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that angel should have drawn up year 1704, that province called the curtain, and unfolded the ris- for 11,459!. in value of your coming glories of his country, and modities, native and foreign. This whillt he was gazing with admi- was the whole. What did it deration on the then commercial mand in 1772 ? Why nearly Fifgrandeur of England, the genius ty times as much; for in that year Thould point out to him a little the export to Pennsylvania was speck, scarce visible in the mass of 507,909 l. nearly equal to the exthe national interest, a small fem- port to all the Colonies fogether inal principle, rather than a form in the first period. ed body, and should tell him- I choose, Sir, to enter into these Young man, there is America minute and particular details ; bewhich at this day ferves for little cause generalities, which in all more than to amuse you with sto- other cases are apt to heighten ries of favage men, and uncouth and raise the subject, have here a manners ; yet shall, before you tendency to sink it. When we taste of death, shew itself equal to speak of the commerce with our the whole of that commerce Colonies, fiction lags after truth ; which now attracts the envy of invention is unfruitful, and imagthe world. Whatever England ination cold and barren. has been growing to by a progres- So far, Sir, as to the imporfive increase of improvement, tance of the object in the view of brought by varieties of people,by its commerce, as concerned in fuccellion of civilizing conquests the exports from England. If I and civilizing fettlements in a fe- were to detail the imports, I could ries of Seventeen Hundred years, shew how many enjoyments they you 1hall fee as much added to her procure, which deceive the burby America in the course of a sin- then of life ; how many materigle life ?" If this state of his als which invigorate the springs country had been foretold to him, of national industry, and extend would it not require all the fan- and animate every part of our guine credulity of youth, and all foreign and domestic commerce. the fervid glow of enthusiasm, to This would be a curious subject make him believe it? Fortunate indeed-but I must prescribe man, he has lived to see it! For- bounds to myself in a matter so tunate indeed, if he lives to see vast and various. nothing that shall vary the prof- I pass therefore to the Colo. pect, and cloud the setting of this nies in another point of view, day !

their agriculture. This they Excuse me, Sir, if turning from have profccuted with fuch a spirit, such thoughts I resume this com- that, besides feeding plentifully parative view once more. You their own growing multitude, have seen it on a large scale ; look their annual export of grain, at it on a small one. I will point comprehending rice, has fome out to your attention a particular years ago exceeded a Million in instance of it in the fingle prov- value. Of their last harveit, I ince of Pennsylvania, In the am persuaded, they will export much more.

At the beginning tional ambition, is but a ftage of the century, fome of these Cole and resting-place in the progreis on es imported corn from the of their victorious industry. Nor mother country. For some time is the equinoctial heat more difpa.t, the old world has been fed couraging to them, than the acfrom the new. The scarcity cumulated wihter of both the which you have felt would have poles. We know that whilst been a desolating famine ; If this some of them draw the line and child of your old


with a true strike the harpoon on the coast of filial piety, with a Roman chari. Africa, others run the longitude, ty, had not put the full breait of and pursue their gigantic game its youthful exuberance to the along the coat of Brazil. No mouth of its exhau ted parent. sea but what is vexed by their

As to the wealth which the fisheries. No climate that is not Colonies have drawn from the sea witness to their toils. Neither by their fisheries, you had all that the perseverance of Holland, nor matter fully opened at your bar. the activity of France, nor the You surely thought those acquisi- dextrous and firm fagacity of tions of value; for they seemed English enterprize, ever carried even to excite your envy; and this most perilous mode of hardy yet the spirit, by which that en. industry to the extent to which it terprizing employment has been has been pushed by this recent exercised, ought rather, in my o. people ; who are still, as it were, pinion, to have raised your ef but in the gristle, and not yet har teem and admiration. And dened into the bone of manhood. pray, Sir, what in the world is e. When I contemplate these things; qual to it? Pass by the other when I know that the Colories in parts, and look at the manner in general owe, little or nothing to which the people of New Eng- any care of ours, and that they land have of late carried on the are not squeezed into this happy Whale Fishery. Whilst we fol- form by the constraints of watchlow them among the tumbling ful and fufpicious government, mountains of ice, and behold but that through a wise and salthem penetrating into the deepest utary neglect, a generous nature frozen recesses of Hudson's Bay, has been luffered to take her own and Davis's Streights, whilst we way to perfection : when I reare looking for them beneath the filećt upon these effects, when I see Arctic circle, we hear that they how profitable they have been to have peirced into the oppofite ré- us, I feel all the pride of power gion of poiar cold, that they are fink, and all presumption in the at the Antipodes, and engaged wisdom of human contrivances under the frozen ferpent of the melt, and die away within me. fouth. Faulkland Island, which My rigour relents. I pardon feemed too remote and roman- fomething to the spirit of Liberty. tic an object for the grasp of na


[Fron Kaims's Elements of Criticism.]

HE English comedy, copy- have been describing is chimeri.

became abominably licentious; young men of birth will not sufand continues so with very little fer me to doubt of its reality. foftening. It is there an estab- Sir Harry Wildair has completlished rule, to deck out the chief ed many a rake ; and in the Sufcharacters with every vice in fash- picious Husband, Ranger, the humion, however grofs. But, as such ble imitator of Sir Harry, has characters viewed in a true light had no flight influence in spreadwould be disgustful, care is taken ing that character. What wo

to disguise their deformity under man tinatured with the playhouse - the embellishments of wit, spright- morals, would not be the sprightliness, and good humour, which ly, the witty, though dissolute in mixed company makes a capi. Lady Townly, rather than the tal figure. It requires not much cold, the fober, though virtuous thought to discover the poison. Lady Grace? How odious ought ous influence of such plays. A writers to be who thus employ young man of figure, emancipat- the talents they have from their ed at last from the severity and Maker most traitorously against restraint of a college education, himself, by endeavouring to correpairs to the capital disposed to rupt and dis gure his creatures ! every sort of excess. The play. If the comedies of Congreve did house becomes his favourite a- not rack him with remorse in his musement ; and he is enchanted last moments, he must have been with the gaiety and splendor of lot to all sense of virtue. Nor the chief personages. The dif- will it afford any excuse to such gult which vice gives him at first, writers, that their comedies are foon wears off, to make way for entertaining ; unless it could be new notions, more liberal in his maintained, that wit and sprightopinion ; by which a sovereign liness are better suited to a vice contempt of religion, and a de- ous than a virtuous character. It clared war upon the chastity of would grieve me to think so; and wives, maids, and widows, are the dire&t contrary is exemplified converted from being infamous in the Merry Wives of Windfor, vices to be fashionable virtues. where we are highly entertained The infection spreads gradually with the conduct of two ladies, through all ranks, and becomes not more remarkable for mirth universal. How gladly would I and spirit than for the strictest pu. listen to any one who should un-' rity of manners. dertake to prove, that what I




T is a remark worthy of no- do not poffess that generous canI

tice, that though nothing is dour which flows from a libera! more generally despised than ca- education, are often engaged in lumny, yet few can place fuffi- schemes prejudicial to the inter cient security in themselves at all elts of individuals. They times to avoid it. If from a dif- plore other people's business, and cussion of another's merits we are publish every circumstance to his too frequently induced, by pri- disadvantage ; but these charactvate resentment, to calumniate ers are universally shunned as a his character, nothing more truly pest to fociety, They canno: characterises a generous mind taste the sweets of friendship, be than the mode of censure. If we cause they are unable to feel linexamine our own actions : if, di- cerely for any; and drag on a velted of prejudice, we invert our miserable existence, execrated and optics into the recesses of the despised by all who knew them, heart, we shall then find all ten- Nor are these the only disadvan

detraction Atop by the tages resulting from detraction; confideration of our own faults, for the injured party frequently and spare giving our opinions in seek redress, and that at the difa manner that favors of ill na- grace, and prehaps ruin, of the oftured severity.

fender. That man can have but little In fine, there cannot exist a more pretence to merit, who is willing odious character than the calumto exalt himself by declaiming a- niator. He is the bane offociety,and gainst another's imperfections ; dissolver of all social obligations. because it can only be a proper- -He fows dissension between ty of the Divine Nature to be friends and relatives, and engenexempt from evil.--We entertain ders a distaste for each other that so many ideas from prejudice, ends but with life : and, in my othat even innocence cannot at all pinion, I cannot close this subject times escape ; and too frequently better than offering the following impute those failings to others quotation from an antient author : which we evidently poffefs in an " That he who pretends to corabundant degree.

rect the vices of others ought himThose whose minds are unem- felf to be free from the imputation : ployed in rational pursuits, or who of blame."



BEAUTIFUL woman and ry dark night. On all sides they

her husband were once loft heard nothing but the shrill whilin a wood, in the middle of a vea tle of robbers, or the long cries

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of wolves; the sky too was tem- pendence is not equal.

Men de pestuous. The female became pend upon women by their deat once motionless through fear. fires; women upon men by their

" What will become of us ? desires and their wants." cried fhe, clinging round her huf- Women were created to be the band.

companions of man, to please “Let us continue our journey, him, to folace him in his miseries, my love,” he replied coolly. to console him in his forrows, and

“But, good Heavens ! the not to partake with him the fa. robbers?"

tigues of war, of the sciences, and “ Well, then, let us' return." government. Warlike women,

« Oh, that's worse! the wild learned women, and women who beasts?

are politicians, equally abandon What would you have then ?” the circle which nature and insti. « Leave this place.”

tutions have traced round their " We can only do that, my sex ; they convert themselves into love, by going forward or re- They renounce the empire turning; choose which."

which they inevitably exercised The female then shut her eyes, by their weakness, to run vainly stopped her ears, and suffered her after the more equivocal empire felf to be conducted by her hus- of force. We hear of women that band.

have fought, written, and govern- . Such is the lot of woman. Na- ed with success. What does this ture has pointed out our respec- prove? The exception does not tive distinctions, and the difference destroy the rule. And, besides, of our employments by the differ- where is the feeling and amiable ence of our conformation. A woman who would exchange the taller stature, a more solid and ineffable happiness of being lovless flexible organization, indicate ed for the unfubftantial pleasures the honorable duties of man.

of fame? Where is the man who Here the laws of nature and for would have preferred Joan of Arc ciety accord.

to the mild and timid signes of 6 Woman and man,

,” says Sorel ? We admire the masculine Rousseau, “ are made for each mind of Elizabeth ; but we love other, but their mutual de Mary queen of Scots.



HE ingenious artist, the lov- tified with the account of a boat,

er of science, and the friend emphatically called the Life Boat, of humanity, will be equally gra- invented and constructed by Mr.



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