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any defect in the Constitution, we only in a social point of view, has ought, I think, to view it as the a manifest tendency, to cultivate gift of Heaven, through the time a good understanding between the ly exertion of our wise men, which States, and to introduce a uniforhas saved our country from a gen. mity in their laws, habits and eral wreck of morals and religion, manners. Should it be generally and preserved the faith, dignity contemplated, as nothing more than and union of the nation.

a providential system only, a mere The majority of enlightened fabstitute for something better, Americans, I am persuaded, feel which exists only in the teeming a conviction, that this is not at- imagination of innovators; it will tributing too much to the Federal find diffentients, and apoftates too, Constitution. It has had, and so long as ignorance has the prefurvived its trials. To ask if it fumption to arraign the finished were perfect would be vain. It works of wisdom, or impofe its is the work of man. Since it has dictates on experience, and its had a fair experiment under the first principles, instead of the most critical and trying circum- measures of its officers, might stances, and has been found fully foon become the avowed object adequate to the great purposes for of dispute. But should the time which it was formed, we ought to ever arrive when its articles shall rely on it with confidence, and be received like the laws of the give it the full support of opinion.

“ Medes and Persians which alter A rash attempt to perfect, is not," we may froin that period, too often successful only in de calculate with certainty on the stroying. Whoever furveys the stability of the American characpresent state of society in Ameri- țer, and the security of her peace ca, and takes into confideration and honours. Considering its printhe different opinions of its çiti- ciples as established maxims, not zens in politics and religion, and to be controverted, we shall find the unsettled habits of a large por- in the common occurences of life tion of them in practical morali- fufficient scope for our invention, ty, will see the necessity of a re errors enough to correct, and aform of manners, and a union of buses to reform. While as memsentiment; and at the same time bers of society, and interested be sensible, that innovation in great for the public weal, we shall do political points, would not remove well to bear in mind, that it re. but increase the disorder, and prob- quires but few great politicians to ably leave it without a remedy. direct the affairs of a nation ; but At present we have no common

many good citizens are wanted bond of Union, but the Federal to make it respectable and happy, Compact ; this, if we consider it


To the Editor of the Columbian Phenix. Sir, IF you should deem the following Extract worthy a place in your Phenix, by inserting it you will oblige one of your constant readers and humble fervant,



[From the Manuscript of a late Traveller.] BESIDES

ESIDES those ruins in the ent to the Europeans from the Illinois and Wabash countries, hands of rude nature. which have been often mention A copper-mine was opened ed, there are others no less re. some years since, farther down markable many hundreds of miles the Milfifippi, and to the great furfarther west, and particularly in prise of the labourers, a large colthe country about the great falls lection of mining tools were found of the Misfilippi. As we approach several fathoms below the superthese falls, commonly called St.' ficies of the earth. Another perAnthony's, we frequently meet fon, in digging for a well, discova with pyramids of earth, from 30 ered a furnace of brick work, five to 70, and even 80 feet in height. fathoms below the present surface; These are, most probably, the and in this furnace were found a tombs of the ancient kings and quantity of coals and fire-brands, chieftains of this part of Amer- which, for aught we know, might ica, though there are others which have been kindled in the days of I am inclined to believe were e Moses or Lycurgus. rected in consequence of some Not long since, at a spot on the signal victory, and possibly, to cov shore of the Ohio, where the bank ef the bones and carcasses of the had been wasted by the underflain. In digging horizontally in- mining of the water, a stone dropto several of these pyramids, á lit- ped out, of the hardest kind of tle above the base, we generally black marble, about seven pounds found a stratum of white fub- in weight, having twelve equal stance, somewhat like moist lime, surfaces, each surface being mathand glutinous withal, extending ematically equilateral and equinin all probability several yards gular five fided figures ; this does within; or perhaps nearly the not appear to be a lusus naturæ, whole length of the diametrical but a work of exquisite art, the line. I had even reason to be offspring of human ingenuity. lieve this consolidated chalky sub Near the falls of the Misfilippi, stance to be the remains of skele. there is a falt spring in the bed of tons, buried perhaps 200 centu a river, which has been inclosed ries ago, and converted by time, with stone work of unknown anand the operation of the elements, tiquity, to keep out fresh water, into their present state.

In times of freshes, however, the Many tokens remain, on both river overflows the stone work, sides of the Misilippi, of the coun.

and mixes with the brine, so that try being in ancient ages as well it does not afford salt to the fay, cultivated and as thickly inhabit- ages hereabouts, until the river ed as the country on the Danube is considerably fallen. or the Rhine ; which fully proves

In several places, circular forti. that the literati have been too fications have been discovered in hasty, in denominating America the fame country: these are cona new world, or an original pref- Itantly inclosed with deep ditches,


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and fenced with a breastwork. their national existence for more From these, and many other sim than 20,000 moons back; and ilar remains of antiquity, one

the Indians of the eastern world would be inclined to think the go infinitely farther into the depths world much older than has been of time, though both relate many commonly imagined. Several events of these distant periods, tribes on the western fide of the that are evidently mixed with great river above mentioned, date fable.

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The Dun. NOTHING is more strange small-bill, I hope you will give me than the nnaccountable turns and the pleasure of receipting of it.” changes, that take place in the ca - I am in extreme want of the pricious taste of mankind, or more money, and hope you will do me true than the proverb, 6. What is the kindness to pay it.”. I have one man's meat is another's poi- called on you twenty times, Sir, fon.”_This impertinent iätruder do not oblige me to call again," called a Dun, has been the cause &c. &c. &c. The blunt imperaof more wry faces, and ruffled spir- tive, “ Pay me, &c.” to be fure its, in the civilized world, than does not melt in the car of our any one thing, except a guilty con- greateít dun lovers, but is apt to science. So odious has it always discompose them a little. With been in most countries, that peo- the above modifications, declaraple of all classes, who have much tive of the independence of the regard for their ease or reputation, debtor, and the obligation he has have so managed their affairs as it in his power to lay the creditor to keep it from their docrs, or at under, by not breaking his.promleast to avoid its visit before com ise, it has an irresistible charm, pany.

and affords a pleasure, for the enFar otherwise in New England. joyment of which he will forego Whether Providence has been more almost any inconvenience, except bountiful to my fellow-citizens of parting with a little cáshi, the right this favoured part of the world, to which belongs to the demandthan to others, and organized them ant. These assertions may appear in such a manner, that what gives' very strange, to those who have pain to most people, affords them not seen the facts confirmed by pleasure or what may be the observations. caufe, the more penetrating must This perpetual Dun, may poflidetermine. But so it is. To

To bly derive part of the pleafure atmany of them, the found of a tendant on it, from the good conDun, fo grating to most cars, is the sequences it produces in keeping fweetest melody. When modifi up a correspondence and good ed from the heart_Pay me what neighbourhood between the debtor thou oweit," to,“ Sir, here is a and creditor. Nothing certainly


could be better calculated to in- let them take their chance for ad-
culcate the do&trine of liberty and vocates or enemies.
equality, than this fame page of a In order to furnish fome data,
Dun, accompanied by the officious from which to determine the mer-
elf, the poor labourer, and humble its of this dunning System, he will
mechanic, who may continue the particularize a few of its inconve-
repeated visit to the first rate gen niencies in one branch of businefs,
tlemen ; and as an incontroverti and leave it with the reader to el.
ble proof that they are cordially tinate its advantages in that and
welcome, will be still pressed by other occapations.
their condescending superiors to

The editor of a newspaper, if call again.

qualified for his important station, How it should happen that is a man who often needs, and alamong people, distinguished as ways merits a pun&tual payment men of business, despising ceremo for his services. His income is ny on most occasions, this tedious, made up of small sums, of from complimentary amusement, should one to four dollars, the annual possess such charms, and find fo price of his paper, and still smailer many advocates, remains for the for advertisements. These

papers curious to determine. It is the are principally circulated in the office of ill nature only to turn country, and form the principal people out of a path, they tread reading of our yeomanry, and are with pleasure, however circuitous the mediums of that information, it may be. Butwhere amuse- which they juftly prize as their ment is attended with an extrava- highest privilege. But the inoft gant waste of time, and many oth- ardent lovers of freedom


its er serious inconveniencies, such as centinels with reluctance, and with a disregard of all promises and all their prejudice against some appointments, on which the regu more falutary ones, are the most larity of business depends, depriv- faithful advocates for the dunning ing the labourer of his expected System. The paper which ought and hard earned meal, shutting up always to be paid for in advance, the honeft creditor in the prison of is commonly taken on credit, with his own house, or driving him to the promise of pay, quarterly, half the necessity of resorting to the yearly, or at furtheft at the end of Jaw, in order to obtain in. fome

Sometimes the second few half years what he ought to

or third


if the editor is not have received on demand-these fairly starved before that time, he are grievances that demand a re- begins to dun his good customer. dress, and preach loudly against This dunning correspondence, the ill consequences of the amuse. by advertisements and private letment alluded to.

ters, (how many years longer, I The writer of this is no adept am unable to ascertain) in a monat abftract reasoning and grave di- grel manner, as custom requires, -dactic lectures. It is his business half way between a beggar's peito send facts naked into the world, tition and a prompt demand, for

and strip principles of the false fear, I suppose, the good cullomer dress fashion has given them, and should think Mr. Editor was about

the year.

to monopolize all the call in the ing instance. That the good people country, and become aristocrat, of New England, considering the and turn up his nose with indig- vexations attendant on the career nation, and drop the paper. of authors of all kinds, make a

In our sea-ports, it would be a point of nipping misery in the bud, matter of curious calculation, to and from motives of benevolence, compute the shoe-leather, that is fling eyery obstacle in the


of often worn out, in running for the every one who puts ink to paper, pay of a 75 ct. ' advertisement, unless in the form of a ledger, dayand see how much the editor book, note, or bill of exchange, would have saved by giving the from the printer's devil, up to the debt, without any allowance for school-master, editor, poet, and the time spent in duoning. historian.

It is unnecessary to add, that Be this as it may, I believe after the editor has more than many are ready to acknowledge, doubly earned his money by this that credit, which with punctual wonderful promptitude in delay, men, “ is the life of trade,” has he thinks himself well off if he even been the ruin of one half of our realizes two thirds of his due. bankrupt traders, since it has open

Some will reply by way of pal- ed the door to a never ceasing iation, that I have selected a glar- train of Duns.

Quid fit pulchrum, quid turpe, quid utile, quid nori.

“ A thing of threds and patches." SHAKESPEARE. In the N the early part of my life, I had who he was, nor did he defift

, the pleasure of being introduced from his sportiveness, until a for to the late Dr. Oliver Goldsmith, mal introduction had taken place, by Dr. Brocklesby, our common on the arrival of our holt. friend ; the author of the Desert Though Dr. Goldsmith was an ed Village was a small man, about able and versatile writer, he did five feet six inches in height, and not manage conversation adroitly : his countenance was rather of a

he frequently hesitated, and not fingular formation : he had a pro- unfrequently committed blunders, jecting forehead, with a little, cock- though they were of the most ined-up nose : he wore a tailed wig, nocent tendency: his unopportune which never seemed to fit him, and remark at the table of the present his appearance altogether was so Marquis of Lansdowne, is well grotesque, that it excited an incli- known. It had been the fashion nation in the beholder to smile; with his Lordship’s enemies, to but that propensity subsided, when designate him as Malagrida : a the Doctor had spoken.

subject which the Doctor very unThe first time I saw him, he fortunately introduced, and which was sitting on the carpet of my he rendered highly embarrassing, friend's drawing-room, playing by observing, that it was very furwith two infants ; nor did I know prising the world should take such

a liberty

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