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tereit would seem to justify, a tecurrence
His end portrayed all the doto the laws of vengeance. This i call thee mestic virtues--as his life had been an illufá to attest, O youthful Afgill! thou whose trious example in war and politics. Amermisfortunes have interested England, France ica regarded with respect the mansion which and America! With what asliduous care contained her defender; from that retreat, did WASHINGTON endeavoiy to delay a where so much glory dwelt, sage counsels sentence, which the laws of war would issued, 'which had not less weight than in have precipitated! He expected that a the days of his power ; but death has voice, then all-powerful, would have been swept all away; he died in the midst of heard across the expansive ocean, and de those occupations which sweeten domestic manded a pardon which could not be re life, and support us in the infirmities of
age. fused. That voice, so conformable to the “Froin every part of that America feelings of his heart, was heard and felt; which he had delivered, the cry of grief is and the day which saved an innocent vic heard: lê belonged to France to echo back tim, ought to be inscribed among the most the mournful sound; it ought to vibrate glorious of victorious ard independent on every generous heart. The shade of America."
WASHINGTON, cn entering beneath this Here the author seems to elevate him- lofty dome, will find a TUREKNE, a Catself, or rather to fóar with the great men, INAT, a CONDE, all of whom have fixed whose necessary course and inevitable del their habitation here. If these illustrious tiny he so adniirably describes.
warriors have not served in the same cause “ It is there extraordinary men, who ap- during life, yet the fame of all will unite pear af intervals on this vast scene, with them in death. Opinions, subject to the characters corimanding and illustrious. caprices of the world and to time-opinions, An unknown and fupetior catife sends them wenk and changeable, the inheritance of when it is fit, to lay the foundation of new, humanity, vaniff in the tomb; but glory or to build up the ruins of old empires and virtue live forever. When departed It is in vain that these men step aside, og from this stage, the great men of every age mingle in the crowd ? destiny leads them and of 'every place, become in fome measure on; they are carried from obitacle to ob- conatriots and cotemporaries. They form stacle, from triumph to triumph, until they but one family in the memory of the livarrive at the summit of power. Something ing; and their examples are renewed in evsupernatural animates all their thoughts: ery successive age. Thus within these an irresistible movement is given to all their walls, the valour of WASHINGTON attracts enterprizes. The multitude still seek them the regard of Conde; his modesty is apamong themselves, and find them not ; plauded by Turenne ; his philosophy draws they raise their eyes, and see in a sphere, him to the bosom of Catinat. A people dazzling in light and glory, those whom who admit the ancient dogma of a transtheir ignorance and envy would call rafh. migration of souls, will often confess that WASHINGTON had not those high and the foul of Catinat dwells in the bosom of commanding traits which strike every mind; WAŞILINGTON. he displayed more order and justice, than “ The voice of republicanism which reforce and elevation in his ideas. He pof- sounds from every part of these walls, seffed above all, in a superior degree, that ought to please above all, the defenders of quality which some call vulgar, but which America. Can they not love those soldiers, very few poffess; that quality, not less usefu who after their example, repelled the eno to the government of states than to the con emies of their country? We approach with duct of life, and which gives more tran pleasure those veterans, whose trophies add quillity than emotion to the foul, and more lustre to these walls, and some of whom happiness than glory to those who poffefs have gained laurels with WASHINGTON, it ;- it is of good fenfe that I speak. in the wilds of Carolina and Virginia.”Audacity destroys, genius' elevates, good ---" But there is something more due to fense perferveres and perfects. Genius is the memory of WASHINGTON; it is the charged with the glory of empires; but union of France and America ; it is the good sense alone affures their safety and happiness of each ; it is PEACE between repose."
the two nations. It now seems to me, So many interests are here anited with that WASHINGTON calls to all France the pleasures of once more finding French from the very summit of his domé eloquence, that we are sure of the attention • MAGNANIMOUS PEOPLE ! you who of our audience, by multiplying quotations. know so well how to honour glory; I have
conquered for independence; the happi- Judges who compose the Supreme Court ness of my country was the reward of that of the United States; which is called, the victory. Imitate not the first balf of my life; Supreme Court of the Union. He was it is the second that recommends me to pofterity.' born in Connecticut, and from his youth
“ Yes, thy counfels shall be heard, O educated to the profession of the law. His WASHINGTON! O Warrior ! 0 Legisla- life has been wholly devoted to public aftor! O Citizen without reproach! He fairs. He was a member of the ancient who while yet young furpasses thee in bat. Congress during the war of Independence; tles, shall, like thee, with his triumphant a member of the Convention that proposed hands heal the wounds of his country. the New Constitution; and Senator in Even now we have his disposition, his Congress after that period. He is a man character for the pledge: and his wartike of acknowledged virtue, of rigid probity, geniuz, unfortunately necessary, shall foon and strict morals. lead sweet peace into this temple of war ; then the fentiment of universal joy shall land; and served during the war of Inde
“Mr. Murray is a landholder of Maryobliterate the remembrance of oppression and injustice. Already the opprefied for- pendence. He has been member of Con
gress ever since the adoption of the New get their ills in looking to the future. The
Conftitution, which found in him one of acclamations of every age will be offered
its most able and zealous supporters. Mr. to the hero who gives happiness to France, Murray was esteemed one of the best oraand feeks to restore it in the contending
tors in Congress; and one of those the world.”
most esteemed and noticed by that Great
Man upon whose tomb the whole United THE FRENCH PAPERS,
States, with every description of demonWhich but lately were filled with the
stration, and with entire unanimity, at this molt gross invectives against the govern
moment are pouring the tears of gratitude nient and people of the United States, are
and sorrow. now “bonied o'er" in their praises. The eulogies which have been pronounced on
“Mr. Davie is a landholder of Northour WASHINGTON, bave combined very Carolina. He partoak largely of the lahandsome panegyrics on his compatriots ;
bours and of the glory of the war of Indeand in the “ Publiciste" of the 20 Pluviofe pendence. He was a member of the Con(Feb. Ech) we meet the following
vention, which afsembled at Philadelphia
in '87, to discufs the Constitution by which “DESCRIPTION Of the three Anerican Plenipotentiaries, that time he has been Governor of North
the United States is now governed. Since sent by Congress to treat on Peace with
Carolina ; and united, in his administration, France.
the esteem and approbation of his fellow “ Mr. Elfworth is Chief of the five great citizens.”
DOMESTIC NEWS. THE Circuit Court of the United States James Hillhouse, Roger Newbury, Hemar
have sentenced john Fries, Frederick Swift, Thomas Grovesner, Thomas SeyHainey and Jolin Gettman, the three de mour, Aaron Auftin, Jeremiah Wadfluded and unhappy leaders of the North- worth, David Daggett, Nathaniel Smith ampton infurrection. They were to have and John Allen, Esqs. Aflustants.-Andrew heen executed the 231 inst. but are since Kingsbury, Esq. Treasurer.Samuel Wylpardoned by the Piefident.
lys, Esq. Secretary.
The following gentlemen are chosen by CONNECTICUT. HARTF. MAY 13. the freemen of this state to stand in nom
Last Thursday the General Election of ination for election in October next, as the state government was held in this city. Representatives in Congress, viz. Chauncy His Excellency Jonathan Trumbull, Esq. Goodrich, Samuel. W. Dana, Roger Grilwas chosen governor--the Honorable John wold, Jonathan Bruce, William Edmond, Treadweil, Esq. Lieutenant Governor. Elizur Goodrich, John C. Smith, John William Williams, Joseph P. Cook, Davenport, junr. Elias Perkins, Calvin
Goddard, Benjamin Talmage, Simcon Purveyor of public supplies for the United
gate to Congress from the N. W. Territo-
Gen. John Gibson, of Pennsylvania, Sec-. Dutchess,
retary of the Indian Territory. Columbia &
Seth Lewis, Esq. of Tennessee, Chief. Renfsellaer,
John Bird. Justice of the Millilippi Territory, in the
place of William M-Guire, Esq. resigned, Montgomery, Herkimer, &c. S
Benjamin Walker. Ifrael Ludlow, of the N. W. Territory:
Register of the land office at Cincinnati. Albany &
K. K. V. Ranfsellaer. Schoharie,
Thomas Washington, of do. Register of
do. at Chilocothe. We have not full lists of this election;
Peregrine Fotter, of do. Register of do. but we suspect there is a majority of Antis at Marietta. chosen.
David Hoge, of Pennsylvania, Register Massachusetts Election terminates glo- of do. at Steubenville. riously.
James Finley, of the N. W. Territory, The Honorable CALEB STRONG is chor Receiver of Public Monies for lands of the en by the freemen Governor. Exult, O Maf United States at Cincinnati. sachusetts ! for amidst thy fore amictions Samuel Finley, of do. Receiver of do. shou art comforted ! although thy hopes at Chilocothe. have drooped, although thy pride and thy Elijah Backus, of do. Receiver of do. at strength have been cut off, yet art thou Strong, Marietta. From among thy fons thou shalt be protect Zacheus Bigges, of Virginia, Receiver ed, and by thine own virtues shalt thou be of do, at Steubenville. faved. While we joy in our prospects of John Cooper, of Georgia, Collector of political felicity, let us bemoan our political the diftrict of Brunswick, and Inspector of loss, in his Honor Lieutenant Governor the Revenue for that port, in the place of MOSES GILL, who has deceased since John M'Intosh, religned. his re-election to an office he has for many Jonas Clark, Esq. of Massachusetts, Col. years filled, with true dignity, unimpeach- lector of the district of Kennebunk. ed by the most malevolent. His name is Congress rose on the 14th inft. They recorded in the annals of virtuous acts, and will meet on the 3d Monday of November his lofs will be regretted as long as piety next, at the city of Washington, in the and merit are remembered with reverence district of Columbia. They have passed by the undisguised Christian and the dif-, 69 Acts, and disbanded the provisional arinterefted Patriot.
my, after the 15th of June next, allowing The Hon. Timothy Pickering, Esq. is 3 months pay to defray their expenses removed from the Secretary's office, and
horne, Gen. Marshall of Virginia appointed his
NAVAL, Pubstitute. The reason remains in the cab The. Chesapeak Frigate, Capt. Barron, is inet. No charge of official guilt is made to receive inost of her crew from the Con public against this Honorable Gentleman, gress; and as her stores are mostly on board, who, no
one doubts, has served his country it is expected the will soon have failing orwith fidelity, usefulness and ability: nei ders. Capt. Murray, late Commander of: ther will a peaceable mind be disturbed at the Insurgente, arrived in Philadelphia a measures, because he does not understand few days fince, to take command of the them.
Constellation. Every exertion is making Hon. James M'Henry, Esq. is succeeded
to refit her for sea. The sheers are up to by the Hon. Samuel Dexter, Esq. as Sec- Atep her new mainmast, so that she will in retary of War.
a few days be ready to make another cruise. Joshua Johnson, Efq. of Georgetown, Commodore Truxton, who is to cominand Maryland, formerly Conful of the United the President, lately launched, is to have States at London, is appointed Superin- allotted to him a Captain, and we are intendant of the stamp office to be established formed he has fixed on Mr. Sterrett, his, at Washington.
first lieutenant in the Constellation, for that. Israel Whelen, Esq. of Pennsylvania, station.
The Pickering, Capt. Hillar, has cap- opinion, fully demonstrate the precision and tured a French ichooner of 6 guns and 62. ability with which the business of that de men, which makes 16 vefsels he has taken partment has been conducted, and that by in 16 months.
the fiscal operations of the government, the We regret the necessity of mutilating the public debt has been diminished. full and able report of the Congress Com. In ascertaining the amount of the old mittee on the Public Debt of the United debt, two different principles have been States, with the causes of its accumulation, taken by those who have made their calcu&c. We can only give a view of the state látions on this subject. The first has been, ment in the following abstract.
to include only the interett upon the debt
to the close of the year 1789, as the nearTHE COMMITTEE REPORT:
ett convenient period to the day when the That for the purpose of obtaining every government commenced its operations, and Itatement from the Treasury, which could after deducting from the aggregate of debt elucidate the subject of inquiry, they ad the amount of funds then in power of the dressed a letter to the Secretary of that de government, to consider the balance as the partment on the 24th of March, a copy of amount of old debt. The second principle which is subjoined to this report, and on has been, to take the amount of debt, as the 29th of April they' received his an the same has been liquidated and funded swer, transmitting sundry statements, num under various acts of Congress, and after bered from 1 to 9 inclulive, and exhibing, deducing therefrom the funds acquired or in the most clear and satisfactory manner, poffeffed by the government at the close of the moft important of the Treasury opera the year 1790, to consider the balance as tions in relation to the debt, from the com constituting the true amount of old debt. mencement of the present government. The difference between these principles These statements, together with three let confifts in this : By the last mode of comters from the Secretary on this subject, are putation, the interest which accumulated now submitted to the House; and although upon the debt, subsequent to the close of it is certainly possible that some trivial er the year 1789, and until the debt was fundTors may have taken place in the details ed and provided for by law, is considered which these documents contain, yet the as a part of the old debt; whereas by the committee are confident, that the general first mode of computation, that interest is results which they produce must be correct. totally excluded.
The statements No. I and 2, contain an In consequence of a difference of opinaccount of the receipt and expenditure of ion, which it is understood still exists on all public money, from the commencement this point, the committee have thought of the government ; and whilst they show proper to state the debt in both modes, that the application of the revenue to the debt, the results in both cases may be perfectly they will present, at the same time, in one understood. view, every expense with which the Treaf
Dolls. Cts. ury has been charged, and enable the legif- The nominal amount of debt lature with more accuracy to decide, how on the ift of Jan. 1790, as far those objects or the amount of expense appears by ftatement, No. in particular cafes may be diminished. 9, amounted to
72,237,301 97 The order of the House having particu, larly directed the attention of the commit- The funds then in possession tee to the increase or diminution of debt, of the government, and to they have thought it their duty to bring
be deducted, were, into view the amount of debt with which Cash in the Treasury, Jan. the present government commences its op I, 1790
28,239 61 crations, and to contrast the fame with the Cash in the hands of Col. balance of debt on the ist of January in the lectors,
83,127 84 present year. In discharging this duty, it Bonds at the Cụstom houses, 590,468 60 will become neceslary to explain the prin- Debts due to the United ciples on which these statements rest, which States, under contracts of the committee will do in as concile a man the late government, colner as possible. But before they enter up. lected at fundry times, 62,586 74 on this detail, they cannot.forbear to'expreis Debts paid in specie during the satisfaction which they feel in declaring, the year 1989,
15,927 13 that the documents which have been olva Proceeds of the sale of lands tuined from the Treasury, wind, in their to the State of Pennsyla
'vania, made by the late Dols. Cts. claimed registered debit, Dols. Cts. government,
and debt dne to foreign
officers, which are to be 931,742 33
considered at all times as
a charge on the specie balAmount of debt, Jan. 1,
ance in the Treafury, 2,061,683 49 1790,
71,305,559 64 Remittances to Holland, be
yond the sum necessary to By the same document it ap
meet all demands on the pears, that the debt con.
foreign debt, to the close tracted by the govern
of the year 1999,
548,955 84 ment, as the fame has
Cath in 'the hands of Col. been liquidated and fund,
lectors and Supervisors,
532,247 81 ed by acts of Congress,
Bonds uncollected at the amounts to
76,781,953 14 Custom houses, estimated
at six millions, payable on That the funds possessed by
an average at six months, this government on the
deducting the interest for Ist of Jan. 1791, and to
that term, leaves 5,826,214 be deducted from the
2,220 suares of Bank stock, debt, were as follow :
888,000 Cam in the Treasury, Jan.
Advance, 25 per ct. 222,000 I, 1791,
570,023 88 Cash in the hands of Col
Value 1,110,000 1,110,000 lecors,
225,786 95 Custom house bonds uncol
: 10,0.79,101 14 lected,
1,052,215 13 Money collected from the
True amount of debt, Jan. credits of the late govern
Dolls. 70,212,718 16 ment, as in the preceding
For the purpose of fhewing the rapidity statement,
with which the public debt was diminishDebts paid in specie during
ing, at the time when the hostility of France the year 1789,
15,927 13 compelled the government to incur those Sales of land to Pennsylvania, 151,392 41 great and extraordinary expenses, which Debts purchased and dis
appear in the Treasury statements, and to charged during the year
enter upon that extensive system of defence, 1790,
518,424,8 which has resulted in the security of our
commerce, the committee have thought it 2,596,356 32 necessary, in addition to the preceding state
ments, to present a view of the debt on the True amount of debt, Jan.
Ist of Jan. 1798, remarking, at the fame 1, 1791, Dolls: 74,185,596 82 tiine, that the reduction which at that time
had been made, proves in the most satisfacBy the same document, No.
tory manner, the ease with which the debt 9, it appears that the debt,
may be extinguished, whenever the govexclusive of temporary
ernment shall be left unembarrassed by inloans, on the ist of Jan.
ternal disorder or foreign hostility. 1800, amounted to 76,651,820 30 The nominal amount of the Tempory loans, without de
debt, on the ist of Jan. ducting Bank shares, 3,640,000 1798, was Dolls. 76,366,618 8%
Nominal amount of debt,
Dolls. 80,291,820 30
Funds acquired by the gov
ernment and which may be applied to face the
foregoing debtCash in the Treasury, Jan.
1,1800, deducting therefrom the amount of un
Funds to be deducted; were:
265,369 3 Cash in the hands of Supervisors,
32,964 39 Value of Bonds uncollected
at the Custom houses, Jan.