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Why Paul sent Titus. Chap. ix. Alms recommended. CHAP. IX.

let him give; not grudgingly, 1 He sheweth why he sent Ti- or of necessity; for God loveth

tus, 6 and stirreth them up a cheerful giver. to be bountiful in alms, 10 8 And God is able to make which shall yield them a all grace abound toward you ; great increase.

that ye, always having all-sufFOR as touching a the min. ficiency in all things, may istering to the saints, it is su- abound to every good work: perfluous for me to write to you: 9 (As it is written,d He hath

2 For I know the forward. dispersed abroad; he hath give ness of your mind, for which en to the poor; his righteousI boast of you to them of Ma- ness remaineth forever. cedonia, that Achaia was rea- 10 Now, he that ministereth dy a year ago; and your zeal seed to the sower, e both min, hath provoked b very many. ister bread for your food, and

3 Yet have I sent the breth multiply your seed sown, and ren, lest our boasting of you increase the fruits of your should be in vain in this be- righteousness :) half;c that, as I said, ye may 11 Being enriched in every be ready:

thing to all bountifulness,which 4 Lest haply if they of Ma- causeth through us thanksgivcedonia come with me, and find ing to God. you unprepared, we (that we 12 For the administration say not ye) should be ashamed of this servicef not only supin this same confident boasting. plieth the want of the saints,

5 Therefore I thought it but is abundant also by many necessary to exhort the breth- thanksgivings unto God; ren, that they would go before 13 Whiles by the experiunto you, and make


before- ment of this ministration they hand your bounty, whereof ye glorify God for your professed had notice before, that the subjection unto the Gospel of same might be ready, as a mat- Christ, and for your liberal ter of bounty, and not as of distribution unto them, and covetousness.

unto all men ; 6 But this I say, He which 14 And by their prayer for soweth sparingly shall reap you, which long after you for also sparingly; and he which the exceeding grace of God in soweth bountifully shall reap you. also bountifully.

7 Every man according as d As it is written, Ps. cxii. 9. he purposeth in his heart, so e Now may be, who supplieth seed

&c. a As touching, concerning.

Provoked, stimulated or excited. f The administration of this service, 6 In this belalf, in this particular. the performance of this gift of charity,

to the


toward you :

Of Paul's boasting, 11. Corinthians. and authority, ge.

15 Thanks be unto God for exalteth itself against the bis unspeakable gift.g knowledge of God, & bringing

into captivity every thought to -CHAP. X.*

the obedience of Christ : 1 Paul's spiritual might and 6 And having in a readiness

authority, &c. 12 Not to to revenge all disobedience, stretch beyond our compass. when your obedience is fulfill

NOW, I Paul myself be- ed.b seech you, by the ineekness 7 Do ye look on things after and gentleness of Christ, who the outward appearance ? If in presence am base among any man trust to himself that you,a but being absent am bold he is Christ's, let him of him

self think this again, that, as 2 But I beseech you, that he is Christ's, even so are we I may not be bold when I am Christ's. present with that confidence 8 For though I should boast wherewith I think to be bold somewhat more of our authoragainst some, which think of ity, which the Lord hath given us as if we walked according us for edification, and not for to the flesh.

your destruction, I should not 3 For though we walk in be ashamed; the flesh, we do not war after 9 That I may not seem as if the flesh:

I would terrify you by letters. 4 (For the weapons

10 For his letters, say they, warfare are not carnal, but are weighty and powerful, but mighty through God to the his bodily presence is weak, pulling down of strong holds :) and his speech contemptible.

5 Casting down imagina- 11 Let such an one think tions, & every high thing, that this, that, such as we are in

word by letters when we are 8. His unspeakable gift, that is, Jesus absent, such will we be also in Christ.

deed when we are present. a Base among you, &c. The false teacher probably told the Corinthi- b And baving in a readiness to rem ans, that Paul, when among them, venge, &c. And are prepared to punwas base or humble in appearance, ish all disobedience, after so many of but when absent, was bold by threat. you, as may be disposed, shall have ening letters.

repented. * In the preceding chapters Paul has principally been addressing those at Corinth, who had obeyed his orders, contained in his first Epistle ; but in this and the following chapters he addresses the false teacher and his adherents, speaking to them with great authority, and threatening punishment, if they did not immediately repent. Attention to this circunstance will account for the different style, in which the first and last parts of this Epise tle are written.

of our

Of Paul's sufferings

Chap. xi. for Christ, fc. 12 For we dare not make bear with me a little in iny ourselves of the number, or folly;a & indeed bear with me. compare ourselves with some

ż For I am jealous over you that commend themselves: but with godly jealousy ; for I they, measuring themselves by have espoused you to one husthemselves, and comparing band, that I may present you themselves among themselves, as a chaste virgin to Christ. are not wise.

3 But I fear, lest by any 13 But we will not boast of means, as the serpent beguiled things without our measure, Eve through his subtilty, so but according to the measure your minds should be corruptof the rule which God hathed from the simplicity that is distributed to us, a measure to in Christ. reach even unto you.

4. For if he that cometh 14 For we stretch not our- preacheth another Jesus whom selves beyond our measure, as we have not preached, or if ye though we reached not unto receive another spirit which you; for we are come as far as ye have not received, or anothto you also in preaching the er Gospel, which ye have not Gospel of Christ :

aecepted, ye might well bear 13 Not boasting of things with him. without our measure, that is, 5 For I suppose


was not of other men's labours ; but a whit behind the very chiefhaving hope, when your faith est apostles.b is increased, that we shall be 6 But though I be rude in enlarged by you according to speech, yet not in knowledge; our rule abundantly,

but we have been thoroughly 16 To preach the Gospel in made manifest among you in the regions beyond you; and all things. not to boast in another man's hy Have I committed an ofline of things made ready to fence in abasing myself.c that our hand.

ye might be exalted, because 17 But he that glorieth, let I have preached to you the him glory in the Lord.

Gospel of God freely :d 18 For not he that commendeth himself is approved, mending himself, folly, because his

a In my fully. Paul calls his combut whom the Lord commend

opposers had given it that name. eth.

6 Not a whit behind, &c. In nothing CHAP. XI.

inferior to the very greatest of the Paul being enforced, entereth apostles. into a commendation of him- by labouring for subsistence, that ye

. In abasing ; in humbling myself self, and comparison with might be exalted by believing in Christ. the other apostles.

d Freely, as a free gift, or without WOULD to God ye could reward.

Paul glorieth II. Corinthians.

in afflictions 8 I robbed other churches, 17 That which I speak, I taking wages of them to do you speak it not after the Lord, service.

but as it were foolishly, in this 9 And when I was present confidence of boasting. with you, and wanted, I was 18 Seeing that many glory chargeable to no man; for that after the flesh, I will glory also. which was lacking to me, the 19 For ye suffer fools gladbrethren, which came from ly, seeing ye yourselves are Macedonia, supplied; and in wise. all things I have kept myself 20 For ye suffer if a man from being burdensome unto bring you into bondage, if a you, and so will I keep myself. man devour you, if a man take

10 As the truth of Christ of you, if a man exalt himself, is in me, no man shall stop me if a man smite you on the face. of this boasting in the regions

21 I speak as concerning of Achaia.

reproach, as though we had 11 Wherefore ? because I been weak. Howbeit, wherelove

you not ? God knoweth. insoever any is bold, (1 speak 12 But what I do, that I foolishly,f) I am bold also. will do, that I may cut off oc- 22 Are they Hebrews ? so casion from them, which desire am I. Are they Israelites ? occasion; that wherein they so am I. Are they the seed of glory, they may be found even Abraham ? so am I.

23 Are they ministers of 13 For such are false apos- Christ? (I speak as a fool,) I tles, deceitful workers, trans- am more ; in labours more aforming themselves into the bundant, in stripes above meaapostles of Christ.

sure, in prisons more frequent, 14 And no marvel ; for Sa- in deaths oft.go. tan himself is transformed in- 24 Of the Jews five times to an angel of light.

received I forty stripes save 15 Therefore it is no great one. thing, if his ministers also be 25 Thrice was I beaten with transformed, as the ministers rods, once was I stoned, thrice of righteousness; whose end I suffered shipwreck, a night shall be according to their and a day I have been in the works.

16 I say again, let no man 26 In journeyings often, in think me a fool ;e if otherwise, perils of waters, in perils of yet as a fool receive me, that robbers, in perils by mine own 1 may boast myself a little.

countrymen, in perils by the

of I, no doubt in your opinion, speak Think me a fool for speaking in as a fool. my own praise.

& In danger of deaths often.

as we.


Paul's wonderful
Chap. xii.

revelations. heathen, in perils in the city, about fourteen years ago, in perils in the wilderness, in (whether in the body, I cannot pèrils in the sea, in perils a- tell ; or whether out of the mong false brethren;

body I cannot tell; God know27 In weariness and pain- eth :) such an one caught up fulness, in watchings often, in to the third heaven.b hunger and thirst, in fastings 3 And I knew such a man, often, in cold and nakedness. (whether in the body or out of

28 Besides those things that the body I cannot tell ; God are without, that which com- knoweth ;) eth upon me daily, the care of 4 How that he was caught all the churches.

up into paradise, and heard 29 Who is weak, and I am unspeakable words, which it is not weak? who is offended, not lawful for a man to utter. and I burn not ?

5 Of such an one will I glo30 If I must needs glory I ry ; yet of myself I will not will glory of the things which glory, but in mine infirmities. concern mine infirmities.

6 For though I would desire 31 The God and Father of

to glory, I shall not be a fool; our Lord Jesus Christ, which for I will say the truth ; but is blessed forevermore, know- now I forbear lest any man eth that I lie not.

should think of me above that, 32 In Damascus the gov- which he seeth me to be, or ernor under Aretas the king that he heareth of me. kept the city of the Damas- And lest I should be ex. cenes with a garrison, desir- alted above measure through ous to apprehend me :

the abundance of the revela33 And through a window tions, there was given to me a in a basket, was I let down by thorn in the fiesh,c the messenthe wall, & escaped his hands.

6 Tbird beaven. The Jews called CHAP. XII.

the region of the air, where the birds 1 He commendeth his apostle- fly, the First Heaven; the region of ship, not by his revelations, still higher, where is the seat of God,

the stars, the Second; and the space 9 but by his infirmities, 11

of the holy angels, and into which blaming them for forcing Christ ascended after his resurrecthis boasting

tion, the Third Heuven. IT is not expedient for me doubtless to glory; I will come

. Tbe thorn in the flesh, it is supposto visions and revelations of ed, was some bodily weakness, occathe Lord.

sioned by his rapture abovemention

ed, which might disagreeably affect 2 I knew a man in Christ a his looks, gesture, and speech, and

a I knew a man in Cbrist. Paul render his manner of preaching less here doubtless speaks of himself. acceptable.

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