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" FELLOW-CITIZENS, "TO remove at once all doubt, ed our whole system even to the
and establish confidence be- minutest ramification, but by thistween us, I think it proper to state, diffusion it has become so incorporate that I was born an American, and and imperceptible, as even to be dethat my forefathers have been born nied. It is nothing strange for men in this country for more than an to slide into filuations of which they hundred and fifty years. I add to are unconscious, and which they this, that I have been no indifferent themselves detest and despise ; but observer of public affairs for nigh the insidious nature of this propentwenty years, and from the result of fty makes it worthy of more freall I have seen, I am a hearty friend quent notice than it receives, as there of the present government of my is nothing more important to us than country. Under these circumstan- that we ihould be often apprised of ces, I take the freedom to lay before what we are least likely to perceive. you a few, as I think, timely obser- I say, then, that a dispute in this vations upon the most important of country, which at different times all elections; and if the candour and has taken all the current, and even uprightness which I feel do not fen- fome amiable forms, has finally deSibly appear in the whole course of generated, without our being conthem, I shall be more unfortunate Itantly aware of the gradual perver: than I anticipate.
fion, to a quarrel about our national “ It is a humiliating thought, and existence. It is to be hoped that if the rest of the world had not at there is honesty enough left to make present abundant cause to be asham us fhudder at this alarming seduced of itself, it would be in the eyes tion, and tread back the mazy path of foreign nations a disgraceful fact, to some right position with suitable that on every election of any impor. humility. tance among us, we have a struggle, “ It is pity that there is such a which does not at all depend upon cloud over what is called the public the merit of candidates, but upon mind, at times ; at least, one cannot their supposed principles; and as if but feel sorry for it, though it is the something were neceffary to set off will of Heaven--but I believe a man and finish this public spectacle to the must be made of extraordinary mahighest advantage, the bone of con- terials, who, at this present time, tention is our existence as a nation, cannot be impresied with some belief which one party is willing to preserve, of what I say. There is, however, and the other seems to think it best to another disgraceful truth, which I destroy. This, though we cannot must lay down before I advert to see it, is the figure we make to dif- evidence; which is, that human na interested foreigners; and the mis- ture is a great self-deceiver, in the chief is, that by length of time, and concern which it takes about public by taking various names and forms affairs ; and that the conduct of in obedience to all the cravings of both
sides is more owing to a torpid individual vanity, and the meanest indifference, than to any active, inqualities of our hearts, the true na- telligent choice. It is by means of ture of a contest which would have this indolence and superficial attenfhocked us, had it been abrupt and tion, that we resign ourselves to the definite at first, has not only pervad. direction of chance, of design, and,
ħaving observed that things go right govern ourselves, and can in fome enough a little while, trouble our measute' govern external circumselves no more about them. If it Itances, by means of the present firmwere possible to rouse the Nuggard ness of our connexion and our unity faculties of this sort of people to the of action. All our public and pridegree of retrospection and compar vate concerns are in a state of safeifon, still there is more to be done ; ty, and there is no distrust or diffia for it is to be feared, that, after all, culty of any kind which is not infep. our patriotism in general is but a re arable from the common lot of humote interest, and that, with the ex- manity. ception of few, mankind facrifice to “ The single states may puro almost any of their bałer passions, fue their natural wishes and their ina more frequently and with a better terests without obstruction, and with will than to this. But while that none to make them afraid. Every few continue yirtuous and active, it individual has the widest possible is to be hoped that the true faith range of freedom, and constantly enwill be preserved as well in politics joys complete security of property as other things."
and pleasures. The particular acts
of government which have produced “ The Constitution has combined the several items which all together the interests and fate of all the states, compose this singular state of felicity
, delivered them from individual ap. it is not for such an esfay as this to prehenfions, and produced out of the
enumerate ; it is enough for the chaos of wretchedness, a healthy, present purpose, that nobody can de vigorous, and eafy condition. Ac. ny it. We poffefs, we enjoy, and ing under it, we find ourselves capa we can do 'every thing which a free ble of any undertaking which the republic ever did, or ever will. What general prosperity may require. We
more can be demanded ?"
« 'Tis pity
“ That well-wissing had not a body in't.” AN eminent Lawyer in New-En- mind, were totally eclipsed, if any
gland had taken the earliest and there were, by a redundancy of origmost indefatigable pains, to educate inal thoughts, set off with the most to a similar eminence a promising humorous aptitude of eccentric ex. fon, whom we shall here call Philo. prelfions. These advantages gave the The habits of Philo's parents, and admiring crowd prophetic faith in the precepts of tutors esteemed for his future greatness and usefulness. erudition and fobriety, seemed to His application to books and necefhave fixed for durability a set of fary science was such, as would give principles in the breast of young Phi to a philosopher the epithet of indus10, which would one day give lef. trious ; which continued till his term fons to the wise. The defects of na
of pupilage expired when his natture's polish, with respect to fym- ural ambition for the acquisition of metry of form and endowments of knowledge, and the inherent princi
ple of the love of novelty in youth,
The short intervals of his revels induced him to quit the silent still- scarcely gave time to view the ness of a country village, to visit the complexion of his increasing crimes, capital cities of the United States. or reflect on the detestation in which The fame of Him whom nation's his virtuous education had taught mourn, and for whóm Columbia will him to hold a practice similar to his never cease to figh, had fired his The vigour of his genius had ntind with the most earnest wish to experienced abatement, in proporview the « favored spot,” which tion as he multiplied his acquaintwas made lofty among the hills" ance--for habit and a gleam of conby the labors of its venerable ten scious shame made him look with a
On his way thither, he had blush or indifference on the respectOccasion to touch at the cities of able part of society. Groveling; New-York and Philadelphia. At obscene, vulgar language and comthe latter place, he may be emphat.. pany by degrees gave a distaste for ically said to have “ buried the manes those refined and delicate ideas and of a name." A considerable stay companions, in whom he once dethere gave opportunity to become ac- lighted ; as in the present pursuit, quainted with many of the blades who nothing was found to be current
“ Parade the streets with muffed chin, change, but his money or vulgarity. “Or peeping o'er their pudding-bags."
This life soon made Philo forget From these he derived ideas, to in- bis foriner desire of beholding Vernocence and reason always new.
non's Sage. Ambition flept, while Their politeness to him rendered his appetite was feasting: Argument and continuance almost indispensable threats would then have lost persuahe considered it the effufion of spon- . fion, and none but parental tears taneous friendship-ähis joys every
eould have flown for such a wretch ! day increafed with the renewal of Events the most direful oft are every day's pleasure. If his funds prologues to happy scenes ; and charwere exhausted, the reputation of acters, the reptiles of creation, can his father was a resource. If his scarce be vile enough to withstand conscience at any time veiled his temporary greetings from 'reafon and face in sadness and reflection, a new conviction. Philo was not entirely excursion, invented by his friendly lost---a feeling heart could not be inpatrons, shook off the saucy intruders, durated in so short a dream of fuand revived the hilarity which had pine inattention to his duty. He usurped the throne once filled with was walking the piazza of a public temperate economy. The first of house, planning the revel of the comall vices which is dictated by the ing' evening; an interruption was democracy of nature, was the first unexpected. Just as the bowl of which gained audience in the un- mutual engagement went cheerly guarded conduct of Philo. The in- round, a figure of uncommon elenocent victims of seduction, whose gance passed the door---it was that native softness and credulity knew of the unfortunate Miss Henry. She not that man was based--when def- led her little girl, four years of age. pair sat brooding on their grief-worn The mother's countenance was a brow, were the fittest artists in fe- volume to Philo ; every thing but du&tion's school to profelyte the sen- joy was depicted in beauty's higheft tinents of our young hero.
paints. Here the astonishment of
Philo made him request to know of ments his infancy had enjoyed, and his companion the cause of this pro an assurance of their repetition, were fusion of nature's pride. His being legible to his recolle&tion. If he informed of her present residence, returned to his friends and his forengaged his curiosity. The feelings mer fystem of propriety, he could of a brother---the horrors of a for: promise himself every rational enjoy. lorn fister---and the anguifh of dil- ment, in the poffeffion of the love tressed parents, all rushed to his mind and esteem of all, and the fruition
Philo withdrew his hand of an unimpaired fortune. If he refrom his stupid companion, and remained in his present habits, an untired to give' vent to a better passion controlled routine of pleasures offer. than the one he was on the eve of ed themselves as his attendants. The indulging.
important question was undecided--The calm of his chamber gave The impreslion the appearance of him an opportunity, during the fuc- Miss Henry had left, could not be ceeding night, to critically examine erased. The next day was set for his present mode of conduct. Filial af. the decision, and a visit to the resifection--the gratitude of a once dutiful dence of Miss Henry. fon---the love he had for an amiable lister---with a thousand little endear.
(To be continued.)
MAGNANIMITY OF A NEGRO PRINCE.
Related in Park's “ Travels into the interior Districts of Africa." WE reached Malacotta in the Torra, and Damel, king of the Ja
evening, where we were well loffs. The events of this war foon be. received. This is an unwalled town; came a favorite subject with the the huts, for the most part, are made singing men,* and a common topic of of split cane, twisted into a sort of converfation in all the kingdoms bor. wicker-work, and plastered over with dering upon the Senegal and Gammud. Here we remained three days, bia ; and as the account is somewhat and were each day presented with a singular, I shall here abridge it for bullock from the school-master. We the reader's information.—The king were likewise well entertained by the of Foota Torra, inflamed with a town's people, who appear to be very zeal for propagating his religion, had active and industrious. They make sent an embassy to Damel
. The very good soap, by boiling ground. ambassador on the present occasion nuts in water, and then adding a tye was accompanied by two of the prioof wood ashes. They likewise man. cipal Bushreens, who carried each a ufacture excellent iron, which they large knife fixed on the top of a long carry to Bondou, to barter for salt. pole. As soon as he had procured A party of the town's people had admission into the presence of Damel, lately. returned from a trading exper and announced the pleasure of his dition of this kind, and brought in. sovereign, he ordered the Bushreens formation concerning a war between to present the emblems of his milAlmami Abdulkader, king of Foota fion. The two knives were accord
ingly Bards, or Poers, who sing the praises of their heroes
ingly laid before Damel, and the behaviour of Damel on this occasion ambassador explained himself as fol. is never mentioned by the singing lows: “With this knife (said he) men, but in terms of the highest apAbdulkader will condescend to have probation, and was indeed fo extrathe head of Damel, if Damel will ordinary in an African prince, that embrace the Mahomedan faith ; and the reader may find it difficult to with this other knife, Abdulkader give credit to the recital. When will cut the throat of Damel, if Da his royal prisoner was brought before mel refuses to embrace it, take your him in irons, and thrown upon the choice.” Damel coolly told the ground, the magnanimous Damel, ambassador, that he had no choice instead of setting his foot upon his to make; he neither chose to have neck, and stabbing him with his his head shaved nor his throat cut: fpear; according to custoin in such and with this answer the ambassador cafes, addressed him as follows :was civilly dismiffed. Abdulkader “ Abdulkader, answer me this questook his measures accordingly, and tion If the chance of war had with a powerful army invaded Ba- placed me in your situation, and you mel's country. The inhabitants of in mine, how would you have treatthe towns and villages filled up their ed me?" “ I would have thrust wells, destroyed their provisions, car my fpear into your heart,” returned ried off their effects and abandoned Abdulkader, with great firmness, their dwellings, as he approached. “and I know that a similar fate By this means he was led on fron awaits me." “ Not so (faid Daplace to place, until he had advanced mel) my spear is indeed red with three days' journey into the country the blood of your fubjects, killed in of the Jaloffs. He had indeed met battle, and I could now give it a with no opposition, but his army had deeper stain by dipping it in your fuffered- so much from the scarcity of own; but this would not build up water, that several of his men had my towns, nor bring to life the thou. died by the way. This induced sands who fell in the woods. I will him to dire& his march towards a not therefore kill
in cold blood, watering-place in the woods, where but I will retain you as my Nave, his men having quenched their thirft, until I perceive, that your presence being overcome with fatigue, lay in your own kingdom will be no down carelessly to sleep among the longer dangerous to your neighbours, bushes. In this situation they were
and then I will conlider of the propattacked by Damel before day break, er way of disposing of you.” Aband completely routed. Many of dulkader was accordingly retained, them were trampled to death as they and wrought as a Nave for three Jay aflecp, by the Jaloff horses; oth months ; at the end of which periers were killed in attempting to make od, Damel listened to the solicitatheir escape ; and a ftill greater num
tions of the inhabitants of Foota were taken prisoners. Among Torra, and restored them their king, the latter was Abdulkader himself. Strange as this itery may appear, I This ambitious, or rather frantic have no doubt of the truth of it ; it prince, who, but a month before, was told me at Malacotta by the had sent the threatening message to
negroes ; it was afterwards related Damel, was now himself led into his to me by the Europeans on the presence as a miserable captive. The Gambia, by fome of the French at