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gain to heaven. Our laws, our vercharge the gloomy prospect of government, our religion, all de our dangers. Repentance of our mand our utmost excition. The political errors may delay them ; voice of posterity, the cries of un reformation will prevent them. born millions call upon us, to u

A cheerful support of our present nite for the public good. Our administration will preserve the country is threatened not from tottering fabric of our liberty ; foreign invasion, but by domestic national unanimity will render it dissention. By inflaming party immortal. discord we precipitate her down Columbian fair ! generous disfall. In vain we supported an pofers of our happinels, and ami. age of toils ; in vain we fought, able protectors of our felicity. and bled in the defence of free- To you it belongs to rule the dom, if it is unworthy of preserva-. milder empire of virtue. Long tion. Oh liberty-heavenly fu- continue, as at present, the watchgitive ! dear to thy votaries only ful guardians of our morals ; during the toils, the pangs, the and by the perfuafive mildness of agonies of thy birth. But when

But when your conversation, and the sov. secured in peace, forsaken, per- ereign influence of your example, secuted, destroyed. Fatal incon- foothe party discord to friendihip fiitency! Infatuated Americans ! and unity. Remember, no heart Once the glory and admiration of can refilt the voice of patriotism, the world; but soon to become when urged by the lips of beauthe sport of anarchy, a prey to ty and innocence. civil diffention. Once the scourge Americans, the close of the and terror of despots, but foon to eighteenth century will be comfall the victims of yourselves.-- memorative of the most distress Ye grass-grown monuments of ful events. Our orphan fate had our revolution ! Ye dear heights, not unveiled her mournful face who inherse within your bofoms for the loss of her patriot Sumthe precious dust of Warren and ner, before she was fummoned his brave warriors, fhall forever with all America to that agowitness our disgrace! The indig- nizing event, which made “a nant heroes, who fell in the cause nation fatherless, a world in of liberty, fhail spring from their tears." Ah! how different is tombs, to brand their degenerat- this from our former anniversaed pofterity with curses of infamy. ries. The shouts, which always From the high realms of bliss the spoke a nation's joy, are now fainted fpirit of our departed fa- drowned by a nation's fighs. Afther frowns with anger on his de- ficted countrymen ! check not luded children. The echo of your tears. To weep for Washeach foot-step is the voice of his ington is filial gratitude ; to admonition; he fighs with every grieve is manly virtue. Wonbreeze, with every dew drop he derful man ! heroic warrior, imsheds an immortal tear.

mortal legislator, father of Amer. But let us not too deeply ihade ica, parent of the patrices di :3 the picture of future evils, nor o. nations, benefactor of mankind :

ages, thy

the praifes of the whole congre- chased by your toils ; to obey the gated world would be too small last precepts of our great politifor thy virtues. Thy memory cal father; and to unite with fhall be cherished by all

zeal in the cause of God and our fame shall expand with creation, country: thy veneration thall increase with Imagination withdraws the curtime, thy glory shall be commen tain from futurity, and unfolds to surate with eternity.

our enrapturing view that joyful Ye fainted patriots, who bore era, when the rising fun of glory the toils of freedom ; ye who glo- shall arrive to its meridian splenriously fell in the field of battle, dor in this western hemisphere ; and ye, who expired in the arms when the empire of America shall of a weeping country, while ye be unbounded as her happiness; celebrate this anniversary with when the deep rooted thrones of new transports in the blissful despotism shall crumble into ruin; courts of heaven for the presence when thy temple, O Liberty,shall of your illustrious chief, oh bow be the whole concave of heaven; your immortal heads, to accept thy altar the hearts of all man. the blessings of your grateful kind; when a new world shall e. country. Assembled before the

merge from the chaos of the old, altar of our independence, we all and a new WASHINGTON to ren, fwear to defend those rights pur- der it happy.



A new theory of Liberty,

HE present is an age of the- the new discovery of a star, that

pait has been fystem-mad; and light upon its inhabitants, has ex-
the whole world feems about to cited more admiration than the
become the bedlam of her disci- fun, moon, and all the visible
ples. In vain do the greateit lamps of heaven, that have, time
orators, statesmen, and divines, out of mind, been trimmed and
extol the old order of things, and burning for their common use.
cry down novelty. The attrac The fober monarch of this Isand
tions of novelty are ftill more has attctted his rage for novelty
powerful than the voice of elo- in the remotest heavens, by christ-
quence, the charms of graceful ening with his own name this new
periods, or the authority of rea- edition to an old fyftem.

Το compare

small with great, Even in grave Old England thou, Reader, art giving another

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prodf of třy love of novelty. ranny of the tube which confines Caught by the title of this num it. That which meanders in naber, thy eye is tracing my pen ture's easier path, through windwith an avidity, which has seldom ing vallies, is occasionally dictabeen its attendant, when pusuing ted in its course by the lordly its common, though far more use- banks : If their sway is not so abful course.

folute, the surplus of freedom is Extreme evils sometimes coun- wiped off by the domination of teract themselves. Perhaps the the capricious winds, or angry kingdom of fystems, divided a- tempelt

. gainst itself, like Satan's, will fall While Law, with a partial to the ground. With submission hand, is measuring out varied to wifer politicians and philofo- portions of restraint to man, in the phers, I shall oppose a new thes- different parts of the world ; ry of liberty to all those more de- Fashion, with her thousand wings, structive ones, which have ent- is flying from place to place, to fill ployed fo many contending fwords upthe fullmeasure of hisoppreslion. and pens in their defenlive and

In the dark reign of popery, offensive operations.

the tyrant Law, at the “ curfeu's It is this:

knell,” drove moping man to the All nations have an equal share prison of his own house, extinof freedom.

gui hed the cheering lamp, and And am I, fayest thou, as laid him under the requisition of much a slave as the subject of the his wife at eight in the evening. Eastern despot -Precisely. As Dark ages, indeed, when sober well might it be alierted that night, clad in her fable robes, Brag-dig-nag, and the Lillipu- pursued her folemn course untians were born of the fame moth- lighted round the world ! er.

Is not the Asiatic compelled But since night, with the mind in dull servility to tread the same of man has become illuminated, track of professional employment and the reitraints of law broken with his father, and forefathers; down by a “flood of day ;" what and obliged to quit his repofe at is the acquisition on the score of dawn,and pay his profane homage freedom ?- Fashion binds man to to the rising fun? Is not even the his bed, and deprives him of the exercise of his reason forbidden by richest repast that heaven gives the dogmas of an absurd and fan to earth, the enjoyment of the guine religion ; and every right golden morn!" Not fated with of freemen abridged, by the more this tyranny, the drives him like a absurd and ciuel despotism of whip-galled flave," through the man?

dreary abodes of night, harrassed The answer is, tyranny has va and fickened with all the expenrious qualities, and appears in five toil of her painful pleasures. different forms. The quantity is In some countries the tyrant the same in all countries and ages. Law,lays his enormous tax on the The water which is forced thro' merchant's and tradesman's thrist, ản aqueduct, is subject to the ty- and“ wrings from the hard lands

of peasants their vile trash.” In waves on the bonnet of her ober ours, more cruel Fashion, like dient daughters. modern France, imposes her in At her fimple dictum, withcalculable requisitions on all claf- out rule or reason, the most coltfes without distinction.

ly garments must be laid afide, In China, inexorable custom and new cnes, more congenial to lays its hard restraint on the fe- her fancy,purchased in their stead. male, and with a ihoe, fitted to Thefe are some of the facts, the infant's feet, curbs the expan- which lead me to conclude, that five power of nature from the the tyranny of Fashion, is in the cradle to the grave: nor is its inverse proportion to the tyranny fway less arbitrary over male, of law, and established customs; than female, in most countries of and that the compound proporAlia. It lays its restraint on the tion of both, forms the true ratio, vanity of both, by enacting the and equal portion of oppreffion fame mode of dress, from age to in all countries. age. In America, this tyranny If there are any exceptions to of law and cukom is not known. this general rule, I shall leave it Bat Fashion supplies the deficien- with more accurate observers to cy, by her despotic and capricious determine whether the balance sway over every article of dress lies in favor of the vassals of deland ornament, from the toe of potic tyrants and rigorous laws ; the shoe, to the cockade that rises or the slaves of fashion, and freeat her beck, on the hat of her pa: dom. triotic sons, and the feather that




PARAGRAPH, under the As an American, having the

Newburyport head, of June agricultural interest at heart, I of loth, states that a number of the fer this address to the farmers geninhabitants of Upper Boxford Par- erally, and hope they will appre. ith assembled the day after the e ciate the motive. lection, for the purpose of killing The study of nature has been Black Birds; that in the course of my favorite pursuit of late years, that day, they destroyed 1575 birds and while collecting subjects of na. and

eggs. The account conclud- tural history for my museum, I ed with a “recommendation for have always been delighted in our farmers generally, where those viewing the economy and manpernicious birds abound, to turn ners of various animals whose fupout the same feafon annually, for port and very existence depend a similar purpose."

oncach other :thusforming a grand

fystem of unity, manifesting the if left alone, would speedily fap boundless wisdom and goodness whole orchards : thus instead of of the great Creator.

such quantities of choice pippins, In one of my lectures on birds, we should not have a single apple which I delivered last winter, de tree left to give us fruit. Bescribing black birds, I quoted Pen- fides, does not the beautiful vari. nant, p. 256, who says, “ some of egated plumage of the wcodpeckthe colonies have established a re er delight the eye, as we pass award of three pence a dozen, for long the road, or ramble thro' the extirpation of the jackdaws: the forest ? Are not their fhrill and in New-England, the intent notes a fine contrast to the coowas aimolt effected to the cost of ing turtle-dove? How pleasing the inhabitants ; who at length these varieties of warblers ! Even discovered that Providence had the rattle which the woodpeckers not formed even these seemingly sometimes make on the roof of the destructive birds in vain. Not- barn is infinitely more pleafing to withstanding they causedłuch hav. my car, than the rub-a-dub of the oc among the grain, they made soldier's drum, or the clangor of ample recompence by clearing it tjumpet's found: the fore runof noxious worms, the catterpillar ners of rapine and murder. of the bruclus pisi, or pea beatle, These numerous birds that live in particular ; as soon as the birds on flies of various kinds, how im. were destroyed, the reptiles had mensely useful to man and other full leave to multiply; the confe- animals, who have a confiderable quenc: was the total loss of the dependence on the vegetable cre. grass, in 1749 ; when the New- ation for food! Then wherefore Englanders, late repentance, were kill the bird which destroys a nu. obliged to get their hay from Penn merous and subtle enemy? Sylvania, and even from G. Brit The chain of mutual depen. ain."

dence may be traced in a thou. This may be considered as a fand turns, and the discontented cale in point. Many other ani- grumbler should be taught to mals also claim your protection, know, that this world was not and I am sorry to find several made for him alone. celebrated authors have suffered Not to extend further in a news. their prejudices to suspend their paper address, I will conclude enquiry after truth, while they with an earneit endeavour to de. describe animals as noxious,which, fend a very harmless and useful, on a fuller investigation, would tho' hated reptile. I mean the be found highly useful to man : black and garter snakes. They fuch are the wood-pockers. are the farmer's belt friends, as

They are surely superficial ob. they feed on field mice and other servers, who say, those birds de- animals, which might otherwise Itroy our fruit trees.

If they

increase too fast. Examine their pick holes in the bark, what is it mouths, and you will find that for? but to get the worms that they have no failo: to inflict poithey hear knawing within, which fon-their small teeth will not

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