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tion. In La Roche we fee an He must have read something else exemplification of that sublime besides law books ; otherwise he happiness which results from a will be too technically and severely faith in the Christian religion ; learned for that liberal and polite with one eye we view the cause science, which is too unlimited and and the effect, and the dependen. 100 arbitrary ever to be thoroughly. cy of the latter upon the former mastered. He must not be a is proved by such a natural series mere politician ; for politics are a of incidents, that we seen almost subordinate system of canons, framto realize the argument, In Fa- ed by man for the regulation of ther Nicholas the same observations society, whereas the laws of huare applicable. The fatal conse man nature are a paramourt fysquences of play are so ably prov. tem, fabricated by God himself, ed, no: by a chain of abitracted and are coeval with his creation. reasoning, but by practical de Who is there, ther, so fit to monstration, deduced from the life more in this important sphere as of a gamefter, that we are unable a Gentleman at large ? by which to relist the conviation which ac I do not mean a street loiterer, a companies it. The unaffected tavern hunter, or a dislipated rake; style and interesting manner in in which opprobrious senses the which these fictions are related, term is oftentimes used. He together with the importance of must be a leisurely gentleman, but the principles which they involve, his leisure ought to be of that dig. insensibly lead the reader to pur- nified description which never fue them to their catastrophe. condescends to idleness; and, if When we have finished them, we the two characters are reconcilable,

doubt upon our minds. I would add, that he should be a We forget that their author has man of business, yet not that drudge been labouring for our good, and, or save to his occupation as to by thinking less of the author, we preclude himself from the elegant dwell more upon his instruction, pursuits of literature,

Writing of this character re For the furtherance of his quires a knowledge of the human knowledge, he must fometimes heart, and an extensive acquaint- court the most ungrateful scenes, ance with life and manners. It and contemplate the lower conrequires that general, and, I might ditions of humanity. He must alnost say, unreítricted observa not only listen to the profound tion, which can only be made by leffons of the philofopher, but he a man of leisure, whose disengage- must also lend an ear to the sensements from professional duty or less prattle of the coxcomb. The commercial avocations, enable him prison and the hospital, as well as to look around the world, and to the drawing room and the festival investigate the various motives hall, demand his attention. which actuate it.

He niuft be By this time, I am afraid that something more than a mere mer my readers suspect me of vanity, chant; for contracted indeed must for having entered upon

an underbe that knowledge which is cire taking, which, agreeable to my cumscribed by a compting-room, own confeffion, requires ability of

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a very superior kind. To this tion ; but this excellence and charge I am ready to plead guil. this perfection are only attainable ty, reserving to myself the privi- by acquirements, small and prolege of making a few remarks, by greslive. The first efforts are, way of qualifying that plea. There commonly, feeble, but they inis, indeed, no liberal profesion, to crease in strength and beauty in become excellent in which, the proportion as they are aided by greatest talents are not necessary; time and experience. Law, physic, and divinity, call The GENTLEMAN AT LARGE, for the sublinieft energies of gen- therefore, hopes that the public ius, and even the mechanical arts will recognize the justness of his are beyond the comprehension of claim upon their candour. This an ordinary mind; yet it is not is his first essay. They have a an uncommon thing to see men, right to look for improvement. But esteemed for their modesty, and they will please to consider that, beloved for their diffidence, en with him, it is, now, the verna! gage in these arduous ftudies. season of authorship, and that To aim at excellence is by no it depends, in some measure, upon means illaudable, and there is noth- them, whether the autumn shall ing criminal in hoping for perfec- be sterile or productive.

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ment,

ON THE NATIONAL CHARACTER OF THE DUTCH,

(From the manuscript Notcs of a German.]

(CONCLUDED.) As a relaxation, they further dy of which he purfues with de. indulge a fondness or attachment light to his old age, or in a cabito concerns which have no con net of natural history or medals, nexion with their business, but At present indeed politics are the serve merely as amusement. Al universally amusement. most every

affluent Dutchman This necessity of relieving them. has some such additional employ. selves from the dull uniform re

One gratifies his taste by fraint of business principally by forming a collection of famous and setting their minds at ease, has valuable paintings (which colts produced that love of repose, him from ļooo to 8000 forins) which, palling from the higher engravings, or even news-papers; claffes, the merchants, to the othanother in gardening, hot-beds, er inhabitants, has spread itself flowers ; a third, in handsome over all orders, and contributed furniture ; a fourth, in borfes fa- highly to

highly to blunt the faculties. mous for quick trotting (hard The proverb* “too much of one drawers) and superb carriages of thing is good for nothing," is here various shapes and kinds; a fifth, somewhat strongly illustrated in finally, in a library of modern as practice : bat on the other hand well as ancient literature, the stu- it has produced folidity and per,

severance Gut Ding will weile haben.

*

But no

severance in works of art, and will form his judgment, not from profundity in works of learning; the town which is accidentally the qualities which would be more feat of government, but from the yaluable in the Hollander, if they real metropolis of the country, did not appear too often in his the place where, from the mass amusements, and degenerate into of its population, the principal frivolity:

branches of national industry are one will accuse the brought beneath his immediate Dutch of laziness, who has obe notice.* ferved only during one week, From this predilection for quimore particularly in good times, et, necessarily arises an inclination the crowding and driviog in the to continue their old cnftoms, and streets of Amsterdam, the uni- adhere to their course of opinions. versal diligence and industry in Hence, innovation in every dethe counting-houses, ware-houses, partment, in literature, and in sciharbours, and on the docks. ence, in matters of business, and During the greater part of the in political opinions concerning day, from eight in the morn- government, there make but a ing till feven in the evening, no llow and late progress. one is unemployed, and there is In no respect is this more ap. nothing which strangers, who parent than in the religious opinvisit Amsterdam without business, ions of the Dutch, who are now “idle and inquisitive travellers,” precisely at the point from which more complain of, than the want they set out two centuries ago, of persons to converse with. It and where they were fixed by the is true, Dutch industry bears à fynod of Dort. All their religdifferent stamp from that of the iqus opinions are orthodox in the southern nations ; but is it right highest degree ; all dogmas de. to deny to a people the possession rived from the systems of the reof a quality, and impute to them formers, the Lutherans, Mennonthe contrary, because it appears ites, and Remonstrants, are held among them in a form differing in abhorrence, under the epithet from ours?

of Duitsch vergif (German poi. The Hague, like most seats of fon), because it is known they had government, is least qualified to moitly proceeded from German give travellers correct notions divines. The Lutherans at Amconcerning the industry, and, sterdam carried their zeal for imabove all, the character of the na mutable uniformity of doctrine so tion : especially since the court far, that, differing about the ex, has left it, by whom the greater istence of the devil, they separated part of the inhabitants were sup- into two churches, and even this ported, But the judicious traveller schism awakened the spirit of par

ty * Hence the very extravagant pidure which Riem has drawn in his Travels through Holland of the laziness of the higher orders. The rich Hollander is at his Buiten plaatsen from eight in the morning (when he rises, in the middle of summer, and never goes to bed before twelve or one) in the open air, and spends his time in walking, riding, or bufying himself either in fishing, hunting, or enfparing birds in the grass. Even in Holland it is not the custom for the rich to fit.-Pauci dormientes rete trahunt. D. EINS.

ty in a powerful degree. The retain a direct or indire&t authorce Dutch Catholics are more bigoted ity over its protected fifter. Dure than in some Catholic countries. ing the contest of parties in France, A negligent obfervation of lent the partiality of the Dutch patria would endanger the reputation of ots was unchanged, and their apa young Catholic, just established plause followed the victorious parin business, with those of his own ty, whoever they were. When fcct; and, as their riches give it became necessary, after the abthem power, might impede his olition of the Stadtholder's auprosperity. So that, from thrę thority, to, new-model the constitime of their Vondels and Vatts, tution, then the attachment to polite literature has scarcely made this system shewed itself on all any progress among them; these 4des, in poetry, Grotius in jurisprudence, There are customs, and forms and the dry annalist Wagenar in which business indeed generally history, are still their great pat- promotes less attachment to which terns. It is already known in and more boldness of speculation what manner they have translated may be the cause why in Holland the Greek and Roman classics, there are more examples of Enand which, in spite of the exam- glish, Germans, and French, who, ples of Hemsterbuis, Rbunkens, and have settled there, gaining rapid Wyttenbachs, conlist rather of a la fortunes, than of the native Holborious attempt to acquire certain kanders. The rich Dutchman words, forms of expreslion, and has inherited the greatest part sentences, than deeply to enter of his fortune, and on that account into the sense and spirit of the an ftrives with less difficulty to in-. cients,' and accurately compress, crease his patrimony, by the acthem together into one whole. customed means.

It was not so much a convic With this inclination to pre. tion of the want of national con- serve favourite customs, is conftitution, or of the truth of their nected a certain obftinacy and political opinions, which, since the ftubbornness, which are found as year 1789, has procured the French well in individuals, and even in, so

many friends and partizans in children, as in the national charHolland; as the hope by the al- after. There are no people who fistance of that nation to crush the adhere more pertinaciously to detested Orange party : And it their first impressions of difike or was not in the least considered, esteem than the Hollanders. Theix that with that was necessarily cold blood runs too slowly to perconnected the entire change of the mid those hasty changes of sentir political union, and the introduc- ment, and that rapid adoption of tion of a new order of things, every external impreffion which which might break the chains of pafles over thein, for which more their former habits. The Dutch southern nations are indebted to had too high an opinion of the their warnr imaginations, their power and consequence of the re more susceptible and irritable fenpublic, to reflect that the great fes, and to the inconstancy of republicafter its conquell, would their tempers. Even this cold

ness

just and

riefs of teniperament promotes so much fuperior to ours, a Dutchconstancy, by preventing those nan will more readily be guided paflionate excefles of sensibility, by his wife; and flanderers even which are so injurious to the amia- assert of many a one, that in the ble. What other nations effect totally new character of a repreby the Ytrength of their pafons fentative he has become only her and their constitutional energy, echo. the Dutch are able to attain by The Hollander's sense of freethe permanence of their feelings. dom, at least at present, is for the And no other people, scarcely, most part the love of ease. The could have maintained with such true love of liberty, which once undaunted firmness their long prevailed in Greece and Rome, struggle against their Spanish op- is no where in modern Europe in pressors.

so great a perfection as in En. In the mean while, the Dutch gland : But the Englisman, are in this respect like all other when he considers liberty to conpersons of limited knowledge, and filt in the freedom of his native without principles ; that what they country from foreign power, and fancy they know, what they have the security of individuals against received upon credit as

the government, patiently submits true, and through custom and to the inconveniences which flow habit have maintained; or what from it, because the removal of flatters their habitual and power

them would occasion more effenful feelings, are so deeply rooted tial injury; and he fhuns no fain then, that the most cogent ar crifice to maintain this liberty in guments cannot

nce them to its original purity. On the other the contrary. On the other hand, hand, the Dutchman by this word on subjects which they do not pro- means only a perfect exemption fefs to understand, where they are from every thing that might internot governed by habit, custom, or fere with his ordinary habits, that fashion, and particularly where it might compel him to make any respects propriety in their ordina- facrifice, or submit to any rery conduct; they easily and con- straint, or that might hinder the tentedly suffer themselves to be di- gratification of his avarice. “Our rected by others. With this lim governors,” say they,

“ must be itation, what Riem, p. 373, says mild and gentle ;' but by this of the Dutch, may be perfectly they mean only, that their rulers true, that of all people they are must be impotent and afleep. the most tractable : But when it When their ancient, inveterate is considered, how few things and stubborn hatred against the there are which men do not be house of Orange had broken out , lieve they understand, and how afresh, they never laboured to refew cafes can occur in this coun form their strange federal constitry, over which custom and habit tution, according to which there have not complete authority; this were in this little republic nearly general docility finks almost to

as many states which were indenothing. Also in matters of sen- pendent, and whose jurisdiction timent, where the female sex is was confined to a single town, as

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