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and arrived to the fair land of cannot avoid comparing the propromise, that was to be illuminat- ductions of genius, taste, and erued by the ray of reason and the dition of iníant Columbia with the inspiration of genius.
scanty. schedule of the literary Let the impartial critic com- works of her mother couptry, in pare the former of these produce her advanced period, at the time tions with the celebrated and well of Bacon. The result of the known Hudibras of Butler, and comparison is, of itself, fufficient pronounce it less chafte, or more to excite a degree of national, feeble in genuine wit and pointed pride in Americans, which ought satire, if he can. Let hint com- perhaps to condemn, as officious pare the latter with Joan d'Ark, and unnecessary, my weak attempt or any modern Epic, Milton eye to vindicate their character, in a cepted, and if it fall short, in plan, point fo partially considered and or incident, fublimity or pathos, fo grossly abused. dignity of expression, or harmony
To do justice to the subject, of numbers, (of which I cannot which has been the theme of the be sensible ) it is certainly entitled preceding essays, and to the capito the highest praise, as the pro- tal of New England, I cannot duction of an infant country, and pass unnoticed, a real prodigy of a young author.
Both of their, Genius ;---a man, whose merit as if they do not exhibit the perfect fuch, is known in every part of fymmetry and gigantic ftature of a his country, and acknowledged in colossus, discover the nerve of a Europe. I need not add that I -Hercules. The first, by a rare allude to the author of the “ Inexception to a general rule, has vention of Letters," the u Ruling yielded the living author his tribute Paffion, and the Patriotic Odi, of fame. Ifthe other has not been
“ Adams and Liberty.” so successful, we can only say of its
I have endeavoured to compare author, as of other men of diftin- the first of these with the most ap'guished talents,
proved writings of Pope : As a
model of versification, it does not "The fun of glory shines but on their tomb."
appear to me to be furpassed by
the most finished productions of It was my intention to have this standard of English poefy. particularized a number of our For originality and boldness of belt writers. But when I call to thought, lively description, happy mind, the numerous effusions of metaphor, and elegant diction, I genius, of esfays in poetry and look in vain, among the works of prose, on an endless variety of Pope, for its superior, and I think, subjects, the many proficients in for its equal. the profound branches of science, . The « Ruling Paffion,” exhibthe political researches and hif- its a variegated group of the most torical treasure, flowing from the striking pi&tures, drawn by the pen of an Adams, and of the Ram- magic pencil of a master, from, says, Belknaps, Minots, and Morfes of America ;-when I take a fur.
“ That little world, that greater won
der, Man," vey of these, the abundance of matter confóunds my choice. I His “ Pairiotic Ode," has been
echoed, and te-echoed through From the hill-tops they shaded America. Repeated, it is ever
Our fhores to defend." new. The feelings excited by its repetition are its best comment: Though the offspring of an hour, It disdains coniparison, and defies it has the feeds of immortality ; criticism. Like the lyre of Orphe- and will be repeated by the “Sons us, it has called to life the polítics of Calumbia,” so long as the names ally dead, and made,
of “ ADAMS” and “LIBERTY,'
Thall be facred to their country.* “ The groves to descend,
THE EXCELLENT PREACHER. A
YOUNG preacher, who had profound silence every one rea very handsome mien, a melodi- clined his ear, and redoubled his ous voice, a graceful action, and all attention, to catch sentences which the other agreeable charms which were never spoken. Those who please in declamation, having fat near the pulpit, faid, “ We are mounted the pulpit, suddenly lolt too near : we cannot hear a fenhis memory, and not a word of the tenee!" Those, who sat remote, fermon could he recollect. To complained of the distance, which quit the pulpit would have been caused them to lose the most wondishonourable ; to speak was more derful setmon they ever heard. In difficult, for he had nothing to a word, our preacher kept his audifay. What was to be done in tors in this manner for three quarthis extremity? He resolved to ters of an hour, all of them comremain collected, and to make the plaming of their feats. When he best use of his voice and action, withdrew, their acclamations folwithout pronouncing any thing lowed him; and they resolved, but unconnected words, imperfect the next time he preached, to fenterces, and pathetic exclama- choose their places with more care, tions ; such as, forsy buits, ifs, yetsi and not to deprite themselves of obs! ahs! you'll please to observe, the fruits of a sermon which they &c. Never did a preacher ap- were fensible was never equalled. pear with more grace and anima. This anecdote will thew, that a tion. He expanded his lungs, preacher may fucceed without he made pathetic exclamations, reason or imagination, and, if we and waved his hand in a thousand judge by føme who enjoy a good graceful manners. The pulpit reputation, it will tend to prore, thook; and the vault of the a musical voice, balancing the church, which was vast, re-echoed hands, and uttering warm exclamato all the vociferations he sent tions, are the chief requisites for forth. The audience preserved a a declaimer in the pulpit.
THE • While the numerous friends of Mr. Paine congratulate him on his late ex. change of the Attic loft, for the Forum, and while his rapid progress in the laborious pursuits of an honorable profession, prove the uncommon powers of his mind as happily formed for analytical and profound investigation, as for the creative works of fancy, the Ainateur cannot but indulge a with, that his teisure hours may continue to afford, as they have done, the most exquisite specimens and conclusive proofs of American genius and literature.
Huc natas adjice septem,
From which my pride its strong presumption draws.
ago I happened not fo ruinous to happiness as into be turning over Johnson's Dic- fidelity, are equally calculated to tionary, when the word Bachelor promote vexation and excite ridicaught my eye. I had the curi- cule. Some of these confequences olity to hunt for the etymology of will appear in the following acit, when I found that Junius derives it from Barnac, which sig
Frank Homely and myself were nities Foolish. I must own the derivation startled me; for being
in early youth as inseparable comin my own opinion a man of pro- vine could make us, till Love,
panions as good-humour and port found wisdom, though a Bachelor, I felt a little hurt that the frater
who, as the poet sings, nity, of, which I have the honor
At fight of human ties, to be a member, should thus be Spreads his light wings, and in a mowounded by the arrows of a fan
ment flies, ciful Etymologist. From dislik. threatened in an evil hour to set ing the derivation, I proceeded to us at variance. -Alike in studies, quarrel with the position, and to and alike in pleasures, the same inquire whether the cap and bells
arrow smote us both, and both bemay not be added to other deco came victims to the bright eyes of rations of the married head. The Miss Rachel Barnaby, daughter man who, misled by the cunning of Mr. Ciles Barnaby, an inconof another, fuffers himself to be liderable farmer in the neighbourdrawn into a contract by which hood. For myself, being a man he is ruined, and the author of of an invincible modesty, I “ nevthe calamity unhurt, is generally er told my love ;" content that spoken of with more ridicule than
my patient assiduities should tell it compassion ; nor do I think the for me. But, alas! patient affiridicule would be lessened, if the duities could effect little, when knavith party should happen to be placed in competition with the a woman. In other words, by more substantial qualifications of marriage a man runs a greater risk my friend, namely, assurance and of being made a fool of, than by three per cents. By means of remaining single; a fact which the these, Frank increased so rapidly annals of Westminster Hall and in the damsel's good graces, that Doctor's Commons are by no in the space of two months he led means backward in authenticating. her to the altar. I had, during
But there are other consequen- the progress of my paffion, with a ces of marriage, which, though prudence rarely attainable by per
fons in that fituation, concealed tion of the elegant delights which it from my friend ; nor do I think my poetic imagination figured my Rachel herself, with all her sex's friend to possess. When the hour penetration, ever once dreamt of arrived, I repaired to Mr. Homeit. Being soon cured of all re- ly's house, and was Mewn into his mains of fondness, I set out on my study, which, instead of being furtravels, and, year after year; re nished with books and maps, was ceived from the English newspapers strewed around with go-carts, the important intelligence, that the dolls, whistles, penny trumpets, wife (I beg her pardon, the Lady; and “ cheap publications." I of Francis Homely, Esq. was de. thought this rather strange furlivered of a child. This brings niture for a library, and imagined to my mind an odd observation, that nothing short of the ingenuity made to me by a lady of eminence of the Sage of Laputa could exat Venice, that the English, wisely tract food for study from such a knowing that the true wealth of a jumble of materials. Scarce had I country consists in its population, made this reflection, when my ears never fail to record the birth of a were alarmed with a treme ous child in all their public prints. But found, which afcending the stairto proceed in my story.
case, and bursting open the study Fourteen years had elapsed since door, exhibited four of my friend's the period of my quitting Eng- fons and fix of his daughters, land, and every year had witnessed shouting like wild Americans, an increase to the noble family of with their arms strongly fastened the Homelys. In that prolific with cords, and urged forward by house, the human figure might be another of the hopeful race, who fen in all its shapes and gradations brandished a whip over his head, -"ab ovo usque ad mala”--from and sent forth founds from it the infant “ muling and puking in which might have filenced the the nurse's arms,” up to the tall thong of a French postilion ; this coquettish girl aping the airs of gentle paftime, it seems, they cal. womanhood. I had not been long led playing at horses. The infant Janded when I received a letter banditti had paced round the fiom Mr. Homely, acquainting room, and thrown down three me, among other things, that he chairs in their progress, when the had been long married to Old fecond horse in the team fell down, Barnaby's daughter, Rachel, a and was dragged by his playful aswoman “poífëssed of every accom sociates along the floor, in spite of plishment to make the married state his angry cries and remonstrances. happy;" that she had already blef. It required all the authority of ed him with seven fons and seven their father to quell this hideous daughters, as fine a set as ever I din, who shortly made his appearlaw in my life, and that noth ance ; and, notwithstanding the ing was wanting to complete his increased wrinkles on his brow, felicity, but to find his friend a welcomed me with a cordial shake witness to it, &c. &c.
of the hand, and led me up-stairs Eager to enjoy the fight of so to the drawing room, to introduce much connubial happiness, I fixed me to his wife. The drawingan early day to dine with him, room had discarded all superfluous and bulied myself in the anticipa- ornaments, and boasted a negli
gence and plainness that Diogenes the immaculate muslin of Miss might not have been ashamed of. Bridle was fated to receive the
corner two mischievous contents of a wine glass; and, to urchins had torn open a new pack complete the calamity, a fine leg of cards, and were building houses of pork was entirely flayed, that with them. In another stood a the children might devour the cradle and cawdle cup, while rufh- skin, under the significant name of bottomed chairs, back-boards, crackling. My friend, not quite steel collars, and stocks, usurped reconciled to matrimonial tramthe places of candelabrums, lilk "mels, seemed rather disturbed at hangings and mirrors. On my this scene of folly and confusion i entrance, Mrs. Homely shook two but his help-mate, who had long children from her lap, and one buried politeness, and even decenfrom her shoulder, and arose to cy, in the vortex of one instinctive welcome me ; exhibiting to my passion, love for her offspring, was altonished view the once flender delighted with the bustle, and Rachel converted into a broad would not have ihe poor things snubclumsy dame, with all the marks 'bed for the world. She looked of
premature old age. After the round upon her distorted brood usual ceremonies I took my seat, with exultationi, eren priding herand now my torments commenced. felf upon their defects, and appearOne child fastened my button ed to think that she had obtained with packthread to the back of a dispensation from rule and reason the chair ; another pierced the from the sole circumstance of hav. calf of my leg with a black pin ; ing favoured the world with fourwhile a third infifted upon mount
teen children. ing behind me, and swinging by Now, Mr. War rer, is it not my pig-tail. I bore these tortures a shame that a parcel of idle fellows with the firmness of an American should sit down and write poetical captive, hoping that the call to panegyrics upon “ wedded love, ” dinner would put an end to my when it is notorious that nine times sufferings. But my expectations out of ten the married state is as I were vain, and I question whether have described it? We collegians, Sancho fuffered half the vexation who take our ideas of life from that I did during the mockery of books, are apt to imagine that a banquet, though I confess my marriage is attended by all that elesufferings were alleviated by ob- gant felicity which your Thompserving that the rest of the com fons and
Shenftones describe. pany came in for their hare. I confess, that at the
of nineMrs. Homely fat at the head of teen fuch was my opinion ; but the table with a rickety child on the case of my friend Homely, her knee, and insisted, like an in- and twenty other cases which 1 dulgent mother as the was, that might produce, have since tended nine of her numerous brood should to diminish my credulity. Tell seat themselves at the board, which me, Sir, I entreat you,
why should caused all the din and disturbance Hymen's torch and Cupid's bow that I expected. Two butter. bé thus eternally at variance? boats were overset on the fattin Shew nie 'the policy of this conbreeches of Mr. Deputy Maroon; duct, that one woman, elegant and