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729 thanks to return to the right honourable Gentlemas for any candour he had shewn, as to that part of the bill which he had the greatest objedion to, he hoped he should be excused if he made a few observations on the subject. He obę jected to this bill, in so far as it seemed to introduce a new principle in making a dilinction on the taxes to be charged in one part of the empire more than another. He was well aware that what might be oppressive to Ireland might not be fo to England; and he was imprell d with the idea, that there ought to be no cifference bublifting betwixt these two parts of the Britith dominions, in respect to trade and navi. gation. The laying taxes on one part, and leaving the other exempted, was obvioutly prejudicial to that equality in irade which ought to fubfift, according to the articles of the Union. He was far from wishing to extend a tax to Ireland, which might be reckoned in any degree oppreslive; but he withed that the trade of the country should he put upon an equal fooring. If, however, it be said that the trade of Ireland requires some encouragement which this country does not, he hould not be against allowing it, whough he could vot ihink that such could poflibly follow as a mar: er of right. He would alk, what. advantage has the trade of England received from the Union with Ireland ? [Here he begged leave 10 sead part of the Act of Union, relative to the equality in point of navigation and commerce, which went io shew that he encouragement given to the one was always 'o be pripurtioned to that of The other ] He did not intend to deny, that there might not be a difference of taxes in ihe 'wo countries, upon any other subject than commerce and navigation. If fuch a disparity was lawful in regard to Ireland, Scotland might, with equal propriery, claim the same privilege of exemption, not withstanding the articles of Union, by which it was agreed that all subjects of the united Kingdom hould have free intercourse with the british settlements, except where it was expressly agreed to the contrary. The principle on which ihis bill proceeded was not new; for he seinein. bered that no later than lalt year the same thing was attemple ed, with respect to ibe duty of exports and impetis. Ir was then said, ihai Ireland was exeinpied from the exiension of that principle, and a right hoo. Gentleman, not now in his place, came to the House for the purpose of defending that measure ; but he foon acknowledged that it was in proper, and unjustifiable; and the Chancellor of the ExVOL. I V.1802-3



chequer was convinced of its abfurdity; and all those who supported the principle, were thus obliged to give a negalive to what they had thus brought forward themselves. A right hon. Gentleman had observed, that any alteration in the proposed tax would not only be prejudicial to Ireland, but even to his constiilienis but for his part. he could not conceive how the latter could possibly be affecteil, since all fins from England to Ireland are considered as coasters, and are exempted from the tax, so that this country could nne be injured. The only question he wished ar present to have deierinined was, whether or not the trade of une country could have such a tax imposed upon it as to prove in any Telpert injurious to the other; and he begged, therefore, to submie to the House the following resolution :

“That there thould be an initruction given to the Committee on the present bil, to extend the tonnage duty on the importation of any ar:icle of commerce brought into the ports of Great Britain, equally to Ireland, according to the oth article of the Union."

The Speaker observed, that such a motion as the one which the hon. Member had just now made could not be accepted of in the present stage of the business, as the purpose of it went to impose a duty which does not now exilt, and which could only be done by the Committee upon the bill previous to the Committee of the whole Houfe.

General Gascoyne was still inclined to think that his motion ought to be received, even in the present stage of the bill. He could not, besides, understand upon what principle the framers of the bill had proceeded. when they proposed to Jay a duty of only 6s. a ton on importation into the port of London, while they made the duty into the outports amount to upwards of ten times as much, being no less than 31. 145. He ihought that such a step would be perfectly impolitic, and a complete innovation.

The Chancellor of the Exchequer said, that he perceived the hon. Gentleman was extremely defirous to bring forward his motion, while the Speaker was fill in the chair, but he begged leave to inform him, that such an instruction never was proposed on any former occalion. It was no less than an inflruction to a Commiitce not to perlift in that which the House bad formerly adopted, although the bill had now reached to the present stage, and was about to go into à Coinmittee of the whole House. Whenever the question comes to be put with regard to the amount of the duty on the whole importation, then it would be open to the hon. Gentleman to propose that there Mould be an alteration in the duty about io be imposed on wine imported into London, and that imported into any of the out-poris.


The House then refolved itself into a Committee of the whole House, when the bill was distinctly canvalled, paragraph by paragraph, and the chairinan (Mr. Alexander) reporied progress. The report was ordered to be received the next morning.

The Chancellor of the Exchequer gave notice, that he would next day move for a Committee of the whole House, for the purpose of imposing an additional duty on foreign porcelain imported into this country. It was, he said, in contemplation to raise the duty on that article to such an amouni, as to prove an effe&ual discouragement to its importation, so as to encourage our home manufacture.

The House to resolve itself into a Committee of the whole House next day, in order further io conlider so much of his Majelty's speech on the 23d of November as related to mercaniile transactions.

The Irilh-thips burning bill was read a first time, and ore dered to be read a second time the next day.

The bribery oath bill was ordered to be read a third time on Tuesday following.

The Committee of ways and means was postponed to Munday following

Resolved, “That the House resolve itself into a Commitfee of the whole House on the East India thips bill the next day."

Adjourned till the next day.


SATURDAY, JUNE 11. The Royal Assent was given by commission to fixty-one bills, among which the only ones of importance were the country's defence bill, the land-tax consolidation bill, the Irith Courts bill, the indemnity bill, the Scotch school-malters' bill, and Markham's divorce bill. The commissioners were Lords Auckland, Walfingham, and the Lord Chancellor.

The Scorch emigrants bill was read a third time and passed, together with the bill for affording additional security to trade during ihe war, S 2


The other bills on the table were forwarded in their re. spective stages. Adjourned


! SATURDAY, JUNE II. The Usher of the Black Rod desired the immediate attente ance of the House in the House of Peers, to hear the Royal Affent given by commiflion to several public and private bills

The Speaker, attended by feveral Members, accordingly proceeded to the Upper House

A meflage from the Lords inform the House their Lord. fhips had agreed to the bill for prote&ting the irade of the Unied Kingdom during the war with France; and the Scotch emigrant bill.

Mr. Vanlittart gave notice, that on Monday his right hon, Friend, the Chancellor of the Exchequer, would, in the Committee of Supply, bring forward a plan for consolidating the duties of Excife-and at the same rime it was his inien. tion to move for leave to bring in a bill for encouraging foreign seamen to enter into ihe navad service of this country.

The Houfe resolved itself into a Committee on that part of his Majesty's speech of the 230 November, which related to the accominodation and faciliiics to be afforded 10 Irade.

Mr. l'anfittart observed, that the Committee must be aware that there were certain articles which could be regulared by the Committee on the bill, without a previous Com. millee. At present, he had only two articles with which he should trouble the Committee; they related to imporis from the Ealt Indiesthe one was China-ware, and ihe other opium. It was proposed to augment the duties upon those articles. With regard to opium, it was suspected that it began to be used for the purpose of adulteraring beer. It was even said that, in consequence of ihe prohibition of opium in China, it was likely to becoine an article of speculation in this country. He proposed an adetitional dury of 8ol. on every cool. real value of China-ware, imported into this country by the East-india Company- and on every pound of opium imported, an addisional dury of 55. with a drawback of 6s, on exportation, and a duty of 12s. 6d. 3 every pound of opium imported from the Levant, not the place of its natural growth, with a drawback of 7s. on expor


lo was pro

tarjon. He added, that in the bill which had passed last year, relative to brewers, every possible care had been taken to prevent the adulteration of that necessary article. vided, that every brewer, in whofe poffeffion any op uin fhould be found, thould pay a penalty of gool.

Mr. Pattison observed, thas the right hon Gentleman had brought forward a charge of a very serious nature against the brewers. He was connected with persons of great respecs tability in thai line, and he never had heard of such, a praca tice. He wished the right hon. Genıleinan would stale some fact--the characters of ihe brewers were al-Itake, if such an alleriion was suffered to pass current.

Mr. Vanhitart said, he was far frøm bringing a general charge. He did not wish to implicate those who were of the defcription the hon. Member had alluded to--but cerrainly, it was strongly suspected that the practice of ufing opium had commenced. It was highly necellary to check and prevent it.

Mr. Pattison said, he wilhed it was in his power to give an: infort.ation on the subject. He feared it would be very difficult to obtain any. Opium was a drug so easily recreted, that nothing was more eafy than to escape detection. --He felt much for those gentlemen who carried on business fairiy and honourably. Sure he was, there was no necesity for using destructive drugs on the contrary, it was inore particularly unpardonable at the present moment for the ingredients ufed in brewing were at a price which enabled the brewers not only to make a good and wholesome commodity, but to do so at a fair profit. He wilhed the penalty for ulirg opium, or oculus indicus, which was equally pernicious, was extended.

Mr. Panfittait said, the penalty was sopl. for using any etrug whatever.

Mr. Pastifon wished the penalty was 5,000l.

The resolutions were agreed to, and the report was ordered to be received on Monday.

The report of the aflessed tax bill was brought up, ore dered to be taken into further consideration on Monday se'n. night, and in the mean time printed.

The report of the assessed tax consolidation bill was brought vp, ordered to be taken into further conlideration on Monday Se'nnight, and in the mean time, printed. Mr. Alexander brought up the report of the Committee of


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