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Comfort against I. John.

sins of infirmity. and declare unto you, that for ours only, but also for the God is light,b and in him is sins of the whole world.b no darkness at all.c

3 And hereby we do know 6 If we say we have fel. that we know him, if we keep lowship with him, and walk his commandments. in darkness, we lie, and do not 4 He that saith I know him, the truth :

and keepeth not his commandBut if we walk in the ments, is a liar, and the truth light, as he is in the light, we is not in him. have fellowship one with an- 5 But whoso keepeth his other; and the blood of Jesus word, in him verily is the love Christ, his Son cleanseth us of God perfected; hereby know from all sin.

we that we are in him. 8 If we say that we have no 6 He that saith he abideth sin, we deceive ourselves, and in him, ought himself also so the truth is not in us.

to walk c even as he walked, 9 If we confess our sins, he try Brethren, I write no new is faithful and just to forgive commandment unto you, but us our sins, and to cleanse us an old commandment, which from all unrighteousness. ye had from the beginning;

10 If we say that we have the old commandment is the not sinned, we make him a li- word which ye have heard ar, and his word is not in us.

from the beginning. CHAP. II.

8 Again, a new command1 Comfort against sins of in- ment I write unto you, which firmity. 3 To know God is thing is true in him and in to keep his commandments. you; because the darkness is 18 To beware of seducers; past, and the true light now 20 from whose deceits the shineth. godly are safely preserved by 9 He that saith he is in the faith and holiness of life. light, and hateth his brother,

MY little children, these is in darkness even until now. things write I unto you that ye 10 He that loveth his brosin not. And if any man sin, we ther abideth in the light, and have an advocate with the Fa. there is none occasion of stumther, Jesus Christ the righ- bling in him: teous :

11 But he that hateth his 2 And he is the propitia- brother is in darkness, and tion a for our sins; and not

b Of the whole world, of penitent b God is light, is holiness and truth. persons, who forsake their sins. c Darkness, ignorance and error. c To walk, to live.

a Propitiation, a sacrifice of atone- d The darkness of heathenism and ment, which procures pardon or for- of the Mosaic dispensation, is past, giveness

or is passing away.

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Of loving the world. I. John

Of seducers, &c. walketh in darkness, and come, f even now are there knoweth not whither he go- many antichrists; whereby eth, because that darkness we know that it is the last hath blinded his


time. 12 I write unto you, little 19 They went out from us; children, because your sins are but they were not of

for forgiven you for his name's if they had been of us, they sake.

would no doubt have continued 13 I write unto you, fa- with us, but they went out, thers, because ye have known that they might be made manhim that is from the beginning. ifest, that they were not all of I write unto you, young men, because ye have overcome the 20 Bat ye have an unction wicked one. I write unto you, from the Holy One,g and yo little children, because ye have know all things. known the Father.

21 I have not written unto 14 I have written unto you, you because ye know not the fathers, because ye have truth, but because ye know it, known him that is from the and that no lie is of the truth. beginning. I have written un- 22 Who is a liar, but he to you, young men, because ye that denieth that Jesus is the are strong, and the word of Christ ? He is antichrist that God abideth in


denieth the Father and the have overcome the wicked one. Son.

15 Love not the world, nei- 23 Whosoever denieth the ther the things that are in the Son, the same hath not the world. If any man love the Father: [but he that acknowworld, the love of the Father ledgeth the Son, hath the Fais not in him.

ther also.] 16 For all that is in the 24 Let that therefore abide world, the lust of the flesh, in you which ye have heard and the lust of the eyes, and from the beginning. If that the pride of life, is not of the which ye have heard from the Father, but is of the world. beginning, shall remain in you,

17 And the world passeth ye also shall continue in the away, and the lust thereof; Son, and in the Father. but he that doeth the will of 25 And this is the promise God, abideth forever. 18 Little children, it is the

of That antichrist shall come ; for last time ;e and as ye have

this prediction see Matt. xxiv. 5, II. heard that antichrist shall false Christ, the other opposers of

Antichrist has two meanings-one a

Christ. e It is the last time of the dura- g An unction from the Holy One, the tion of the Jewish church and state. inspiration of the Holy Spirit.

Of God's singular

Chap. iii.

love to mankind. that he hath promised us, even but we know that, when he eternal life.

shall appear, we shall be like 26 These things have I him; for we shall see him as written unto you concerning he is. them that seduce you.

3 And

every man that hath 27 But the anointing,h which this hope in him, purifieth ye have received of him, abid- himself, even as he is pure. eth in you; and ye need not 4 Whosoever committeth that any man teach you; but sin transgresseth also the law; as the same anointing teach- for sin is the transgression of eth you of all things, and is the law. truth, and is no lie, and even 5 And ye know that he was as it hath taught you, ye shall manifested to take away our abide in him.

sins; and in him is no sin. 28 And now little children, 6 Whosoever abideth in abide in him; that, when he him sinneth not ja whosoever shall appear, we may have sinneth, hath not seen him, confidence, and not be asham- neither known him. ed before him at his coming. 7 Little children, let no man

29 If ye know that he is deceive you; he that doeth righteous, ye know that every righteousness is righteous, eone that doeth righteousness, ven as he is righteous. is born of him.

8 He that committeth sin is

of the devil; for the devil CHAP. III.

sinneth from the beginning. 1 He declareth the singular For this purpose the Son of

love of God toward us, in God was manifested, that he making us his sons ; 3 who might destroy the works of therefore ought obediently to the devil. keep his coinmandments. 11 2 Whosoever is born of As also brotherly to love one God doth not commit sin ;b another.

for his seed remaineth in him ; BEHOLD what manner of and he cannot sin, because he love the Father bath bestow- is born of God. ed upon us, that we should be

10 In this the children of called the sons of God! there. God are manifest, and the fore the world knoweth us not, because it knew him not.

a Sinneth not; this must mean, 2 Beloved, now are we the sinneth not wilfully and habitually, sons of God; and it doth not

or continueth not in the practice of

sin; for there is no man that sinneth yet appear what we shall be ;

not. See 1 Kings viii. 46. Eccles. vii.

20. Rom. iii. 22. . The anointing, the inspiration of 6 Dotb not commit sin habitually the Holy Spirit,

See preceding note.

God commandeth us to Chap. iv. believe on Jesus Christ. children of the devil ; whoso- 20 For if our heart condemn ever doeth not righteousness us, God is greater than our is not of God, neither he that heart, & knoweth all things.c loveth not his brother.

21 Beloved, if our heart 11 For this is the message condemn us not, then have we that ye heard from the begin- confidence toward God. ning, that we should love one 22 And whatsoever we ask, another.

we receive of him, because we 12 Not as Cain, who was keep his commandments, and of that wicked one, and slew do those things, that are pleashis brother. And wherefore ing in his sight. slew he him? Because his 23 And this is his commandown works were evil, and his ment, that we should believe brother's righteous.

on the name of his Son Jesus 13 Marvel'not, my brethren, Christ, and love one another, if the world hate you.

as he gave us commandment. 14 We know that we have 24 And he that keepeth his passed from death unto life, commandments dwelleth in because we love the brethren. him, and he in him; and hereHe that loveth not his brother by we know that he abideth abideth in death.

in us, by the Spirit which he 15 Whosoever hateth his hath given us. brother is a murderer; and ye know that no murderer hath

CHAP. IV. eternal life abiding in him. He warneth them not to be

16 Hereby perceive we the lieve all teachers who boast love of God, because he laid of the Spirit, but to try them down his life for us ;

by the rules of the catholic ought to lay down our lives faith ; 7 go by many reasons for the brethren.

exhorteth to brotherly love. 17 But whoso hath this BELOVED, believe not evworld's good, and seeth his ery spirit, but try the spirits brother have need, and shut- whether they are of God; beteth up his bowels of compas- cause many false prophets are sion from him, how dwelleth gone out into the world. the love of God in him?

2 Hereby know ye the Spir18 My little children, let it of God Every spirit,a that us not love in word, neither in confesseth, that Jesus Christ tongue ; but in deed and in is come in the flesh, is of God : truth. 19 And hereby we know

c God is greater than our hearts, and that we are of the truth, and knowing all things, will much more

. shall assure our hearts before

a Every spirit, here means, every him.

teacher, who pretends to be inspired.

and we


Exhortations to

I. John.

brotherly love. 3 And every spirit that con- 12 No man hath seen God fesseth not, that Jesus Christ at any time. If we love one is come in the flesh, is not of another, God dwelleth in us, God; and this is that spirit of and his love is perfected in us. antichrist, whereof ye have 13 Hereby know we that heard that it should come ; we dwell in him, and he in us, and even now already is it in because he hath given us of the world.

his Spirit. 4 Ye are of God, little chil. 14 And we have seen, and dren, and have overcome them; do testify, that the Father sent because greater is he that is the Son, to be the Saviour of the in you, than he that is in the world. world.

15 Whosoever shall confess 5 They are of the world; that Jesus is the Son of God, therefore speak they of the God dwelleth in him, and he world and the world heareth in God. them.

16 And we have known and 6 We are of God; he that believed the love that God knoweth God heareth us; he hath to us. God is love; and that is not of God heareth not he that dwelleth in love, dwell

Hereby know we the eth in God, and God in him. Spirit of truth, and the spirit 17 Herein is our love made of error.

perfect, that we may have 7 Beloved, let us love one boldness in the day of judg. another; for love is of God; ment; because as he is, so are and every one that loveth is we in this world. born of God, & knoweth God. 18 There is no fear in love;

8 He that loveth not, know- but perfect love casteth out eth not God; for God is love. fear; because fear hath tor

9 In this was manifested ment. He that feareth is not the love of God toward us, be- made perfect in love. cause that God sent his only 19 We love him, because begotten Son into the world, he first loved us. that we might live through 20 If a man say, I love him.

God, and hateth his brother, 10 Herein is love, not that he is a liar; for he that love we loved God, but that he lov- eth not his brother whom he ed us, and sent his Son to be hath seen, how can he love the propitiation b for our sins. God whom he hath not seen?

11 Beloved, if God so loved 21 And this commandment us, we ought also to love one have we from him, That he another.

who loveth God love his broth6 Propitiation, a sacrifice, which procures pardon and forgiveness.

er also.

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