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in Germany; because such a re reform in their government, that form would have changed all their two years were necessary to form ancient customs. But the violent a conftitution, which foon became hatred borne by the majority of the derision of all parties. An the inhabitants of the sea provin- invitation to transmit schemes of kes against the Stadtholderians, reform in the conftitution both of from the graification of which the the towns and provinces, occasionone party were withheld by no ed a satirical writer to compare fcruples, and which the other par- the situation of the country with ty were little folicitous to appeafe, that of a man, who pulled down might unite with the circumstances his house, and then projected a of the times, in promoting the in- plan of a new one among the rutroduction of, French principles ins; whence it could not but folamong the patriots. And yet fo low, that being heated by the lalittle were they prepared for the bour of demolishing, he might then final accomplishment of their wish- cool himself by, standing ftill in es, by forming a moderate plan of the




A GOOD HINT FOR THE REFORMATION OF OUR OWN. THE Venetian Stage had long and many others foon followed. been in possession of Goldoni, à The two bards, finding themselves dramatic poet, who, by introduc- thus attacked, thought proper to ing bustle and show into his pieces, suspend theit mutual animosity, and writing principally to the lev- and join to oppose their adverfacl of the Gondoliers, arrived to ries. Chiari was a great prose the first degree of popularity in Scribbler, as well as a comedy-monger, Venice. He had a rival in Pie- so that a brisk paper war was tro Chiari, whom the best critics quickly commenced, which grew even thought worse than Goldo- hotter and hotter by rapid degrees. ni ; but such an epidemic free It happened one day that Carzy seized the Venetians in favour lo Gozzi met with Goldoni in'a of these two writers, that it quick- bookseller's shop, They ex. ly spread itself to almost all parts changed sharp words, and in the of Italy, to the great detriment heat of the altercation Goldoni of better authors, and the derange- told Gozzi, “ that though it was ment of the public taste.

an easy task to find fault with a It is difficult to tell how long play, it was very difficult to write this dramatic mania would have

Gozzi acknowledged, continued, but for the following “ that to find fault with a play circumstance :

was really very easy, but that it Carlo Gozzi, a younger broth. was still easier to write such plays of a noble family, was the first as would please so thoughtless'a that attacked Goldoni and Chiari, nation as the Venetians;" add.



ing, with a tone of contempt, This good success encouraged " that he had a good mind to Gozzi to write more, and his plays make all Venice run to see the Tale changed in a little time so entirely of the Three Oranges formed into the taste of the Venetian audiences, a comedy.” Goldoni, with fome that in about two seasons Goldoof his partizans then in the shop, ni was entirely stripped of his thechallenged Gozzi to do it, if heatrical honours, and poor Chiari could; and the critic, thus piqued, totally annihilated. Goldoni engaged to produce such a com quitted Italy, and went to France, edy within a few weeks.

confiding much in Voltaire's Who could have ever thought interest and recommendations, that to this trifling and casual dif which procured him the place of pute, Italy should owe the great Italian master to one of the Prineft dramatic writer that it ever cesses at Versailles ; and Chiari had ? Gozzi quickly wrote a retired to a country house in the comedy in five acts, entitled, I Tre Deighborhood of Brescia. Aranci ; or, The Three Oranges ; Those who are any way criticformed out of an old woman's ally acquainted with the knowlstory, with which the Venetian edge of the English (tage, cannot children are much entertained by forbear drawing a comparison, betheir nurses. The comedy was tween its state at present, and that acted, and the three beautiful of the Venetian, under the conPrincesses, born of the three en trol of Goldoni and Chiari. If chanted Oranges, made all Venice the Venetians, forty years ago, crowd to the theatre of St. An were intoxicated with spectacle, gelo.

improbable fable, and low buffooneIt may be easily imagined, that ry; have we not our speares and Goldoni and Chiari were not hobgollins, our manual wit, miferaspared in the Tre Aranci. Goz. ble puns, and improbable fables ; zi found means to introduce in it with characters more drawn from a good many of their theatrical the narrow or ideal views of the absurdities, and exposed them to writers, than from truth or genpublic derision.

eral nature ? Nay, what is still The Venetian audiences, like worse, are we not in danger of the rest of the world, do not much having our stage inundated with relish the labour of finding out the

a new species of German moralitruth ; but once point it out to ty ; where either the ranks of them, and they will instantly seize subordination are constantly atit. This was remarkable on the tempted to be invaded, or prostifirst night that the comedy of The tution suffered to triumph over Three Oranges was acted. The the weakness of humanity? fickle Venetians, forgetting in It is no excuse to the writers, stantly the loud acclamations with the manufacturers, or translators which they had received the great- of such pieces, to say, that they est part of Goldoni's and Chiari's work to please their cuflomers ; plays, now laughed out most ob- and if the latter are gratified with Itreperoully at them both, and ap- their performances, their object is plauded The Three Oranges in a attained ; writers inspired with a most frantic manner.

true define of fame, should not T


back with horror and contempt this department. The object

seek their emoluments in the ig- ers, &c. who infested at that pea norance or pasions of the public. riod the two winter theatres. It is still less an excuse to those O'Hara's “ Midas" had the fame of superiour talents, to repose in effect upon the operas which were indolence under the exhibition of about to be introduced into Dubkuch pieces ; they fhould consid- lin about forty years ago, to the er themfelves as guardians of the exclusion almost of all dramatic public taste, and as fuch it is their performances : whilft Goldsmith's duty to draw off the public mind Cs Good-natured Man,” and

more racional enjoyments. Foote's “ Piety in Pattens" put This is not fo difficult a talk too, a stop to a species of feptimental as is generally imagined ; for. comedy, which, instead of the though the great mafs of English Speculum vita, was nearly convertaudiences fometimes cannot, and ing the theatre into an half-in. often will not, “ be at the trouble formed academy for moral phiof thinking for themselves,”! let lofophy. a writer, properly qualified, think We trust this hipt will be fuf. for them; and they will, like the facient for men of real genius. Venetians, foon join in the laugh Some we know to be well qualiagainst their former follies and in- fied, by their former productions, toxications.

for such a tafk ; and many more Thofe conversant with the state no doubt, though unknown to the of the stage in the reign of drama, who would find proper Charles the Second, must look employment for their talents in

at most of the miserable produc- would be far above the bare emoltions of that age.; where novelty ument of fuch a service ; it would was the great idol of the day, be recovering to the stage its prisand where even wit and genius tine character—" Deledando para sometimes ftooped to affif her in iterque monendo-and giving the her fantastical and ridiculous dra- rule and the example to fuccefpery : yet no Looner did « The five authors to write up to this Rehearsal" appear, wherein the standard. In short, all would be absurdities of thofe pieces were benefited by fuch a reformation : pointed out and properly ridicu- the managers would have fuller led, than fuccessive audiences audiences ; as, in addition to the made atonements for their paft fools, the triflers, and indifferents, mistakes, and banished the great they would have the refort and er part of them from the ftage countenance of men of fense, forever.

tafte, and education. The actors “ Thus shame regained the post that would enjoy more of the benefits fenfe betray'd,

of their profession, by having their " And virtue called oblivion to her talents properly exerted. The aid."

audiences would find in the cup Our own times produce us fim- of entertainment the sweets of ilar circumstances : Garrick's fine improvement, whilst the authors natural acting and transcendent would gather with their emolupowers foon put to flight the hoft ments the higher rewards of a of pantomime mongers, wire dance virtuous reputation.

An ORATION on the Sublinie Virtues of General GEORGE

WASHINGTON, pronounced at the Old South Meeting-House in Boston, before His Honor the Lieutenant-Governor, the Council, and the Two Branches of the Legislature of Massachusetts, at their Request, on Saturday, the 8th of February, 1800.

By FISHER AME8. It is natural that the gratitude will delight to echo ten ages of mankind fhould be drawn to hence, when we are dumb. their benefactors. A number of I confider myself not merely ia these have successively arisen, who the midst of the citizens of this were no less distinguished for the town, or even of the State. In elevation of their virtues, than the idea, I gather round me the na·lustre of their talents. Of those tion. In the valt and venerable however who were born, and who congregation of the patriots of all acted through life, as if they were countries and of all enlightened born, not for themselves, but for men, I would, if I could, raise my their country and the whole hu- voice, and speak to mankind in a man race, how few alas ! are re- train worthy of my audience, and corded in the long annals of ages, as elevated as my subject. But and how wide the intervals of how thall I express emotions, that time and space that divide them. are condemned to be mute, beIn all this dreary length of way, cause they are unutterable ? I felt, they appear like five or fıx light and I was witness, on the day houses on as many thousand miles when the news of his death reachof coast : they gleam upon the ed as, to the throes of that grief, furrounding darkness, with an in- that faddened every countenance, extinguishable fplendor, like stars and wrung drops of agony from seen through a mist; but they are the heart. Sorrow laboured for feen like stars, to cheer, to guide, utterance, but found none. Ev and to saye. WASHINGTON ery man looked round for the is now added to that small num confolation of other men's tears. ber. Already he attracts curio. Gracious Heaven! what confolaity, like a newly discovered ftar, tion ! each face was convulsed whose benignant light will travel with forrow for the pałt ; every op to the world's and time's far- heart shivered with despair for the thest bounds, Already his name future. The man, who and who is hung up by history as conspicu- alone, united all hearts, was dead; oully, as if it sparkled in one of dead, at the moment when his the constellations of the sky, power to do good was the great

By commemorating his death, est, and when the aspect of the we are called this day to yield the imminent public dangers seemed homage that is due to virtue ; to more than ever to render his aid confefs the common debt of man- indispensable, and his lofs irrékind as well as our own ; and to parable : irreparable ; for two pronounce for pofterity, now WASHINGTONS come pot in dumb, that elogium, which they one age.

A grief

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A grief so thoughtful, fo pro- Ah, how unlike the man late found, so mingled with tender warm with living virtues, animatness and admiration, so interwov. ed by the foul once glowing with en with our national self-love, so patriotic fires ! He is gone ! the often revived by being diffused, is tomb hides all, that the world not to be expressed. You have af- could scarce contain, and that signed me a task that is imposible. once was WASHINGTON, ex

O if I could perform it, if I cept his glory; that is the rich in, eould illustrate his principles in heritance of his country; and his my discourse as he displayed them example ; that let us endeavour by in his 'life, if I could paint his delineating to impart to mankind. virtues as he practised them, if I Virtue will place it in her temple, could convert the fervid enthufi. wisdom in her treasury. asm of my heart into the talent to Peace then to your forrows. } transmit his fame, as it ought to have done with them. Deepas your pass to posterity ; I should be the grief is, I aim not to be pathetic. fuccessful



your will, the I defire lefs to give utterance ta minister of his virtues, and may I the feelings of this age, than to dare to say, the humble partaker the judgment of the next. Let of his immortal glory. These us faithfully represent the illafare ambitious, deceiving hopes, trious dead, as history will paint, and I reject them. For it is per as posterity will behold him. haps almost as difficult, at once With whatever fidelity I might with judgment and feeling, to execute this talk, I know that some praise great actions, as to perform would prefer a picture drawn to them. A lavish and undistin- the imagination. They would guishing elogium is not praise ; have our WASHINGTON repand to discriminate such excellent refented of a giant's fize, and in qualities as were characteristic and the character of a hero of roa peculiar to him, would be to raise mance. They who love to wona name, as he raised it, above en der better than to reason, would vy, above parallel, perhaps, for not be fatisfied with the contemthat very reason, above emulation. plation of a great example, unless,

Such a portraying of character in the exhibition, it should be so however, must be addressed to the distorted into prodigy, as to be understanding, and therefore, even both incredible and ufeless. Othif it were well executed, would ers, I hope but few, who think seem to be rather an analysis of meanly of human nature, will moral principles, than the recital deem it incredible, that even of a hero's exploits. It would WASHINGTON fhould think rather conciliate confidence and with as much dignity and eleva, esteem, than kindle enthusiasm and tion, as he acted; and they will admiration.

It would be a pic- grovel in vain in the fearch for ture of WASHINGTON, and,

and selfish motives, that like a picture, fiat as the canvas ; could incite and sustain liim to

ike a statue, cold as the marble devote his life to his country,
on which he is represented ; cold, Do not these fuggestions found
alas, as his corple in the ground. in your cars like a profanation of



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