Introduction. The nature of corporations. Ecclesiastical corporations. Feudalism and corporations. Municipalities. Gilds. Educational and eleemosynary corporations. V. 2. Educational and eleemosynary corporations (continued) National England. Regulated companies. Regualated exclusive companies. Joint-stock companies. Colonial companies. Legal view of corporations. Modern corporations
G. P. Putnam's sons, 1905
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abbot activity aldermen appear assistants association authority became become bishop body called cathedral century chancellor charter Christianity Church colleges common companies congregation considered constitution corporations council courts craft distinct duties early ecclesiastical economic elected element enforced England English exercise existence extent feudal four functions gild given granted growth halls head held History houses important increased independence individual industry institutions interest Italy King land largely later learning less limited livery living London masters mayor meetings membership merchant gild merely monasteries monastic monks municipal necessary officers ordinances organization origin Oxford particular period persons Pope powers present privileges reason regulation relations religious representative result Roman royal rule scholars schools separate social society statutes structure thirteenth tion town townsmen trade unit University usually wardens
Seite 25 - CORPORATION, or a body politic, or body incorporate, is a collection of many individuals united into one body, under a special denomination, having perpetual succession under an artificial form, and vested, by the policy of the law, with the capacity of acting, in several respects, as an individual...
Seite 142 - And whereas this Gild was founded by folks of common and middling rank, it is ordained that no one of the rank of Mayor or Bailiff shall become a brother of the Gild, unless he is found to be of humble, good, and honest conversation, and is admitted by the choice and common assent of the bretheren and sisteren of the Gild.
Seite 22 - D'Awtry, a member of the same society, living in Broad-street, being two of those Physicians that were presented by the College to the Lord Mayor and Court of Aldermen of the City of London...
Seite 15 - The law therefore has wisely ordained, that the parson, quatenus parson, shall never die, any more than the king : by making him. and his successors a corporation. By which means all the original rights of the parsonage are preserved entire to the successor : for the present incumbent, and his predecessor who lived seven centuries ago, are in law one and the same person ; and what was given to the one was given to the other also.
Seite 189 - And if any one of the said trade shall have work in his house that he cannot complete, or if for want of assistance such work shall be in danger of being lost, those of the said trade shall aid him, that so the said work be not lost.
Seite 81 - ... contemplated only as the beginning of a higher and happier life. She knows that a person in this state is no object of contempt. He may be vulgar, ignorant, visionary, extravagant ; but he will do and suffer things which it is for her interest that somebody should do and suffer, yet from which calm and soberminded men would shrink.
Seite 34 - A corporation is a body of persons upon whom the state has conferred such voluntarily accepted but compulsorily maintained relations to one another and to all others that as an autonomous, self-sufficient and self-renewing body they may determine and enforce their common will, and in the pursuit of their private interest may exercise more efficiently social functions both specially conducive to public welfare and most appropriately exercised by associated persons.
Seite 204 - It is ordained that all the misteries of the city of London shall be lawfully regulated and governed, each according to its nature in due manner, that so no knavery, false workmanship, or deceit shall be found in any manner in the said misteries ; for the honour of the good folks of the said misteries, and for the common profit of the people.
Seite 184 - ... master, until the said master and his servant or man had come to an agreement ; by reason whereof the masters in the said trade have been in great trouble, and the people left unserved ; it is ordained, that from henceforth, if there be any dispute moved between any master and his man in the trade, such dispute shall be settled by the wardens of the trade. And if the man who shall have offended, or shall have badly behaved himself towards his master, will not submit to be tried before the said...