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hurt so much as the scratch of a us freedom to contemplate tire brass pin. An extended acquain- beauties of nature ;. thereby to tance of these and numbers of promote sentiments of benevoother animals of our country, lence to all. Such is the wish of would have at least the advantage

C. W. PEALE. of curing us of useless fears and Museum, June 18, 1800. llavish antipathies, and thus give

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tention to be believed, equally PHlutionilts, as well as perioda jultifiable

. ical writers, are continually com When a good natured landlady, plaining,and sometimes with tears at a country tavern, tells me she in their eyes, of an inveterate ad- is very sorry she can give me no herence to received opinions, and fresh meat for dinner: that ten of the unconquerable power of half starved teamsters called at prejudice. So fully am I con- her house for a breakfast, ate up vinced of its force, I can scarcely two quarters of lamb, a fhoulder persuade myself to publish an essay of veal, and the last pair of chickin defence of lying, notwithstand ens she had in the house ; that ing the beneficial effects of this po. there has not been the time for lite practice must be obviously ap. fix months, when she has been parent to every unprejudiced without fresh meat; though I canmind; and I should probably, at not believe three words of this this moment shrink from the talk, statement, I feel no inclination to if I did not feel myself authorized censure, because the good lady to practise on my own theory, seems sensible that such articles and absolutely disclaim every sen- ought to be at her command. timent, which this elfay contains When I hear a young lady, a

In treating of this subject, I bout fifteen minutes after I have shall not content myself with a entered a house, come down the justification of that species of false- chamber stairs, see her smooth hood merely, usually denominat- down the long sleeves of a clean ed white lies ; an extravagant re loose gown, as the enters the room; presentation, not intended to be and then hear her say she did not credited. No one certainly of know any body was there, or she the least degree of liberality can would not have been looking censure a practice so innocent, and, quite so bad ; though I easily dił

. at the same time, fo amusing. I cern her intention to deceive, I will go farther. I will maintain, cannot but applaud it, because she there are a thousand other lies, discovers, by this artifice, a de told every day, with a fcrious in- gree of laudable ambition.

1

When I ask a man for a debt tioned, we are indebted to the inof five dollars, and he tells me, he genuity of those agreeable genhas just had to pay fifty pounds, tlemen, usually denominated men where he was bound for an ab- of the world. What should we fconded neighbour ; though, I think of the anecdotes of these very weli know, he never had two pleasing gentlemen, if they were pounds, at one time, in his life, I confined to a dry detail of fact ? readily pardon the falsehood, be- I allude more particularly to the cause, I find, my debtor knows narrations of those occurrences, humanity is a virtue, and has a in which these gentlemen themvery proper abhorrence of a jail. felves were immediately concern

When a friend folicits the loan ed. Are we not indebted for the of a dollar to pay his club at a “wonderful, the strange, the pas pleasure party, and informs me sing strange,” in these narratives he left his loose cash at his lodg- toa prosaic fiction and license rareings, when he changed his appar- ly surpassed by poetic frenzy ? el ; though I am confident he has Would any man, in his senses, be not changed an article of his dress fo stupid as to curtail his own afor a fortnight, I more readily musement, by abridging the fanlend him the money, because I cy and the powers of his enterperceive my friend very well tainer? We are pleased with their knows, a man ought to change anecdotes and representations ; his dress, when he goes into com not because we believe them, but pany.

because, like poetry, they discov. Such lies as those I have enu er invention; and, if any one is merated, every unprejudiced mind fo fuperftitious as to condemn, must readily approve and en because they are lies, I hope he courage. For another class, more will be condemned to hear nothnumerous, and, I may add, more ing, but dull plain truth as long important than any yet men as he lives.

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HEROISM OF A PEASANT.

[Related by HORACE WALPOLE.]

HE following generous middle part on which was the

action has always struck me house of the toll-gatherer, or porextremely; there is fomewhat e. ter, I forget which ; and who, ven of fublime in it.

with his whole family, thus reA great inundation having mained imprisoned by the waves, taken place in the north of Italy, and in momentary danger of deowing to an excessive fall of snow struction. They were discovered in the Alps, followed by a speedy from the banks, stretching forth thaw, the river Adige carried off their hands, screaming, and ima bridge near Verona, except the ploring succour, while fragments

of this remaining arch were con. the middle of the river, brought tinua ly dropping into the water. his boat under the pile ; and the

In this extreme danger, a no whole family safely descended, bleman, who was present, a count by means of a rope. of Pu:verini, I think, held out a “ Courage !" cried he, “ now purse of one hundred sequins, as you are safe.” a rward to any adventurer who By a still more strenuous effort, would take boat, and deliver his and great strength of arm, he unhappy family. But the risk brought the boat and family to was to great of bring borne down shore. by the rapidity of the stream, of 66 Brave fellow !” exclaimed beir.g dalhed against the frag- the count, handing the purse to ments of the bridge, or of being him, “here is the promiled reccrushed by the fa ing stones, that ompence.” not one, in the vast number of • I shall never expose my life spectators, had courage enough for money,” answered the peato attempt.such an exploit. fant, labour is a fufficient

A peasant, passing along, was livelihood for myself, my wife, informed of the propo.ed reward. and children. Give the purse to Immediately jumping into a boat, this poor family, which has lost he, by strength of cars, gained all."

my

SELF-LOVE.

WH

HEN Appelles was about completed his Venus. The dam.

to execute a picture of sels, to whom the painter had Venus, the goddess of love and been indebted, flocked with overof beauty, his objeđ was to con- flowing impaticnce to behold centrate every delicacy of expref- themselves in the pi&ture, which fion, and every grace of contour, had spread the rencwn of Appelles of which the human form is ful- through every city of Greece. ceptible ; but whom fhould he “Yes," said Galatea, casting a choose for a model ? He had carless glance at the canvas, " he called a thousand beautecus fe has really hit my complexion,”. males each a Venus in her turn: and went away satisfied that she but that was the language of love was Venus. Sapphira came-- now he must examine the ful and blushed-and (miled. “ Poor ness of their form, and the accu creatures !” said Afpafia ; “they racy of their proportions, with will burst with envy, for he has the rigour of a critic, and the copied me to the very shape of my eye cf an artist. In each was fingers.”. Appelles had indeed discovered some partial imper- copied the singers of Afpafia, fectior ; from afsembling the but that was all. beauties of them all, at last he

The moral is, that many per

Ions poilelling a single feature, or endowment, shall extend it to limb, or talent, or di pofition, the whole of their figure and worthy of praise or attention, in character, and so believe them. an evil hour, conscious of their felves very perfect.

EXTRACT FROM THE CHARACTER OF THE EARL

OF CHATHAM.

AGACITY,

promptitude, and Fox, lord Holland, shrunk and energy, were the pre back appalled, from an adverlary dominating traits of lord Chat- "fraught with fire unquencha. ham's character. His ruling paf-ble,” if the expression may be sion was an ambitious love of glo- permitted. ry, but it was' of an honourable “ He could adapt himself to and virtuous kind; he practised every topic, but dignity was the no meanness to obtain it, and his character of his oratory, and his private life was unsullied by any personal greatness gave weight to vice. He was conscious of his the style he assumed. His aifervirtues and talents, and there. tions rose into procf, his forefight fore appeared impatient of con- became prophecy. No clue was tradiction in public affairs; but in necessary to the labyrinth illuminsociety he could unbend to alled by his genius. Truth came companies, and poileled such a forth at his bidding, and realized fund of intelligence and versatili. the wish of the philofts her ; the ty of wit, that he could adapt was seen and beloved.” himself to all circumstances and When the important quefion Occasions.

of general warrants was discussed, In the higher parts of oratory his love of rational liberty broke he had no competitor, and stood forth in strains to which a Tully alone the rival of antiquity. His or a Demosthenes would have eloquence was of every kind, and listened with eager' satisfaction. he excelled in the argumentative He declared them repugnant to as well as the declaratory spe- every principle of freedom. Were cies. But his invectives were ter. they tolerated, the most innorible, and uttered with such ener cent could not be secure. gy of di&ion, and such dignity the British conftitution," continuof aâion and countenance, that ed he, s every man's house is his he intimidated those who were the castle : not that it is surrounded most willing and the best able to by walls and battlements ;-it encounter him. Their arms fall may be a strawbuilt fred ; from their hands, and they ry wind of heaven may whiltle shrunk under the ascendant which round it ;- all the elements of his genius had gained over theirs. heaven may enter it ;- but the The Auent Murray has faultered, king cannot-the king dare not."

os By

cve

INCREASE OF THE POPULATION AND ENTERPRIZE

OF AMERICA. [Extracted from the Speech of EDMUND Burke, on moving his Refolu

tions for conciliation with the Colonies.]

TH

an

HE first thing that we have mense view of what is, and what

to consider with regard to is paft. Clouds indeed, and darkthe nature of the object is--the nels, rest upon the future. Let number of people in the Colonies. us however, before we descend I have taken for some years a good from this noble eminence, reflect deal of pains on that point. I that this growth of our national can by no calculation justify my. prosperity has happened within the self in placing the number below Thort period of the life of man. It Two Millions of inhabitants of our has happened within Sixty-eight own European blood and colour; years. There are those alive besides at least 500,000 others,who whose memory might touch the form no inconsiderable part of the

two extremities. For instance, strength and opulence of the my Lord Bathurst might remem. whole. This, Sir, is, I believe, a. ber all the stages of the progress. bout the true number. There is He was in 1704 of age, at least no occasion to exaggerate, where to be made to comprehend such plain truth is of so much weight things. He was then old enough and importance. But whether I acta parentum jam legere, et que lit put the present numbers too high poterit cognoscere virtus - Suppose, or too low, is a matter of little mo- Sir, that the angel of this auspi. ment. Such is the strength with cious youth, forseeing the many which population shoots in that virtues, which made him one of part of the world, that state the the most amiable, as he is one of numbers as high as we will, whilst the most fortunate men of his age, the dispute continues, the exagger- had opened to him in vision, that ation ends. Whilst we are difcuf- when in the fourth generation, the fing any given magnitude, they third Prince of the House of are grown to it. Whilst we spend Brunswick had fat Twelve years our time in deliberating on the on the throne of that nation, which mode of governing Two Millions, (by the happy issue of moderate we shall find we have Millions' and healing councils) was to be more to manage. Your children made Great Britain, he should see do not grow falter from infancy to his fon, Lord Chancellor of Eng. manhood, than they spread from land, turn back the current of hefamilies to communities, and from reditary dignity to its fountain, villages to nations.

and raise him to an higher rank I cannot prevail on myself to of Peerage, whilst he enriched the hurry over this great considerde family with a new one

e--Ifamidit tion. It is good for us to be here. these bright and happy scenes of We stand where we have an im- domestic honour and prosperity,

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