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virtue ? and, while I pronounce dence, on the occasion of Bradthem, do you not feel a thrill of dock's defeat, diffused his name indignation at your hearts ? For- throughout America, and across bear.. Time never fails to bring the Atlantic. Even then his every exalted reputation to a strict country viewed him with complafcrutiny : the world, in passing cency, as her most hopeful son. the judgment that is never to be At the peace of 1763, Greatreversed, will deny all partiality, Britain, in consequence of her viceven to the name of WASH tories, stood in a postion to preINGTON. Let it be denied : scribe her own terms. She chose, for its justice will confer glory. perhaps, better for us than for her.

Such a life as WASHING. felf: for by expelling the French TON's cannot derive honor from from Canada, we no longer fear. the circumstances of birth and ed. ed hostile neighbors ; and we foon ucation, though it throws back a found just cause to be afraid of upon

both. With an in our protectors. We discerned quisitive mind, tbat always profit even then a truth, which the coned by the lights of others, and duct of France has since so strongwas unclouded by passions of its ly confirmed, that there is nothown, he acquired a maturity of ing which the gratitude of weak judgment, rare in age, unparallel. ftates can give, that will satisfy ed in youth. Perhaps no young strong allies for their aid, but auman had so early laid up a life's thority. Nations that want prostock of materials for folid reflec- tectors, will have masters. Our tion, or settled so soon the princi- settlements,

settlements, no longer checked by ples and habits of his conduct. enemies on the frontier, rapidly Grey experience listened to his increased ; and it was discovered, counsels with respect, and at a

that America was growing to a time when youth is almost privi- size that could defend itself. leged to be rash, Virginia com In this, perhaps unforeseen, but -mitted the safety of her frontier, at length obvious state of things, and ultimately the safety of Amer- the British Government conceivica, not merely to his valor, for ed a jealousy of the Colonies, of that would be scarcely praise ; which, and of their intended meafbut to his prudence.

ures of precaution, they made no It is not in Indian wars that secret. heroes are celebrated ; but it is Thus it happened, that their there they are formed. No ene. foresight of the evil aggravated its my can be more formidable, by symptoms, and accelerated its the craft of his ambushes, the sud- progress. The colonists perceivdenness of his onset, or the feroci- ed that they could not be governty of his vengeance. The soul of ed, as before, by affection; and WASHINGTON was thus ex resolved that they would not be ercised to danger ; and on the governed by force. Nobly refirst trial, as on every other, it ap- folved! for had we submitted to peared firm in adversity, cool in the British claims of right, we action, undaunted, self-poffeffed. Should have had, if any, less than His spirit, and still more his pru our ancient liberty ; and held


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its courage:

what might have been left by a They had not retained what they worse tenure.

· knew, nor felt curiofity to know Our nation, like its great lead- the state of thirteen wretched seter, had only to take counsel from tlements, which vast woods in

When WASH-, clofed, and still valter woods diINGTON heard the voice of his vided from each other. They country in distress, his obedience did not view the colonists so much was prompt ; and though his face a people, as a race of fugitives, rifices were great, they cost him whom want, and solitude, and inno effort.

Neither the object termixture with the savages, had nor the limits of my plan, permit made barbarians, Great Britain, me to dilate on the military events they faw, was elate with her vicof the revolutionary war.

Our tories : Europe stood in awe of history is but a transcript of his her power : her arms made the claims on our gratitude. Our thrones of the most powerful unhearts bear testimony, that they steady, and disturbed the tran. are claims not to be fatisfied. quillity of their States, with an When overmatched by numbers ; agitation more extensive than an a fugitive, with a little band of carthquake. As the giant Encefaithful soldiers ; the States. as ladus is fabled to lie under Etna, much exhausted as dismayed; he and to shake the mountain when explored his own undaunted heart, be turns his limbs, her hoftility and found there resources to res was felt to the extremities of the trieve our affairs. We have feed world. It reached to both the him display as much valor as gives Indies; in the wilds of Africa, it fame to heroes, and as confum obstruded the commerce in flaves ; mate prudence as insures success.' the whales, finding, in time of to valor ; fearless of dangers that war, a respite from their pursuers, were personal to him ; hesitating could venture to sport between and cautious, when they affected the tropics, and did not fee, as in his country ; preferring fame be peace, to hide beneath the icefore safety or repose ; and duty, fields of the polar circle. before fame.

At this time, while Grcat-Brie Rome did not owe more to Fa- tain wielded a force not inferior bius, than America to WASH to that of the Roman entipire un INGTON. Our nation thares

Our nation thares der Trajan, suddenly, aftonished with him the singular glory of Europe beheld a feeble people, having conducted a civil war with till then unknown, stand forth, mildness, and a revolution, with and defy this giant to the combat. order.

It was so unequal, all expected it The event of that 'war seemed would be thort. The events of to crown the felicity and glory that war were so many miracles, both of America and its Chief. that attracted, as much perhaps as Until that contest, a great part of any war ever did, the wonder of the civilized world had been fur mankind. Our final success exprisingly ignorant of the force and alted their admiration character, and almost of the exift- highest point : they allowed to * ence, of the British Colonies. WASHINGTON all that is due


to its

to transcendent virtue, and to the independence, our citizens were Americans more than is due to disappointed. The Confederation human nature. They considered was then the only compact made us as a race of WASHINGTONS, “ to form a perfect union of the and admitted that nature in Amer, States, to establish justice, to inica was fruitful only in prodigies. fure the tranquillity, and provide Their books and their travellers, for the security, of the nation ;" exaggerating and distorting all and accordingly, union was their representations, affifted to name that still commanded revera establish the opinion, that this is a ence, though not obedience. The new world, with a new order of fyftem called justice was, in some men and things adapted to it ; of the States, iniquity reduced to that here we practise industry, elementary principles ; and the amidst the abundance that requires public tranquillity was such a pornone; that we have morals fo re tentous calm, as rings in deep fined, that we do not need laws ; caverns before the explofion of an and though we have them, yet we earthquake. Most of the States 'ought to consider their execution - then were in fact, though not in as an insult and a wrong ; that we form, unbalanced democracies. have virtue without weaknesses, Reason, it is true, spoke audibly fentiment without passions, and in their constitutions ; pasion and liberty' without factions. These prejudice louder

, in their laws. It illufions, in spite of their absurdi- is to the honor of Massachusetts, ty, and, perhaps, because they are that it is chargeable with little absurd enough to have dominion deviation from principles. Its adover the imagination only, have kerence to them was one of the been received by many of the causes of a dangerous rebellion. malecontents against the govern It was scarcely poffible that fuch ments of Europe, and induced governments fhould not be agitat: them to emigrate. Such illusions ed by parties, and that prevailing are too soothing to vanity, to be parties should not be vindictive entirely checked in their currency and unjuft. Accordingly, in fome among Americans.

of the States, creditors were treatThey have been pernicious, as ed as outlaws ; bankrupts were they cherish false ideas of the rights armed with legal authority to be of men and the duties of rulers. perfecutors ; and, by the shock of They have led the citizens to all confidence and faith, society look for liberty where it is not ; was fhaken to its foundations. and to consider the goveroment, Liberty we had; but we dreaded which is its castle, as its prison. its abuse almoft as much as its

WASHINGTON retired to lofs ; and the wife, who deplored Mount Vernon, and the eyes of the one, clearly forefaw the other. the world followed him. He left The States were also becoming his countrymen to their fimplicity formidable to each other. Trib. and their passions, and their glory ute, under the name of impoft, foon departed. Europe began to was for years levied by fome of be undeceived, and it seemed for the commercial States upon their a time, as if, by the acquifition of neighbors. Measures of retalia


cut it.

tion were resorted to, and mutual self, and which party fo, artfully recriminations had begun to whet inflames into stubbornness ; in the resentments, whose never fail spite of the vice, which it has subing progress among states is more je&ted to restraint, and which is injustice, vengeance, and war. therefore its immortal and impla

The peace of America hung by cable foe; in spite of the oligara thread, and factions were al chies ir some of the States, from ready sharpening their weapons to

whom it snatched dominion it The project of three fep was adopted, and our country enerate empires in America was be joys one more invaluable chance ginning to be broached, and the for its union and happiness : inprogress of licentiousness would valuable ! if the retrospect of the have foon rendered her citizens dangers we have escaped, shall unfit for liberty in either of them. fufficiently inculcate the principles An age of blood and misery would we have so tardily establithed. have punished our' disunion : But: Perhaps multitudes are not to be these were not the considerations taught by their fears only, withto deter ambition from its purpose, out suffering much to deepen the while there were fo

many circum impression : for experience branfrances in our political situation to dishes in her school a whip of favor it.

scorpions, and teaches nations her At this awful crisis, which all summary lessons of wisdom by the the wife so much dreaded at the fcars and wounds of their advertime, yet which appears, on a re- fity. trospect, so much more dreadful The amendments which have than their fears; some man was been projected in some of the wanting, who possessed a com States Thew, that in them at least, manding power over the popular

these lessons are not well remempassions, but over whom those paf- bered. In a confederacy of States, , fions had no power. - That man fome powerful, others weak, the was WASHINGTON.

weakness of the federal union His name, at the head of such will, sooner or later, encourage, a list of worthies as would reflect and will not restrain, the ambition honor on any country, had its and injustice of the members. proper weight with all the enlight The weak canı'no otherwise be ened, and with almost all the well strong or safe, but in the energy of disposed among the less informed the national government. It is citizens, and, blessed be God! this defect, -- which the blind jealthe Constitution was adopted oury of the weak States not unfreYes, to the eternal honour of quently contributes to prolong, America among the nations of the that has proved fatal to all the earth, it was adopted, in spite of confederations that ever existed. the obstacles which, in any other Although it was imposible that country, and perhaps in any other such merit as WASHINGTON's age

of this, would have been in should not produce envy, it was surmountable ; in spite of the scarcely possible that, with such a doubts and fears, which well transcendent reputation, he should meaning prejudice creates for it- have rivals.

rivals. Accordingly, he


was unanimously chosen President Such was the state of public afof the United States,

fairs : and did it not seein perfectAs a general and a patriot, the' ly to ensure uninterrupted harmo., measure of his glory was already ny to the citizens? did they not, full : there was no famę left for in refpe&t to their government and him to excel but his own ; and its administration, postess their even that talk, the mightiest of all whole heart's delire ? They had his labour's, his civil magistracy seen and suffered long the want of has accomplished.

an efficient constitution : they No sooner did the new governa had freely ratified it; they saw ment begin its auspicious course, WASHINGTON, their tried than order seemed to arise out of friend, the father of his country, confusion. The governments of invested with its powers. They Europe had seen the old Confed- knew that he could not exceed or eration finking, squalid and pale, betray them, without forfeiting into the tomb, when they beheld his own reputation. Consider, the new American Republic rise for a moment, what á reputation suddenly from the ground, and, it was : Such as no man ever bethrowing off its grave clothes, ex fore possessed by so clear a title, hibiting the stature and propor- and in so high a degree. His tions of a young giant, refreshed fame seemed in its purity to exceed with sleep. Commerce and in even its brightness : office took dustry awoke, and were cheerful honour from his acceptance, but at their labours ; for credit and conferred none. Ambition stood confidence awoke with them. Ev. awed and darkened by his shadow. ery where was the appearance of For where, through the wide prosperity, and the only fear was, earth, was the man so vain as to that its progress was too rapid, dispute precedence with him ; or to consist with the purity and sim- what were the honors that could plicity of ancient manners. The make the poffeffor WASHING. cares and labours of the President TON's superior Refined and were incessant : his exhortations, complex as the ideas of virtue are, example, and authority, were em even the gross could discern in his ployed to excite zeal and activity life the infinite fuperiority of for the public service : able offi- her rewards. Mankind perceived cers were selected, only for their fome change in their ideas of merits, and some of them re- greatness: the fplendor of power, markably distinguished themselves and even of the name of conquerby their successful



dim in their eyes. the public business. Government They did not know that WASHwas administered with such integ- INGTON could augment his rity, without mystery, and in lo fame ; but they knew and felt, prosperous a course, that it seem that the world's wealth, and its ed to be wholly employed in acts empire too, would be a bribe far of beneficence. Though it has beneath his acceptance. made many thousand malecontents, This is not exaggeration : nev, it has never, by its rigor or in er was confidence in a man and justice, made one man wretched. a chief magistrate more widely U


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