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for the royal and illustrious person who had so much merit in the great care and strict discipline he manifested in his whole conduet over the army, at the head of which he was placed ; but ftill entertaining the sentiments, and adhering to 'he prin. ciple which he hid stated the preceding day, viz.that it Governo meni, for purposes of stare convenience, creates new officers, Government ought to have made an adequate provision for their new off cers, and not tax a distant parish by making it pay for a pastor of whom they are deprived; he must, therefore, relilt the morjon.
The Lord Chancellor said, he could only, in addition to what had fallen from his noble Friend the Secretary of State, asferi, ihat the words now mwed to be inserted had been more than once mult amply debated in very full Houses, and agreed to, and that the preceding nighi they were rejeded in a very thin House.
Lord Radnor denied that there was any great difference, as he had been a teller in both instances. His Lord thip stated the numbers on each day, and added a few words of observation on the present motion. The House divided on the motion, Contents
13 Not Contents
8 Lord Aluan'ey then drew the attention of the House to that part of the exemption clause which referred to the fellows of colleges. He admitted that the meaning of the legislature was correctly right, but it might be misunderstood; and therefore he would move an amendmem, to elucidate the meaning of which was a good deal debated.
Oiher amendments were moved and divided upon, and fome accepted.
Having gone through the bill, it was moved that the bill do pass.
This was objected to; and, after a debate, it was on the question resolved in the affirmative; and that a message bs fent down to the Commons to acquaint them therewith.
HOUSE HOUSE OF COMMONS.
FRIDAY, JUNE 24. The Southern Whale Fishery extension bill, was read a first time, and ordered to be read a second time on Monday following
The report of the bill for improving the Highlands of Scotland was presented. The amendments were severally read over and agreed to, and ihe bill with the amendments ordered to be engroffed. · The East India shipping bill was ordered to be committed on Monday following.
The bill for preventing the cutting and damaging of horse hides was read a third time and paffed.
A mesage from the Lords informed the House, that their Lordships had agreed to the bribery oath bill without any amendments.
Mr. Alexander presented the report of the Committee on the afseffed tax consolidation. The resolutions were read over, and agreed to, and a bill ordered to be brought in, in Conformity thereto.
The report of the militia pay bill was ordered to be taken into conlideration on Tuesday next; and the militia adjutants' bill was ordered to be committed on that day.
The Chancellor of the Exchequer moved, that there be laid before the House, an account of all the exchequer bills which have been issued, according to the fubfifing act of Jast feflion.
WAYS AND MEANS. The Chancellor of the Exchequer moved, “ That the House resolve itself into a Committee of the whole House, to consider further the ways and means for the present exigencies of the State.” The House resolved accordingly, and
The Chancellor of the Exchequer laid before the Commit. tee the terms upon which he had contracted for the lotteries, He said that he had found it most prudent, on the prefent occafion, to rednce the prices and number of the tickets. Last year there were no less than go,coo tickets, with a power of increase ing them to 100,000. This year it was propoled, that the num.
ber of tickets thould be limited to 70,000, with a power of increasing them to the number of 80,000. He stated, the contract had been made to extend both toward the service of Great Britain and Ireland, and that the clear profit which would arise to the public would be 315,000l. sterling, which some. what exceeded the profit of last year's lotteries. The number of tickeis proposed in the present lottery would, at the rate of 131. 35. odt. yield the total amount of 3.380,00cl. It was his wish, and he was sure that it was the wish of the House, to guard against large insurances, which the plan adopted last year tended greatly to encourage. He had found from experience, that considerable inconvenience, hurry, and confusion, usually arose from the mode of limiting thenum, ber of loiteries. It was now intended to raise by three lotteries the sum of 1,523,0331. 6s. 8d. of which sum 1,166,2571. gs would be appropriated to the services of Great Britain ; and the sum of 356,7751. 175. 8d. towards the services of Ire. land.
Mr. Babington, in a speech of above an hour's continuance, objected to the principle of lotteries altogether, as tending to excite gambling and immorality.
The Charcellor of the Exchequer observed, that the spirit of gambling to which the hon. Member principally alluded, namely, low insurance, had been tntirely done away by the mode of drawing the lottery last year; and as to loveries.in general, he was convinced they were so regulated as to have no such tendency; and as the country in general had a bias in their favour, he thought it fair, particularly at such a crisis as the present, to turn that bias to the public advantage.
Mr. Wm. Smith and Mr. Wilberforce made also fome objections to the principle of lotteries, which were answered by Mr. Vanfittart and Mr. Corry, when the Chancellor of the Exchequer's inotion was put and agreed to, and ordered to be reported on Monday.
On a question put by Sir Henry Mildmay, the Chancellor of the Exchequer proposed that the bill for the defence of the country ihould be taken into further confideration on Monday following ; and that the report on the bill for raising a contribution froin real property, thould be postponed vill Tuesday, and that froin personal property till Wednesday following
EXCISE DUTIES. The Chancellor of the Exchequer moved, that the House resolve into a Committee on the bill for railing additional duries of excise.
Mr. Plumer rose, he said, before the House should go into a Commirtee, to make a proposal or motion to the Houle. As there were four ariicles united in the present bill, to come of which he entertained objections, he thought that he was entitled to move, that there thould be an instruc- . tion given to the Committee to divide all of these ariicles into two or more separate bills. If this was not done, he imagined, that there was a probability of some Members vosing against all ihe four articles, while they might happen to have objection against onc only.
The Chancellor of the Exchequer observed, that if the mode adopted in this present bill had been, in the least degree, inconfiftent or irregular, it could not possibly have been al-, lowed to advance to its present stage. He was eniiled 10 assume, that the forms had in no manner been violared, yet, at the same rime, he was far from being disposed to adhere 10 rigid principles of form, could it be thewn to him that. any advantage could result from an infringement of those forms. It was the object of ihe present bill to grant ad. ditional duties of excise on four different articles, by the same mode of collection. Such a method was entirely consistent with practice, convenience, and common sense. During the twenty years in which he had sat in Parliament, he was almost certain the journals of the House couid not afford an instance of such a practice having been adopted. In the Committee, and in every stage of the bill, every Member would have a sufficient opportunity of stating his objections to any particular article, and of having his amendinenis adop:ed, if found reasonable.
On the motion being put, it was carried that no such instruction was necessary to be given to the Committee.
The question was then put, that it be an instruction to the Commiliee to divide the bill into two or more parts, when it palled in the negative.
MALT DUTY IN SCOTLAND. The House then resolved into a Committee upon the additional excise bill, Mr. Alexander in the chair.
The Chancellor of the Exchequer rose, and with respect to the additional duty on malt, as relating to Scoiland, recapitulated the regulations made on the inalt-tax of Scotland cumparatively with England, from the establishment of the union vill the present time. At the time of ihe union it was, on full consideration, laid down as a principle, that the maltrax in Scotland (hould be half the rate of that lax in England; and in every subsequent increase upon the mall-iax with England, half as much should be laid upon inali in Scotland. This rale was adjusted, and continued until the last Sllion of Parliament, principally on account of the b. ckward late of agriculture in Scouland, which was unfavourable to the growth of barley; and consequently the alınoft exclusive use of an inferior species of grain, calied beer or bigg, in the manufacture of mall, and its pole ore in the breweries and and distilleries of Scotland. Malı made from this grain was by no means fo productive of spirit, or ilrong beer, as barley, and hence it was always thught a fair principle w charge it with an inferior duty. But of late years, the agricul ve of Scotland having in a very rapid degree improved, and the culture of barley introduced there with very considerable success, the produce being, on an average, equal in quality to that of the barley counties of England in general, and therefore, in the last session, it had been thought fair to equalize the duty on barley malt in England and Scotland, in order to put the brewers and dirtillers in each country upon an equal fooling with each other. Last year the additional duty of one fhilling per bushel was imposed on Scotch harley mali, as upon English ; and now it was proposed to subject it to the addisional duty of iwo thillings, as in England, upon the same principle as a war tax; but instead of charging the malt from beer or bigg, with one half the duiy, it was proposed 10 charge it with sixteen pence. It was his with to have indtiluted a Commitiee of Enquiry this felli in, for the purpose of fairly ascertaining the comparative quali:y of the mali in bush countries, from a fair comparison of average product: and on his principle to charge Scoich malt with enly its fair proportion, whatever that might be. For this desirable purpure, however, ihe seifion was too far advanced; but he trofted, that early in the next fellion, a Committee would be adopted for the purpose of this enquiry, and of ube saining every possible information on the subject.