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cipally on political subjects, such as I think most interesting to the nation. The following you may call,


No. 1.

Everything has been done : We have been the speculative and but little remains unfaid, and officious guardians of the from the cabinet, or the closet, interest of France, and her

opon the subject of the French Rev. ponents, till we have been in olution. The contest has enlift- danger of hazarding our peace ed the arnis, the heads, and the by internal divisions. hearts of the greater part of Eu Whoever takes an impartial rope on one side or the other. retrospective view of the state of This scene of conteft, where the our country, from the time our adverse parties have been impel- new Constitution was the temple led by ambition, fear, jealousy, of our political devotion, and and avarice, beyond the sphere WASHINGTON its great high of calm reflection, and where the priest, uniting the hearts of every object has been mutual extermi- American in one common with nation, is not the place for us to for the prosperity of our welllook for our political maxims. tempered republic, to the present

We are not yet, and I trust time, and reflects on that large never shall be, removed from the quantity of jealousy, party rage, temperate clime of our own free and animosity, which has been charter, to the torrid zone of imported to our peaceful shores, French liberty, or the cold re in foreign bottoms, and retailed, gions of passive obedience to ab- and accumulated by our jealous

But the Atlantic politicians at home ; such a one has been too narrow for our se- must shudder at the danger we curity. We have strained our have past, and regret that so maoptics in gazing at foreign naa ny tares should grow up in our tions, and been absorbed in their field of wheat. interests, and their misfortunes, Every man who understands till we have almost forgotten that the origin, nature, and tendency we had a country of our own. of our national malady, will agree

Our greatest misfortune has with me in one point, that whatarisen from the law of our na ever tends to diminish tures, and was in some measure trained attention to the conunavoidable. With contending cerns of Europe, and fix it on parties, continually in our view, those objects, whether minute or it is extremely difficult, if not important, which concern impossible, to avoid a strong prej- own interest, and on which all udice in favour of one side or honeft men agree, will effect the other. Particular circum. something towards its cure. stances have added strength to We have seen the tempeft this propensity, and increased the bursting and spreading its wide efil in America,

hayoc in Christendom. While


falute power.



the deluge has been pouring up aspect of affairs abroad, and ere. on the earth, and apparently ry circumstance at home, invite approaching towards us, many us to a reliance on Heaven, on have been more inclined to rush ourselves, and our own virtue, for into the storm, than to seek the safety. Most men begin to see, ark of our safety.-- This ark is and some will dare to acknowl. our free Constitution, and the edge, that Federalism and Jacobunion of our citizens, the Ararat, inism, are not always appropriate on which it mast rest.

names for virtue and vice. The Executive Head of our By the living Guardian of our nation, I believe, is sensible of pation much has been done; and

A late decisive, wise, and much by its deceased Father. necessary measure, confirms the It was his exalted lot, to unite conclufion. I address myself the hearts of his country's friends, only to men of reflection by and difarm its foes while he live them I shall be understood, It ed. At his death, he has, like is not for me to make an esti Samson, sain his enemies (and mate of the advantages or dif- his country's, for they were the advantages which may arise in fame.) future from a negociation of our

It is the attribute of Provia Envoys with France, My eye dence, to bring forth good out is fixed on my own country; of evil. The death of WASHand here my political calculations INGTON is a fare calamity, end. Conscious that I have its which has clothed our land in interests at heart, I rejoice that unteigned mourning, It has a peace is already negociated at struck to the hearts of Ameri , home. Without any other good cans, and awakened their teneffect, our embassy is not an ill derest and their noblest feelings,

From those feelings they refleet, A low, sullen murmur has They trace him from his youth gone forth : but it is the mur- through what, as men, we may mur of an enraged child, not dif- call, a perfect life. They view armed of his rancor, but deprive him as the saviour of his couned, by the authority of a parent, try, in the conflict of war, and of the opportunity of venting it the cares of State in peace. He on a brother. : Such a voice is called to a seat in heaven. mult die in the filent pause of Our eyes and our hearts follow reflection.

him, as those of the disciples did We are now witnesling a silent, our Lord, in his ascent from Cal. solemo pause. Sober thoughts, vary. What must be the lanand sober deeds, must work our guage of his enlarged and gloricure. The froth of party-rage fied foul, to those who still burn has fubsided ; its tide is on the with party animosity? “Ye canebb. We begin to see the rocks not be my disciples, except ye and fhoals, on which we hould love one another."! If we aphave been shipwrecked, had it proach with him to the throne pot have been for the exertions of our Maker, to implore his aid of a fkilful pilot. The gloomy for our country, what answer tą





our prayers can we expect, what America' to freedom and indeaffistance in the cause of order, pendence. Clothed in this, he virtue, and religion, while we was fecure against the shaft of employ in it scoff, ridicule, crim calumny, and

never betrayed his ination, and contempt? These cause, by employing them in his are weapons of hell, must be our defence. Viewed in it by the answer; they pollute those who Kings of Europe, they have acuse them, and increase the strength knowledged their of the enemy

toy, and themfelves his inferiors. If we would contend fucceff- He has proved his armoury,

and fully with the foe, the means are recommended it to his countryin our power. The Father of men :—It is ample to their prohis country has not left his chil- tection, and worthy the cause of dren without a legacy; a legacy, order, and religion, and such onwhich contains the whole ar- ly as becomes the friends of good moury of (political) faith. It is government. moral, civil and political justice, worn by them, and all invidious blended together, and shielded names be lost in DISCIPLES by a candid, noble, and inde- OF WASHINGTON, is the pendent spirit.

fincere prayer to Heaven, and his Armed in this panoply, invin- fellow-citizens, of one whose cible against intrigue, or open motto is, danger, WASHINGTON led


That it may be




the following obfervations should, through the medium of your Magazine, come before the Public, I do not pretend to predi&t their fate. They contain some things hard of digestion for many stomachs. They have no poison, and, I am sure, in their effects, will hurt no man : should their Author be called before any tribunal to answer for the doctrine he has preached, or may hereafter preach, it will then be time enough to see whether he or Felix will tremble, If you give place to my other series of essays, you will do the same with this. They come from one source which, at present, must be unknown, And they have one objed.


LITERARY REVIEW, No. I. My introductory remarks in hereafter I may descend to pårthis number, must be general; ticulars. For some time our .


presses have teemed with pam- steady and independent hand, phlets, and news paper essays have become to a reprehensible have fallen upon us,

degree, the common fewers of

falsehood, scurrility, and all the “ Thick as autumnal leaves in val, filth of disordered minds. They ümbrosia.”

have some light, but more heat.

Their light is a scintillation, that Many of the former have their sparkles on every thing, but elumerit, and many of the latter cidates nothing ; too much like deserve praise. Above these, that of the ignis fatuus, which American genius for the year illuminates, but to bewilder and past bas raised no monument, betray. Their heat consumes, that has come within my notice, but does not purify. which promises a very long dura In our news-papers, in general, tion.

all principles are made to quadTo our news-papers, and the rate with the crooked, and evermanner in which they are and varying line of political credence. ought to be conducted, I fhall Taste, and truth, and morals, confine myself at present. The and religion, are diffolved, and immense number of these, we evaporated in the crucible of have in circulation, has often party spirit. “Good order”been the subject of our boast, and « Regular Government”—“Libthe manner in which they have erty" _“ Republicanism,” are been conducted, of the ridicule the cloaks, under which every and contempt of foreigners. fcribler murders language and

In the department of the sentiment with impunity. belles-lettres fome fatality seems Should this disorder continue to oppose insurmountable obsta- without any check, we shall, ere cles to

our excellence, and long, become as completely vanthreatens an eternal democracy dalized, as we are by some repo instead of a well-organized re resented to be already. What public of letters, and almost in literature and virtue we possess, defiance of nature, a perpetual employed, as they have been, equality of fame.

In this de- since Porcupine has shook his partment our efforts are like the fqualid quills among us, and we particles of a fomenting liquid, have shamefully given them cur. each endeavouring to rise, but rency, as the keen shafts of legiti . rising only to increase the froth. mate fatire, must consume themMany are striving, but few dare selves. to excel. The low surface of As a subordinate evil, I would a news-paper essay, forms, in gen. advert to our prevailing editorieral, the apex of fame. And al style. This has become turgid here the stream must partake of and pompous to a degree truly the qualities, and run with the absurd and ridiculous. current, with which it mingles. minds us of a gaunt, old maid,

Our free presses, which should such as we have seen in former be the invariable and pure chan- times, with a shrunk carcass connels of correct information and cealed under the immense circhalte sentiment, conducted by a cumference of a hooped petticoat,


It re

to be.

and an enormous bonnet, out of ciety, in which decorum and all proportion to the head it was morality unite, requires that evdesigned to adorn.

ery one should act in his proper : In this modern dialect, if a sphere, man dies, he has made his exit I will not waste time in ob. from the busy scene of life ; if his servations upon that numerous friends dress in mourning, they class of gentlemen who have are clad in the fable habiliments of (some how or other) the control dejectionif a house, barn, or fta- of a press, and whose hands are ble is burnt, it has fullen a prey equal to its mechanical manageto the devouring element, &c. &c. ment, but whose heads have too &c. Thus, the mere type-setter, near an affinity to their types. (for this term has become fy It may not be unpleasant to. nonyinous with editor,) is en

defcribe some few exceptions, deavouring, to out-do Johnson different from the common class, himself, in verbofity, and by lib- and such as every editor ought crality in paper, ink, and wear and tear of types and language,

This office, I hold to be highto make some compensation to ly responsible and important. It his cultomers for want of ideas. requires men of extensive infor

I have no particular editor in mation, found judgment, an inview, nor am I influenced by dependent mind, a cool head, persopal motives. I hope I have and a pure heart. One, who can reasons more weighty, and more give an example of genuine, and enlarged. A free press is a pow- correct a depraved taste. One, erful engine. Its influence is who has enlarged and enriched great on public and private con his mind, from an acquaintance duct. It extends to very re- with the classics, and made him, mote consequences. The youth. self master of a style, simple and ful mind is formed, in a great strong, and capable of varying it measure, by periodical papers. to his subject. One, who is acThe parent should consider well quainted with history in general, before he allows his child to re- especially that of his own counlinquish his Bible, his catechism, try, who has formed his political and his prayers, for the promis- creed upon the basis of its lavs cuous reading of a modern newf- and constitution, his morals, from paper.

I once heard of a man its ancient sober habits, and his who bartered his store of meat religion, from the word of God i and corn, for what he thought, who can distinguish between or for want of thought, called, a principles, and measures, and can better substitute for the fulte- preserve the purity of language, dance of his family---sum. The while he rebukes licentious conexperiment was fatal !

duct; who is superior to the The critic's is an invidious dictates of avarice, arrogance and . and vain office, unless subservi- folly, and can hand down from

ent to morals and decorum. his exalted resources, instruction, These originate in the heart, and and amusement, clothed in the fhow themselves in words and simple beauties of unaffected elo. adlicns. The good order of so- quence, to his inferiors.


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