an opposition to the edge fixed that a fine thread of silk may easily of his sword, he concluded he had at least run through each of them : at the end or wounded one of them. But I should this thread, E, tie a small weight, or poise, have told you, that although the place was and tie the other end of the thread, 'F, 10 very dark, yet he made no doubt, by the the tip-top of the plant, as represented in glare and Aashes of their eyes, that they the figure. were cats; but, upon the appearance of a

G candle, they were all vanished, and only some blood left upon the floor. I cannot

D forbear to hint in this place at Don Quixote's battle with the borachios of wine.

There was an old woman, that lived about two miles from the laird's habitation, reputed to be a witch : her he greatly suspected to be one of the confederacy, and immediately he hasted away to her hut; and, entering, he found her lying upon her bed, and bleeding excessively. This alone was some confirmation of

B the justness of his suspicion; but casting his eye under the bed, there lay her leg in its natural form.

I must confess I was amazed at the conclusion of this narration; but ten times more, when, with the most serious air, he assured me that he had seen a certificate

To find the daily increase of this of the truth of it, signed by four ministers plant, observe to what degree the koot F of that part of the country, and could pro; what degree the ball E descends every

rises every day, at a particular hour, or to cure me a sight of it in a few days, if I

day. had the curiosity to see it. When he had inished his story, I used

This little machine may serve several all the arguments I was master of, to show good purposes. By this you will be able him the absurdity of supposing that a wo

to judge how much nourishment a planı man could be transformed into the shape tolerably just notion may be formed of its

receives in the course of each day, and a and diminutive substance of a cat; to vanish like a flash of fire; carry her leg quality; for moist plants grow quicker home with her, &c.: and I told him, thai than dry ones, and the hot and moist if a certificate of the truth of it had been quicker than the cold and dry, signed by every member of the general

I am, sir, assembly, it would be impossible for me

Your constant reader,

S. THOMAS. (however strong my inclinations were to believe) to bring my mind to assent to it.

January 24th, 1826.

mmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmm

To the Editor of the Every-Day Book. To the Editor of the Every Day Book. Sir, Sir,

Perhaps the following parody of Moore's As a small matter of use and curiosity, beautiful melody, “Those Evening Bells," 1 heg to acquaint the readers of the on p. 143, may be acceptable to your Every-Day Book with the means of deter- readers, at a time like the present, when mining the gradual increase of a plant. a laugh helps out the spirits against

Take a straight piece of wood, of a con matter-of-fact evils. venient height; the upright piece, Jarked } do not think it necessary to avow A B in the figure, may be divided ato as myself as an “authority” for my little

COPY OF A LETTER

communication; many of your readers infinitely happier than the happiest of the will, no doubt, be able to furnish feeling wicked. evidence of the truth of the lines. Hoping The consequence I wish you to draw you, sir, may read them without parti- from all this is, never to do any thing excipating in the lively sensibility that the cept what you certainly know to be right; author felt, I remain,

for if you doubt about the lawfulness of Your admiring reader,

any thing, it is a sign that it ought not to and regular customer,

be done. A SMALL BOOKSELLER! City, Jan. 1826.

NATURALISTS' CALENDAR.
« These Christmas Bills .!

Mean Temperature ... 40•32.
A COMMERCIAL MELODY, 1826.
These Christmas bills, these Christmas bills,

February 4.
How many a thought their number kills
Of notes and cash, and that sweet time

CHRONOLOGY.
When oft' I heard my sovereigns chime.

On the 4th of February, 1800, the rev. Those golden days are past away,

William Tasker, remarkable for his lcara, And many a bill I used to pay

ing and eccentricity, died, aged 60, al Sticks on the file, and empty tills

Iddesleigh, in Devonshire, of which Contain no cash for Christmas bills.

church he was rector near thirty years, And so 'twill be—though these are paid,

though he had not enjoyed the income ol More Christmas bills will still be made,

the living till within five years before his And other men will fear these ills,

death, in consequence of merciless and seAnd curse the name of Christmas bills !

vere persecutions and litigations. “An Ode to the Warlike Genius of Britain,

1778,” 4to., was the first effusion of his Written to a Domestic at Parting.

poetical talent. His translations of “Se.

lect Odes of Pindar and Horace" add to The cheerfulness and readiness with his reputation with the muses, whose which you have always served me, has smiles he courted by many miscellaneous made me interested in your welfare, and efforts. He wrote « Arviragus,” a tragedetermined me to give you a few words dy, and employed the last years of his of advice before we part. Read this at- checkered life on a “History of Physitentively, and keep it; it may, perhaps, ognomy from Aristotle to Lavater," be useful.

wherein he illustrated the Greek philoso. Your honesty and principles are, I pher's knowledge of the subject in a man. firmly trust, unshaken. Consider them ner similar to that which he pursued in as the greatest treasure a human being .“ An Attempt to examine the several can possess. While this treasure is in Wounds and Deaths of the Heroes in the your possession you can never be hurt, Iliad and Æneid, trying them by the Test let what will happen. You will indeed of Anatomy and Physiology." These eruoften feel pain and grief, for no human dite dissertations contributed to his credit peing ever was without his share of them; with the learned, but added nothing to his out you can never be long and completely means of existence. He usually wore a miserable but by your own fault.

ragged coat, the shirt peeping at the elIf, therefore, you are ever tempted to bows, and shoes of a brownish black, do evil, check the first wicked thought sometimes tied with packthread. Having that rises in your mind, or else you are heard that his spirited “Ode to the Warruined. For you may look upon this as like Genius of Britain" had been read by a most certain and infallible truth, that if the late king, George III., he

presented evil thoughts are for a moment encou- himself, in his customary habit, on the es: raged, evil deeds follow: and you need planade at Weymouth, where it excited not be told, that whoever has lost his curiosity; and his majesty asking an at. good conscience is miserable, however he tendani

who that person was ? Mr. Tasker may hide it from the world, and whatever approached, avowed his name, and ob. wealth and pleasures he may enjoy. tained a gratifying reception. His pro

And you may also rely upon this, that ductions evince critical skill, and a large the mosi miserable among the virtuous is portion of poetic furor. But he was af

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Aicted and unsuccessful; frequently strug- a nutmeg and grater, a smelling-bottle, gling with penury, and sometimes with and according to the season, an or.inge or oppression. His irritability subjected him apple, which, after many days, she draws lo numerous mortifications, and inflicted out, warm and glossy, to give to some on him many pangs unknown to minds of little child that has well behaved itself. less feeling or less delicacy.

She generally occupies iwo rooms, in the Mr. Nichols, in his “ Literary Anec- neatest condition possible. In the chamdotes," gives a letter he received from ber is a bed with a white coverlet, built up Mr. Tasker, dated from Iddesleigh, in high and round to look well, and with cur. December, 1798, wherein he says, “I tains of a pastoral pattern, consisting alcontinue in very ill health, and confined ternately of large plants, and shepherds in my dreary situation at Starvation Hall, and shepherdesses. On the mantleforty miles below Exeter, out of the verge piece also more shepherds and of literature, and where even your exten- shepherdesses, with dot-eyed sheep at sive magazine [' The Gentleman's '] has their feet, all in coloured ware, the man never yet reached.” The works he put perhaps in a pink jacket and knots of ribforth from his solitude procured him no bons at his knees and shoes, holding his advancement in the church, and, in the crook lightly in one hand, and with the agony of an excruciating complaint, he other at his breast turning his toes out departed from a world insensible to bis and looking tenderly at the shepherdess : merits :-his widow essayed the publi. —the woman, holding a crook also, and cation of his

works by subscription with- modestly returning his look, with a gipout effect. Such was the fate of an eru. sy-hat jerked up behind, a very slender dite and deserving parish priest, whose waist, with petticoat and hips to counterright estimation of honourable independ- act, and the petticoat pulled up through ence barred him from stooping to the the pocket-holes in order to show the trimmeanness of flattery; he preserved his ness of her ancles. But these patterns, of self-respect, and died without preferment, course, are various. The toilet is ancient, and in poverty.

carved at the edges, and tied about with
a snow-white drapery of muslin. Beside

it are various boxes, mostly japan: and
The Old Lady.

the set of drawers are exquisite things for

a little girl to rummage, if ever little girl If the Old Lady is a widow and lives be so bold,-containing ribbons and laces alone, the manners of her condition and of various kinds,-linen smelling of laventime of life are so much the more appa- der, of the flowers of which there is alrent. She generally dresses in plain silks ways dust in the corners,—a heap of that make a gentle rustling as she moves pocket-books for a series of years,- and about the silence of her room; and she pieces of dress long gone by, such as wears a nice cap with a lace border that head-fronts, stomachers, and flowered satin comes under the chin. In a placket at shoes with enormous heels. The stock of her side is an old enamelled watch, unless letters are always under especial lock and it is locked up in a drawer of her toilet key. So much for the bed-room. In the for fear of accidents. Her waist is rather sitting-room, is rather a spare assortment tight and trim than otherwise, as she had of shining old mahogany furniture, or a fine one when young; and she is not carved arm-chairs equally old, with chintz sorry if you see a pair of her stockings on draperies down to the ground,-a folding a table, that you may be aware of the or other screen with Chinese figures, their neatness of her leg and foot. Contented round, little-eyed, meek faces perking sidewith these and other evident indications wise ;-a stuffed bird perhaps in a glass of a good shape, and letting her young case (a living one is too much for her ;) frien is understand that she can afford to a portrait of her husband over the mantleobscure it a little, she wears pockets, and piece, in a coat with frog-buttons, and a uses them well too. In the one is her delicate frilled hand lightly inserted in the handkerchief, and any heavier matter that waistcoat:—and opposite him, on the is not likely to come out with it, such as wall, is a piece of embroidered literature, the change of a sixpence ;—in the other is framed and glazed, containing some moral a miscellaneous assortment, consisting of distich or maxim worked in angular capia pocket-book, a bunch of keys, a needle- tal letters, with two trees or parrots below case, a spectacle-case, crumbs of biscuit, in their proper colours, the whole con

A CHARACTER.

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