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Divers

Chap. iv.

salutations. sician,d and Demas, greet be read also in the church of you,

the Laodiceans ; and that ye 15 Salute the brethren which likewise read the epistle from are in Laodicea, and Nymphas, Laodicea. and the church which is in his 17 And say to Archippus, house.

Take heed to the ministry 16 And when this epistle is which thou hast received in read among you, cause that it the Lord, that thou fulfil it.

18 The salutation by the d Luke, the beloved physician, the hand of me Paul. Remember same, that wrote the third Gospel, &

my

bonds. Grace be with you. the Acts of the Apostles. He was

Amen. deservedly beloved by Paul, having

Written from Rome to the attended him in several of his loug and laborious journeys through Asia

Colossians, by Tychicus Minor, Greece, and even into Italy. and Onesimus.

PREFATORY REMARKS

TO THE FIRST EPISTLE OF PAUL TO THE THESSALONIANS.

THESSALONICA was a great sea-port town, and at the time Paul visited it, was the metropolis of all the countries, comprehended in the province of Macedonia. It was remarkable for the number, wealth and learning of its inhabitants; but like the other states of Greece, it was idolatrous, and corrupted with all kinds of wickedness.

In the course of Paul's journeying through Asia Minor, he went to Troas, and thence, being warned by a vision, he passed into Macedonia. He first visited Philippi, preached the Gospel there, and laid the foundation of a church; and then went to Thessalonica, where he preached three sabbath days in a synagogue of the Jews. And although he made many converts, more particularly of the idolatrous inhabitants, the greater part of the Jews were opposed to him, and raised such persecution, that he fled from the city, and went first to Berca, then to Athens, and soon after to Corinth, where he had not been long, before he learned, that his presence was much needed at Thessalonica to support the church, which he had established there; but being unable at that time conveniently to leave Corinth, he wrote this first Epistle, A. D. 51, and sent it by Timothy, in which he proves the divine origin of the Gospel --answers objections, which the learned Greeks and prayer.

Paul's thanksgiving I. Thessalonians. might naturally make-vindicates his own conduct in fleeing from them, when the Jews and idolatrous multitudes assaulted the house of Jason, in which he and his companions lodgedand exhorts and encourages the Thessalonians to constancy and perseverance in the doctrines and duties of the Gospel. THE FIRST EPISTLE OF PAUL, THE APOSTLE,

TO THE THESSALONIANS.

CHAP. I.

fliction, with joy of the Holy 1 He sheweth his mindfulness Ghost :

of them in thanksgiving and ng So that ye were ensamprayer, 5 and persuasion of ples to all that believe in Matheir sincere faith and con- cedonia and Achaia. version.

8 For from you sounded out AUL, and Silvanus, and the word of the Lord,a not

Timotheus, unto the gnly , church of the Thessaloniaus, but also in every place your which is in God the Father, faith to God-ward is spread and in the Lord Jesus Christ; abroad; so that we need not Grace be unto you,

and

peace, to speak any thing. from God our Father, and the 9 For they themselves shew Lord Jesus Christ.

of us what manner of entering 2 We give thanks to God in we had unto you, and how always for you all, making ye turned to God from idols, mention of you in our prayers; to serve the living and true

3 Remembering without God; ceasing your work of faith, & 10 And to wait for his Son labour of love, and patience of from heaven, whom he raised hope in our Lord Jesus Christ, from the dead, even Jesus, in the sight of God, and our which delivered us from the Father;

wrath to come. 4 Knowing, brethren beloved, your election of God.

CHAP. II. 5 For our Gospel came not 1 How the Gospel was preached unto you in word only, but al- unto them, and how they reso in power, and in the Holy ceived it: 17 Why he was Ghost, and in much assurance; desirous to see them, &c. as ye know what manner of FOR yourselves, brethren, men we were among you for know our entrance in unto

you, that it was not in vain: 6 And ye became followers

a From you sounded out the word of of us, and of the Lord, having the Lord, your conversion is much received the word in much af.. talked of not only, &c.

your sake.

Paul's love to

Chap. ii. the Thessalonians. 2 But even after that we unblameably, we behaved our. had suffered before, and were selves among you that believe: shamefully entreated, as ye 11 As ye know, how we exknow, at Philippi,a we were horted & comforted, & chargbold in our God to speak unto ed every one of you, (as a fayou the Gospel of God with ther doth his children,) much contention.

12 That ye would walk 3 For our exhortation was worthy of God, who hath call. not of deceit, nor of unclean- ed you unto his kingdom and Dess, nor in guile:

glory. 4 But as we were allowed 13 For this cause also thank of God to be put in trust with we God without ceasing, bethe Gospel, even so we speak; cause, when ye received the not as pleasing men, but God word of God, which

ye heard which trieth our hearts. of us, ye received it not as the

5 For neither at any time word of men, but (as it is in used we flattering words, as truth) the word of God, which ye know, nor a cloak of cove- effectually worketh also in you tousness; God is witness : that believe.

6 Nor of men sought we 14 For ye, brethren, became glory, neither of you, nor yet followers of the churches of of others, when we might have God, which in Judea are in been burdensome, as the apos. Christ Jesus: for ye also have tles of Christ.

suffered like things of your hay But we were gentle among own countrymen, even as they you, even as a nurse cherish- have of the Jews : eth her children :

15 Who both killed the Lord 8 So, being affectionately Jesus, and their own prophets, desirous of you, we were will. and have persecuted us; and ing to have imparted unto you, they please not God, and are not the Gospel of God only, contrary to all men : but also our own souls, because 16 Forbidding us to speak ye were dear unto us.

to the Gentiles that they might 9 For ye remember, breth- be saved, to fill up their sins ren, our labour and travail ; alway:b for the wrath is come for labouring night and day, upon them to the uttermost. because we would not be

17 But we, brethren, being chargeable unto any of you, taken from you for a short we preached unto you the Ġos- time in presence, not in heart, pel of God.

endeavoured the more abun10 Ye are witnesses, & God dantly to see your face with also, how holily, and justly, & great desire.

a Were shamefully entreated at Plain So that the Jews are filling up the lippi. See Acts xvii. 1-9.

measure of their iniquities always.

Paul sendeth I. Thessalonians. Timothy to them.

18 Wherefore we would have good remembrance of us have come unto you, even I always, desiring greatly to see Paul, once and again; but Sa- us, as we also to see you; tan hindered us.

hy Therefore, brethren, we 19 For what is our hope, or were comforted over you in all joy, or crown of rejoicing? Are our affliction and distress. by not even ye in the presence of your faith : our Lord Jesus Christ at his 8 For now we live, if ye coming!

stand fast in the Lord. 20 For ye are our glory and

9 For what thanks ean we joy.

render to God again for you, CHAP. III.

for all the joy wherewith we 1 Paul sendeth Timothy to joy for your sakes before our

them: 6 his joy for them, God: and desire to see them. 10 Night and day praying

WHEREFORE when we exceedingly that we might see could no longer forbear, we your face, and might perfect thought it good to be left at that which is lacking in your Athens alone;

faith? 2 And sent Timotheus, our 11 Now, God himself and brother, and minister of God our Father, and our Lord Jeand our fellow labourer in the sus Christ, direct our way unto Gospel of Christ, to establish you. you, and to comfort you con- 12 And the Lord make you cerning your faith :

to increase and abound in love 3 That no man should be one toward another, and tomoved by these afflietions ; for ward all men, even as we do yourselves know that we are toward

you: appointed thereunto.

13 To the end he may stab4 For verily, when we were lish your hearts unblameable with you, we told you

before in holiness before God, even that we should suffer tribula- our Father, at the coming of tion; even as it came to pass, our Lord Jesus Christ with all and ye know.

his saints. 5 For this cause, when I could no longer forbear, I sent

CHAP. IV. to know your faith, lest by 1 He exhorteth to go on in godsome means the tempter have liness, 7 to holiness, 9 to love, tempted you, and our labour

11 to quietness, 13 to modebe in vain.

rate sorrow for the dead. 6 But now, when Timothe- 17 of the resurrection, and us came from you unto us, and of the last judgment. brought us good tidings of your

FURTHERMORE then faith and charity, and that ye we beseech you, brethren, and

Of living a holy Chap. iv.

and just life, &c. exhort you by the Lord Jesus, ness, and to work with your that as ye have received of us own hands, as we commanded how ye ought to walk, and to you; please God, so ye would a- 12 That ye may walk honbound more and more.

estly toward them that are 2 For ye know what com- without, and that ye may have mandments we gave you by lack of nothing. the Lord Jesus.

13 But I would not have 3 For this is the will of you to be ignorant, brethren, God, even your sanctification, concerning them which are athat ye should abstain from sleep, that ye sorrow not, even fornication :

as others which have no hope. 4 That every one of you

14 For if we believe that should know how to possess Jesus died, and rose again, his vessel in sanctification and even so them also which sleep honour;

in Jesus, will God bring with 5 Not in the lust of concu

him. piscence, even as the Gentiles

15 For this we say unto you which know not God.

by the word of the Lord, That 6 That no man go beyond we which are alive, and reand defraud his brother in any main unto the coming of the matter, because that the Lord Lord, shall not prevent them is the avenger

of all such, as which are asleep.a we also have forewarned you, 16 For the Lord himself and testified.

shall descend from heaven hy For God hath not called with a shout, with the voice of us unto uncleanness, but unto the archangel, and with the holiness.

trump of God; and the dead 8 He, therefore, that des- in Christ shall rise first. piseth, despiseth not man, but

117 Then we which are a. God, who hath also given un- live, and remain, shall be to us his holy Spirit.

caught up together with them 9 But as touching brother- in the clouds, to meet the Lord ly love, ye need not that I in the air; and so shall we write unto you; for ye your

ever be with the Lord. selves are taught of God to 18 Wherefore, comfort one love one another.

another with these words. 10 And indeed ye do it toward all the brethren which a Sball not prevent, &c. Prevent are in all Macedonia ; but we

here signifies to anticipate or go before. beseech you, brethren, that ye brethren, that ye who shall be found alive at the com

Paul's meaning is, that the righteous, increase more and more; ing of Christ, should not anticipate,

11 And that ye study to be or go into glory before them, who quiet, and to do your own busi- were asleep, or had previously died.

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