Abbildungen der Seite
PDF
EPUB

bly and happily under him, and answerable to this auspicious bes that his reign may bee alwayes ginning. I am, Sir, &c.

(Directed) To the Rev. Mr. Francis Roper, Fellow of St. John's College, Cambridge.

On the NATIONAL CHARACTER of the DUTCH.

[FROM THE MANUSCRIPT NOTES OF A GERMAN.] THE HE first thing that offends a occasioned that visit

. The Dutch foreigner upon bis entrance into Man will then with due formality Holland, is a certain indifference express the suggestions of the moand coldness of manners. He ment, promise his affistance, and hears none of those warm express then, pleading an immediate enlions of kindness which in other gagement, make an appointment countries are a part of good breed- at the exchange ; the place of ing, and which, though they cost common refort for

every

kind of little or nothing to the speaker, so business : and our traveller may agreeably flatter those to whom congratulate himself if he be now they are addresfed: he witnesses and then invited to his table (op none of those eager marks of ef- un Kabbeljaawitje or Tongotje) or teen, friendship and folicitude, in summer to his country-house : which indeed are seldom seriously as to every thing else, he is left meant's in short, none of what entirely to himself, on the suppoare generally considered as the fition, that at his hotel, or at fome principal ingredients of polite-coffee-house, he will meet with nefs.

persons, who for a gratuity will A stranger, when he delivers point out to him what is worthy his letters of introduction to a of obfervation in the town, or affashionable Hollander, will be dif- fift him in passing away the time. gusted by his cold and ceremoni. Every visit, not upon business, ous reception of him ; and feel which he makes at the house to himself compelled by the mono which he was introduced, will fyllabic abruptness of his conver- discover to him that he is an insation immediately to enter upon cumbrance both to the master of the bufiness which has brought it and all his family, hin' to Holland, and particularly On the other hand, civility and

hospitality

The following not es were occasioned by reading a little work, “ Tlse faMiljar letters of a Dane," and afterwards “ Riem's Tragels through Holland.Amongst the many obfervations made by these travellers during their very rapid journey, are some precipitate and but half true. Against this error I anz perhaps protested by a nine years' residence in Holland, 'till the spring of 1798. Bolides, ivhat will ensure credibility to my assertions, George Forfter, who of all Travellers has most profoundly and accurately examined the character of the Dutch, as well as of other nations, and whose “ Views" I had the means of comparing with the foilowing remarks, immediately after they were written, has. in many points chablished the same conclufious. D, EINS

hospitality generally prevail-among rudely to refüfe any request whatthe middle classes of the people, ever, as for instance, to help a in proportion as they are lefs de porter with a heavily laden wheel. Sirous to imitate the higher orders. barrow over a bridge. . A man Theanecdote in Forster's Views" who was smoaking before his door, of the landlord who pulled off his was driven into the house by the warm flippers to offer them to a hisses of a mob, which foon coltraveller, is a striking representa- lected, because he refused to light tion of the good dispositions of the pipe of a day-labourer who the wealthy Dutch citizens ; how was palling by. ever, the contraft between them In other respects, it is found and those of more fashionable life here, partioularly at Amsterdam, is not always so remarkable. that in proportion to his rank and And, generally speaking, there is riches a man loses his natural good. no country where humanity and ness of difpofition; and suffers civilization are more completely himself to be meanly and narrowly found among the middling classes limited in every word and action than in Holland; and even among by selfish considerations of profit the rich and fashionable in the and loss. No persons talk more Galler towns, if not at Amster- about good-breeding, (beheefdheid) dam, an unassuming civility and or pride themselves more upon it, kindness are found in a confidera- than the Dutch ; but their good ble degree.

breeding is nothing but a ftiff and A Itranger who has loft his cold ceremonial comprehending way, or cannot find the place to some half dozen' mighty points ; which he is going, may venture to one of the most important of which inquire of the first person he meets is, a certain appropriate falutation in the street, or ring at the next of acquaintances in the street; house, whether the door be open and a formal inquiry after the or shut : The person addressed healths of themselves and family will, if he can any-how guess his rhoe vaart RUVE en Mevroun, en meaning, allist him with the great- de Familie ;) which is practised est readiness, or if he does not un even towards foreigners when seen derstand or cannot inform him, for the first time. And their will call to some one who is paff good-breeding by no means preing by; so that a stranger may cludes them from being guilty of occasionally find himself surround. ill manners and rudeness the most ed by persons, every one of whom offensive. It is however only is desirous of asisting him. And certain purse proud citizens of no all this takes place without the education who can be accused of leaft pretensions or expectation of this, and not the inhabitants in praise. It often happens that a general, to whom, nevertheless, person, observing a stranger appa. Riem, has imputed it* Here, rently ignorant of the town, will too, they know very well how anticipate his inquiries and offer to distinguish the man of eduhis service. It is never adviseable cation from the upstart, though in

deed

Reise durch Holland, p. 346.

deed much will be overlooked in clination towards a domestic life." in the latter if he be rich, and can Whether at home or abroad, they render himfelf useful or injurious devote most of their leisure hours to one of more fashion, An aba to their family, spending them in staining from oaths is not, as Riem familiar conversation and amusesupposes, peculiar only to the pietist, ments, and often in the instruction but, as fhould be the case every of their children. In such family where, generally marks the man parties and clubs (Koleegien) or of education. On the other hand, select societies, formed of large young persons affect French man- numbers, confist almost all the fo. siers, the essence of which they cial pleasures of the Dutch, To unfortunately fancy to consist in these clubs none are admitted but trifling, which from the poverty by ballot, and those only against of their own minds fioks into whose characters and opinions no mere abfurdity, and, from their one of the members has any obwant of French delicacy, becomes jection, and who are fufficiently a monstrous compound of sprace, known to the greater part of the pess, affectation and awkwardness. fociety, so that they can associate

With this ceremonious stiffness without restraint and with perfect is connected an unsocial temper, confidence. They are held in an unwillingness to affociate inti- gardens in the peighbourhood of mately with any but those with the town. The time is spent partly whom they have been longacquaint- in various games, particularly a ed, and before whom they feel no national onė called kolven, (in restraint. Hospitality too is at a which, very thick and hard balls low ebb with them. It is true are ftruck with sticks bent at the that foreigners who have good let, end into a blunt angle, and plated ters of introduction are fometimes with copper, from a perfe&tly invited to entertainments, but, for fnooth pavement, against pales ser the most part, they are made only up at both sides, and the game

de. when some commercial advantage pends on the distance from the is expected to be derived from boundary at which the ball stops them; at fuch times their pride is after the rebound) and partly in gratified by displaying their riches chatting and smoaking tobacco before foreigners of rank.

with the ladies. The clubs of Visiting almost altogether con

the same kind formed of young fifts of family-parțies to which men are sufficiently noisy and instrangers are never feldom ad. temperate, and serve to promote mitted. It is here that the Dutch- every kind of extravagance rather man feels himself free from all re. than rational recreation. Besides ftraint, and indulges in merriment, these, there are also political and which the appearance of a fingle literary societies. Of the former, foreigner would immediately con- the principal at Amsterdam is, the vert into formality; a circumstance Society pro Concordia et Libertate, which alone renders it difficult for and of the latter, Felix Meritis ; travellers to judge of the national both consist of patriotic members, character of the Dutch. In gen- and are supported by the weight, eral, Hollanders have a decided in number and influence of their par

tizans.

[ocr errors]

tizans. Among the middling to have recourse to diversions, classes there is little fociety out of which exclude every thing that their family circles, but foreigners might exhaust the spirits, or disfind in them fewer impediments, turb the placidity of their amuse. and feel themselves less intrusive. ments. Business being dismissed,

The principal causes of this may smoaking a pipe at home or at his be found in a third prominent feat- club, reading in the gazettes the ure in the Dutch character,--the common occurrences, chatting a. love of repose. Various persons bout the news of the day, or join. who have resided in Holland have ing a party at cards, is the highimagined, that the want of suffi- est enjoyment of a Dutch mercient elasticity in the air relaxes chant ; an enjoynient, which, the nerves, and weakens the activ- Itrongly contrasted with what oth

of the mind. But, er nations consider as such, gives independently of this, the uniform- much occafion to the derifion of ity of a mercantile life obliges them foreigners. (To be continued.)

An EULOGY on the late Gen. WASHINGTON, pro

nounced before the Inhabitants of the Town of Boston, at the Request

of their Committee, by GEORGE R. MINOT, a. M. A. 4. s. OUR

UR duty, my Fellow-Townf boods of her imagination. But men, on this distreffing occasion, to our political Father, the faithis dictated by the dignity and re- ful page of history is panegyric, splendent virtue of the beloved and the happiness of his coun Man whose death we deplore. try is the monument of his We assemble to pay a debt to de- fame. parted merit, a debt which we Come, then, Warriors ! States. can only pay by the fincerity of men!, Philofophers ! Citizens ! our grief, and the respe&tful effu- assemble round the tomb of this lions of gratitude ; for the high- favourite son of virtue ; with all eft eulogy left us to bestow upon the luxury of sorrow, recollect our lamented WASHINGTON, the important events of his life, is the striet narration of the truth, and partake of the greatest legaand the loftiest character which cy which a mortal could bequeath we can assign to him, is the very you, in the contemplation of his display of himself.

When am. example. Whilst we folemnize bition allies itself to guilt, when this act, his disembodied spirit, if power tramples upon right, when it be permitted to retrace the victory triumphs in blood, when scenes of its terrestrial existence, piety fits clouded in superstition, will smile with approbation on the when humility is affected by cun- instructive rite. ning, when patriotism is founded Your anniversaries have long on selfishness; then let adulation honored the eleventh of February, spread her prostituted mantle, to one thousand seven hundred and {creen the disgraces of her pat- thirty two, as the birth day of rons, and amuse with the false our illustrious Chief, and the par

ith of his own name in West horror, which his caution, had it moreland county, in Virginia, been adopted, would have preboasts itfelf the place of his na vented, and which his steady tivity. But to fouls like his, lo.

courage affilted much to retrieve. cal restrictions are not attached. During the remainder of this Where liberty was, there would war, he was employed in fortifybe his country : Happy for us, ipg his native province, in ar the Genius of Liberty, respon- ranging and perfe&ing its militia, five to his affections, resolved and in checking the incursions of that where WASHINGTON the enemy, until the crisis of the was, there also should be her contest had passed in this country, abode.

when he refigned his command. Educated by private instruc Retirement to him was only a tion, his virtue grew with his different mode of action, and his knowledge, and the useful branch- repose partook not of indolence. es of literature, occupied the Amidst the honourable pursuits of whole powers of his mind. Ex- agriculture, he discharged various emplary for folidity of thought, civil offices, until we find him rising and chastity of morals, he was amongst the patriots of our counhonoured by the government of try, as a delegate from Virginia, Virginia, with an important mil- in the first American Congress. fion, at an age when the levities We shall ever remember the of the human character feldom fifteenth day of June, one thouyield to the earliest operation of fand seven hundred and seventyreason.

five, when Providence directed At the opening of the great to his appointment as the comwar of encroachments upon our mander in chief of our revoluwestern frontiers, he was the bear- tionary army. In this neighbourer of the remonftrance to the hood he first drew his sword. French. Such was the address,

Many of
you, my

Fellow-Townffidelity and perseverance, with men, were then languishing under which he executed this impor, the fetters of tyranny, or were tant trust, that he was honoured imprisoned within the joyless conat twenty two years of age, with fines of your own habitations. the command of a regiment raif- Your hope was fixed on him. ed by his province. His military His command, independent of talents were foon called to the the resources of his own mind, teft.

At Redstone, Vi&ory afforded no ground for the supperched upon his standard; but port of your feelings. He had with that volatility by which she an army brave indeed, but with tries the powers of her favourite little discipline ; naked, at the heroes, she in a few months af- approach of winter ; and almost terwards left him, by his own ex. subject to dissolution from tempoertions, to save the honours of

rary

enlistments i, a paymalter war for his little band, in an un without money ;

a commissary equal, but well-supported battle. struggling on the utmost stretch of In Braddock's Daughtered army, credit.

credit. A veteran army lay unhe was a witness to scenes of der his eye, strongly fortified,

regularly

[ocr errors]
« ZurückWeiter »