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John baptizes many.

S. Matthew Christ baptized. pare ye


way of the Lord,c therefore every tree which make his paths straight. d bringeth not forth good fruit is

4 And the same John had hewn down, and cast into the his raiment of camel's hair, e fire. and a leathern girdle about his 11 I indeed baptize you loins; and his meat was locusts with water unto repentance; and wild honey.

but he that cometh after me 5 Then went out to him Je- is mightier than I, whose shoes rusalem, and all Judea, and all I am not worthy to bear; he the region round about Jordan, shall baptize you with the

6 And were baptized of him Holy Ghost, and with fire : in Jordan, confessing their sins. 12 Whose fani is in his

71 But when he saw many hand, and he will thoroughly of the Pharisees and Saddu- purgej his floor, and gather ceesf come to his baptism, he his wheat into the garner ;k said unto them, O generation of but he will burn up the chaff vipers ! who hath warned you with unquenchable fire. to flee from the wrath to come? 13 1 Then cometh Jesus

8 Bring forth, therefore, from Galilee to Jordan unto fruits meet for repentance. & John, to be baptized of him.

9 And think not to say with- 14 But John forbade him, in yourselves, We have Abra- saying, I have need to be bapham to our father; for I say tized of thee, and comest thou unto you,

That God is able of to me ? these stones to raise up chil- · 15 And Jesus answering, dren unto Abraham.

said unto him, Suffer it to be so 10 And now also the axe is now; for thus it becometh us laid unto the root of the trees;h to fulfil all righteousness. I

Then he suffered him. c Lord.

In the Hebrew of the Old Testament Jehovab.

16 And Jesus, when he was d Make bis paths straight. In ancient baptized, went up straightway times, when princes and sovereigns out of the water; and, lo, the journeyed, pioneers or attendants, heavens were opened unto him, went before to level and straighten and he saw the Spirit of God the way

for them; so John preached descending like a dove, and repentance and reformation to

prepare the way for the Saviour of men.

lighting upon

him : e Camel's bair, a coarse cloth.

i Fan, an instrument to winnow f Pbarisees and Sadducees ; see In- grain or corn. troduction, pages 6 and 7.

; Purge or cleanse his floor ; will sig Let your conduct prove your entirely separate the grain from the repentance sincere.

chaff. b And now the axe, &c. The Gospel k Garner. Granary, or store-house. is the last dispensation of mercy we

| Fulfl all righteousness ; perform. are ever to expect. They,who neglect all the duties and ordinances of God and disobey it, must suffer all the evils according to his appointment. it denounces upon the impenitent.


Christ tempted ;

Chap. iv.

goes to Capernaum. 17 And, lo, a voice from these things will I give thee, heaven, saying, This is my If thou wilt fall down and worbeloved Son, in whom I am ship me. well pleased.

10 Then saith Jesus unto

him, Get thee hence, Satan; CHAP. IV.

for it is written, Thou shalt 1 Christ fasteth, is tempted, worship the Lord thy God, and

and overcometh ; 17 begin- him only shalt thou serve. neth to preach, and calleth 11 Then the devil leaveth some to be his disciples. him; and, behold, angels came

THEN was Jesus led up of and ministered a unto him. the spirit into the wilderness, 12 Now, when Jesus had to be tempted of the devil. heard that John was cast into

2 And when he had fasted prison, he departed into Galiforty days and forty nights, he fee;b was afterward an hungered. 13 And, leaving Nazareth,c

3 And when the tempter he came and dwelt in Capercame to him, he said, If thou

naum,d which is


the be the Son of God, command a Ministered unto, waited upon. that these stones be made bread. 6 Galilee, a large fertile territory

4 But he answered, and said, in the northern parts of Canaan. It is written, Man shall not Here our Saviour and most of his live by bread alone, but by ev

disciples were educated; and here

he taught and wrought most of his ery word that proceedeth out miracles. of the mouth of God.

c Nazareth, a small city of Galilee 5 Then the devil taketh him about 70 or 75 miles north of Jeruup into the holy city,and setteth salem, and a little west of mount 'Tahimon a pinnacle of the

temple, bor. It was noted for the wickedness 6 And saith unto him, if of its inhabitants. In this obscure city

our Saviour lived and laboured most thou be the Son of God, cast of the thirty first years of his life ; thyself down; for it is written, but when he began to preach, the He shall give his angels charge people being offended, and attemptconcerning thee; and in their ing to destroy him, by throwing him hands they shall bear thee up, from their hands and afterwards re

from the brow of a hill, he escaped lest at any time thou dash thy sided little in the place. foot against a stone.

d Capernaun, one of the principal 7 Jesus said unto him, It is cities of Galilee at the north end of written again, Thou shalt not lake Gennesareth, where, after leavlempt the Lord thy God.

Nazareth, Jesus frequently resided 8 Again the devil taketh and taught; hence it was said to be him up into an exceeding

high exalted to beaven ; but from its neglimountain, and sheweth him gence in improving the instructions

of Christ, he said it should be cast all the kingdoms of the world, down to bell. The sufferings of this and the glory of them; city from the Romans, soon after,

9 And saith unto him, All were excessive.

Christ begins to preach, S. Matthew. heals diverse diseases; coast, in the borders of Zabu- 19 And he saith unto them, lon and Nephthalim :

Follow me, and I will make 14 That it might be fulfil- you fishers of men. led which was spoken by E- 20 And they straightway left saias the prophet, saying, their nets, and followed him.

15 The land of Zabulon, 21 And going on from thence, and the land of Nephthalim, he saw other two brethren, by the way of the sea, beyond James the son of Zebedee, and Jordan,e Galilee of the Gen- John his brother, in a ship with tiles :

Zebedee their father, mending 16 The people which sat in their nets; and he called them. darknessf saw great light ; &

22 And they immediately and to them which sat in the left the ship and their father, region and shadow of death h and followed him. light is sprung up:

23 | And Jesus went about 17 From that time Jesus all Galilee, teaching in their began to preach, and to say, synagogues, j and preaching Repent; for the kingdom of the (tospel of the kingdom, k heaven is at hand; i

and healing all manner of sick18 And Jesus, walking by ness, and all manner of disease, the sea of Galilee, saw two among the people. brethren, Simon called Peter, 24 And his fame went and Andrew his brother, cast- throughout all Syria; and they ing a net into the sea; for they brought unto him all siek peowere fishers.

ple that were taken with di

verse diseases and torments, é Jordan, the most considerable and those which were possessriver of Judea. It issues from the small lake Phiala. It falls into the ed with devils, and those which earth and uns about fifteen miles were lunatic, and those that under ground, whence it rises again had the palsy; and he healed in a cave at the foot of a mountain them. In its course it flows through the lake 25 And there followed him Gennesareth, the sea of Galilee or Tiberias

, and thence southward, after great multitudes of people a winding course of about 130 miles, from Galilee, and from Decait falls into the large bituminous lake polis,l and from Jerusalem, Asphaltiles ; called also the Dead sea, and from Judea, and from bethe Salt sea, and the sea of Sodom. yond Jordan. f Darkness, ignorance. g Light, the divine instruction of

j Synagogue, a Jewish meeting Jesus.

house, or place of public worship. b Region and sbudow of death, great k Gospel of the kingdom, the religion ignorance and wickedness.

of Jesus Christ. i Kingdom of heaven, see Matt. iii.

I Decapolis, a district of ten cities.

Note a.

kis sermon

Chap. v.

on the mount.

11 Blessed are ye when men CHAP. V.

shall revile you, and persecute 3 Who are blessed. 13 The

and shall


all manner Apostles are the salt of the of evil against you falsely, for earth, and light of the world. my sake.

AND seeing the multitudes, 12 Rejoice, and be exceedhe went up into a mountain; ing glad; for great is your reand, when he was set, his dis- ward in heaven; for so perseeiples a came unto him : cuted they the prophets which

2 And he opened his mouth, were before you. and taught them, saying,

13 | Ye are the salt of the 3 Blessed are the poor in earth;g but if the salt have spirit;b for theirs is the king. lost his savour,wherewith shall dom of heaven.c

it be salted ? It is thenceforth 4 Blessed are they that good for nothing but to be cast mourn,d for they shall be com- out, and to be trodden under forted.

foot of men. 5 Blessed are the meek; e 14 Ye are the light of the for they shall inherit the earth. world. A city that is set on

6 Blessed are they which an hill cannot be hid. do hunger and thirst after 15 Neither do men light a righteousness; for they shall candle, and put it under a be filled.

bushel, but on a candlestick ; 7 Blessed are the merciful; and it giveth light unto all that for they shall obtain mercy. are in the house.

8 Blessed are the pure in 16 Let your light so shine heart;f for they shall see God. before men,h that they may see

9 Blessed are the peace- your good works, and glorify makers; for they shall be cal- yourFather which is in heaven. led the children of God.

17 | Think

that I am 10 Blessed are they which come to destroy the law or the are persecuted for righteous- prophets ; i I am not come to ness' sake; for theirs is the destroy, but to fulfil. kingdom of heaven.

18 For verily I say unto

you, Till heaven and earth Disciple, a learner, a follower of pass, one jot or one tittlej shall Jesus Christ.

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g Salt of the eartb, guides, and Poor in spirit, of a humble, teach

teachers of pure religion. able disposition.

b Your light shine ; Let your pious Kingdom of beaven, the blessings

example so appear.

i The law of Moses and the writd Tbey that mourn for their sin.

ings of the prophets. e Meek, of a gentle disposition.

; One jot or tittle, &c. Not the least Pure in beart, free from hypocrisy part of the law shall fail of attaining and uncleanness.

its end.

of the Gospel.

say unto

What it is to kill. S. Matthew. Call not thy brother

fool. in no wise pass from the law, 22 But I


That till all be fulfilled.

whosoever is angry with his 19 Whosoever, therefore, brother without a cause shall shall break one of these least he in danger of the judgment; commandments, k and shall and whosoever shall say to his teach meu so, he shall be cal. brother, Raca, o shall be in led the least in the kingdom of danger of the council; but heaven; but whosoever shall whosoever shall


Thou do and teach them, the same fool, p shall be in danger of shall be called great in the hell-fire. kingdom of heaven.

23 Therefore, if thou bring 20 For I say unto you, That thy gift to the altar, and there except your righteousness shall rememberest that thy brother exceed the righteousness

of the hath ought against thee, 9 scribes and Pharisees,l ye shall 24 Leave there thy gift bein no case enter into the king

fore the altar, and go thy way; dom of heaven.

first be reconciled to thy bro24 | Ye have heard that it ther, and then come and offer was said by them of old time,m thy gift. Thou shalt not kill; and, who- 25 Agree with thine adversoever shall kill shall be in

sary quickly, while thou art in danger of the judgment n the way with him ; lest at any

time the adversary deliver thee & Commandments, the precepts of to the judge, and the judge dethe moral law.

liver thee to the officer, and 1 Pharisees, a Jewish sect, who in thou be cast into prison. opinion of their own righteousness despised all others.

death still more awful than the other m Them of old time, the ancients. two, i.e. being burnt alive in the val

» Judgment, &c. To understand tey of Hinnom. This valley of Hinverses 21 and 22, it may be observ- nom, or Topbet, is where Moloch, the ed, that the Jews had two courts; one principal idol of the Ammonites was common, called the judgment, which placed, in whose cruel worship chilconsisted of 23 men; the sentence dren were burnt in sacrifice. Josiah of this court on malefactors was destroyed this inhuman worship, or strangling or, bebeading ;. the other was as it is said, 2 Kings xxiii. 10, he dem called the council or sanhedrim. This filed Tophet, &c. ; this he did by was the supreme court of the Jews ; making it a receptacle for the filth it consisted of 72 judges, by whom of the city, to consume which, fires the highest crimes were tried, which were kept continually burning. this court, and this alone, punished Hence it is a fit emblem to represent with stoning; this, in their opinion, that future punishment of the wickwas a more terrible death than the ed, mentioned in Mark ix. 43, &c. former. The phrase hell-fire, at the o Raca. A silly, foolish fellow. close of verse 22, is not here suppos- Fool. An impious, profane person. ed to mean the future punishment of 9 Ought against thee, reason of comthe wicked; but a punishment by plaint,

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