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DESCRIPTION OF THE PERPLTUAL PATENT LOG. THE Log is constructed entire- diminished) such as errors arising ly of brass weights, of from 3 to from a bad glass, from the uncer4 pounds ; it is towed after the tain length of the log line, which fhip by a line of such convenient sometimes stretches considerably, length, as, having regard to the from the experiment being badly velocity of the ship and roughness made, and from the variable state of the sea, the Log is always clear of the wind, heave of the sea, &c. of the ship's wake, and always un The construction of the Log der water. It is very portable, is as follows: elegant and durable ; not liable to A brass cylinder is prepared, 3 be disordered ; easily understood, inches in diameter, 10 inches in and regular and accurate in its per- length, guarded at the fore end by formance. It is perpetual in its a net-work of brass wire, terminatoperation, and need only to being in a point, to prevent the entaken in for inspection at the com trance of sea-weed, and other immencement of every new course. proper substances. In the centre It exhibits, at one view, any dif- of this cylinder is suspended a tance, from one tenth of a mile wheel, constructed of brass, with to one thousand miles, by means 3 or more vanes, so as to revolve of four indexes, or hands, which about its axis freely within the move round graduated circies, and cylinder, and is acted upon by the Thews the distance as a clock snews water on the same principle as time, and will effectually correct wind acts on a wind-mill." The every error to which the common column of water which passes Log is liable, (currents excepted, through this cylinder is always in the effect of which will be much exact proportion to the velocity of Bb



the ship. The angle with which the We are authorized in af. wheel presents itself to the course firming to the public, that this maof the water may be increased or rine machine is more competent diminished at pleasure, which fur- to the material purposes of meafnishes means to regulate the inftru. 'uring a ship's distance at sea, than ment to the true distance with great the common Log, or any other eafe. This wheel being regulated instrument at present extant. Comso as to revolve about its axis twice modore BARRY, of the United in each rood, communicates mo. States Frigate, has purchased one tion to 6 small strong brass wheels, of the Perpetual Logs, and after the four last of which move 'in various experiments has approved dexes round gradual circles, and it in the warmest terms. We at all times gives the ship's dif not terminate this article without tance by inspection. The ma- observing, that it is an invention, chine is preferved in a horizontal which does high honour to the position by a small brass plate, ad. inventor, Mr. Gould, and the justed to the hind part by screws country which gave him birth ; for that purpose. The ist wheel and he will unquestionably be next to the forty has 96 teeth ; ranked with a FRANKLIN and a the 2d has 36; the 3d, 4th, 5th, RITTENHOUSE, as dignifying A. and 6th have 6 teeth each. The merica, their native soil, and ben. pinions have all fix leaves, except efiting all mankind. the first, which has eight.

*011014300800KKOKOttavia THE HERMIT OF VIRGINIA. No. III. DE A R ALWYŃ, You know that foon after we fubje&t of admiration that I was left the university of Leyden, my drawn into scenes critical and in. father died, and left me in pof- terefting. Young, and recently fession of an immense fortune. transferred from the walls and How to improve it to the beft ad fhackles of a literary prifon, to the vantage, was my first object. I walks of affluence and fplendor, concluded that the only way to can it be furprifing that I should enjoy life, was to realize it. For be so far blinded by the lustre of this purpofe, I determined to visit life, as to view objects in an unrethe principal towns and cities of al and deceptive light? Europe, and reside awhile in those My titles, which, with my propof the most eminence. Attende erty, descended to me from my ed by a single servant, I fet out father, introduced me to the firit for Hamburgh, and took lodg- families and moft fashionable cirings in one of the most public cles in Hamburgh. I understood ftreets of that city. Poffeffed, as most of the living languages in you well know I was, of ardent Europe, consequently my acquainand inflammable paffions, high no tance was not confined to my own tions of popular honour, and an nation. I foon wore off the rust exquisite fenfibility, it can be no of a sedentary habit, and a limi


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lated my manners with my dif- by the bridle. The gentleman position. And, as you well know, immediately fired a pistol, which, Alwyn, that my person was far being hastily aimed, killed his own from indifferent, I became a pe- poftillion, and wounded my ferculiar favorite of the ladies, and, vant in the arm. The frightened of course, an envied rival to my horses rushed furiously forward, compeer gallants. Thus ftimus and the carriage was soon overlated, I gave the reins to my fa- turned with a terrible crash. I vorite passion, and hurried through sprang from my horse, and iew to scenes of diffipatious taste, until the place. The gentleman had the Count Lewitzer was as fa- fied; but the lady lay buried in mous for gallantry in the city of the ruins of the wreck. I raised Hamburgh, as Baron Trenck for her in my arms, not knowing fortitude and firmness in the dun- whether she was living or dead. geons of Magdeburg.

Shortly, a bursting figh convinced I had taken an airing one day me of the former. “ Spare me!" on horseback. On my return, she cries, in tremulous accents of being unacquainted with the roads, deepest agony ; “spare me! If I lost my way. I ordered my your brealt contains one sentiment servant to ride up to a peasant's of mercy, ruin not an unhappy house, to obtain directions. He maiden, who never designed you received information that we were injury !” I desired her to be in an unfrequented part of the composed; and told her she was country, fifteen miles from the free from danger, and should have city. It began to grow duk, and every assistance which was in my a heavy shower was arising. We power to give. “Am I then fafe!" spurred on in the road they, di- she feelingly replied, “may Heaven rected us, until we came into a reward


with its richest boun. bye-lane, which led into a deep cies." As I perceived she was valley, skirted on each side by thick weak and faint, and had received woods. Here the roughness of considerable injury in the fall, I the way obliged us to lack our did not think it safe to prolong pace. The shower had nearly the conversation. With the afliltovertaken us. As we descended ance of my fervant, who was but the declivity, we heard a carriage lightly wounded, I raised a sort rattling down the opposite hill, in of shelter from the storm with the full speed. As it passed us, we wreck of the phaeton, into which discovered it.(by the light of a I removed the lady, and sent my flalh of lightning) to be a phae- servant in search of ashitance. Í ton, in which sat a gentleman, took my seat befide her, the leaned holding a lady in his arms.

She upon my

breast. The scene was discovered us, and struggling, call- grand, folemn and sublime. The ed out in a voice of anguish, “ For rain poured in torrents; the wind Heaven's fake, Sir,relieve a distref- howled through the forest; the sed lady from impending wretch- red lightning, momentarily, involedness and misery!" We instant- ved the world in sheeted flame, ly turned, and soon came up with and pitchy darkness alternately the carriage. My servant stopped succeeded. The loud thunder she horses, by seizing one of them pealed through the heavens, and


echoed and rebounded among the adjoining forests, in search of the surrounding hills.

offender; but he was no where My servant foon returned with to be found. His horses were a post-chaise, and several armed taken up, grazing upon the compeasants. He informed me, that mons, but no information could he had found an inn, within about be obtained concerning the owner. one mile, to which I immediately I arose early, and learned from prepared to convey the lady. the mistress of the house, that the The peasants were dispatched to lady had been much distressed bury the postillion, to secure the through the night. I visited her, horses, and to gather up the frag- and found her in a high fever and ments of the phaeton. We foon flight delirium. She had dischargarrived at the inn, which was à ed a quantity of blood from the small hut, by the road side, con mouth, and experienced frequent taining only two rooms on a floor. faintings, I immediately fent for We found, however, better enter a physician, who pronounced her tainment than we expected. The in a dangerous fituation, as she lady was furnished with a change had been much bruised by the fall, of clothes, which, though but indif- in consequence of which a blood ferent, were yet exceedingly necef- vessel had broken in her lungs. fary, as her own were very wet. For four days, her life was deA room and fire were provided, spaired of; but on the fifth, more to which we retired; but the la- favourable symptoms appeared. dy was so much indisposed, that Reason resumed her throne; but the could take no refreshment. fhe was too weak to enter into She defired to be excused, and discourse, consequently, nothing retired to bed..---And here, Al- could be discovered, with respect wyn, suffer me to express to you to unravelling this mysterious afmy feelings. Never before had fair, or of the lady's own history. I seen so much beauty and sym- These must be the subject of my metrical perfection, as in this un

next letter. fortunate fair. Her harmonizing The hoarse nocturnal wind voice, her expreslive eyes, and the whistles lonely round my cell. unrivalled grace of all her actions, The voice of the solemn owl fported with my affections, and sounds terrific in the surrounding played around my heart, like the forests. The genius of my latter gentle gales of summer, in a gar- days summons me to my mid. den waving with the splendours night orisons, and engages to inof spring

fpire my dreams with pleasing The next morning the peasants scenes of former days. were alarmed, and scoured the

An Address to Chloe, on seeing the Lady kiss her Cat.

CHLOE, sweet girl! in pity hear

This small request, that I may live;
Let me with your grimålkin share

The balmy kiffes which you give.
And when in search of mouse or rat,

abroad with zeal most fervent ;
Rather than wait to kiss your cat--
Kiss in her stead your humble servant. J. K. C.

Written by ANTHONY PASQUIN, E!q.

Inconstant Fortune, light as air,
Involves us now in black despair :

Now foothes with flattering smiles ;
In disappointments takes delight,
And, mocking us in cruel spite,
All human kind beguiles.

King of Prusia, to Count Brubl. {This novel poffefses great merit : it may be observed with much truth,

that it has passed through many editions in Great-Britain and Ireland, and is the only novel ever composed by this author. The prina cipal incidents in this simple tale, are copied from nature ; it connects humour with sentiment, and is subservient to the purposes of morality:]

THE CURATE AND HIS DAUGHTER. IF thou art a Curate, O reader, ments ; if ever I forget the maje? and haft already one parish in thy tic elegance of thy form-or the poffeffion, be contented, and seek liquid blue swimming in thy eyem not to have two. Be assured that or the half rose, half-lily colours Contentment is better than to have glowing on thy cheek, like the two livings.

treaks of the West in a July evenMany good people besides Shake- ing.-speare, have been born upon the Her perfon had all those unde. Avon ; and one of them was the scribable paints of divine beauty, Curate of the Parish of Elmwood. which the pure imagination alOf a family of nine people, parents cribes to angels-Her mind was and children, only he and his fashioned by 'the sciences---Her daughter Julia remained. difpofition by charity, and her

The old parfon could do many sentiment by truth. things besides eating his pudding, - The mansion of these contented drink his October, and collect his relatives rose in the centre of the tithes ;-important qualifications, parish-it was neither stately nor which have been, from time im- proud-like its inhabitants, it was morial, annexed to the office of modest, and seemed to retire curate. --He carried the sciences in into an obfcure and silent glade, his head, and morality in his heart; formed between various clumps I mean, so far as they are connect- of shrubbery, and a ridge of rising ed with manners or sentiment

At a finall distance rollAdded to this, he preached an ed the silver Avon, ever musical, excellent sermon, wore his own now mantling over a rocky changrey hairs, and had the gout; nel, and now gliding through but above all, he loved, most dearly plains and fields covered with wild loved, his beautiful daughter Julia. flowers.

And well did fhe deserve his Through these fields, and along love.Sweet Maid ! if ever I these skirted banks, full oft did forget thee, may my fancy lose the Curate and his daughter purher flights, and my pen its move. sue their walk-In that sweet hour



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