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bama, Woodward of South Carolina, Stanly of On Engraving.-Messrs. Hammond of MaryNorth Carolina, Buel of Michigan, Spalding of land, Dimmick of Pennsylvania, Fowler of MasNew York.
sachusetts. On the Territories.-Messrs. Boyd of Ken- Joint Committee on the Library of Congress. tucky, Richardson of Illinois, Rockwell of Massa- Messrs. Holmes of South Carolina, Mann of Maschusetts, Seddon of Virginia, Clingman of North sachusetts, Gilmore of Pennsylvania. Carolina, Kaufman of Texas, Gott of New York, On Expenditures in the State Department Fitch of Indiana, Giddings of Ohio.
Messrs. Bingham of Michigan, Reed of PennsylOn Revolutionary Pensions.—Messrs. Waldo vania, Orr of South Carolina, Alexander of New of Connecticut, Beale of Virginia, Silvester of York, Gorman of Indiana. New York, Wallace of South Carolina, Freedley On Expenditures in the Treasury Department. of Pennsylvania, Gorman of Indiana, Evans of -Messrs. Caldwell of Kentucky, Schermerhom of Ohio, Tuck of New Hampshire, Sackett of New New York, Ashe of North Carolina, Dixon of York.
Rhode Island, Dunham of Indiana. On Invalid Pensions.-Messrs. Leffler of Iowa, On Expenditures in the War Department.Olds of Ohio, Nes of Pennsylvania, Averett of Vir- | Messrs. Dimmick of Pennsylvania, Schoolcraft of ginia, Walden of New York, Johnson of Ken- New-York, Harris of Illinois, McMullen of Virtucky, Matteson of New York, Hamilton of Ma- ginia, Hunter of Ohio. ryland, Hay of New Jersey.
On Expenditures in the Navy Department.On Roads and Canals.-Messrs. Robinson of Messrs. Holliday of Virginia, Thurman of NewIndiana, Mann of Pennsylvania, King of New Jer- York, Carter of Ohio, Pitman of Pennsylvania, sey, Mason of Kentucky, Putnam of New York, Harris of Tennessee. Parker of Virginia, Wood of Ohio, Gould of New On Expenditures in the Post Ofice DepartYork, Howe of Pennsylvania.
ment.--Messrs. Thompson of Iowa, McWillie of On Rules.-Messrs. Kaufman of Texas, Jones Mississippi, Halloway of New-York, Robbins of of Tennessee, Vinton of Ohio, Strong of Pennsyl- Pennsylvania, Corwin of Ohio. vania, Stephens of Georgia, Phelps of Missouri, On Expenditures on the Public Buildings.Ashmun of Massachusetts, Littlefield of Maine, Mossrs. Beale of Virginia, Cole of Wisconsin, Ross McGaughey of Indiana.
of Pennsylvania, Burrows of New York, HoagOn Patents.—Messrs. Walden of New York, land of Ohio, Otis of Maine, Hamilton of Maryland, Watkins On Enrolled Bills.--Wildrick, of New-Jersey, of Tennessee, Harlan of Indiana.
Dickey of Pennsylvania.
January 11th. After spending several days Houston of Delaware, Young of Illinois, Rey. in voting, the House succeeded, this day, on nolds of New York.
the twentieth attempt, in electing THOMAS J. On Revisal and Unfinished Business.---Messrs. CAMPBELL, of Tennessee, Clerk of that body. Cobb of Alabama, Ogle of Pennsylvania, Averett Mr. CAMPBELL was the Clerk of the last Conof Virginia, Julien of Indiana, Jackson of New gress, and was the Whig candidate. He was York.
elected by the final support of a few SouthOn Accounts.-Messrs. King of Massachusetts, ern Democratic members. Mason of Kentucky, McDonald of Indiana, Clarke On the 15th of January, after several days' of New York, Bay of Missouri.
voting for Sergeant-at-arms, A. J. GLOSSBRENOn Mileage.--Messrs. Fitch of Indiana, Duncan of Massachusetts, Howard of Texas, Haymond of NER, of Pennsylvania, a Democratic candidate, Virginia, Sweetser of Ohio.
was elected to that office.
DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN SUMMARY.
A letter from Detroit, published in the New on a very small scale ; but the manufacturing York Tribune, states, on the authority of Col. spirit is up there among the planters, and a M. Knight, that the Boston and Pittsburgh manufacturing town has been commenced, and Clif Copper Mine will yield this year at least is progressing. A very few years will see 750 tons of ingot copper, which at
a strong manufacturing interest existing in $380 per ton will amount to $285,000 that State.-N. 0. Pic. The expenses of working, at $7,000 per month,
84,000 At the late Fair of the Franklin Institute
in Philadelphia, the Graniteville ManufacturNet profits for one year, $ 201,000 ing Company of South Carolina, received the
In addition to the shipments from this mine, first premium for specimens of shirtings, sheetthe Minesota, North West, North American, ings, and drillings. and North Western, will amount to some two hundred tons more. Next year the exports of
THE MINERAL LANDS IN ARKANSAS–Our copper, it is expected, will not be less than readers will recollect that some time since we 2,500 tons. Within five years our copper northwestern portion of the State. These lands
called attention to the mineral lands in the must go to England. The amount of tolls received from the Pub- about two years since were placed in market
were for a long time reserved from sale; but lic Works of Pennsylvania, at the State Trea- subject to entry at the minimum price of pubsury, from December 1, 1848, to November lic lands. Strange as it may appear, even 30, 1849,
after this, these lands remained unnoticed Amount received preceding
until very recently. Within the last few year,
days several individuals have visited that Excess the present year,
locality, and secured a large amount of these
78,305 10 This (the Harrisburg Intelligencer remarks) Mining Company, and also for Wallace
lands for themselves, and for the Arkansas is the largest receipt of revenue from the pub; Ward, two enterprising capitalists of Van Bulic works ever received in any one year, and
We learn from the gentlemen who have is an encouraging indication of their future been exploring these lands, that they abound usefulness and worth to the State.
in minerals of various kinds. On a large exThe New York Canals, says the Albany tent of the country, specimens of a fine galena Evening Journal, notwithstanding the depress- are to be seen, cropping out of the sides of ed state of business during the cholera sea- | hills, and sparkling in the beds of the numerson, have done well financially. The tolls of ous brooks; but as many of the residents of the present year exceed those of the past that region considered it of no value except year. The amount collected last year was for bullets, it has never attracted much atten$3,245,662. This year the amount collected tion. But a very small portion of these mineis $3,259,210 30, which is an increase of $13,- | ral lands have, as yet, been taken up, and there 548 30.
are yet fortunes in reserve in that region for any Georgia, as regards manufactures, is the persons disposed to secure them. These min
eral localities are within a few miles of flatNew England of the South. She has built boat navigation on White river.—Little Rock with her own means, more railroads than any other State in the Union, except Massachusetts. (Ark.) Democrat, Nov. 23. She has already invested in them $55,000,000, MINERALWEALTH OF ALABAMA-This State and is advancing more rapidly in her cotton abounds in coal, iron, and marble. The coal factories than any other southern State. Im- is mostly bitumenous. The Mobile Herald migration is also setting into this highly flour-says, that the amount raised this year on ishing State very rapidly.
Warrior River, will be greater than ever before. Alabama, it is asserted, has more manufac- Over two hundred flat boats have been protories than any other State of her age. She jected, or built, to carry it to the market. A has invested twelve millions in roads, mines, correspondent of that paper says, most of the and manufactories.
coal beds hitherto found are too thin to work, Mississippi, it is said, has fifty-three cotton but several of them are four feet thick and factories; some of them, however, are only upwards. Those between three and four feet
are still more numerous. They are not merely THE CHIEF LIBRARIES OF EUROPE. If the found in numerous places, but that they are principal libraries of the several capital cities different strata, clearly defined, lying one of Europe be arranged in the order of their above another. The far greater number are respective magnitudes, they will stand as folabove the level of high water, appearing in lows: bluffs, which overhang the channel of the
Vols. stream. The river runs on coal sometimes 1. Paris, (1,) National Library, 824,000 bare, sometimes shielded by sand or rock, for
2. Munich, Royal Library,
600,000 above one hundred miles. The greater part
3. Petersburgh, Imperial Library, 446,000 of the land, in the coal region, is public pro
4. London, British Museum Library, 435,000 perty, and may be obtained at the government
5. Copenhagen, Royal Library, 412,000 6. Berlin, Royal Library,
7. Vienna, Imperial Library,
313,000 The dip of the coal is uniformly in the direction of the natural drainage of the country.
8. Dresden, Royal Library,
300,000 9. Madrid, National Library,
200,000 All the Warrior beds, thick or thin, are so, 10. Wolfenbuttel, Ducal Library, 200,000 and therefore require nothing but ditching to 11. Stuttgard, Royal Library,
187,000 keep the mining operations free from the in- 12. Paris, (2,) Arsenal Library, 180,000 gress of water. This is true of those on the 13. Milan, Brera Library,
170,000 North river, also, as far as has been examined. 14. Paris, (3) St. Genevieve Library, 150,000 Those on the Cahawba river are at an angle 15. Darmstadt, Grand Ducal Library, 150,000 of 45 deg. with the horizon. They dip ob
16. Florence, Magliabecchian Library, 150,000 liquely across the drainage of the country, and
17. Naples, Royal Library,
150,000 will, it is apprehended, require great power to
18. Brussels, Royal Library,
133,500 keep them dry.
19. Rome, (1,) Cassanate Library, 120,000 20. Hague, Royal Library,
100,000 A correspondent of the New York Tribune, 21. Paris, (4,) Mazarine Library, 100,000 who writes at 130 miles from Fort Laramie, 22. Rome, (2,) Vatican Library, 100,000 states that on the banks of the Platte river, 23. Parma, Ducal Library,
100,000 eighty or ninety miles west of Laramie, a coal mine had been found, with the vein cropping
The chief University libraries may be rankout of the bluff
, one and a half to two feet ined in the following order : thickness. For forty or fifty miles that the party had travelled, after making the discov
1. Gottingen, University Library, 360,000 ery, wherever an abrupt bank appeared, the
2. Breslau, University Library, 250,000 3. Oxford, Bodleian Library,
220,000 coal stratum was perceived, embedded in soft
4. Tubingen, University Library, 200,000 sand stone, sometimes as much as three feet
5. Munich, University Library, 200,000 thick. It was much harder than bitumenous,
6. Heidelberg, University Library, 200,000 broke with a shining fracture, and when put 7. Cambridge, Public Library,
166,724 on the fire, although it kindled slowly, it burnt 8. Bologna, University Library, 150,000 with a bright, clear flame. The writer con- 9. Prague, University Library,
130,000 ceives it to be like cannel coal. The quantity 10. Vienna, University Library, 115,000 is inexhaustible.
11. Leipsic, University Library, 112,000
12. Copenhagen, University Library, 110,000 An iron steamboat is building in this city to 13. Turin, University Library,
110,000 run on Lake Titicaca, situated on one of the
14. Louvain, University Library, 105,000 peaks of the Andes, in Peru. She is wholly 15. Dublin, Trinity College Library, 104,239 constructed of iron, with two small engines of 16. Upsal, University Library,
100,000 ten horse-power each. It is intended that the 17. Erlangen, University Library, 100,000 boat shall be transported to the summit in pie- 18. Edinburgh, University Library, 90,854 ces of 350 pounds weight, packed in boxes or otherwise, on the backs of mules. Mechan
CRIME IN ENGLAND.—The British Governics will be sent from this country to put the ment, after several years' experience, has been whole together, on reaching the place of its forced to the conclusion that imprisonment, demonstrations.
either solitary or accompanied with labor, has
no effect whatever either in deterring from N. LONGWORTH, Esq., of Cincinnati, is now crime, or in reforming criminals. Statistics, constructing a wine cellar in that city, of great compiled with scrupulous care have also dedepth and dimensions, that is designed exclu- monstrated that education has no perceptible sively for the mauufacture of sparkling wines. effect in checking the increase of crime. For some years this gentleman has been en- It has been ascertained that the number of gaged in such pursuits, and has succeeded in educated criminals in England is above twice, demonstrating that it is possible, in the climate and in Scotland above three times and a half of America, to produce wines of a quality in no that of the uneducated. In 1848 the number respect inferior to the foreign wines of similar of educated criminals in England and Wales descriptions.
was 20,176, while the uneducated was 9,691.
In Scotland, 3,985 educated to 911 uneduca- | Nine hundred dramatic authors are named of ted. It has also been ascertained that the ave- pieces produced on the stage, and afterwards rage cost of_maintaining a prisoner in jail, published; 60 only of comedies and dramas throughout England, is about eighty dollars a not acted. Among the published works are year, and that at this rate the prison expenses 200 on Occult Sciences, Cabalism, Chiromanof that country amount to over one million cy, Necromancy, &c., and 75 volumes on Hepounds sterling per annum. Under this state raldry and Genealogy. Social Science, Fouof facts the British Government has issued rierism, Communism, and Socialism of all an order in council authorizing a return to sects, count 20,000 works of all sizes; 6,000 the system of transportation. The last num- Romances and Novels; and more than 800 ber of Blackwood's Magazine contains an in- works of Travel. According to a calculation, teresting article on this subject from which the for which the authority of M. Didot's (the foregoing statements are complied.
publisher) name is given, the paper employed The Bonham Advertiser, published in Tex- than twice cover the surface of the 86 Depart
in the printing of all these works would more as, gives an account of a party numbering in all about eighty persons, who had been out on
ments of France. an exploring expedition to the Wachita moun- The debts of the various countries of Eutains in search of precious metals. They rope may be classed in round millions ; found, on a high prairie ridge, silver ore of ex- Great Britain, £860 ; France, 320; Holtraordinary richness, in quantities "apparent- land, 160 ; Russia and Poland, 110; Spain, 83,; ly inhaustible. There was also found in the Austria, 84; Prussia, 30; Portugal, 28 ; Nastreams of the Wachita country, considerable ples, 26 ; Belgium, 25; Denmark, 11 ; Sicily, quantities of gold, mingled with the sands. In 14 : Papal dominions, 13; Greece, 8 í Bavaconsequence of the unfriendly disposition of ria, 3; Frankfort, 1; Bremen, £600,000; the Wachita Indians, they were able only to Hamburgh, £1,400,000. Total, £1,785,000 succeed in ascertaining the general fact of the 000. Debts which are not enumerated £215, existence of gold and silver, and to obtain as 000,000. Grand total, £2,000,000,000. much as would serve as specimens.
IMPORT OF PROVISIONS FROM AMERICA.--Mr. According to a late census of South Caro- Gardner, the provision broker, gives the follina, the whole of the white inhabitants now lowing as the import into Liverpool alone, number 280,385, showing å gain in ten years months—26,000 tierces Beef, 37,000 barrels
from the United States, for the last twelve of 23,269.
Pork, 224,000 cwts. Bacon, 15,000 Hams, COMMERCE OF New York. The number of 50,000 barrels Lard, 100,000 boxes Cheese, vessels which arrived at New York from for- 8,600 firkins Butter. The value of the above eign countries during the last year, was 3,227; is £1,000,000 sterling. of which 1,973 were American, and 811 British. The number which arrived the prece- Liverpool to New York by the British mail
The number of passengers brought from gers last year was 221,799 ; in the preceding steamships during the past year, according to year 191,901.
ber arrived at Boston by the same conveyance, STATISTICS OF FRENCH LITERATURE.—It is 1,433. The average passage from New York calculated that, from January 1st, 1840, to to Liverpool was made in thirteen days and August 1st, 1849, there were issued from sixteen hours, and the average passage to the press in France, 87,000 new works, vo- Boston from Liverpool in twelve days and lumes and pamphlets; 3,700 reprints of ancient twenty-two hours. literature, and French classic authors; and
Thomas H. Fisher & Co. have erected, in 4,000 translations from modern languages. Lansingburg, New York, a manufactory, for one-third of the latter from the English, the the purpose of manuiacturing linen thread. It German and Spanish coming next in numbers, is the only one in the country. The machinery and the Portuguese and Swedish languages was imported from Leeds, England, and exhaving furnished the smallest contributions.
perienced workmen have been employed.
The Shakspeare Calendar ; or Wit and Wis , The Caravan; a collection of popular tales,
dom for every day in the year. Edited by translated from the German of Wilhelm WILLIAM C. RICHARDS. New York : George Hauff. By G. P. Quackenbos, A.M. IlusP. Putnam. 1850.
trated by J. W. ORR. New York: D. ApThis graceful little offering to the well-filled pleton & Company. 1850. shrine of the Great Bard, differs from other ** Calendars” only in this , that its notices of writer to introduce among us a better taste for
We hail this laudable effort of a popular events are illustrated solely and invariably by the better part of German Literature. Mr. passages from Shakspeare. Some of the pas- Quackenbos has executed his task in a mansages thus forced into compulsory juxtaposition with events appare ntly incongruous, display
ner worthy of himself, and the illustrations are wit as well as research on the part of the edi- creditable to the artist by whom they are tor. For instance, the fact of thirteen whales signed. The translator could not have made being driven ashore on the coast of England tales he has comprised in this collection and
a more judicious selection both as regards the on the same day is illustrated by the passage the author from whom he draws them. from Henry V :
Wilhelm Hauff is the most popular of Ger“ Send precepts to the Leviathan
man tale writers. He is a native of Stuttgard, To come ashore."
where, in his earlier years, he studied TheolOn other occasions, the Editor seizes an op- ogy. Strange, that at the source of ever-living portunity of indicating his opinion of noted truth, he should have contracted so insatiable public characters. He commemorates the death an appetite for fiction. His first appearance of Robert Walpole (March 18, 1745), by quot- as an author was in 1826, when he published ing King Lear
his Fairy Almanac for that year. The tales • Get thee glass eyes;
included in that series are for the most part And like a scurvy politician, seem
borrowed from other sources, but the fantastic To see the things thou dost not see."
yet natural manner in which they are told by
him atones for their want of originality.. EmSometimes, too, he even contrives to crowd boldened by his success, he published in the a volume of sound Political Economy into a following year, two different works of considsingle quotation, as, where after mentioning erable consequence, “The man in the moon," under its proper date (March 1st, 1845) the an- a playful satire or rather caricature, directed nexation of Texas, he cites the passage from against the sentimental style of novel-writing Cymbeline :
of the day, and Extracts from the memoirs of "You lay out too much pains Satan which may have furnished something For purchasing but trouble.”
besides a title to the work of Frederick Soulie,
called “ les Memoires du Diable." Since that Exercises on Greek Composition. Adapted to time he has continued an indefatigable author,
the First Book of Xenophon's Anatasis. By and may be considered as one of the most proJAMES R. Boise, Professor of Greek in Brown lific as well as popular of the modern writers. University. New York : Appleton & Com- We would express a hope that Mr. Quackpany, 200 Broadway. Philadelphia : George enbos will soon favor the English and AmerS. Appleton, 164, Chestnut Street. 1850. ican public with other gems from the same
mine. Professor Boise has prepared this elegant elementary work upon the plan of allowing the rules of Greek Composition, gradually to suggest themselves to the student's mind, in- Success in Life; a series of Books, six in numstead of crowding his memory, as is too often ber, each complete in itself. By Mrs. L. the case with abstruse enunciations of princi. C. Tuthill. New York : George P. Putples which he must master before he can possi
1850. bly understand them. This comparitively easy method he has elucidated in a plain yet skillful The series of Books of which the first nummanner, selecting Xenophon, that most flowing ber lies upon our table, will doubtless add to of Attic writers for his text. The execution of its author's already enviable reputation. She the work is equal to the design, and altogether purposes to address her pleasing didactics in will do credit to the high Institution which turns to the Merchant, the Lawyer, the Menumbers the author of this work among its chanic, the Artist, the Physician and the Farprofessors.
She doubtless had her own reasons,