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whose permillion they are now pub. bravery, is highly to be honoured, linned. In a note of his sermon, oc and the praise not given to another, casioned by the death of the General, however meritorious in other re. he fay's,
66 The detachment at first spects. Other evidence, to confirm was put under the command of Gen. what I have flere faid, I am able to Putnam; with it he took poffeffioa produce, if any should call for it." of the hill, and ordered the battle Mr. Whitney has a letter written from beginning to the end. Gen. him by an officer, who was in the Warren arrived alone, on the hill, action, afferting that Pugnam was and as a l'olunteer joined the Amer- Commander. While writing this icans just as the action commenced. note, an officer of rank, who was These foes Gen. Putnam himself wounded in the battle, who saw gave me soon after the battle, and Warren fall, tells me I may be repealed them after his life was print- assured, Gen. Putnam was the offi
. ed. The General, who encouraged cer who led the party to the hill, and animated his soldiers, by his who marked the ground to be forti words and example, to prodigies of fied, and commanded in the action."
THE TRIUMPH OF TALENTS
ovek INDIGENCE AND MISFORTUNE. Examplified in the Character of the late Mr. John HOWARD. THE life of John Howard was opened to his mind, he displayed
not mwch marked with incident. an early propensity for vice, and conHe was born in the city of Carlisle, tinued through life the fave to unof obscure parents, whose wants the controlled and libidinous palion. early years of his life were devoted Perhaps we might plead in excuse
, to supply. It could not be supposed that he was formed with a sensibility that from his habits of life, his com- peculiarly fine, and pallons easily panions, or his occupations, he could excited; and, being of a gay, social roccive any incitement to knowl disposition, he could not, after he edge ; for,
had emerged from the overwhelm“ Unfriended, defolate, and young,
ing obscurity which clouded his Misfortune o'er his cradle hung:
young years, colle& fufficient strength
of mind to combat the temptations But, however unpropitious his cir- which accident threw in his way cumstances had hitherto been, at an but, like the unhappy and ill-fated early age he began to display some Burns, sullied the gifts of his Creaof those qualities which mark the tor by intemperance and debaucheman of genius. The period of his rý; and, at length, fell a facrifice to youth, though devoted to the ardu- unlimited indulgence. ous task of self-education, was at the
Mr. Howard's parents being 100 fame time fullied by many of the ex- poor to put him to school, the talk of ceffes of youthful intemperance. instruction devolved upon himself; Though wedded to science, and and so ardent was he in the pursuit charmed by the beauties that fue of knowledge, that the progress he
made through the common paths of and the harmless joke-to which he learning, to the most abstruse and contributed an ample share. His scientific parts of mathematics, was wit was genuine and poignant, and truly amazing. As Mr. Howard he was fortunate in the occasional advanced in life, his proficiency in fallies he made, which were generalthe mathematics made him general- ly innocent, and tended much to ly esteemed and admired. He now exhilarate the jocund circles that surthrew off the mechanical profession rounded him. to which he had been apprenticed, He continued at Carlisle till the and conimenced schoolmaster in a
year 1794, when he removed to little village near Carlisle. As he Newcastle, where his abilities were advanced, he increased his reputa- amply noticed. There he remaintion, and established himself in that ed till his constitution began to shew city, where his assiduity, his abili- the effects of long continued habits ties, and his love of learning, made of intemperance ; and he probably, him universally respected. In this too late, saw the fallacy and the situation, his talents attracted the wickedness of a criminal attachment notice of Dr. Law, Bishop of El to pleasure. In 1798, he published phin, then a Prebendary of Carlile. “A Treatise on Spherical GeomBy him he was taken to Ireland, etry ;” a work which evinces the where he resided during four years. strength of his mind and knowledge He afterwards returned to Carlisle in mathematics, and which has obtain.. in the year 1785, and commenceded the approbation of the learned. schoolmaster a second time.
Finding his health rapidly declining, When resident there, he enjoyed he gave up his school in Newcastle, an extensive acquaintance, and was and retired to a little village in the generally respected for his abilities neighbourhood, called the Leases, as a schoolmaster, in which capacity where, amid the filence of solitude, his loss will be long regretted, as the his latter end would be embittered pupils who studied under him have by those goading refle&tions which manifested a proficiency in mathe- inevitably arise (and, to a mind of matical studies, and a love of ele- fenfibility, with double force) on the gant literature, that reflect the high- review of a life where talents have est honor on their master. From been misapplied and faculties perhim they imbibed that love of let. verted, At this place he closed his ters, and relish for science, which life, in the forty-lixth year of his are at all times the most laudable age, on Tuesday, March 26. pursuits of human life. Nor were It is not in the power of the writhis professional talents his only qual er of this article, to do justice to the ification : after his, avocations were abilities or the social qualities of Mr. finished, he was generally a welcome Howard. Nature had blessed him guest in those evening circles of re- with a strong and masculine underlaxation,
standing, a mind of fingular energy, , Those calm retreats, where temperately gay, ry that was qualified to preserve
capacity, and vigour, and a memoSo oft have fled the evening hours away ; Where unambitious minds, congenial, icer whatever was valuable in the writ-From grave to gay, from lively to fegere; ings of others. Though he had so
long devoted himself to abitract where each, unbending from care, mathematical studies, his imaginais disposed to relish the hearty laugh tipo remained lively and vivid, and
his heart overflowed with a keen in every object and circumstance of and ardent fenfibility. To talents life subject for mirth and gaiety. of the first order he joined a perse. While impartial biography must convering and steady industry, till fcduc- demn those intemperate orgies which ed by the syren of diflipation. This are so disgraceful to men, we must he evinced by the enviable profic. acknowledge that the mirth, goodiency he made in mathematics, which, humour, and facetiousness, which together with his knowledge in the were lo alive in Howard, have of other branches of science, ten charmed and delighted us ; and achieved “ without the aslistance of it is with a sincere affection we pay the learned,” or “the smiles of the this feeble tribute to his memory. opulent.”-To the cool and logical Knowing well the depth of his mind, niceties of the mathematician, he and extent of his talents, we regret united their opposite qualities, the the more that he was ever allured fire and enthusiasm of the poet. The from the paths of science, in which, productions of his muse, if not cha. if he had perfevered with the same racterized by any extraordinary en ardour he shewed in the outset of his ergy, or lofty flights of imagination, life, he in all probability would have poffefs singular traits of pathos, na been yet living, and would in time, ture and fimplicity. They were it is fondly wilhed, have realized the generally the prompt ebullitions of bope of his carly friends and contemfirst impressions, and produced upon poraries, in making himself an ornatemporary subjects. Some of these, ment to his fpecies and his country. which were fongs, he sang himself with great humour.
N. B. The reader will notice, To these talents were joined fo that the character here described cial qualities of the firft eminence- is not the celebrated philanthropic a brilliant and ready wit, that found traveller, Mr. John Howard.
CONDORCET appertained to the which he was held, that before the
nobility by birth; to the people flight to Varennes, the eyes of all from sentiment : although a Marquis, France were fixed on him, as the he scorned not to consider himself as person best calculated for the office a citizen.
He was a philosopher of tutor to the Prince Royal; but also.
his love of liberty was so offensive The friend and disciple of Vol- in the eyes of royalty, that another taire, like him too he was the cor- perfon was furreptitiously appointed refpondent of Frederic of Pruffia. by the king and queen, in order to Neither his title, his fortune, his fit prevent his nomination. uation at the academy, of which he After thirty years of study and had been declared "Perpetual Secre- meditation, consecrated to the scitary," nor his private friendships, . ences and his native country, or
could prevent him from facrificing rather to all Europe ; after labour: every other consideration to his prin- ing four whole years exclusively for ciples. Such was the "esteen in the revolution and liberty, this great
man, proscribed under the tyranny of Now it is notorious, that the Robespierre, was forced to wander death of the Duke was connected about from place to place; to fhel- with the September maffacre ; and ter himself in woods and caverns; cannot, of course, be fairly charged, and, at length, to have recourse to directly or indirectly, upon any of poison, in order to put an end to the Girondist party, the leaders of his calamities.
which virtuously sacrificed their own Without books, without friends, lives, in the attempt to bring the infrequently without even food, in- stigators of that horrible affair to stead of uttering complaints, and punishment. venting execrations against his un On the proscription of Condorcet, just country, or rather the bloody he was concealed for some time by and victorious faction that then gove one of the Ministers of State. A erned it, his whole mind was bent lady afterwards became his protecon a project beneficial to humanity. tress; and he was preserved, by her This is developed in his work, en care, until the latter end of April, titled, “ Esquille d'un Tableau Hiflo- 1794. As a renewal of the domicil rique des progrès de l’Esprit Hu- iary visits was threatened at that pemain ;” in which, considering man riod, he determined to risk his own under three diftinét points of view, life, rather than hazard the security he inquires, What he has been ? of his benefactress. He was accordWhat he is ? and, What he may be? ingly fbaved, for the first time during
It is impollible to contemplate some months; and, in the disguise “A brave man, struggling 'midst the storms of an old woman, passed without susof fate,
picion through the barriers of Paris, And greatly falling"-
and arrived in safety at the house of without recollecting the passage of an absent friend, where he expected the Roman Moralist:
a hearty welcome. “ Ecce par Dio dignum, vir fortis cum
After wandering about the counmala fortuna compofitus! Non video, inquam, try during the night, and hiding himquil babeat in terris Jupiter pulchrius, ji felf in woods or quarries during the convertere animum velit, quàm ut fpeétet Catonem, jam partibus non femel fractis, xibil- day, he was at length forced by hunominus inter ruinas publicas erectum.".
ger to repair to an inn at Bourge-laSeneca de Divin. Prov. Reine, where he was seized by one In a work written by an Emigrant* of the harpies of the Revolutionary
Tribunal. on the French revolution, Condor
His affcction for his wife and cet is falsely charged with the murder of his friend, benefactor, and po- daughter had hitherto prevented him litical creator, the Duke de la
suicide but he Rochefoucauld. Yet the Count him
now had recourse to the poison profelt afterwards admits, that perhaps vided for him by the Minister Gárat, he was not privy to the designs against and died after the old Roman that nobleman.
manner. * Count Tilly.
THE CURATE OF ELMWOOD. [Continued from p. 266.} SIR John was not that night at Imprisoned! She shrieked at the very
home, and they informed her that found.-" Pihaw ! (said one of she must be imprisoned till morning. them, seeing her confufion) you necu
not be terrified, I assure you, Ma'am: kind, though not always the moht we are not going to a common pris- placid, is the heaviest---She flept till on--I have a pretty little fnug house, eight in the morning ; when she and as close as a cage, where you arose --At nine they paid her a visit, may seep as soundly as in your own and she ate some breakfast; and at bed-chamber. No difference in the ten she was carried, with a beating world, I assure you, Ma’am--only heart, in a coach to Bow Street. that every door and window in the Here she did not wait long for house is inclosed with iron bars. the appearance of the justice, for er. That's all, I assure you, Ma'am, and ery thing was prepared ; even the notwithstanding these advantages, it unhappy highwaynian was in waitwill only cost you a guinea for your ing, as necessary to the examina. bed—not a farthing more, I affuretion. Indeed, it was thought mos you, Ma'am---I keeps the best usage, proper to begin questioning him apart the best tendance, and the best wines upon the subject, and then with exin the Garden,"
amining Julia ; and by the comparison Eloquent and agreeable as this of their respective evidences, the language certainly was, it did not truth might be eafily discovered. gladden the heart of Julia. But When the highwayman had been there was no choice in the case, and examined upon his own account, an the followed her guides---Arrived, obstinacy, natural to men in his des
. they led her into an upper apart- perate situation, prevented him from ment, where there was a fire and giving any account of the purse which good furniture --She was left alone was missing. But now, when he for ten minutes; at the end of which was informed that Julia was really the landlord waited upon her, and in custody, that honour which was asked what he chofe for supper. not yet entirely extinguished in his
Nothing."...What did she choose heart, was rouled for her safety--to drink then? “Nothing."...“Oh, He ingenuously told Sir John the oh, (replied he) an' if fo be that history of the purse, with even its you are so rusty, good night to you, most minute circumstances ; that he with all my heart.” He then turn had robbed her among the rest;
that ed upon his heels ; and pulling the he afterwards met her accidentally door after him with fury, locked it in the bagnio, and gave her the more with a key, which grated as it turn-' ey only with a view of restoring her ed, amidst the rattling of chains and own; that he had not been above the clanking of iron bars.
ten minutes in her company, and that Dreadful sounds to the ear of Ju- she was in every refpect innocent of lia---Her teeth grated, and her joints the crime with which she was chargtrembled---- This was the feverest ed. stroke of all. To be imprisoned ! Julia was next examined, and her and as an accomplice of a highway- evidence most exactly squared with man too? But he submitted to the former. Ingenuous as usual, the Heaven.
took up the story at Elmwood, and At length the soul, by its powera carried it forward to the event of the ful and violent plunging, overcame purse ; and the told her little tale the body --Wearied with a fiction, with that truth and fimplicity which her spirits larguished, and nature can never be counterfeited. funk into flumber. Sleep of this added that there was fomewhere in