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interesting duties of her family, I a household drudge, and to thrive on cannot but look upon her as the pe- the smoky atmosphere of a kitchen. culiar favourite of Heaven. The Yet it must be confessed that the objects, about which she employs rights of woman have been advocatherself, are of the most endearing and ed with a zeal too inflamed to be tender kind, the economy of her reasonable, and, with an over-heated household and the discipline of her enthusiasm, which has rather depreschildren ; and so important is the fed, than promoted, a cause which is part assigned her, that its faithful in itself good. Some have even performance depends upon the purest gone so far as to strain her prerogavirtue, associated to the best under- tive to a height really masculine, standing

and which belongs exclusively to Notwithstanding this serious truth, man. It


therefore be, an amus. it appears ever to have been the po- ing, if not an useful speculation, to licy of our sex to arrogate to them- see how far the rights of the fair sex selves a superiority over the other, extend in relation to ourselves. and to treat them with all the spirit

The nice and delicate texture of of a petty tyranny. We seem to the female mind is an argument have claimed a prescriptive right for highly favourable to their superioricalling them our inferiors, and we ty,

to prove,

that the situacan give no better account of our tion for which Heaven designed them authority for treating them as such, in this world, is of a nature the most than that custom has lo established it. benevolent and engaging. The How far this argument might go to

more rugged and invidious offices of confirm a title to a certain kind of life were appropriated to man, as property, I shall not at this time in- being better suited to his firm and quire, but that it has the least plausi- sturdy disposition. In this proposibility, when applied to the present tion is involved all the immunities subject, I beg leave to deny. This of the two sexes ; and every privierror, however, so degrading to hu- lege, exercised by either, not resolvmanity, is daily lusing its control, able into it, is founded in usurpation and is happily succeeded by senti- and arrogance. The mind of woments of a quite contrary descrip- man being composed of the sweetest tion-sentiments which declare us and most amiable properties, and not only more discerning, but more being characterized by an animated virtuous, and which, while they tes. sensibility, entitles her to the entire tify to the merit of the other fex, management of all those affairs, are highly honourable to our own which call for the forbearance of gratitude. So many literary con- tenderness, and the interposition of stellations have lately appeared in the gentler virtues. Under this the female world, that we very rea- description is included the governfonably begin to think their suscep- ment of children, and the general tibility of improvement equal, if not fuperintendence of domestic consuperior, to our own; and since the cerns. To the custody of the teningenious theories of a Wolstoncraft der mind, the, and she alone, is enhave taken a rank on the shelf of our titled ; and it is her delightful prorcirculating libraries, we have almost ince to inculcate, in all the winning loft fight of this idea, so derogatory language of fimplicity, that kind of 19 woman, that she was born to be obvious morality, of which the infant


understanding is more immediately edge even of these will never injure susceptible. These little endearing her. Her exclusion from the more cares would ill become the husband, abstruse sciences, however, ought to who, bound by the coarser ties of be amply counterbalanced by a full business, is utterly incapable of dif- introduction into that interesting de. charging them. But in the hands partment of literature, where fancy of the wife they are sure to be dif- is disciplined by philosophy, and charged ; because there is a conge- where learning hides its pedantry niality between the duty itself and under the garb of imagination. the disposition and abilities of the With polite letters the should be in. object on whom the duty falls. timately acquainted; for they have There is a sort of relationship be

a remarkable tendency to polith the tween those fine pictures of virtue, 'mind, and to give a fine turn of delwith which the young imagination icacy to the thought. They foften ought to be presented, and the ex the heart to an engaging tenderness, quilite genius of the moral artist who and bring the understanding to a holds the pencil to the thought. maturity, to which it would be diffiBut the authority of the wife is by cult otherwise to arrive. no means restricted to these cares. As for those necessary regulations It extends in many instances over which fall under the name of house. the husband himself. She has a hold economy, an ignorance of them right to counsel him in all the minor in a woman is indeed reproachful. duties, which arise from the obliga- It would be almost a folecism to say tions of etiquette and the laws of po- that a mistress of a family need not liteness. In the little incidental understand those things which are proprieties of dress, company and necessary to its very existence. But amusement, she may gently com it might be no less ridiculous to say, mand him ; for the regulation of that to the acquisition of this knowlthese nice economics requires that edge, necessary as it is, a woman delicately discriminating mind which should devote her whole attention : is peculiar to a woman. These, and It is a kind of knowledge easily a thousand other little rights, a good gained, and hard to lose : It lays husband will feel a pleasure in recog. but very little claim to the genius of nizing; and he will delight in being invention, or the intricacy of art. the obedient subject of so gentle and The whole science of kitchen police amiable an authority. He will find is too fimple and obvious not to be himself relieved from many anxie- attained with a moderate degree of ties which must necessarily exist application. It is a science which somewhere, but which his wife, from grows so immediately out of common the interest which she feels in them, observation, that we should be inhas voluntarily adopted.

duced to think that woman obftiIf the above obfervations are not nately bent upon ignorance, who is founded in error, we shall readily unacquainted with it. An incidentperceive the necessity of affording to al regard to these concerns ought the other sex an education, although therefore to be deemed a fufficient different, by no means inferior, to discharge of this branch of her duty. that which we ourselves receive. A But there are some husbands who woman need not go deeply into the think that the excellency of a wife feverer studies ; but a little knowl. consists in a dexterous management


of the mop, or in a skilful dab- plishments were equalled only by bling with soap-suds; who seem her goodness of heart, and superidever so much pleased as when ority of understanding. Altamont their wives are engaged in some wanted a companion. He chose menial occupation, which reminds Louisa, because she possessed a rethem of a parsimonious saving, and finement of taste and delicacy of which fills their imaginations with manners congenial to his own the prospects of gain. Men of this character. Whenever I visit this class form a matrimonial connex- happy pair, I feel a certain veneion, merely to promote the mean ration for the marriage institution, schemes of avarice, and to gratify which I do not at any other time those mercenary passions which feel. When Altamont and Louare the sure attendants of a grovel- isa are together, they seem capti. ling mind. They think if they vated by a kind of holy affection, can procurê a woman of a found which transports them beyond the constitution, whose household ge- enjoyments of ordinary minds. I nius iš adequate to the most labo- called upon them the last evening. rious drudgery of the kitchen ; Altamont and his Louisa were who can rise with the light of the seated under the branches of a day, and toil till midnight ; that beautiful willow.

Louisa was their fortune is singularly propiti- singing a favourite air of Alous, because at the year's end their tamont's. After she had fin. treasury will be enriched. But ifhed it he pressed her hand, a man of a noble and generous and gently requested her to repeat mind will revolt at sentiments, so it. Louisa smiled upon Altadegrading to humanity. He will mont, and began the song a secstartle at a doctrine which favours ond time. the slavery of that sex, which is This scene; however insipid it the pride and ornament of the ra- may appear to my readers in detional world. He will view with scription, was truly interesting to a melancholy regret the infamous myself, who beheld it in all its prostitution of those qualities, reality. It would be impossible which were bestowed for the no- to delineate

upori paper

those looks blèft purposes of our being; and of reciprocal complacencỳ, which he will alinost weep to see those passed between Altamont and his attributes perverted to the pitiful Louisa. Their happiness appearpurposes of meanness and worth- 'ed too perfect to admit of improvelessness, which ought to be culti- ment: I returned home, fully vated for the advancement of vir- disgusted with celibacy, and resolvtue. He will feel all the sadness ed upon changing my situation as of a benevolent heart when he foon as I could find a Louisa to tiews that wicked defolation of make me happy. My imaginamoral excellency, which is exhib- tion dwelt with peculiar fondness ited in the debafement of the fe- on the superior merit of the fair male mind. Altamont is such a sex; and, before I had finished man. At the age of twenty-five he my contemplations, I completely fell violently in love with a young united the ideas of Woman and lady, whose beauty and accom LOVISA. L1





[Concluded.] THE delicacy of his mind ap- his new view of things laid upon pears from the following circum- him, one respected his wives. Itance : while reading a book to He had two while in Africa, but a lady, which had been recom he clearly saw the New Testamended to him as a good book, ment allowed only one ; his diffihe met with a word, supposed by culty was, to know which of them him to convey an impure idea, on it was right for him to keep. which he instantly stopt, and shut He thought, at firft, it would be the book without alligning any right to keep her whom he had cause. The lady soon after quit- first married; but then he confidted the room, when his displeasure, ered that she had borne him no which her presence had kept him child, and that the second (who from expresling, broke forth ; he was besides the wife of his affecdashed the book, with a degree of tions) had brought him a fon; fury which aftonished the gen- this last circumstance seemed to tleman who was prefent, againft have decided the question in fathe wall of the room, declaring, vour of the second; he declared that the man who wrote the himself ready, however, to make book ought to be punished for de a sacrifice of his feelings should it ceiving people, and putting bad appear right to keep the first in thoughts into their heads; and preference. as for the book itself, that he In about a year and a half after should burn it wherever he might his arrival in England, he could happen to meet with it. He was read fuently, (though, at first, he foon convinced of the impropriety knew little of the English tongue) of his warmth, but he continued and could write a letter. He had to regard the book, and its author, also made himself acquainted with as highly blameable.

common arithmetic, and the first He was fo concerned for the elements of mathematics, and had, credit of his country, and so fear. besides, imbibed much general ful of the confequence of drawing knowledge. contempt upon it, that, except While he thus went on improve with particular perfons, he was ing, the news of his father's death averse from giving very minute ac reached England, and called him counts of the state of African suddenly to Sierra Leone. He manners, arts, cultivation, or fo- felt much anxiety when he was ciety. On the same account, he on the eve of returning, from the studioufly avoided strong marks of variety of new duties, which the wonder at any thing he saw in deplorable state of his country England, left an inference should seemed to lay upon him. He be drawn from it to the disadvan.

was very desirous that his future tage of Africa. When he chose, conduct" might not discredit his however, to be unreserved in talk

new religion ; and it appeared to ing about his country, he was nev. those with whom he conversed, er known to violate truth in the that there was no personal facrifice accounts he gave.

which he was not ready to make Among the difficulties which for the sake of Christianity. To


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have the honour of becoming him- tions he lay under to the Sierra felf a teacher of it, seemed to be Leone Company, he begged of the the summit of his wishes.

gentleman to write his will, the In the month of June, 1793, substance of which was, that his he embarked on board of one of brother should take charge of his the Sierra Leone Company's vef- property, till his son, then a child, sels, called, from him, the Naim came of age ; and, in the mean banna, after having taken an affec- time, should reimburfe the Sierra tionate leave of all his friends in Leone Company for the sums ad. England.

vanced by them on his account. During the passage, his mind To this he subjoined a strong was almost constantly employed request that his brother should, as in pondering over those difficulties far as in bim lay, oppose the slave which he thought he should have trade, and for the satisfaction of to combat on his return to Af- his friends, he added, “ That rica, and in devising the means of nothing may be imputed to the overcoming them. Numberless Sierra Leone Company by any were the plans which he formed evil-minded men, whose interest for the purpose of spreading the may oppose that of the worthy, light of the gospel among his rude Company, I here declare, in the countrymen ; though he seemed presence of that God, in whom I at the same time to suffer much place my trust, that during my uneasiness, from a fear of disap. Itay in England, I always enjoypointment, which became frongered very good health, and received as he approached his native shore. the greatest civilities from all those He had left England in perfect under whose care I was, and at health, but on reaching a warmer my leaving England I was in per , climate, he was much affected by feet health.” the heat, and caught a violent When the vessel got to Sierra cold, which began with pains in Leone, he had become insensible his throat and head, and ended to every thing that passed around in a fever, which the continual him, except for


Kort interworking of his mind had probably

vals. He was taken alhore to contributed much to produce. He the Governor's house at Freewas frequently light-headed, and town, where his mother, with a his intervals of Tense were short brother and sister of his, and some and few, but they afforded to other of his relations, to whom those around him striking proofs notice of his dangerous state had of a humble trust in the mercies been sent, soon after appeared. of God through Christ, and of a The distracted looks of his mothperfect resignation to his will. er, and the wildness of his sister's During one of those intervals, he grief, on seeing him, affected evcalled to his bed-side a fellow pas. ery one ; but when at length they senger, and observing to him, that perceived that he breathed no he began to think he should be more, their fricks and cries were called hence, before he had an distresing beyond measure. He opportunity of telling his mother died about twelve hours after comand friends what mercies God ing on shore. had Mewn him, and what obliga Thus ended the days of this


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