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France and England, by the abụse The same system, to the prevalence of their strength, may still for a long of which France justly ascribes all her time, for the misfortune of all nations, present miseries, is that which has also retard the period of their being ex involved the rest of Europe in a long haufted. But I will venture to say it, and destructive warfare, of a nature the fate of all civilized nations is at Jong lince unknown to the pradice of tached to the termination of a war, civilized nations which involves the whole world.

For the extention of this system, and of your Majesty,"

for the externzination of all established BUONAPARTE. governments, the resources of France

have from year to year, and in the * We are at a loss to decypher the midst of the niof unparalleled distress, meaning of this sentence--it is, how been lavished and exhausted. To this ever, agreeably, to the copy.

indiscriminate fpirit of destruction the

Netherlands, the United Provinces, the Doruning-fireet, Jan. 4,


Swiss Cantons, (his majesty's ancient SIR,

friends and allies) have succesively I have received and laid before the bçen sacrificed. Germany has been King the two letters which you have ravaged : Italy, though now rescued transmitted to me; and his Majesty, from its invaders, has been made the seeing no reason to depart from those scene af unbounded rapine and anar, forms which have long been establish- chy. His majesty has himself been çd in Europe for. transacting business compelled to maintain an arduous and with foreign States, has commanded burthensome contest for the independe me to return, in his name, the official ence and existence of his kingdonis, answer which I send you herewith in Nor havę these calamities been conclosed. I have the honor to be, with fined to Europe alone : they have been high consideration, Sir, your moit obe extended to the most distant quarters dient humble servant,

of the world, and even to countries so GRENVILLE. remote both in situation and intereits To the Minister for Foreign

from the present contest, that the very Affairs, 5c, at Paris.

exiftence of such a war was perhaps

unknown to those who found themNOTE.

selves suddenly involved in all its horTHE King has given frequent proofs of his fincere defire for the re-establish While such a system continues to ment of secure and permanent tran prevail, and while the blood and treafquillity to Europe.--He neither is, nor ure of a numerous and powerful nation has been engaged in any conteft for a çan ke lavished in its support, experivain and falle glory. He had no other. ence has shewn that no defence but view than that of maintaining, against that of open and fteady hoftility can all aggression, the rights and happiness be availing. The most solemn treaties of his subjects.

have only prepared the way for frelli For these he has contended against aggreslion; and it is to a determined an unprovoked attack; and for the same resistance alone that is now due wiat objects he is fill obliged to contend ; ever remains in Europe of stability for nor can he hope that this necessity property, for personal liberty, for social could be removed by entering, at the order, or for the free exercise of religion. present moment, into negociation with For the security, therefore, of these those whom a fresh revolution has so essential objects, his majetty cannot recently placed in the exercise of pow. place his reliance on the mere renewal er in France-ince no rcal advantage of general profeßions of pacific disposis can arise from such negociation to the tion3. Such profeslions have been regreat and desirable object of General peatedly held out by all those who Peace, until it shall distinctly appear,

have successively directed the resources that those causes have ceased to operate of France to the deftruction of Europe. which originally produced the war, and wbom the present rulers huve declared and by which it has since been pro to have been all, from the beginning, and tracted, and, in more than one in- uniformly, incapable of maintaising the roa Kance, renewed.

lations of amity and peace,



Greatly, indeed, will his majesty re what shall be the form of her govert.. joice whenever it shall appear that the ment, or in whose hands she shall veit danger to which his own dominions, the authority necessary for conducting and those of his allies, have been so the affairs of a great and powerful nalong exposed, has really ceased: when- tion. ever he ihall be satisfied that the necef His majesty looks only to the seci.o* sity of resistance is at all end; that af- rity of his dominions and those of his ter the experience of so many years of allies, and to the general safety of Eucrimes and miseries, better principles rope. Whenever he fhall judge that have ultimately prevailed in France ; such security can in any manner be at. and that all the gigantic projects of tained, as resulting either from the inambition, and all the restless schemes ternal fituation of that country, from of destruction which have endangered whose internal situation the danger has the very existence of civil society, have risen, or from such other cii cumstances at length been finally relinquished : of whatever nature as may produce the But the convizion of such a change, fame end, his majesty will eagerly em. however agreeable to his majesty's brace the opportunity to concert with wishes, can result only from experie his allies the means of immediate and ence, and from the evidence of facts. general pacification.

The belt and most natural pledge of Unhappily no fuch security hitherto its reality and permanence, would be exists : no fufficient evidence of the the restoration of that line of princes principles by which the new governwhich for so many centuries maintain ment will be directed ; 110 reasonable ed the French nation in prosperity at

ground by which to judge of its stabilihome, and in conlideration and respect ty. In this situation it can for the abroad : Snch' an event would at once present only remain for his majesty to have removed, and will at any time re, pursue, in conjunction with other powmove all obstacles in the way of nego

ers, those exertions of just and defenciation or peace. It would confirm to sive war, which his regard to the hapFrance the unmolested enjoyment of piness of his subjects will never pernit its ancient territory; and it would give him either to continue beyond the noto all other nations in Europe, in tran cessity in which they originated, or to quillity and peace, that security which terminate on any other grounds, than they are now compelled to seek by oth such as may best contribute to the se

cure enjoyment of their tranquillity, But, desirable as such an event nust their constitution, and their independ. be, both to France and the world, it is not to this mode exclusively that his

(Signcd) GRENVILLE, majesty limits the poflibility of secure Downing-street, Jan. 4, 1800. and solid pacification. His majesty To the Minifter for Foreign Affairs, arakes no claim to prescribe to France &*c. Gc. at Puris.

er means.


[Received by the ship Ikimas Rufell, Capt. Jackson, 52 days from London)


Paris, with its accompanying inclosures ; and the ANSWER returned by the Right Hon. LORD GRENVILLE, his Majesty's Principal Secretary of Statc for Foreign Affairs.


Paris, Nivose, 8th gear, (Jan. 14, 1800.) MY LORD, I

LOST no time in laying beforo the find annexed. Receive, my Lord, the

First Consul of the Republic, the assurances of my high consideration. official Note, under date of the 14th (Signed) Nivose, which you transmitted to me;

CH. MAU. TALLEYRAND, and I am charged to forward the An. To the Minister for Foreign {wer, equally official, which you will Aguirs, at Londen.


TRANSLATION OF THE NOTE own strength, and the courage of o!18

REFERRED TO IN NO. I. citizens. As long as the faw her eneTHE official Note, under the date mies obstinately refused to recognize of the 54th Nivofe, the 8th year, ad- her rights, the counted only upon the dressed by the Minister of his Britan- energy of her resistance : but as soon nic Majefty, having been laid before as they were obliged to abandon the the Firit Consul of the French Repub- hope of invasion, the fought for means lic, he observed with surprise, that it of conciliation, and manifested pacific tefted upon an opinion, which is not intentions, and if there have not alexact, respecting the origin and confe- ways been efficacious : if, in the midit quences of the present war. Very far of the critical citcumstances of her inárom its being France which provoked ternal situation, which the Revolution it, the had, it must be remembered, and the War have succeflively brought from the commencement of her Revo on, the former depositories of the Exa lution, folemnly proclaimed her love of ccutive Authority in France have not peace, and her disinclination to con always shewn as much moderation as quests, her respect for the independ the Nation itself has shewn courage, it ence of all governments; and it is not muft, above all, be imputed to the fato be doubted, that, occupied at that tal and persevering animosity with time entirely with her own internal afo which the resources of England have fairs, she would have avoided taking been lavished to accomplifh the ruin part in those of Europe, and would of France. kave remained faithful to her declara. But if the wishes of his Britannie tions.

Majesty (in conformity with his affurBut from an opposite disposition, as ances) are in unison with those of the foon as the French Revolution had French Republic, for the re-establishbroken out, almoit all Europe entered ment of peace, why, instead of atinto a league for its deftrudion. The tempting the apology of the war, aggreflion was real long time before it should not attention be rather paid was public; internal refiftance was ex to the means of terminating it? And tited ; its opponents were favourably what obstacle can prevent a mutual received ; their extravagant declama understanding, of which the utility is tions were supported; the French Na- reciprocal and is felt, especially when tion was insulted in the person of its the First Conful of the French ReAgents ; and England fet particularly public has personally given so many this example by the dismissal of the proofs of his eagerness to put an end Minister accredited to her. Finally, to the calamities of war, and of his France was, in fact, attacker in her in- difpofition to maintain the rigid eldependence, in her honour, and in her fervance of all Treaties concluded ? safety, long time before the war was The First Consul of the French Ree declared.

public could not doubt that his BritanThus it is to the projects of subjec- nic Majesty recognized the right of tion, diffolution, and dismemberment, Nations to choose the form of their which were prepared against her, and Government, since it is from the exerthe execution of which was several cise of this right that he holds his times attempted and pursued, that Crown ; but he has been 'sinable to France has a right to impute the evils comprehend how to this fundamental which she has suffered, and those which principle, upon which reite the exifthave afflicted Europe. Such projects, ence of Political Societies, the Minila for a long time without example, with ter of his Majesty could annex infirurespect to so powerful a nation, could ations which tend to an interference in not fail to bring on the most fatal con the internal affairs of the Republic, fequences.

and which are no less injurious to the Affailed on all sides, the Republic French Nation, and to its Government, could not but extend universally the than it would be to Ergland, and to efforts of her defence ; and it is only his Majesty, if a sort of invitation were for the maintenance of her own inde. held out in favour of that Republican pendence that she has made use of Government of which Engiud aloptThose wcans which the possessed, in hered the forma in the middle of the latt




Century; or an exhortation to recall to

TO IN THE PAS the throne that family whom their birth had placed there, and whom a Revolu THE official Note transmitted by the tion compelled to descend from it. Minister for Foreign Afairs in France,

If at periods not far diftant, when and received by the undersigned on the Constitutional Syftem of the Re the 18th instant, has been laid before public presented neither the strength the King. nor the folidity which it contains at His Majesty cannot forbear exprefpresent, his Britannic Majesty thought fing the concern with which he observes himself enabled to invite a negociation in that Note, that the unprovoked and pacific conferences, how is it pof- aggressions of France, the sole cause fible that he should not be eager to re and origin of the war, are systematicnew negociations to which the present ally defended by her present Rulers, and reciprocal situation of affairs, under the same injurious pretences by promises a rapid progress. On every which they were originally attempted lide, the voice of Nations and of Hu. to be disguised. His Majesty will not manity implores the conclusion of a enter into the refutation of allegations war, marked already by such great ca now universally exploded, and in so lamities, and the prolongation of which far as they respect his majesty's conthreatens Europe with an universal dust) not only in themselves utterly convulsion and irremediable evils. It groundleiš, but contradicted both by is, therefore, to put a stop to the course the internal evidence of the transaction of these calamities, or in order that to which they relate, and also by the their tertible consequences may be re express testimoniy given at the time proached to those only who shall have of the government of France itself. provoked them, that the First Conful With respect to the object of the of the French Republic proposes to Note, his Majesty can only refer to put an immediate end to hostilities, by the answer which he has already given. agreeing to a suspension of arms, and He has explained, without reserve, naming

Plenipotentiaries on each side, the obstacles which, in his judgment, who should repair to Dunkirk, or any preclude at the present moment al other town as advantageously situated hope of advantage from negociation. for the quickness of the respective All the inducements to treat, which communications, and who should apply are relied upon in the French official themselves without any delay to effect Note ; the personal dispositions which the re-establishment of Peace and good are said to prevail for the conclusion, understanding between the French Re of peace, and for the future observance public and England.

of Tréaties; the power of insuring the The First Consul offers to give the effect of those dispositions, supposing Passports which may be necessary for them to exist ; and the folidity of the this purpose, (Signed)

system newly established, after so rapid CH. MAU. TALLEYRAND. a fucceflion of Reyolutions-all these Paris, 24th Nivole (147Jan. 1800,) are points which can be known only 8th year of the French Republic. from that teit to which his Majesty

has already referred them--the result LETTER

LORD GREN of experience and the evidence of facts. VILLE TO THE MINISTER FOR With that fincerity and plainness FOREIGN AFFAIRS, AT PARIS. which his anxiety for the re-establish

Downing-street, Jan. 20, 1800. ment of Peace indispensably required,

his Majesty has pointed out to France I have the honour to inclose to you the furest and speedieft means for the the answer which his Majesty has di attainment of that great object. But rected me to return to the official he has declared in terms equally expliNote which you transmitted to me. cit, and with the same fincerity, that

I have the honor to be, with high he entertains no desire to prescribe to consideration, Sir, your noft obedient a foreign nation the form of its gove humble servant,

ernment; that he looks only to the (Signed) GRENVILLE. security of his own dominions and of To the Minister for Foreign Af

Europe ; and that whenever that effairs, Sc i at Paris.

sential object can, in his judgment, be,



in any manner whatever, sufficiently should be laid before the House copies provided for; he will eagerly concert of communications recently received with his Allies the means of immediate from the enemy, and of the answers and joint negociations for the re-estaba which have been returned thereto by lishment of general tranquillity, his Majesty's command,

To these declarations his Majesty " His Majesty entertains the fullest steadily adheres: and it is only on the confidence that those answers will apgrounds thus stated that his regard to pear to this House to have been conthe safety of his subjects will suffer him formable to that line of conduct which to renounce that system of vigorous de was required from his Majesty on this fence, to which, under the favour of occasion, by his regard to all the most Providence, his kingdoms owe the fe- important interests of his Dominions; curity of those blessings which they and his Majesty having no object more nuw enjoy.

at heart than that of contributing, as (Signed)

GRENVILLE foon as the fituation of affairs shall renDowning-Street, Jan. 20, 1800: der it pra&icable, to the establishment

of the general tranquillity of Europe, HOUSE OF COMMONS,

on a fure and folid foundation ; and of Wednofılay', Jan. 22.

providing effectually for the security MESSAGE FROM. HIS MAJESTY. „ ful People, places a firm reliance on

and permanent prosperity of his faithMr. Pitt having stated at the bar the continued support of his Parlia. that he had a Message, to lay before ment, and on the zeal and perseverapce the Houfe from his Majesty, was or of his Subjects, in fuch measures as may dered to bring it up.-The Message best tend to confirm the signal advanwas as follows:

tages which have been obtained to the « GEORGE R.

common cause in the course of the last “ The Supplies granted in the com

campaign, and to conduct the great mencement of the present Session hay

content in which his Majesty is engage ing been calculated to provide only for ed to a fafe and honorable conclufion. the first months of the year, His Maj

“ G. R." esty now recorr.mends it to the House Mr. Pitt moved, that the Message to make such further provision as they should be taken into consideration on may judge necessary under the present Monday next. circumstances for the several branches of the public service, and for the vig BUONAPARTE has caused a letorous prosecution of the war; and His ter, similar to the first he wrote to the Majesty has given directions that the King of England, to be written to the proper Estimates for this purpose should Emperor of Germany, expressive of his be laid before the House.

desire for a general peace. The re“ His Majesty has thought properception of that overture to the Ema on this occasion to direct that there peror, we have not heard.

DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE. This month was whered in, with

mainmast : the French ship was bound the official account of: a naval action, to France, and had one million of dolbetween the American frigate Con lars on board, Itellation and a French 54 gun fhip : the Constellation was commanded by CONGRESS of the United States. the gallant and indefatigable Captain Thomas Truxton, who seems to mo The Bill, entitled, “ An Act to efnopolize the glory of the national flag; tablish an uniform System of Bankand it is to be lamented, that he was ruptcy throughout the United States," prevented from taking pofseffion of was paffed; as also the following Bills, the enemy's fhip, by the loss of the viz, А а


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