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JOANNI MILTONI

L ON DIN ENSI,

Juveni patria, virtutibus eximio, VIRO qui multa peregrinatione, studio cuncta

orbis terrarum loca perspexit, ut novus Ulysses omnia ubique ab omnibus apprehenderet :

Polyglotto, in cujus ore linguæ jam deperditæ fic reviviscunt, ut idiomata omnia fint in ejus laudibus infacunda; Et jure ea percallet, ut admirationes et plausus populorum ab propria fapientia excitatos intelligat :

Illi, cujus animi dotes corporisque sensus ad admirationem commovent, et per ipsam motum cuique auferunt; cujus opera ad plausus hortantur,

, sed * venustate vocem laudatoribus adimunt.

Cui in memoria totus orbis ; in intellectu sapientia; in voluntate ardor gloriæ ; in ore eloquen

vaftitate. Edit, 1645.

tia; harmonicos cælestium fphærarum fonitus aftronomia duce audienti; characteres mirabilium naturæ per quos Dei magnitudo describitur magiftra philosophia legenti ; antiquitatum latebras vetustatis excidia, eruditionis ambages, comite assidua autotum lectione,

Exquirenti, restauranti, percurrenti.
At cur nitor in arduum ?

Illi in cujus virtutibus evulgandis ora Famæ non fufficiant, nec hominum stupor in laudandis fatis est, reverentiæ at amoris ergo hoc ejus meritis debitum admirationis tributum offert Carolus Datus * Patricius Florentinus,

Tanto homini fervus, tantæ virtutis amator.

* Carlo Dati, one of Milton's literary friends at Florence. See EPITAPH. DAMON. v. 137. Tickell and Fenton, who might have been taught better by Tonfon's previous editions, read, Carolus DeoDATUS, as if it was our author's friend Charles Deodate. See the next Note,

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Andem, chare, tuæ mihi pervenere tabellæ,

, Pertulit et voces nuncia charta tuas ; Pertulit, occidua Devæ Ceftrenfis ab ora

Vergivium prono qua petit amne salum.

# Charles Deodate was one of Milton's most intimate friends. He was an excellent scholar, and practiced physic in Cheshire. He was educated with our author at Saint Paul's school in London; and from thence was sent to Trinity college Oxford, where he was entered in the year 1621. He was a fellow-collegian there with Alexander Gill, another of Milton's intimate friends, who was successively Usher and Master of Saint Paul's school. Deodate, while bachelor of Arts, gave to Trinity college Library, Zuinglius's THEATRUM VITÆ HUMANÆ, in three volumes. He has a copy of Alcaics extant in an Oxfordcollection on the death of Camden, called CAMDENI INSIGNIA, Oxon. 1624. Toland says, that he had in his poffeffion two Greek letters, very well written, from Deodate to Milton. Two of Milton's fami. liar Latin letters, in the utmost freedom of friendship, are to Deo. date. Epist. Fam. Prose-works, vol. ii. 567.568. Both dated from London, 1637. But the beit, certainly the most pleasing, evi. dences of their intimacy, and of Deodate's admirable character, are our author's first and fixth Elegies, the fourth Sonnet, and the EpiTAPHIUM DAMONIS. And it is highly probable, that Deodate is the fimple fbepberd lad in COMUS, who is skilled in plants, and loved to Thear Thyrfis fing, v. 619. seq. He died in the year 1638. His father was originally of Lucca in Italy; but by his mother's fide, and in every other respect, he was an Englishman. He must not be confounded with Giovanni Deodati, a learned professor of theology at

Geneva, 5

Multum, crede, juvat terras aluiffe remotas
Pectus amans nostri, tamque

fidele

caput,

Geneva, with whom Milton contracted a friendship in his travels, and whose annotations on the bible were translated into English by the puritans.

This Elegy was written about the year 1627, in answer to a letter out of Cheshire from Deodate : and Milton seems pleased to reflect, that he is affectionately remembered at so great a distance, v.

V.5.
Multum, crede, juvat, TERRAS aluiffe REMOTAS
Pectus amans nostri, tamque fidele

caput. Our author was now residing with his father a scrivener in Bread. ftreet, who had not yet retired from business to Horton near Colne. brook.

I have mentioned Alexander Gill in this note. He was made Usher of Saint Paul's school about the year 1619, where Milton was his favourite scholar. He was admitted at fifteen, a commoner of Trinity college Oxford, in 1612. Here at length he took the degree of doctor in divinity. His brothers George and Nathaniel, were both of the same college, and on the foundation. In a book given to the Library there, by their father, its author, called the SACRED PHILOSOPHIE OF. THE HOLY SCRIPTURE, 1635, I find this inscription written by Alexander. “Ex dono authoris artium magiftri olim Collegii Corpo“ris Christi alumni, Patris Alexandri Georgii et Nathanaelis Gillo“ rum, qui omnes in hoc Studiosorum vivario literis operam dede" re. Tertio Kal. Junias, 1635.” This Alexander gave to the said Library, the old folio edition of Spenser's FAERIE QUEENE, Drayton's POLYOLBION by Selden, and Bourdelotius's Lucian, all having poetical mottos from the clallics in his own hand-writing, which shew his caste and track of reading. In the Lucian, are the Arms of the Gills, elegantly tricked with a pen, and coloured, by Alexander Gill. From Saint l'aul's school, of which from the Ushership he was appointed Master in 1635, on the death and in the room of his father, he sent Milton's friend Deodate to Trinity college Oxford. He continued Master five years only, and died in 1642. Three of Milton's familiar Latin Letters to this Alexander Gill are remaining, replete with the strongest testimonies of esteem and friendship. Wood says, "he was accounted one of the best Latin poets in the nation.” Ath. Oxon. ii. 22. Milion pays him high compliments on the excellence of his Latin poetry: and among many other cxprellions of the warmeft approbation calls his verses, “Carmina fane grandia, et majefta

tem vere poeticam, Virgilianumquc ubique ingenium, referentia," &c. See PROSE-WORKS, ii. 565.566.567. Two are dated in 1628, and the latt, 1634. Most of his Latin poetry is published in a small

volume,

Quodque mihi lepidum tellus longinqua sodalem

Debet, at unde brevi reddere jussa velit. Me tenet urbs reflua quam Thamesis alluit unda,

Meque nec invitum patria dulcis habet. Jam nec arundiferum mihi cura revisere Camum,

Nec dudum vetiti me laris angit amor.

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volume, entitled, Poetici CONATUS, 1632. 12mo. But he has other pieces extant, both in Latin and English. Wood had seen others in manuscript. In the church of faint Mary Magdalene at Oxford, in the neighbourhood of Trinity college, I have often seen a long prose Latin epitaph written by Gill to the memory of one of his old col. lege friends Richard Pates, master of Arts, which I should not have mentioned, but as it shews the writer's uncommon fill in lati. nity. He was not only concerned with saint Paul's school, but was an assistant to Thomas Farnabie, the school-master of King, Milton's LYCIDAS. He is said to have been removed from Saint Paul's school for his excessive severity. The last circumstance we learn from a satire of the times, “ Verses to be reprinted with a second edition of Gon.

a “ dibert, 1653." p.54. 57. Alexander Gill here mentioned, Milton's friend, seems to be sometimes confounded with his father, whose name was also Alexander, who was also maiter of Saint Paul's, and whose LOCONOMIA published in 1621, an ingenious but futile scheme to reform and fix the English language, is well known to our critical lexicographers.

9. Me tenet arbs reflua quam Thamefis alluit unda.] To have pointed out London by only calling it the city washed by the Thames, would have been a general and, a trite allusion. But this allusion by being combined with the peculiar circumstance of the reflux of the tide, becomes new, poetical, and appropriated. The adjective REFLUA is at once descriptive and distinctive. Ovid has “ refluum marc.” Metam. vii, 267.

Et oceani refLUUM marc lavit arenas. 12. Nec dudum veriti me Laris angit amor.] The words veriti Laris, and afterwards exilium, will not suffer us to determine otherwise, than that Milton was sentenced to undergo a temporary removal or rustication from Cambridge. I will not suppose for any immoral irregularity. Doctor Bainbridge, the Master, is reported to have been a very active disciplinarian: and this lover of liberty, we may presume, was as little disposed to submission and conformity in a college as in a state. When reprimanded and admonisbed, the pride of his temper,

impatient

quas

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