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fon to accuse me of negligence. fources, its chara&er, the state of its If I afford neither instruction liierature, morals and religion, the for amusement to your readers, nature of its constitution, and spirit I will not tire their patience by of its government, are subjects, prolixity, nor insult their can not only worthy the attention doar with invective. I have con of the politician, philosopher and fiderable leisure time for reading historian, but immediately conand reflection, and some for wri nected, in a greater or less de. ting ; but none for mere trifles, gree, with the happiness of every low fcurrility, or acrimonious al American. Here is a wide field tercation. Í rank myself on the opened to the writer. It must fide you have taken in politics. remain for others to judge, The pen is my weapon.
It is whether any part of it will be devoted to the public ; and I cultivated by my labours. I shall acquiesce in the decision of shall study neither system, nor the public on the merit of its
but aim at the perperformance. I make no boast fpicuous, and concise. The oca of courage ;
and do not wish to casion will generally furnish me stand at the cannon's mouth, or with a subject, and my own repoint of the bayonct. My “poft fections, with such aids as readof honour” is “ a private fta ing and observation have given tion." A station, below envy, me, supply the comment. My and above contempt, favourable to observations
sometimes be observation and reflection, with singular ; but I will never differ out being much exposed to party from others for the fake of fin. animosity, or local prejudice. gularity, nor forego my own In this situation, modesty might judgment out of complaisance to dictate me to remain filent, and the reader. Whenever I med. enjoy my own reflections ; sloth dle with the dry skeleton of polwould certainly find many rea- itics, it shall be with a design to fons for inaction. But ever feel diffuse into it the foul of morals, ing a strong inclination to fill ey and the principles of social or. ery hour with some employment, der, to show the connexion beand an ardent with that employ- tween private and public duty; ment may be useful, I have en and to form, from domestic virlisted myself in the volunteer tue, a national character. I
The present have chosen my title, because it ftate of our country, its parties is, as I intend my writings shall and its politics, its domestic con be, appropriate to America. cerns and foreign relations, its re
corps of writers.
THE EAGLE. No. II. In a country like-ours, where ing reflection, instead of being goveroment is founded on opiri- enforced by prescriptive cereion, where religious, moral, and mony, and venerable cuftoms, civil actions, are di&tated by feel it is the indispensable duty of
every man, especially those who gone forth from the closet of the
were the moving causes in that In such a country, enjoying revolution, which, by employing the means of information, which for its inftruments every baser we poffefs, if there is any tyrant paffion, has fapped the vitals of to be dreaded, it is the hydra of social order, and swept Europe faction ; if there is any monarch with the besom of destruction ; that rules with an absolute, but we would rather ascribe the ingentle sway, it is the press. It calculable effects to the blindness is this that kindles the pereonial of ignorance, than to the foreflame at the altar of freedom. fight and concerted plan of the
Since the discovery of the art literati of France and Germany. of printing, the manners and We have only to turn our laws of Europe hate assumed an eyes to England, to draw a conentire new afpe&. Science has clufion more favourable to the (7 extended commerce : each have effects, and to find as strong a contributed to foften the rough proof of the force of letters. manners of the dark ages, and When the storm of revolution ameliorate the hard condition of broke forth in France, winged feudal servitude. Literature and its desolating course to the island freedom became reciprocally of Great Britain, and rolled its cause and effect, and invigorated inundating waves against her each o:her, till they had estab- thores, threatened her monarchy lished a dominion, especially in with its furious onset-Burke England, which seemed to bid ftood forth the literary champion defiance both to Gothic barbar- of his country.
56 Hitherto ity, and lawless domination ; but halt thou come and no further, unfortunately, in France, the and here shall thy proud waves former has become more sensible be stayed,” was the voice of his than sense, more refined than re- eloquence. As though spoken finement; the vagaries of meta- by Omnipotence, the storm died physics have supplied the place at his feet, and England was of folid fense, and found logic. tranquil. The dreams of theoretic philos Her cabinet, her armies, and ophers, have been substituted for her navies, did much ; but they the maxims of common prudence, were put in motion by Burke, and the experimental knowledge who excited to vigilance and
activity, the virtue and energy of The influence of letters has the people. been employed to fan the turbu The powerful voice of his eloa, lent painons, rather than to cher- quence reached our hemisphere, ith social and legal sentiments. and first began to purify it from The spirit of illuminatism has the contagion of French princiD
ples : it has been echoed by the tion, what we had been almost junior Burkes of America, till ready to offer a fatal sacrifice on we have in a degree, by the the alluring altar of pretended means of information and reflec- reformation.
THE E A G L E. No. III. GENIUS is an innate quality impulse of nature alone, they of the mind, a power of concep- rival the first orators of Europe, tion and invention, lefs depend with the powerful affistance of ent on circumstances than its ar letters. Their fagacity in war, tificial cultivation. There are, and their favourite employments, however, various caufes, such as prove them by no means declimate, soil
, and temperature of ficient in the exercise of judgthe atmosphere, which invariably ment, or inferior to the favages have their effect on the mental in other parts of the world. powers. Before we venture to A full investigation of these call our countrymen blockheads facts, which time allows me but in literature, or pronounce them just to mention, will show to an destitute of genius, we will fee impartial mind, beyond a doubt, whether physical causes are pro- that nature has done her part for pitious, that we may know which the production of genius on this to accuse, nature or ourselves, side the Atlantic. These are fhould we be found deficient. mentioned, not only because
Temperate climates have al- they are connected with my subways been found most favoura- ject, but because it is necessary, ble to the powers of the mind ; in order to strengthen our ata pure atmosphere, to clear in- tachment to our native soil, that tellects , romantic scenery, to we know how to appreciate the brilliancy of thought ; and mag- bounties nature has lavished upnificent objects, to fublime conceptions. These causes are as Should it be found, that the happily blended by nature, in fcion of Anglo-American genius America, as in thofe countries, has suffered a decay, by being where genius has fhone in its transplanted in a foil
, at least, as brighted luftre. To me they ap- congenial as that from whence pear to have their effect.
it fprang, while we are still grateIf we examine the unculti- ful to nature's God, we shall vated Aborigines of our forefts, owe a greater duty to ourselves, and compare them with the fav- in its more attentive cultivation. ages of other countries, we fhall Whether this be the case or not, find the result corroborating the I shall attempt to determine in conclufion I have drawn. They future numbers ; where I shall are so far from being belittled, in examine the genius of my counmental capacity, as has been rep- trymen, by more decisive docuresented by European prejudice, ments--the progress they have that in their eloquence, and made in the ufeful and refined Itrength of conception, by the arts.
GENERAL LEE's ORATION. It was intended by the Editor of the Columbian Phenix, to furnish his Patrons with the biography of our iLLUSTRIOUS WASHINGTON ; but, on seeing his exalted character fo ably delineated in the great number of Eulogies and funeral Orations, which have been pronounced by men of the most distinguished, political and literary merit, in various parts of the United States ; he apprehends, that the insertion of one of them in each fucceffive number of the Phenix, till all those of the first merit shall appear, will give more general fatisfaction, than to exhibit the mere history of his life, and noble deeds, upaecompanied by a rich display of genius and eloquence. The one pronounced by General HENRY LEE, before both Houses of Congress, will claim the first place.
In obedience to your* will, I empt as it happily has been from rise your humble organ, with the any fare in the slaughter of the hope of executing a part of the human race, may yet be compel. system of public mourning which led to abandon her pacific poli. you have been pleased to adopt, cy, and to risk the doleful cafual. commemorative of the death of ties of war : What limit is there the most illustrious and most be- to the extent of our lofs loved personage this country has None within the reach of my ever produced ; and which, while words to express ; none which it transmits to posterity your sense your feelings will not disavow. of the awful event, faintly rep The founder of our federate presents your knowledge of the republic-our bulwark in war, consummate excellence you fo our guide in peace, is no more ! cordially honour.
Oh that this were but questionaDesperate indeed, is any at- ble! Hope, the comforter of the tempt on earth to meet corref. wretched, would pour into our pondently this dispensation of agonizing hearts its-balmy dew. Heaven į for, while with pious But, alas! there is no hope for resignation we fubmit to the will us; our WASHINGTON is of an all-gracious Providence, we removed forever! Pofleffing the cap never cease lamenting, in our stoutest frame, and purest mind, finite view of Omnipotent Wif- he had passed nearly to his fixtydom, the heart-rending privation eighth year, in the enjoyment of for which our nation weeps. high health, when, habituated by When the civilized world thakes' his care of us to neglect himself, to its centre ; when every mo a flight cold, disregarded, became ment gives birth to strange and inconvenient on Friday, opprefmomentous changes ; when our live on Saturday, and, defying peaceful quarter of the globe, ex. every medical interpofition, be
fore The two Houses of Congress.
fore the morning of Sunday, put gave the stability of system, and an end to the best of men. An infused. the invincibility of love end, did I say?--his fame fur- of country: or shall I carry you vives ! bounded only by the lim to the painful scenes of Long its of the earth, and by the ex- INand, York Inand and Newtent of the human mind. He Jersey, when, combating fuperior survives in our hearts, in the and gallant armies, aided by growing knowledge of our chil. powerful fleets, and led by chiefs dren, in the affection of the good high in the roll of fame, he stood throughout the world. And when the bulwark of our safety ; unour monuments shall be done dismayed by disaster ; unchanged away ; when nations now existe by change of fortune ? Or will ing shall be no more ; when even you view him in the precarious our young and far spreading em fields of Trenton, where deep pire Thall have perished, still will gloom, unnerving every arm, our WASHINGTON's glory reigned triumphant through our unfaded shine, and die not, until thinned, worn-down, unaided love of virtue cease on earth, or
himself unmoved.earth itself finks into chaos. Dreadful was the night. It was How,
fellow-citizens, fhall about this time of: wintcr'; the I fingle to your grateful hearts storm raged; the Delaware rollhis pre-eminent worth! Where ing furiously with floating ice, Thall I begin in opening to your forbad the approach of man. view a character throughout fu-. WASHINGTON, felf collectblime ? Shall I speak of his war- ed, viewed the tremendous scene, like achievements, all springing -his country called ; unappalled from obedience to his country's. by surrounding dangers, he paff-. will-all directed to his coun ed to the hostile shore be try's good ?
fought ; he conquered. The Will you go with me to the morning sun cheered the AmeriLanks of the Monongahela, to can world. Our country rose see your youthful WASHING on the event ; and her dauntless TON, supporting, in the dismal Chief pursuing his blow, com-, hour of Indian victory, the ill-: pleted in the lawns of Princeton, fạted Braddock, and saving, by what his vast foul had conceived his judgment and by his valour, on the shores of Delaware. the remains of a defeated army, Thence to the strong grounds pressed by the conquering favage. of Morristown he led his small foe? Or, when opprcffed Amer- but gallant band ; and through ica, nobly resolving to risk her, an eventful winter, by the high all in defence of her violated efforts of his genius, whose rights, he was elevated by the matchless force was measurable, unanimous voice of Congress to only by the growth of difficulthe conimand of her armies ? ties, he held in check formidable Will you follow him to the high hostile legions, conducted by a grounds of Boston, where to an chief experienced in the art of undisciplined, courageous and war, and famed for his valour* virtuous yeomanry, his presence on the ever-memorable heights