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monthly turns, shall teach the publick schools, according to the rules hereafter prescribed.
That all the professors shall be equal in all respects (except precedency, choice of lodging, and such-like privileges, which shall belong to seniority in the college); and that all shall be masters and treasurers by annual turns; which two officers, for the time being, shall take place of all the rest, and shall be " arbitri duarum mensarum.”
That the master shall command all the officers of the college, appoint assemblies or conferences upon occasion, and preside in them with a double voice; and in his absence the treasurer, whose business is to receive and disburse all monies by the master's order in writing (if it be an extraordinary), after consent of the other professors.
That all the professors shall sup together in the parlour within the hall every night, and shall dine there twice a-week (to wit, Sundays and Thursdays) at two round tables, for the convenience of discourse; which shall be for the most part of such matters as may improve their studies and professions; and to keep them from falling into loose or unprofitable talk, shall be the duty of the two urbitri mensarum, who may likewise command
of the servant scholars to read to them what he shall think fit, whilst they are at table: that it shall belong likwise to the said arbitri menfarum only to invite strangers; which they shall rarely do, unless they be men of learning or great parts, and shall not invite above two at a time to one table, nothing being more vain and unfruitful than numerous meetings of acquaintance.
That the professors resident shall allow the college twenty pounds a-year for their diet, whether they continue there all the time or not.
That they shall have once a-week an assembly, or conference, concerning the affairs of the college, and the progress of their experimental philosophy.
That, if any one find out any thing which he conceives to be of consequence, he shall communicate it to the assembly, to be examined, experimented, approved, or rejected.
That, if any one be author of an invention that may bring-in profit, the third part of it shall belong to the inventor, and the two other to the society; and besides, if the thing be very considerable, his statue or picture, with an elogy under it, shall be placed in the gallery, and made a denison of that corporation of famous men.
That all the professors shall be always assigned to some particular inquisition (besides the ordinary course of their studies), of which they shall give an account to the assembly ; so that by this means there may be every day some operation or other made in all the arts, as chemistry, anatomy, mechanicks, and the like; and that the college shall furnish for the charge of the operation.
That there shall be kept a register under lock and
key, and not to be seen but by the professors, of all the experiments that succeed, signed by the persons who made the trial.
That the popular and received errors in experimental philosophy (with which, like weeds in a neglected garden, it is now almost all over-grown) shall be evinced by trial, and taken notice of in the publick lectures, that they may no longer abuse the credulous, and beget new ones by consequence or similitude.
third year (after the full settlement of the foundation) the college shall give an account in print, in proper and ancient Latin, of the fruits of their triennial industry.
That every professor resident shall have his scholar to wait upon him in his chamber and at table ; whom he shall be obliged to breed up in natural philosophy, and render an account of his progress to the assembly, from whose election he received him, and therefore is responsible to it, both for the care of his education and the just and civil usage of him.
That the scholar shall understand Latin very well, and be moderately initiated in the Greek, before he be capable of being chosen into the service; and that he shall not remain in it above seven years.
That his lodging shall be with the professor whom he serves.
That no professor shall be a married man, or a divine, or lawyer in practice; only physick he may be allowed to prescribe, because the study of that art is a great part of the duty of his place, and the duty of that is so great, that it will not suffer him to lose much time in mercenary practice.
That the professors shall, in the college, wear the habit of ordinary masters of art in the universities, or of doctors, if any of them be so.
That they shall all keep an inviolable and exemplary friendship with one another; and that the assembly shall lay a considerable pecuniary mulct upon any one who shall be proved to have entered so far into a quarrel as to give uncivil language to his brother-professor ; and that the perseverance in any enmity shall be punished by the governors with expulsion,
That the chaplain shall eat at the master's table (paying his twenty pounds a-year as the others do); and that he shall read prayers once a-day at least, a little before supper-time; that he shall preach in the chapel every Sunday morning, and catechise in the afternoon the scholars and the school-boys; that he shall every month administer the holy sacrament; that he shall not trouble himself and his auditors with the controversies of divinity, but only teach God in his just commandments, and in his wonderful works.
THAT the school may be built so as to contain about two hundred boys.
That it be divided into four classes, not as others are ordinarily into six or seven; because we suppose that the children sent hither, to be initiated in things as well as words, ought to have past the two or three first, and to have attained the age of about thirteen years, being already well advanced in the Latin grammar, and some authors.
That none, though never so rich, shall pay any thing for their teaching; and that, if any professor shall be convicted to have taken any money in consideration of his pains in the school, he shall be expelled with ignominy by the governors; but if any persons of great estate and quality, finding their sons much better proficients in learning here, than boys of the same age commonly are at other schools, shall not think fit to receive an obligation of so near concernment without returning some marks of acknowledgment, they may, if they please (for nothing is to be demanded), bestow some little rarity or curiosity upon the society, in recompence of their trouble.
And, because it is deplorable to consider the loss which children make of their time at most schools, employing, or rather casting away, six or seven