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Of Jesus being the Chap. v.

Son of God, &c. CHAP. V.

hy For there are three that 1 He that loveth God loveth bear record in heaven, the Fa

his children, and keepeth his ther, the Word, and the Holy
commandments; 3 which to Ghost; and these three are one.
the faithful are light, and 8 And there are three that
not griev us. 9 Jesus is bear witness in earth, the
the Son of God, able to save spirit, and the water, and the
us, 14 and to hear our pray- blood; and these three agree
ers which we make for our in one.
selves and for others.

9 If we receive the witness
WHOSOEVER believeth of men, the witness of God is
that Jesus is the Christ is born greater; for this is the witness
of God; and every one that of God which he hath testifi-
loveth him that begat, lovethed of his Son.
him also that is begotten of 10 He that believeth on the

Son of God hath the witness 2 By this we know that we in himself; he that believeth love the children of God, when not God hath made him a liar; we love God, and keep his because he believeth not the commandments.

record that God gave of his Son. 3 For this is the love of 11 And this is the record, God, that we keep his com- that God hath given to us mandments; and his com- eternal life, and this life is in mandments are not grievous.

his Son. 4 For whatsoever is born 12 He that hath the Son of God overcometh the world; hath life; and he that hath and this is the victory that not the Son of God hath not life. overcometh the world, even 13 These things have !

written unto you that believe 5 Who is he that overcom- on the name of the Son of eth the world, but he that bea God; that ye may know that lieveth that Jesus is the Son ye have eternal life, and that of God?

ye may believe on the name of 6 This is he that came by the Son of God. water and blood,a even Jesus 14 And this is the confi. Christ; not by water only, dence that we have in him, but by water and blood. And that, if we ask any thing acit is the Spirit that beareth cording to his will, he heareth witness, because the Spirit is truth.

15 And if we know that he

hear us, whatsoever we ask, a This is be that came attested to be the Son of God, by the water of

we know that we have the peBaptism, and by his blood and death, titions, that we desired of him. followed by his resurrection.

16 If any man see his bro

our faith.

us :

Concerning the

II. John.

Son of God, &c. ther sin a sin, which is not un- er is born of God sinneth not;d to death,b he shall ask, and but he that is begotten of God he shall give him life for them, keepeth himself, and that that sin not unto death. There wicked one toucheth him not. is a sin unto death ;c I do not 19 And we know that we say that he shall pray for it. are of God, and the whole

17 All unrighteousness is world lieth in wickedness. sin; and there is a sin not un- 20 And we know that the to death.

Son of God is come, and hath 18 We know that whosoev- given us an understanding,

that we may know him that is A sin not unto death is supposed true; and we are in him that is to be one, which a good man com- true, even in his Son Jesus mits through infirmity or surprise, and Christ. This is the true God, of which he repents.

and eternal life. c A sin unto death is one willingly

21. Little children, keep and obstinately committed, against yourselves from idols. Amen. light and knowledge, and continued d Sinneth not kabitually. See chap. in without repentance.

iii, note a.



Wło the person was to whom this Epistle was addressed is not known. The design of it was to guard her and her children against the errors of one Basilides and his followers, who affirmed that Jesus Christ had not come in the flesh, that is, that he was not a real man, but only a man in appearance ; consequently, that he neither did nor suffered what he appeare ed to do and suffer. This was one of the errors against which John wrote his first Epistle; and as it was subversive of the whole scheme of the Gospel, and robbed the Christians of their best hopes, he thought it expedient to guard this elect lady against the same error, as by her distinguished hospitality, she was peculiarly exposed to the arts of false teachers.


1 He exhorteth a certain hon

ourable matron, with her children, to persevere in Christian love and belief, 8

lest they lose the reward of their former profession ; 10 and to have nothing to do with seducers.



An exhortation

Chap. i.

to perseverance. unto

y For many are lady b and her children, entered into the world, who whom I love in the truth; and confess not that Jesus Christ not I only, but also all they is come in the flesh. This is that have known the truth; a deceiver and an antichrist.

2 For the truth's sake 8 Look to yourselves, that which dwelleth in us, and we lose not those things which shall be with us for ever : we have wrought, but that we 3 Grace be with you, mer

receive a full reward.

from God the 9 Whosoever transgresseth, Father, and from the Lord Jes and abideth not in the docsus Christ, the Son of the Fa- trine of Christ, hath not God; ther, in truth and love.

he that abideth in the doctrine 4 1 rejoiced greatly that I of Christ, he hath both the found of thy children walking Father and the Son. in truth, as we have received 10 If there come any unto a commandment from the Fa- you, and bring not this docther.

trine receive him not into your 5 And now I beseech thee, house, neither bid him God lady, not as though I wrote a speed :c new commandment unto thee, 11 For he that biddeth him but that which we had from God speed is partaker of his the beginning, that we love evil deeds. one another.

12 Having many things to 6 And this is love, that we write unto you, I would not walk after his commandments. write with paper and ink; but This is the commandment, I trust to come unto you, and That, as ye have heard from speak face to face, that our the beginning, ye should walk joy may be full. in it.

13 The children of thy

elect sister greet thee. Amen. a The elder, I the aged apostle.

6 Elect lady; it is not known, who « Neither bid bim God speed; that this woman was, but probably a per. is, wish him neither health nor prosa. son of note and distinction.




This short Epistle is inscribed to a person named Gaius or Caius, a common name among the Romans. The name of Gaius

Gaius commended III. John, for his piety, đc. frequently occurs in the history of the Acts, but who this Gaius was, is not known.

In this Epistle John commends Gaius for his kindness and hospitality to some brethren and strangers, who, in journeying among the Gentiles, had come to the place where he lived, and encourages him to shew them the like kindness in future: he reproves Diotrephes for his arrogance in assuming undue authority in the church, of which Gaius was a member, and censures him for refusing to assist the brethren, and for hindering those, who were desirous of doing it, and hé informed Gaius that he expected soon to see him. This Epistle and the preceding were probably written about the year 91 or 92.



1 He commendeth Gaius for ness of thy charity before the

his piety, 5 and hospitality church; whom if thou bring to true preachers; 9. com

forward on their journey after plaining of the unkind deal- a godly sort, thou shalt do well: ing of ambitious Diotrephes

♡ Because that for his name's on the contrary side ; 11 sake they went forth, taking whose evil example is not to nothing of the Gentiles. be followed: 12 giveth spe

8 We, therefore, ought to cial testimony of the good re- receive such, that we might be port of Demetrius.

fellow-helpers to the truth. THE elder unto the well 9 I wrote unto the church;

beloved Gaius, whom I but Diotrephes, who loveth to love in the truth.

have the pre-eminence among 2 Beloved, I wish above all them, receiveth us not. things, that thou mayest pros

10 Wherefore, if I come, I per and be in health, even as

will remember his deeds which thy soul prospereth,

he doeth, prating against us 3 For I rejoiced greatly, with malicious words; and when the brethren came and not content therewith, neither testified of the truth that is doth he himself receive the in thee even as thou walkest brethren, and forbiddeth, them in the truth.

that would, and casteth them 4 I have no greaterjoy than out of the church. to hear that my children walk 11 Beloved, follow not that in truth.

which is evil, but that which 5 Beloved, thou doest faith- is good. He that doeth good fully whatsoever thou doest to is of God; but he that doeth the brethren, and to strangers ; evil hath not seen God.

6 Which have borne wit- 12 Demetrius hath good re




remarks. port of all men, and of the 14 But I trust I shall truth itself, yea, and we also shortly see thee, and bear record, and ye know shall 'speak face to face. that our record is true.

Peace be to thee. Our friends 13 I had many things to salute thee. Greet the friends write, but I will not with ink by name. and pen

write unto thee :




JUDE or Judas, the author of this Epistle, was the son of Alpheus, and the brother of James. He was one of those, who, on account of their relation to Jesus, were called his breth

Matt. xiii. 55. Jude is thought to have written this Epistle at an advanced age, and but a short time before his death; probably as late as the year 70, or 75. Little is known with certainty concerning the life of this apostle.

In the latter part of the apostolical age, many false teachers had arisen and were going about speaking perverse things to draw away disciples after them, as St. Paul had predicted, Acts xx. 30. These were the same persons, or were similar to those, against whom Peter, James, and John wrote. They perverted Paul's doctrine concerning justification, and resolved the whole of Christianity into the speculative belief, and outward profession of the Gospel. They also taught their followers to live in all manner of licentiousness, and still flattered them with the hope of the favour of God and of eternal life. Wherefore to shew the falsehood and impiety of these doctrines, and to secure the disciples from being seduced by them, Jude wrote this Epistle in which, by facts recorded in the Jewish scriptures, he proves that as God had already punished the angels who sinned, notwithstanding their dignity, and the antideluvians, notwithstanding their numbers, so he will most assuredly punish all obstinate sinners in the severest manner.


1 He exhorteth them to be con

stant in the profession of

the faith. 4 False teachers are crept in to seduce them,

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