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has no bounds, except you declare war against it; then it very
him? The vicious, he is at war with me, I will not. Among them all, the moral and chaite writer is left to starve, and the principled editor a bankrupt.
These are evils common to all countries; for, to our mortification, they grow out of our nature. All men love flattery; most hate reproof. Unreitrained by law, there may be found more, who would pay for afiaslinating an enemy, than for faving the life of a friend.
In all civilized countries and ours is certainly in this class,) the power of literature is known and felt. From causes, which need not be here enlarged upon, there is a very wide and shameful difference between its legitimate, and common use.
In addition to these general obstacles to. « honeft efforts," and “humble merit," there has been thrown in the way of the editor of this work another, which, if real, is unfortunate to him, and not only unfortunate, but alarming to our country_That indifference, or rather apathy, to genius and genuine literature, which has been fo often, and he would believe falsely represented an inherent quality of Americans.
While the Calumbian Phenix was in embryo, its fhort duration was foretold in the following paragraph, published at Philadelphia, by a gentleman of high repute in the republic of letters.
“ Literary projects have almost always proved abortive in Boston. Many attempts have been made to establish periodical works in that small town ; but mifcellaneous readers ask in vain for a magazine, or a review, or a literary journal, in the capital of New England. The poverty of the inhabitants is the probable caule of the deficiency. But the hopes of authors, like the desires of lovers, are not easily extinguished; and a Mr. Hawkins, in the fanguine fpirit of a projector, adventures to expose himself to the cold inclemency of a commercial port. He proposes the publication of a Monthly Magazine, entitled the Columbian Phenix. But from the duft and afhes of its predeceffor, this Columbian foarer will hardly arise. This is to be deeply regretted by the lovers of literature, and the friends of humanity, for we understand that Mr. Hawkins is both a ble nd unfortunate. man. His success is warmly withed, but scarcely to be expected. Al
though it is said he is to be aided by the clasfical learning and attic wit of the author of the Jacobiniad, the Bostonians will probably prefer, as usual, the perufal of some of their meaġre and time-serving newspapers, or rather that informing and witty work, called an advertisement.”
Time must make its comment on this paragraph. Its author may prove a true prophet. The editor cannot yield implicit faith to his doctrine, without trying the elhcacy of works. Patience and perseverance, he is sure are necessary. He is aware that there are many stumbling blocks in his way, and is prepared, and expects to make some temporary facrifices. These are inconveniences which every one, who embarks in a similar enterprize, should be prepared to encounter. determined to do all on his part within the compass of his abilities. His friends, in particular, have encouraged his hopes, and his expectations, by a liberal subscription- Whether the man of business, and the miscellaneous reader, will promptly, throw in their mite to encourage a work of this nature, from more enlarged views, experience must determine.
: He imputes inattention to works of taste, to other causes, than the poverty or slupidity of Americans-to circumstances. peculiar to a young growing nation. There is no country where the great mass of citizens are better furnished with that species of knowledge, neceffary to direct individuals in the common pursuits of industry. But for the higher departments of literature, which “ weed the morals," and “prune the taste,” we look almost in vain. This is the province of the Belles-lettres.
There is a critical period between infanoy and manhood, in nations as well as individuals. Whatever we have done in agriculture, in commerce, in politics, and in war ; in the
Belles lettres, we have not passed this period. We have the ele. ments, but they are not called into order. We are progreffing ; but perhaps not farther advanced than we were in the art of war, at the commencement of our revolution. We had arms, and zcal, and courage to use them, and many had skill as individuals; but combination and discipline were wanted.
We are not called upon to defend ourselves by arms, at present. Though far, very far from being out of danger, it is on other weapons we must rely for our national safety and honor-Public and private virtues, and the force and direction of opinion. Every American acknowledges the efficacy of a free press; they have experienced its advantages, and its
evils : And with one of the first of modern writers, every man of reflection will acknowledge, that,
LITERATURE well or ill conducted, is the great Engine, by which all civilized States innst ultimately be fupported or overthrown.
To conduct this machine with a steady, uniform, and decifive hand, in a periodical publication, embracing the sacred principles of our religion, the found maxims of morality, encouraging gemus, cultivating taste, supporting by the influence of opinion, our laws and constitution, adhering firmly to our venerable institutions, and discouraging with perseverance and manly zeal the mania of innovation, and the licentiousness of opinion and practice, which is a matter of serious alarm in the new as well as the old world-To do this requires virtue, talents and industry; qualities, which when devoted to the public good, reqnire and demand patronage. And even a manly attempt, deferves fomething more than contempt, or cold neglect.
Aware that a publication of this kind cannot flourish long, without the assistance of able writers, the editor has endeavored, and he thinks he has the good fortune to make his Magazine the vehicle of a considerable share of original and useful communication. As the writers are to be known only by their works, it is by them alone, the public must judge of their merit and importance.
A Magazine is the proper repository, for the noblest productions of genies, the most finihed effays on moral and literary subjects, useful discoveries, and interesting documents, in history and biography. It is its office also to “ catch the manners living as they rife," and detail the events of the day, in a manner that will be worthy a perufal the next year,
and the next generation. - If, with fuch aid as the editor may obtain, and every exertion of his own, the Columbian Phenix shall be the means of exciting an emulation among men of genius, of calling talents into exercise, affording instruction, and innocent amusement to miscellaneous readers, and advancing the common cause of literature, good order, and found principles, it will find friends in the friends of our country, and answer every
wish of the public's devoted fervant,
J. HAWKINS. BOSTON, Jaruary, 1800.
HE Plate in front of the Mag and Johonnot) two fublegions
azine, represents the military of Infantry; the first commandreview of the militia of Boston, ed by Major Russell, composed on the birth-day of the President, of five companies, commanded by (the 30th of October last) the Capt. Harris, Capt. Stuifon, Capt. Common, the new State-houfe, Hatch, Lieut. Davis, and Ensign Beacon-hill, and the monuinent Badger ; the second, commandupon it to the right, in the back. ed by Major Johnfon, composed ground, the late Governor Han- of four companies, commandcock's and the other seats to the ed by Captains Floyd, Williams, left between the State House Stutson, and Mefinger,--the Bora and Charles River, as' viewed on Light Infantry, commanded from the Mall.
by Capt. Sargent, on the left of The legionary Brigade was the whole. commanded by Brigadier General Winslow; the line from right Next to the universal joy which to left, composed of Capt. Atuo- pervaded all ranks, on the natal ry's troop of horse, Independent day of the political Father of Fusiliers, commanded by Capt, our country, was the fatisfaction, Brazer, fublegion of Artillery that arose in the spectator's mind, (consisting of two companies, from viewing the general unifor commanded by Capt. Gardner mity, martial appearance, and
correct discipline of the troops tions, to see paraded on the on this occafion.
fame foil, of its own citizen-solThis fatisfaction was greatly diers, a corps for respectable in heightened, by reflecting that, number, discipline, and appearwithin two years, from mere Cit- ance, and so prompt, as their izens, undisciplined and unequip. zeal already evinces them to be, ped, was almost entirely formed to defend the rights they inherit this fine legion of Soldiers, espe- by the valour of their fathers. cially the independent companies The military spirit, which has of Lighty Infantry and Cavalry. of late prevailed through the
To the inhabitants of Boston, country in general, and particuwithin whose recollection, this larly in Boston, and increased peninsula had been the first scene with our danger, may juftly be of invasion, and had experienced considered as our best security, all the aggreffons of an insulting under the “Goi of Armies," foe in the beginning of our strug- and as a fair trait in the characgle for freedom and indepen- ter of republican Americans, dence, it naturally afforded the which ought to be noticed with molt grateful and ennobled fenfa- pleasure and pride.
REFLECTIONS ON DEVOTION.
A foul in commerce with her God, is heaven;
HE pious Dr. Law obferves, person makes it a rule to difthat Devotion may be considered charge regularly ; and with reaeither as an exercise of public or son, if the exacness be founded private prayer at set times and, on solid piety. In its importance occasions, or as a temper of the to religious life, all writers, who mind, a state and disposition of have handled the subject, concur, the heart, which is rightly affect and their sentiments will be found ed with such exercises. Jurieu combined, though in epitome, in defines it to be a softening and the following reflections. yielding of the heart, with an in The character of devotion has ternal consolation, which the frequently suffered from the fouls of the faithful feel in the forbidding air, which has been practice or exercise of piety. By thrown over it, by the moroseDevotion is also understood cer- nefs of bigotry on one hand, or tain religious practices, which a the gloom of superstition on the