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Table of offices and Conditions of men.

four ranks, each rank serving ed all events were determined weekly in the temple.

by fatal necessity. Levites, of the tribe of Levi, Simon Magus, Author of but not of Aaron's family; of the heresy of the Gnosticks, these were three orders, Ger- who taught that men, howevshonites, Kohathites, Mera- er vicious their practice was, rites, several sons of Levi, should be saved by their knowNeth

Inferior ser- ledge. vants to the Priests and Le- Nicolaitans, the disciples vites (not of their tribe) to of Nicolas one of the first seydraw water, and cleave wood, en Deacons, who taught the

community of wives. Prophets, anciently called Nazarites, who under a vow Seers, who foretold future e- abstained from wine, &c. vents, and denounced God's Nazarenes, Jews professing judgments.

Christianity: Children of the Prophets, Zelots, Sicarii, or Murdertheir disciples or scholars. ers, who, under pretence of

Wisemen, called so in imita- the law, thought themselves tion of the eastern Magi, or

authorized to commit any outGentile Philosophers.

rage. Scribes, Writers and ex- Pharisees, Separatists, who pounders of the law.

upon the opinion of their own Disputers, that raised and godliness despised all others. . determined questions out of Sadducees, who denied the the law.

resurrection of the dead, anRabbies, or Doctors, Teach- gels, and spirits. ers of Israel.

Samaritans, mongrel proLibertines, Freed men of fessors, partly Heathen, and Rome, who, being Jews or partly Jews, the offspring of Proselytes, had a synagogue the Assyrians sent to Samaria. or oratory for themselves. Apostles, Missionaries, or

Gaulonites, or Galilæans, persons sent; they who were who pretended it unlawful to sent by our Saviour, from obey an heathen magistrate. their number were called, The

Herodians, who shaped their Twelve. religion to the times, particu- Bishops, Successors of the ly flattered Herod.

Apostles in the government of Epicureans, who placed all the Church. happiness in pleasure.

Deacons, Officers chosen by Stoicks, who denied the lib- the Apostles to take care of erty of the Will, and pretend- the poor.



Measures of Length.

Feet. Inc. Dec. A Cubit

1 9 888 A Span

half cubit 0 10 944 A Hand-breadth


3 648 A Finger


0 912 A Fathom

ty 3 552 Ezekiel's Reed

6 10 11 328 The Measuring Line

80 145 11 040

Miles. pac. feet. Sabbath day's journey

2000 0 729 3 The Eastern mile

4000 1 403 1 Stadium or Furlong


145 4,6 Day's journey

96000 33 172 Note. 5 Feet =1 Pace. 1056 Paces=1 Mile.

Measures of Liquids.

Gall. pt. sol. in. The Homer or Cor


5 7,6 The Bath

10th Hom. op 4 15,2 The Hin


1 2 2,5 The Log

hy 20th 0 0 24,3 The Firkin (Metretes)

y 4,9 Note. 29 solid inches=a Pint, nearly.

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Measures of things dry.

Bush. pks. pts. 8

0 1,6 half Hom. 4

The Homer
The Lethech
The Epaph
The Seah
The Omer
The Cab

0,8 10th 0 3 3,4 30th 0 1 1,1 100th

0 5,6 180th

0 2,9

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8. d. f.

D. d. c.m. Piece of Silver (Drachm)

by 3

1 4 2 Trib. Money ( Didrachm) 2 Drach. 1 3 2

2 91 Piece of Silver (Stater)

4 2

5 hy 3 Pound (Mina)

100 64 0 = 14 3 5 1 Penny (Denarius)

0 3

1 4 3 Farthing (Assarium) 20th Den. O 1,5 0 0 6 Farthing (Quadrans)



0,8 0 0 3 Mite 80th 0 0 0,4

0 0 1

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N.B, Silver is here reckoned at 5s. ster. =$11 11


41. ster: =$14 74} per




or Bul

March y Tisri, or September 1 Nisan, or Abib


Ethanim October

April 2 Ijar, or Zif

8 Marchesvan, S October May

November SMay 9 Chislen

SNovember 3 Sivan

December June

December June

10 Tebeth 4 Thamuz

January July

January 11 Shebat SJuly

February 5 Ab August

February 12 Adar August

March 6 Elul

September 13 Veadar, intercalary
Days of the week.

Hours of the day
1st day

The day, reckoning from 2d day

Monday sunrise, and the night, from

sun-set, were each divided 4th day

Wednesday into twelve equal parts, called 5th day Thursday the first second, third, fourth,


&c. Hours. 7th, or Sabbath, Saturday

3d day

6th day


The 1st watch, from sun-set to the third hour of the night. The 2d, or middle watch, from the third hour to the sixth. The 3d watch, or cockcrowing, from the sixth to the ninth. The 4th, or morning watch, from the ninth hour to sun-rise. RULES



1. WHEN a vowel ends an accented syllable, it has its long open sound; as in Je'-sus, Je-ho-vah, Mit-y-le'-ne, Mel-chi'. se-dec.

2. When a consonant ends an accented syllable, the preceding vowel is short; as in Sam'-u-el, Sim'-e-on.

3. Every i forming a distinct syllable at the end of a word, has the long open sound ; as in A'-i, A-ris'-a-i.

4. Every unaccented i, forming or ending a syllable in the middle of a word, has the sound of e; as in Ab'-i-gail, Lyd-i-d, E-thi-o'-pia.

5. The diphthong ai has always, according to Walker, the long sound of a, as it has in dai'-ly; but with us it has more usually the sound of a in fa-ther. It is important to remark, that when this diphthong is in the middle of a word, and followed by a vowel, the i is pronounced as if it were y, and as if this y articulated the following vowel; thus, Cai'-a-phas and A-chai'-a are pronounced as if written Cai'-ya-phas and

6. The diphthongs ce, ce, and ei, are pronounced like long e in the same situations; thus, Ju-doe'-a, Be-ro'-a, and Sa-mei'-us are pronounced as if written Ju-de'-a, Be-re'


and Sa-me-us. 7. When a and ah are unaccented, and at the end of words, they should be pronounced like a in fa-ther; as, E-li'-sha, E-li'-jah.

8. When c has the sound of s, and g of j, they are, in the following tables of proper names printed in Italics, and should be carefully attended to; thus, A-cel'-dama, Ge-nes'-a-reth, Beth'-pha-ge are pronounced as if written A-sel'-da-ma, Jenes'-a-reth-Beth'-pha-je.

9. Ch before a vowel is always pronounced like k; as in Chal-de'-a, Char'-ran, Che'-bar, Che'-mosh. From this rule however, Cher'-ub, Cher'-u-bim, and Ra'-chel, are excepted.

10. C is silent before n and t, as Cni'-dus is pronounced Ni-dus; and Ctes'-z-phon as if written Tes'-i-phon.


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