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filly, should, after marriage, fuffer taste, should be content, when a her elegance to evaporate, and her wife, to absorb all other qualififilliness remain ; while another, cations in the duties of housemaid who in her virgin state has charm- and nurse. ed her admiring acquaintance

I anr, &c. with beauty, accomplishments, and


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ed me.

[Translated from his Posthumous Works, just published at Paris.] I

AM of so happy a tempera- py. I pass the night without nient, that I have sensibility enough awaking, and am afleep the moto receive all the pleasure which ment I lay down my

head. the objects that surround me can I am almost as well satisfied afford; but not enough to be suf- with the company of fools as of ceptible of ail the mortification and the wise ; for I have not often sorrow they give to others. Ver met with men so dull as not to ation is


little known to me ; amuse me, and there are few things and I am a still greater stranger as diverting as some filly people to listlessness of spirit.

I hare ambition enough to take I make no scruple to entertain an active part in life ; but not fo myself with secretly observing the much as to be dissatisfied with the characters of men, permitting station in which fortune has plac- them meanwhile to do the same

with mine, When I discover any new source When I was a novice, I looked of pleasure, I am extremely mor up to the great with veneration ; ed; and am instantly surprised, experience foon changed my fenthat I could overlook the object, timents, with little exception, to or regard it with indifference.

the extreme of contempt. When I was a youth, I was I am not unwilling to fatter always fo fortunate as to persuade women : it is doing them a kind. myself that the woman I loved ness at a cheap rate. was partial to me ; and when I I have naturally a great anxiehappened to be undeceived, to be ty for the prosperity and honour instantaneously cured of my paf- of my country, and very little for fion.

my own fame. I always feel a Literature is with me a never secret pleafure, when any regulafailing remedy for all the ills of tion happens to be made for the life ; nor did I ever know what public benefit. that sorrow was which an hour's Whenever I have resided in a reading could not dissipate. foreign country, I have attached

I awaken in the morning with myself to it as to my native land ; a secret joy at seeing the dawn ; my heart has shared in its forI regard the light with a feeling tunes, and I have longed to see it approaching to ecstacy; and, dur-, flourish. ing the rest of the day, I am hap I have thought I perceived tal


ents where the world has form men with mean understandings ed a contrary opinion.

acquire what I could not attain. I am not forry to pass for an In the treating of topics at all absent man ; I can thus with im- profound and difficult, I am obligpunity indulge in a neglect of ma- ed to reflect much as I proceed, ny little forms, to which other

to prevent my ideas from falling wise I must have been a llave. into confusion. If I perceive that

I love to visit where I can ef- I am listened to, the subject seems cape cenfure with my ordinary to vanish from me, or my thoughts conversation and manners. rise in such hurry and disorder

On visits, I am always charmed that nothing is distinct. But when I find one of the company when difficult points are discussed take upon

himself the trouble of in conversation, where there are being gay and entertaining. Such other speakers, I acquit myself ina one protects those that choose to finitely better. be filent.

I never could see tears, without Nothing diverts me more than sympathy. to hear a man relating petty sto I may be said to have a passion ries with all their petty circum- for friendship. Itances. It is not the tale I at I am prone to forgive, because tend to, but the ridiculous passion hatred is a troublesome companof the fpeaker. As to most talk- ion. When my enemy wishes to ers, indeed, I would rather grati- be reconciled, he applies to my fy them with my praise than my vanity, and I can no longer reattention.

gard as an enemy one who does I love my family sufficiently me the favour to give me a good to provide every thing in my pow- opinion of myself. er for its welfare, but am not so When I am residing in the foolish as to make myself a slave country, among my vassals, I never to the minute affairs of a house, encourage unfavourable reports of

When I confide in any one, I any of them. If a tale-bearer would have no reserves ; but there are repeat something said to my disfew in whom I am inclined to advantage, I interrupt him with confide.

saying—I do not wish to incur It has given me no high opin- the danger of believing a false reion of myself, to perceive that port, and would not give myself there are very few offices in the the trouble to hate a knave. State for which I am in reality At the age of thirty-five, I was qualified. As to my station as

once more in love. president of the parliament, I have I can no more make visits with a very upright mind, and I can mercenary views, than I can acreadily enough discover what company birds through the air. reason demands of me; but I In the bustle of public life, I am lost, when I come to ask my- felt as if I could not endure reself-What is the decision of the tirement. In retirement, I forlaw ? Yet, I have been anxious

got the world. to make myself master of the in A man of eminent merit I can tricacies of form, and am the more never bear to analyze ; a man, angry with myšelf because I see who, with valuable qualities, does



not rise above mediocrity, I an I have not failed to increase alyze very carefully.

my property, my lands being greatI believe I am the only writerly improved; but I am perfuadwho has not been . fmitten with ed, my motive was rather to enthe passion of being reputed a wit; large my power than my revenue. and my

intinate friends know that On my entering into life, I was in converfation I never affc& it, fpoken of as a man of talents, and but have sense enough to use the people of condition gave me a falanguage of those with whom Ivourable reception ; but when the affociate.

fuccefs of my PERSIAN LETTERS. I have often had the misfortune proved perhaps that I was not to be disgusted with persons whose unworty of my reputation, and good-will I had earnestly fought. the public began to esteem me, my

I never lost but one friend, reception with the great was dilthrough any mifunderstanding ; couraging, and I experienced inand I have lived with my chil. numerable mortifications. The dren as with friends.

great, inwardly wounded with the It has been a principle of my glory of a celebrated name, feek whole life, never to do, by the to humble it. In general, he only agency of others, what I conld do can patiently endure the fame of for myfelf; and hence I have im- others, who deferves fame himproved my fortúne by means with felf. in my own reach-moderation I do not think I ever expendand economy-unmingled with ed four pounds for the sake of foreign aid, which is always mean Shew, or made one visit for the or unjust.

fake of intereft.

In what I un. When I have seen a company dertake, I employ no trick; and expect to find me excel in con ám less anxious for the success of versation, I have been more than my enterprize, than for the dif. usually unsuccessful. I would charge of my duty in it. rather be present with meri of tal Had I been born in England, ents to enliven my understanding, nothing could have consoled me than with fools to applaud my in failing to accumulate a large fayings.'

fortune ; I do not lament the me- The perfons I moft despise are, diocrity of my circumstances in the minor wits, and men of high France. ftation without probity.

I own, I have too much vanI never wrote a pasquinade ; I ity to wish my children to make have committed miltakes enough, a splendid fortune, for they would but never was guilty of ill-will to find it difficult to pronounce their


tomb would I never was prodigal in my be a monument to perpetuate their penfes, yet I am not avaricious, disgrace. I do not suppose they and I know of no enterprize that would level my tomb with the I would at any time have under- ground ; but they would scarcely taken to amass riches.

rebuild it, if thrown down. Their It has been very prejudicial to origin would embarrass their my affairs, that I could never for- flatterers, and twenty times a bear to despise those I could not day bring blushes on their own esteem.

cheeks. My memory would ex


any one.

father's name,

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ift only to give offence, and my self that a country over which unhappy snade haunt the living you reign, is not a great kingdom.” with unceasing terrors.

I have had the double misforTimidity has been the bane of tune-to write books, and to be my

life ; it seems to affect even ashamed of them. the organs of my body, and my I never wilhed to incrcase my intellect; to arrest my tongue,

wealth by the favours of the court ; calt a cloud over my thoughts, but, content to improve niy lands, and confound my language. I am have held my fortune dependerit ? less fubje& to this humiliation be- only on Providence. N********, fore men of sense than fools, be- having certain purposes to answer, cause I trust to their perceiving intimated, that a penfion would the train of

my ideas. Sometimes be granted me. I replied, “ HavI have chanced to acquit myself ing never degraded myself by conwell enough. Being at Luxem ceflions to the court, I have no bourg, in ari apartment where the need to seek confolation in its fa- . Emperor was at dinner, Prince Kinki said to me - You, Sir, If I may predict the fortune of who came from France, will be the SPIRIT OF LAWS, it will be surprised to see the Emperor so ill more praised than read. Such lodged.” Sir," I answered, works afford satisfaction, but are. “ I am not sorry to see a country

never resorted to for amusement... in which the subjects are better I conceived the design of making lodged than their sovereign,”: parts of that book more elaborate ri Being in Piedmont, the King said and profound, but the state of my

" I understand, Sir, you eyes would not permit me to purare a relation of the Abbé de sue the necessary studies, Montesquieu, whom I have feen If I knew of any enterprize here with the Abbé d'Estrades,' that would do myself a service at . “Sir," I replied, “ your majesty the expense of my family, I would is like Cæsar, who never forgot reject it ; if it were one that would any one's name.” --Dining in advance the fortune of


house England with the Duke of Rich to the injury of my country, I mond, the French envoy there, would endeavour to forget ii; if La Boine, who was at table, and it were something that would be was ill qualified for his situation, useful to my country, but inconcontended that England was not

fistent with the interests of Eum" larger than the province of Guien- rope or the human race, I should ne. I opposed the envoy. In regard the prosecution of it as a the evening, the Queen faid to me, “ I am informed, Sir, that My ambition is to be simple !. you undertook our defence against in my manners; to receive as few M. de la Boine." “Madam,” favours as potīble; and to grant I replied, “ I cannot perfuade my- as many as polible.

to me,

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[The following is given as a new Discovery of an infallible Remedy for the Bite

of venomous Snakes.] TO JAMES ANDERSON, M. D. PHYSICIAN GENERAL, &c. &c. Dear Sir,

his head back, the greatest part

went down, and in a few minutes I

HAVE the pleasure to send he was sensibly relieved, as his you the history of a Case, which joints became more pliable. I was attended with the most alarm now received fome Eau de Luce, ing symptoms, as a confirmation and in about ten minutes


him of the beneficial effects to be ex about twenty-five drops mixed pected from the use of Eau de with a little water, which by hold. Luce, or Spirits of Hartshorn, in ing his head as before, got all into the Bites of even the most dan his stomach. He now began to gerous Snakes. On the 11th of recover his recollection, and upon this month, at half past three being asked, pointed that he felt o'clock, P. M. one of the Dooley a pain in his breast, and the crown Bearers of the 2d Regiment of of his head. Half an hour after Cavalry, in the act of cutting a giving the last dose I repeated it, branch of a tree, about 100 yards

and in about five minutes he was from my house, was bit by a Snake seized with vomiting, when he on the outside of the left leg, a brought up a small quantity of little below the knee. He felt green slimy matter, which seemed immediately the pain stretching to relieve him greatly, for he was up his thigh, and in the course of then able to look about him. I ten or twelve minutes he was feiz- repeated the medicine every half ed with violent spasms all over

hour, and after

every dose he

got his body, and fell down apparently a little better, so that at nine without sense or motion. He was o'clock he was able, with a little then brought to me, when I found, support, to walk home from my all his joints quite stiff, his limbs , house, scarcely feeling any effe& rigidly extended, pulse hardly to but weakness from the bite, and I be felt, and jaws_fast locked. saw him next morning perfectly Having no Eau de Luce at hand, well. During the internal exhi

. I put a tea spoonful of Hartshorn bition of the medicine, the wound into a tumbler with a small

quan was rubbed with it, and seemingtity of water, and having with ly with some good effect. The difficulty opened his mouth by snake was not killed, so that I means of a turn-screw, I poured cannot say what species it was it in; but the power of deglutition of; but from the violent effects being perfe&tly gone, only a very produced by its - bite, I have no small part found its way to the doubt of its being a very dangerstomach. In ten minutes more I repeated the draught, and again a I am, dear Sir, very small quantity got to the

stom Your most obedient servant, ach ; ten minutes after I


WILLIAM MACKINTOSH. another dose, when, by holding Arcot, Nov. 13, 1798.


ous one.

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