Abbildungen der Seite

However severe he may be with presents in money or land, till the his soldiers, whether in their dif- interest of his children could be çipline and maneuvres, or the in- benefited by such . gratifications. credible marches, (sometimes of He entrusts the administration of ten German miles a day) by his private affairs to others ; which he has given fuch eclat and and possesses none of those bave effect to his campaigns, they bles which the rich too generally all regard him with an affection regard as contributing to the enwhich borders on idolatry; and joyment and pleasure of life. under his command, they are in- He has neither villa, nor plate, {pired with a courage that renders nor equipage, nor liveried fer. them inyincible; but whether vants, nor pictures, nor rare colthey are engaged in the burry of lections. As a warrior, he has a campaign, or enjoying the re no fixed habitation ; he contents pose of winter quarters, their nec

himself with whatever he finds, ellary, wants and appropriate com- requires nothing but what abroforts are the constant objects of lute necessity demands, and which his protecting attention,

may be, transported with ease The small portion of leisure from one place to another. It is which he enjoys, is devoted to also among the fingular, though reading. But as the military sci- unimportant circumitances of his ence has long been, and continues life, that he has not made use of to be, the fole object of his re a looking glass for twenty years ; gard, those authors of every na. or, during that period, encumbertion, who investigate, illustrate, or' ed his person with either watch improve it, engrofs his literary or money. attentions. He does not, how. With respect to his character, cver, negle& to get information he is a man of the most incor. of what is paffing in the world, ruptible probity, immoveable in from the communications afford. his purpoles, and inviolable in his ed by the journals and gazettes of promises. Nor do these sturdy foreign countries.

virtues disqualify him from pofHe diflikes all public enter, fefling the most engaging mantaipments ; though when any , ners. He is continually striving particular circumstance leads him to moderate a violence of tem thither, he appears to partake, per, which he has not been able and endeavours to promote the to extinguish. An effervefcent general pleasure. He will fome- fpirit of impatience continues to times even dance, and play at predominate in his character ; and cards, tKough very rarely indeed, it perhaps never happened that and merely that he may not in the execution of any of his orders terrupt the etiquette of public has been equal to the rapidity of manners.

his wilhęs.. His father bequeathed him a

He is fincerely religious, not considerable property, which the from enthusiasm, but from princi grateful bounty of the Empress ple; and takes every opportuni . has considerably augmented ; ty of attending the offices of pub. though he constantly refused all liç devotion : nay, when circum ,


Itances afford him the opportuni- going on in the best possible manry, he will, ove Sundays and fefti- ner; and the happy way in vals, deliver lectures on fubjects which our first campaign has been of piety, to those whom duty calls opened, appears to be a good on to an attendance upon him. men for the future. You will

The love of his country, and probably have already heard of the ambition to contend in arms the capture of the citadel of Tufor its glory, are the powerful and rin, as well as of feveral other predominan: emotions of bis in places which I have had the good defatigable life ; and to them, fortune to take possession of, at like the ancient Romans, he face the head of the Austro-Ruffian rifices every

otber fentiment, and army. There is hardly any thing confecrates, without referve, all left but to take Mantua and Althe faculties of this nature. tui leffandria, where I now am, and

His military career has been both of which places are befieged, ome long uniform course of fuc- to make my fatisfaction complete. eess and triumph, produced by his The conquest of them will inenterprising courage, and extraor

d extraor- crease the number of my festival dinary presence of inind by his days. perfonal inttepidity, and prompti « May your brave countrymen bude of execution ; by the rapid long lourish, who, by fecuring in and unparalleled movements of part the Mediterránean from all bis armies ; and by their perfect hoftile attempts, furnished us with affurance of victory in fighting un- the means of acting here in Italy, der his banners.

L 'with more effect against the Revo The following letter from Gen. olucionists. Suworrow was written at the time * May your prediction be acbe was conducting the two im- complished ! to become pacificata poruint Sieges of Mantua and Ak or, after having fubjugated an arleffandria, to a gentleman in rògant and presumptuous enemy, Scotland, who had lived with is indeed the part which I am him fome time in Russia : again ambitious of playing at

6 Thefe lines, Sir, are a fuf: the end of my career, 'as well hcient proof how sensible I have as of the pleasure of again seeing been of your kind recollection, you, to repeat with my own and of the wishes which yoų mouth the sentiments of esteem form for my prosperity and for and affection with which I am, the success of our arms.

Sir, your very humble, and very 3. Although military operations obedierit fervant, sccupy at this moment al} my

& Alex.Suworow RMNIKSKK

$K time, I am, however, unwilling to neglect my old acquaintances. Alieflandria, zob Fune---I Itb JuQur affairs, thank Heaven, are ly, 1799.



The preceding Character is extracted from the History of his Campaigns published by Wright, Piccadilly..

[merged small][ocr errors]



SEND you an Original Letter, which dately fell into my lands The name of the writer is unluckily corn off, but it is not impofüble but fome of your Correspondents aray be able to point him out. Hie seems to have been Chaplain to Dr. Turner, then Bilzop of Ely. It will be matter of surprize to many to tind shat King Charles the Se. cond (far from the best of our Kings) should have been so much la. sented; but it confirms the fact mcntioned by many cuntemporary wr.

It is to be regretted that the loyalty of the nation had not a better object. Collcy Cibber, in that most entertaining book, the Apology for his Life, notieing tlie death of this Monarch, lays, “I' remember (young as I was) his death made a Atrong imprellion or me, as it drew tears from the eyes of multitudes, who looked no further into him than I did: but it was then a fort of school doctrine to regard our Monarch as a Deity; as in the former reign it was to in. lift he was accountable to this world, as well as to chat above hiin. But what, perhaps, gave King Charles the Second this peculiar porfelson of fo niany hearts, was his affable and caly manner in converse ing; which is a quality that goes farther with the greater part of mare kind than many higher virtues, which in a Prince might more immediatcly regard the public prosperity. Even his indolent amusement of playing with his dogs, and feeding his sucks in St. James's park (which I have seen him do) made the common people adore him, and consequently overlook in him what in a Prince of a different teraper they might have been out of humour at."-(Cibber's Apology, 8vo. 1750, p. 26.) How lamentably the Letter Writer's expectations were defeated by King James, need not be noticed.

I am, &c.

C. I. Ely House, Feb. 174, 1684-5. first took him (as he must have REV. SIR,

done if Dr. King had not been liy YESTERDAY 2009 I doe be- By these few dayes respirt he had

by chance aná lett him blood.) lieve the moft lamented Prince opportunity (which accordingly that ever fatt upon a throne, one he did cabrace) of thinking of of the best of Kings, after near another world, and wee are all five dayes lickness, left this world, prepar'd the better to sustain fu tranflated doubtless to a. much great a lofs : he mow'd himself more glorious kingdome than all throughout his fickness one of the those which he has left behind him beft-natur'd men that ever lit'd now bewailing of their lofs: 'Twas and by abundance of fine things a great peice of Providence that he said in reference to his soul, this fatal blow was not fo Sudden he show'd he dyed as good as it would have been if he had Christian ; and the phylicians, dy' Muoday, wben bis ģers' who have seen la many leave this


as any

world, doe say they never saw full, all fell down upon the knces, the like as to his courage, so un and he rais'd himself in his bed, concerned he was at death, though and very folemnly bless’d thet all. fensible to all degrees imaginable This was fo like a great good to the very last: He often in ex Prince, and the folemnity of it fu trewrity of pain would say he fuf- very surprizing, as was extreamly fered, but thank'd God that be moring, and caus’d a generall ladid so, and that he suffered pa- mentation throughout the Court, tiently: he erery, now and then and no one hears it, without being would seem to wish for death, and much affected with it, being new beg pardon of the landets by and great. 'Tis not to be exand those that were employ'd press’d how strangely every body. about him that he gave them so was concern'd when they perceiv'd inuch trouble, that he hoped the there was but little hopes : to all work was almost over, he was appearance nerer any prince came weary of this world; he had to a crown with more regrett, enough of it, and he was going to with more unwillingness, because a better. There was so much af. it could not be without the loss of fection and tenderness expressed one he lov'd fo truly, than did between the two royal brothers, our gracious Prince (whom God the one upon the bed, the o:her preserve :) he join'd as heartily almost drown'd in tears upon his

of the

in all the knees, and kissing of his dying prayers the Bishops offer'd up to brother's hand, as could not but God. He was as much upon extreamly more the standers by: knees as ony one, and faid Amen he thank'd our present King for as heartily, and no one doubts but having alwayes been the best of he as inuch desired God would brothers and of friends, and hear their prayers as any one of begg'd his pardon for the trouble all that prayed : The Queen he had given him from time to (whom he had ask'd for the first time, and for the several risks of thing he said on Munday when he fortune he had run on his account. came out of his fitts) she having He told him now he freely left been present with him as long as him all, and beg'd of God to bless her extraordinary passion would him with a prosperous reign. He give her leave, which at length recommended all his children to threw her into fites, not being able his care by raine (except the to speak whileft with him, lent a Duke of Monmouth, whom he message to him to excuse her abwas not heard so much as to make sence, and to beg his pardon if mention of.) He bless'd his chil ever she had offended him in all dren one by one, pulling them to her life. He reply'd, Alas! poor him on the bed ; and then the woman, she beg my pardon I Bishops mov'd him, as he was the beg hers with all my heart. The Lord's anointed, the father of his Queen that now is was a most country, to bless them also, and pallonate (illegible) tender-hearted all that were then present, and in as to think a crown dearly bought, them the whole body of his fub- with the lofs of such a brother : je&s; whereupon, the room being there was no one indeed of either




fex but wept like children. On fame declaration he made to my Fryday morning all the churches lord in private with solemn prowere lo throng'd with people to testations, and 'tis his constant pray for him, all in tears and with discourse that he will not in the dejected looks, that for my part I least disturb the establish'd gov. found it a hard talk, and fo I do ernment in the Church either by beleive did many more, to goe toleration or any other way what. through with the service, so me This day the Archbishop lancholy was the fight as well as and Bishops waited on his Majelwere the thoughts of the occafion tie, and desired private audience of it. The Bishop of Bath and in the closett : the Archbishop Wells* watching on Wednesday made a very eloquent speech by night (as my Lord had done the way of thanks, in the name of night before there appearing then the whole clergy, for the last fome danger, began to discourse to night's declaration as what pre. him as a divine, and thereupon he vented what otherwise they must did continue the speaker for the have made their earnest prayer and rest to the last, the other bishops suit to him to patronize the Church givin their aslistance both by pray- as his royal brother of blessed me ers and otherwise, as they saw oc- mory had all along done : giving casion, with many good ejacula- him all assurances of loyalty in the tions and fort speeches, till his clergy as what he might depend speech quite left him, and after- upon, as it is both the doctrint wards by lifting up his hand ex. and practice of our Church beyond pressing his attention to the pray- any Church in the world. His ers, he made a very glorious Chrif- Majestie again repeated what he tian exit, after as lasting and as had before declar'd, and faid strong an agony of death almost moreover, he would never give as ere was known.

any sort of countenance to the About 4 o'clock King James diffenters, knowing that it must was proclaim'd with the usual fo- needs bee faction, and not religion, lemnity, and with great acclama- if men could not be content to tions, together with a decent con. meet five belides their own famicern for the loss of so good a lie, which the law dispenses with. prince. All things were managed Thus to make amends for our with great order and quiett, and great loss, wee are much comfort. his Majestie at night in council ed with the hopes wee have of made a very gracious declaration our Church continuing in its form. (which I suppose will bee in print) er flourishing estate. His Majefwherein he promis'd solemnly to tie has never yett been known to tread exactly in his brothers steps, bee worse than his word, and 'tis both as to (illegible) according to to bee hop'd he will not bee in fo law; and particularly that he often repeated promises. God would maintain the Church as continue him in his good resolunow by law establish'd. The tions, and make us all live peaceaK


Dr. Thomas Ken. Afterwards deprived oft Feb. 1690. for not taking the oaths to King William and Queen Mary.--EDITOR.

« ZurückWeiter »