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verely censured the system of raising a supplementary militia for defensive, instead of a standing army for offensive operations.
The Chancellor of the Exchequer said, that notwithstanding the very high authority of that name, which was fub fcribed to the letter just now read by the learned Gentle-, man, it was very soon afterwards proved, that from the supplementary militia we derived those mears of exertion, by which this country derived, in India and elsewhere, those advantages which had added so much to its glory and its interests. He did not by any means intend to enter at length into the subject of the various arguments used by the right hon. Gentleman, but he wished the House to un derstand diftin&tly the point at issue between him and his Majesty's Ministers. This was the number of men to be obtained by this means, without prejudice to the recruiting the regular army. An hon. Gentleman, who had spoken early in the debate, had said, that he would have been content with 30,000, in order not to impede the railing recruits for the regular army; but this was really a vague furmise, for it had been incontestibly shewn by his right hon. Friend, that the progress of the recruiting service was nearly as great during the last three months as ever it was at any former period. What, therefore, was the deduction to be drawn from the speech of the right hon. Gentleman? No other than this; that it called on Government to put out of their hands at fuch a critical conjuncture as this, the best means of providing for the defence and security of the country; for it was a fact well established, that when the militia was kept up at its largett amount, there never was a period in which men could be raised in greater numbers; and, on the contrary, when 25.000 mi. litia were disbanded in Ireland, it had not the effect of re. cruiting to any confiderable degree the regular army; whicia is a very strong proof that they do not interfere with cach other. The House had been advited by the right hon, Gentleman, and the hon. Member who followed hini, to reject the measure ; and the reason for this extraordinary proceeding was, that there was no other means of faving the country, but by reforting to compulsory means. He al. fured the House, that no man in this country was willing, or could be willing to go further than ine would for its de fence and protection, but he could not agree that men, wlio were to be called on for the defence of this country, should be forced to serve in any part of the hottile glube, where their services might be required--such a proceeding, he thought, could not fail to produce what the right hon. Gentleman says the present measure will most assuredly produce-universal discontent and avertion. There was at present in the kingdom a larger regular force than had ever been at the commencement of any war; the militia amounted to 90,000 men, to these he proposed to add 50,000; besides, there was a very large and most respectable body of yeomanry, which was of seven or eight years ftanding, and to all these was to be added the volunteer cerps. When he reflected on all these conftitutional means of defence, he could not without abhorrence, think of recurring to the unheard-of means the abominable principle in a free Government of recurring to the measure of a confcription, and thereby putting this free country on the same lamentable footing with that which was governed by the execrable tyrant, whole ambitious views and continually repeated aggressions, had compelled us to have occafion to recur to the means proposed by the present bill. The right hon. Gentleman had spoken at confiderable length on the criminal remiffness of the present administration: be denied the justice of the accusation, and would never consent to liften to the charge without repelling it; and he had no hesitation in declaring that it was a weak and groundless calumny. From the period of the peace every attention had been paid by his Majesty's Ministers to keep up the most respectable force that could be devised for the safety and defence of the empire, and for that purpose not a single company of the regular forces had been disbanded. The speech of the right hon. Gentleman had accused his Majesty's Ministers of Numbering and fleeping, but he thought he had no occafion to go further than to the votes of Parliament, and the journals of the House to repel so foul a charge. He confeffed that he had liftened to the speech of the right hon. Gentleman with the greatest surprite, and with feelings also which he would not then name. He disdained, he said, to make any concealment of our circumfiances: the people of this country loved truth, and from him they should always have it; but le.equally disdained to sink or droop their spirits, by drawing a picture of their situation in colours of exaggeration. He disdained to alarm them, as the right hon. Gentleman wished to do, with the idea of foon seeing the enemy in the environs of the capital. With the hearts of the people in our favour, he was assured we had the means of rendering the country impreg.
nable, and he could conlider the opposition to this bill as tending only to dettroy the credit, fpirit, and independence of the country. He was pullively confident of our ability to b.iffle the efforts of all our tues, and he would Rever for a moment fubmit to the idea, that we should owe our lafety to the forbearance of the First Consul, or even of all Europe combined. He was determined to take the most easy and evideat means to latisfy the people of this.Country, that if they choule to be fute, it is in their power to be fo; and to evince to all burope, that if they are determined to attack us, they will find us prepared ai all points to repel their attack, and to thew the world, that in a jutt cause like ours, the people of this county will brave every dan. ger, and pre er an honourable death, to the alternative of fubmiting to the arbitrary mandates of the greatest tyrant that ever by his deuds dilgraced the pages of modern hiftory.
Mr. Elliott explained.
M. Johnsione itated, that it was his intention to offer his Sentiments very fully upon this lubject on a future stage of the bill.
Sir W. Geary approved of the principle advanced by the right hon. Gentleman (the Chancellor of the Exchequer), that the country was quite competent to its own defence against any possible conbination of powers, but strongly recommended that no measure thould be returted to, inconfiftent with the principles of the conttitution, or ungrateful to the feelings of the people,
The bill was read a second time and committed, as the Secretary at War ftated, pro forma, and, upon the report being received, it was ordered to be taken into farther confideration on Monday next, and to be printed.
A mellage fiom the Lords stated their Lordiliips' affens to the twelve millions luun bill, tie cuftos duty bill, and the bill for the better fupply of mariners.
On the motion of the Chancellor of ihe Exchequer, the Houst refolved into a Cuminii(te on the afl fled tuxe's cone Colidation bill; and, on the propotition of the right hon. Gentleman, claufes were adopted that, upon one traveller employed by any mercantile boufe, a tax of 21. 2s. Thould be laid; and upon every traveller, more than one, 31. 35. Upon every book-keeper, whole Salary Thall be under 201. a year, 11. 15. and above that, 21. 25. Upon every shopVOL. IV, 1802-3. T:
man, warehouseman and porter, il. 1s.-For every waiter employed in a tavern or inn, 21. excepting occasional waiters.
After these clauses had been received, the House resumed, and the report was ordered to be brought up the next day.
The House liaving gone into a Committee on the Irish corn trade bill,
Mr. Hlutchinson expressed his dissatisfaction at some of the provisions of ihis bill, but said he ihould take occalion aç another time to state his objections, and to bring the cale of the Irish tapners before the House.
The lith militia transfer bill, and the medicine duty bill, were read a third time and pailed, : Mr. Alexander brought up the report of the Committee of ways and means relpecting the Irish budget; and it was ordered that it should be an instruction to the Gentleinen appointed to bring in a bill relative to the lith excise, to make provision pursuant to the resolutions contained in the said report.
The additional excise bill was read a fecond time, and committed for the next day,
The other orders of the day were postponed, and the House adjourned.
HOUSE OF LORDS.
FRIDAY, JUNE 24.' The loan bill, and twenty-one other public bills, and twenty-one private bills, in all forty-three bills, received the royal affent by commiffion. The commisioners were, the Lord Chancellor, Lord Walfingham, and Lord Alvanley.
One bill returned, was brought up by message from the Commons, 'being agreed to by that honourable House.
Several bills were brought up from the Commons, prefented by Mr. Alexander, Mr. Burland, Lord Folkstone, and others, and read a first aime.
The other bills on the table were read a stage each ; twa were read a third time.
CLERGY FARMING AND RESIDENCE BILL., The Lord Chancellor moved that this bill be read a third time.
He He then called the attention of the House to the exemption clause, and said, the noble Secretary of State would. explain to the House what was the nature of the duties of the chaplain-general of his Majesty's forces.
Lord Pelham then explained the motives which had in. duced his Royal Highne's the Commander in Chief to abolish the attachment of a chaplain to cach regiment, and is allow them half-pay for the purpose of get:ing rid of them. They had been thought of very litrie use, and his Royal Highness had thought it would produce a more effectual means of providling for the spiritual service of the army, to appoint a chaplain general, invested with authority, subject to his (the Coinmander in Chief's) directions, to give orders for curates to do duty to every brigade or large body of the military, in a place hired for the purpose, wherever ihey'ınight be stationed. His Lordship said, that this mode of proceeding was found to have secured the actual service of a spiritual person to the regimenis, much more effectually than by the former mode. · He stated the guartuin of pay that the chaplain-general received for the additional trouble the alteration subjected him to, and the mode in which that pay was fur nished. The office was doubly efficient, as it had personal clerical duties, the performance of which made a part of it, as well as the duties of the administering the ecclefiaftical arrangement of providing curates to the different regiments. The chaplain-general of the forces, therefore, appeared to him to be as inuch entitled to exemption from all penalties of non-residence as a chaplain of the navy: He therefore moved, that the words, " or as a ch. plain-general of his Majesty's forces,” be inserted.
Lord Grenville said, he was not sufficiently master of the subject to say much upon the'merit or defect of the appointment of a chaplain-general of the forces ; but he could not help regretting the dismission of the chaplains from their respective regiments., Let the appointment be either right or wrong, "it was a new appointment made by the state, which had ample resources, and ought to provide an adequate pro vifion for is, without deducting or drawing from the funds of the church, and most especially without drawing from the funds created by the poor farmers and others in fome distant parish, who ought not to be deprived of the alvantage and afliitance of a resident parish priest, for whose services they actually paid. His Lordship said, he had the highest respect Tt2