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vious to the 23d of November. But after all this, the volt article of the Treaty of Amiens comes to be considered, and it is found importile to carry it into effect. It is discovered that the general interests of the guaranteeing powers, of all Europe, and of Great Britain in particular, render the execution of its under existing circumstances, totally impollible.

Ministers knew all this before the 22d of lorember, and de ermined to act upon it, and fill the country was led to indulge the fallacious hope of peace. On the ewentyfeventh of April, 1802, a Madrid Gazette had announced the annexation of the poffeffions of Malta in Spain by the Government of that country; was not that a cause why the treaty could not be executed? But on the 22d of Augustine noble Secretary writes to the French Government, informing it that if the guaranteeing powers could be induced 10 accede to the wishes of both Governments respecting Malta, there could be no further difficullies in the way of peace ; anit This was done at a time when sufficient ground for hostility had Iring before occurred, and when Ministers knew that even t'ie roth article of the treaty could not be carried into effect. He would come. now 10 Switzerland, and see what had occurred. Before the 23d of September Mr. Moore was ne. goiaring at Constance. Was ihal a monient for Ministers io come down and loll the country into an almost faial secu. rily, when they had also known the policy that was to be observed relative to the States of the Empire, and that the Stadtholder would not be indemnified? On the oth of February his vlews on Egypt, on Turkey, and on India, were known; the resources, the wealih, the commerce of this country in the East were to be cut off; Tuskey was to be dismembered, dismembered at least in part, and of this Miniliers were in poffe Ilion long before that communication of his Majesty's Ministers on the 8th of March. He would not go into the question, of how far it was adviseable or politic for this country to engage in the support of the inde. pendence of Switzerland, or whether the circumstances of Europe were such as to make it an object that should be pura Imed at the Itazard of renewing war ; but he would consider The conduct of Ministers iowards ir, and prove their inconfilency and weakness. On the 13th of July the Canions of Switzerland remonftraled againit the oppreffion they enduted; on the 12'h of Seplember they were in arms; and on the 12 h of October, Mr. Merry writes that a Swiss depury had applied to him for the interference of England,


and on the 10th of Oa. Ministers remonstrated to M. Oito. What the answer was, we are not told, or whether there was any. But there undoubledly was an answer, and the molt insolent that was ever given to the Minifters of any country; they were told that they should have nothing to do

with the Continent; they should have the benefit of the Treaty of Amiens and nothing more. On the very day that this iusuliing answer was received, Mr. Moore set off with his initructions, and on the 23d of O&tober arrived at his destination. He had scarcely stepped out of his carriage when he was informed shat the Diet had withdrawn, and scarcely had he recovered from his fa:igne and altonifhment, when on the 25th Ministers let him know that he might come home. Is not this inconsiitent conduct, a severe refleâion on the government and character of this country? No answer was ever given to the Swiss depuiy in Paris. On the inth of March Talleyrand tells Lord Whitworth that on the evacuation of Malta by the English troops depended either peace or war, and that the Treaty of Amiens most be strictly executed. Was this information Ministers were not prepared to receiver Did they not know long since that it would be impofsible to execute it? And yet with all the grounds of war, which he had already stated, arising out of the infulis, ambition, and the infraáion of the treaty, Ministers did present an ultimatun as incapable of being executed on any permanent groupds, or with any hope of removing the fe, yerith uncertainty which had pervaded the country, and de, pressed the spirit of commercial enterprise. What was this ulidaium? That this country thall keep possession of Malia for ten years, during which tiine we shall be colonizing and. improving Lampedosa, and enlarging iis harbours; and at the expiration of that term we Thail be requited withine sovereigniy of that invaluable island, which would be the Iesort, noi of seamen, but of sea-gulls. On the subject of the press I do feel like an Englishman, and hope England will never be reduced to the necefily of regulaiing it to grauify any power. But when the insult respecting it was offered - for I will call it the groftest insult he could offerano was there any remonstrance presenied? was his insolence Tepelled with that firmness and indignation which should be fel by every Englishman? Next comes the demand that the French Nobles shall be deportator to Canada---is not this still more degrading? What opinion can he entertain of Minila. {sts so whom he could make such an application? Whai!

they shall nor dare even to wear their badges of diftin&ionthose honourable rewards of services rendered to their crontry, or the memorial perhaps of illustrious ancestors. Here, the noble Lord reaŭ ihe answer transmitted by our Govern. ment; and asserted that it conceded 100 much. He concluded with observing, that it was manifest from the documents and papers submitted to the House, that his Majesty's Minira Adrs had seen from the first moment that the treaty could not be executed; and he would not hefiate, therefore, to say, that they had Mamefully sported with the feelings of the country, deluded it with falle hopes, and abused its generosity. He charged them with not havirg remonfirated with the decision and energy which shovid characterize ine Ministers of this great nation. But he hoped, that after having the fad experience of two years of peace, as they were called, no person would be found so degraded as to sacrifice any Jonger at the thrine of such Ministers; especially at this moment, when every thing which was held most dear and sacred may be at issue in che conieft.

Mr. Il bheule regretter that the hon. Gentleman (Colonel Parren) Thould have directed his arrack so pointedly against Ministers, or impule to them motives by which they were pot acluated. It was stated, that gross misrepresentations had been circulated respecting certain Members who had been in oppofition: that they were charged with luiting for power, by the ministerial prints; and by inference, that ihese calumnies originaled with the Administration itself: he would boldly say, that his Majesty's Ministers had always given the opposition credit for their integrity, for the purity of their principles, and for their patriotism. As to the charges exhibited against them he would undertake to say, they would prove to be unfounded: the first was, having neglected to come to the House from rime rorime, and communicate the disposition of the French Government, as it wag progressively developed in the course of the negotiation, and every act of aggrellion juft as it had occurred. It appeared to him that they came precisely at the rime they could, and that they would have been highly reprehensible if they made the communication fooner True, they might have experienced a great deal to irritate and disfatisfy them; nay, they inight receive fufficient provocarion, were they in yield to their feelings, to break off the negotiation, and recal their Ambassador; but do they not deserve applaule instead of censure for Tuppressing thusefeelings and their indignation, and


for waiting until they had unequivocal ground for going to war. If they came to Parliament and told how the liberty of the press was attacked, how this palladium (when properly regulated) of English liberty, was menaced with destruction; if they referred to Parliament the demand which was made relative to the transportation of the emigrant nobles, and their previous degradation, by not allowing them to wear their badges, would it not be said, “ You come here to disturb the harmony which would otherwise exist between both countries ; you mean to rekindle war under any pretence.”—He denied that the Minister had, on the 230 Sep• . tember, used the language attributed to him; on the contrary, his Majesty's speech contained these words, or words to the same import: “ It is necessary to look with vigilance at what hall take place on the continent,” &c. alluding most certainly to those occurrences which it was deemed impolitic then to notice in a more open manner. What more could his Majesty's Ministers do? When they were required to send the Princes out of this country, they answered with firmness and moderation, “ We shall make arrangements to remove those who are really obnoxious, and whose con. duct is reprehensible.” But not complying to the full extent, was a cause of war with Bonaparte and not with his Majesty's Government. We were called upon to submit to regulations of our Press.--The Ministers replied, that they would not. This surely was cause for recommencing hostifirỳ on the part of France. And, because she did not do so, are his Majesty's Ministers to incur the charge of timidity, irresolution and inconsistency? But this, I think, is the proper time for us, when Bonaparte has violated the treaty, when he tells us authoritatively we shall evacuate Malta. He feli the full force and effect of many observations made by the honourable Members who had preceded him, but not one surely more than that which recommended unanimity and spirit; in that recommendation he did most hearily concur; and trusted that every consideration of a private nalure would be postponed to the general interest and the safety of the country.

Sir William Young fully coincided in the sentiments which had been avowed from all sides of the House, touching the aggreslionary and hostile spirit of the French Government, marked towards this country, in every quarter of the globe, from the Treaty of Amiens to the present hour. This principle was evinced in the exertion of her power and influence Vol. IV. 1802-3,


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Lo exclude our manufactures from every country in Europe under her controul, in the wanton and rapacious seizure and confiscation of our ships in her poris, in her conduct to, wards British subjects at Martinique, on the surrender of that ifand, whom it obliged to quit the island, and all connexion therein, and fell off all their goods for what they would bring by a certain day~all marked her rooted and determined spirit of hoftility, which would allow this country to view that Government only in the light of an implacable enemy, bent on our ultimate destruction. At the conclusion of the former war, a commercial treaty had been formed with France, under the auspices of a right hon. Gentleman, then Chancellor of the Exchequer, which was hailed by this country. Under the present Administration, it did not appear that any such arrangement had been attempted, though it might have been done with so much reciprocal advantage to the commerce and mutual amity of both. To such an arrangement the First Consul had marked his averfion; and, in his mind, the true policy of this country to be adopted towards France, was to view it as a great military republic, headed by a man too formidable and too eminent in enterprize, to be despised or dir. regarded ; a man who, when he came to put into action his real designs, would not be found intoxicated with loose, vague, and undigefted projects, but prepared to follow up his real plans with the most determined and desperate spirit. We must therefore be prepared against his attempts. It was of the very nature of a military republic to find constant employment for its troops ; without ihis it must cease to exist ; and thus, so long as France retained this form, it was inmaterial whether Bonaparte, Moreau, or who else might be at her head ; it would be her policy to vomit forth her troops upon every surrounding nation, which offered them enierprizes to interest their avarice or ambition. He concluded by voting for the resolutions.

Mr. Fonblanque said, that he had applied himself with the most anxious attention to the consideration of the papers which had been presented to the House and felt the most lively pleasure in being able to congratulate the House and himself, that Ministers are able to redeem the pledge they had given. The ihird charge urged against them is a serious one indeed not that they withheld communications, but ihat they held forth delusive hopes: if they did so, they have forfeited every claim to confidence ; but he had not heard ihe charge substantiated. What were the aggressions? Would


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