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which is the seat of life, consciousness, understanding, and affection. In this sense they are used, in a variety of forms, to express sincerity, real internal feelings, in contradiftinction from the outward expresions of them. In this last, as well as in the first-mentioned import of spirit and of soul, the word heart is often used; that is, it is used in the sense of self, and also to de. note the percipient and active principles of human nature, and thus it is sometimes contradistinguished from flesh. When it is said that the Spirit of God has done any thing, the fenfe is that God did it, and it may have been either by natural or by extraordinary means, in a natural or extraordinary manner. When God is said to have done any thing by his spirit, by the Spirit, it frequently signifies that he did it in or through the miracles which he wrought, in behalf of the gospel, or by its ministers, or upon its converts. When it is asked of God to send, to send down, to send forth his spirit for this or the other purpose, or that his spirit may do this or that, the sense is neither more nor less than that God would employ his power for these purposes, that he would do what is afked of him, in any manner whatsoever, or by any means that he uses or has instituted for the attainment of such ends. Spirit also sometimes
signifies the gospel and its spiritual worship, as distinguished from the law of Moses and its carnal ordinances.
TESTIMONY. Deposition, evidence, proof, token, indication. Testimony of, deposition, or report concerning. Testimonies of God, extraordi. nary declarations, or discoveries of his mind and will, whether precepts or promises; the word of God.
Time. Some small portion of duration as distinguished from eternity : the present life of man as distinguished from the immortality that he looks for : the duration of any being or system of beings that has or is supposed to have
Truth, in the language of scripture, signifies fidelity, rectitude, integrity : sometimes all the moral attributes of God: sometimes every thing good in the human character : sometimes the law of God: sometimes the gospel. True, is, sometimes, genuine, perfect, excellent.
Vain. Empty, flattering, deceitful ; groundless, unstable, unsteady, precarious, evanid,
transitory, transitory, not to be trusted to, relied on, or boasted in. When this life or this world is stiled vain, or qualified, as they often are in devotional writings, by other like terms, it should be remembered that they are so stiled, not absolutely, but in comparison with another and a better life and world for which we look. The idea which this term vain ought to excite in us, is not any thing inconsistent with a very important truth which ought to be kept in view, and carefully imprest' upon the mind, to wit, that in all ordinary circumstances this life, in this world, is in itself. a very valuable blessing; and, considered in its connections with a future state of being, is a gift of inexpressible and even infinite importance.
VALLEY OF THE SHADOW OF DEATH.
This and some similar expressions fignify not only scenes of death, but other scenes of
danger, or of deep affliction. In like manner, the terms to live, life, &c. denote, sometimes, not merely conscious being; but well-being, joy, happiness.
To UNITE. To coinbine into one thing; to direct towards one object; to engage in one bu
siness or pursuit. To unite the heart ; to bring all its affections under one influence; to collect all its force and vigor, and turn it on one point.
Ways of God. Sometimes, the conduct af God himself; his proceedings, dispensations, counsels: sometimes, the laws that he prescribes, or the means that he appoints, to direct and govern the conduct of his subjects.
A List of Terms and PHRASES interpreted in the foregoing EXPLICATION.
in spite of Redemption
Gospel, to preach Righteousness
Saints - saves
Sin, to be made
Make beart fincere
Son of God
Children of God
Vain. Vanity of this life Elect
to be the of Valley, shadow of death Exemplar
Presence of God Unite the beart
Ways of God
In the graves
Under CHRIST, after the word prescribes, p. XVII. 1. 13. In correspondence also with this mode of speaking; to receive the hope of life from Chrift, is to live by or thro' him. To live to, has a different meaning; it signifies, sometimes, to shape our conduct in such manner as to do honor to; sometimes, perhaps, to be known to live, by him to whom we are said to live.
Under Day. Day of wrath, season, conjuncture, period, event, in which God, in his providence, manifests his displeasure against fin.
Under God. With God, not perceived or understood by men ;, not known, manifested, or discovered to them.
Under Hell. Child of hell, incorrigibly or finguJarly wicked, an object of God's displeasure, who has treafured up to himself wrath against the day of wrath.
Devil. Calumniator, perfecutor, adversary, fatan : figurative principle of evil, as of sickness, insanity, temptation, vice, &c. Angels of the devil, causes or instruments of evil, of pain, of vice, conceived of as subordinate to a superior principle of evil, and as ministring to his will: evil men. To have a devil, to be mad, to be difeased See Foe.
SATAN. See Devil, Foe.
Day of wrath.
Add to the List, p. XLII. Chrift, to live thro', to live to.
Angels of With God.
to have a. Child of hell.