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best mode of accelerating their discipline, and of being prepared to strike an effectual blow, whenever and wherever opportunity thould offer. Much had been said of the disada vanrages attendant on imperfect discipline; he was ready to admit the importance of good discipline, but he by no means thought it so difficult to be acquired, to fit troops for a lion. He remembered in the last war ihree regiments brigaded for continental service, who, the very dav after they were joined by a body of 450 recrui's in their coloured clothes, marched to attack Pichegru ; and those brave fellows fought with as much steadinels and gallantry as any men in iheir corps. Considering the powerful manner in which our navy was manned; considering that the garrisons of Gibraltar and Malia had a considerable number of troops more than they required, he was confident that a body of 50,000 men could. wiih great propriety, be spared for offensive operations, and they ought to be kept ready embarked, to seize on the first opporiunity for a masterly blow, instead of confining the country to a ruinous and inactive fyftem of defensive war, which would absorb our resources to no manner of effect. With respect to the menace of French invasion, there was nothing new in the project towards this country, though there was certainly something extremely new in the mode now proposed for carrying it on. Under the Kings of the House of Bourbon, it had been frequently threatened ; it had been menaced in all their wars with England. But even in the zenith of their power, and when they possessed powerful flee's, they never durft venture ; much less did they succeed in carrying their menaces into effect. Even in the reign of Louis XIV. when they might have looked for the aid of a strong party in this country (the adherents of the abdicated House of the Stuarts), a force was prepared on the coast of France, more than once, for the purpose of invading this country, and at one time they would have carried this pure pose into effect, had it not been for the signal victory obtained by the gallant Admiral Ruffel. But if in the proudest days of the French navy fuch a project was impracticable, where was the probability tha: it could succeed when France has no navy that we should not take or destroy, so foon as they dare venture to sea ? Nothing could excufe ihe unfound. ed apprehensions that had operated to alarm and dismay any portion of the community ;- but having familiarized them. selves with imaginary terrors, they had not the fortitude to discard ihem on reflection. But to suppose thata project im
practicable practicable when France had a powerful navy, would now be attempted with success, in open boats, was too 'ridiculous a ground of alarm. What would our ancestors say of such apprehensions? or would they have supposed their pofteriry would in the proudest era of their naval strength, have indulged such filly fears ? He desired to ask any military man, if a broad river, instead of a sea, divided the countries, and that the enemy were to attempt crossing it in the face of an army possessed of every strong hold upon the whole opposite line, while he was obliged to leave behind him all his cavalry and artillery, what would be his chance of fuccefs? and such must be the situation of the French army attempting an expedition in open boats. Was it probable that the ambition of Bonaparte would prompt him to such an attempt upon this country, where he would meet an enemy in every trecfor wherever there was a free, he would be sure to find an Englishman behind it (a laugh).—But supposing them to have boats enough for such an expedition, how could they arfemble on their coasts in a collective fleet, while our frigates were constantly looking even into the recesses of their harbours, and prepared to destroy their force wherever it was collecting? And even if this were not the case, their
voyage, to reach our shores, must have the concurrence of fingularly favourable circumstances. They must have an unruffled fea, a fair wind, a dark night succeeded by a fog next day, and our frigates muft have abandened their stations and returned into harbour, to suffer fuch an expedition to approach our fhores unmolefted. It was; however, ridiculous to fuppose any open boat would venture on such an attempt, while our frigates were able to keep the sea; so that mad as the present ruler of France may be, and desperate and insatiable as his ambition evidently is, he cannot be supposed mad enough to proceed upon a project, where himself has acknowledged the risk of destruction to be as one hundred to one against him ; and while we can look with such confidence to fo powerful and gallant an army and navy, we may laugh at his menaces. It has been said, that we might be approached by three divisions. He did not profess to be a calculator, but if it was one hundred to one that one expedition could not succeed, it was three hundred to one that three could not succeed [ a laughl. And he wilhed to ask any naval officer, if there was the nighiest probability of such a concurrence of circumstances-now even that the equinoctial gales (a laugh] were approaching—for such an expedition to approach out. phores, without meeting deftruction ? Beside, as he before remarked, without cavalry (which he never heard it was in, tended they fhould bring) and artillery, on which they lo much relied, and which they must leave behind, iheir attempo must be unsuccessful, even if they were permitted to land : so that the attempt must be the very acme of folly, rathness, and frenzy. Much, however, as he ridiculed the menace, he by no means wilhed to throw the country off irs guard, or io facken its exertions for security. He wilhed that a most formidable force might be constantly kept up, and one ready embarked, prepared to strike a blow, which would encourage the enslaved and outraged powers of Europe to rouse from their humiliation and debasement, and ibrow off the French yoke; and he doubied not, that the oppressed and insulied people of Switzerland, Batavia, and Italy, the moment they Îhould see any chance of success, would be up to a man, for the purpose of regaining their liberty and independence. If there ever was a period during the late war, at which there was real cause to apprehend the successful invasion of these illands, it was at the period of the rebellion in Ireland, which would never have occurred, but for French promises of ample fuccours to the disaffected. But the deluded people of that country had experience enough of Gallic faith, and its consequences, to trust them again. Nor could he think' is poflible, after all that was so notorious of the enslavement of the countries of Europe where the perfidious French found fuoting, that the deluded people of Ireland could be at this day so beforted, as to be desirous of exchanging ihe invaluable blessings of a British constitution, to become the flaves of France, who, instead of friends at this day, would meet in Ireland a whole nation of the most decided enemies. He could not call to mind any instance furnished by history, of a formidable invasion, which was not marked under ihe pre. text of redresling some wrong, or restoring fome monarch or family, which might be said to have a litle to the ihrone, There were no pretentions of that kind to be set up now, and the enemy would now find in all directions, only swarm's of people ready and willing to meet them in the field. li bad been said, that the object of the enemy, after landing, would be to push for the capital; but the example of history would few, that it was always the policy of invaders in avoid the capital of a country. That was the policy of
William the Conqueror, and the brave hoft under his command, though he set up some pretensions to the crown, which was recognized by many. After the battle of Hastings, in. stead of proceeding immediately to London, he took up his poft and erected his citadel within nine miles of the coast of Effex, in a position which enabled him to awe the metropolis. But supposing it practicable for an enemy even 10 gain posetion of the metropolis of England, he would not despair, as there would still remain a great deal more to fight for. He then apologized to the House for detaining it at fuch length, and declared his main object to be, that of doing away erroneous impressions, and to express his opinion, that the attempts at invasion would prove to be impracticable. Though fome despondency had been excited by the decla, tations made within these walls on the subject, yet he was glad the spirit of the country was roused. He ihanked his sight hon. Friend near him (Mr. Windham) for having roused that spirit; and he thanked his Majesty's Ministers for the vigour they had manifested in disposing the resources, and arraying the strength of the country; and convinced he was, that beside the force of the country already in arms, the. moment that real danger should approach our shores, or a foreign foe set foot upon this island, there was not a man within or without those walls, that would not fly to arms, fcorning to avail himself of any plea of exemption from the defence of his country.
General Loftus faid, upon the fullest confideration, he saw no cause for alarm; for though certainly the enemy had many able Generals, and veteran troops used to service in open countries, yet should they be able io land a force in this inclosed country, the whole nature of military operations would be changed; as every lane, ditch, hedge, and wall would present a strong post for their annoyance and destruction. Suppose even that an army of forty thousand men Thould land
Here Sir Robert Buxton rose, and moved the standing order of che House, for clearing the gallery of strangers, which was immediately done.
HOUSE OF LORDS.
THURSDAY, JULY 7. The royal assent was given, by commission, to Foote's di. vorce bill, and to the army of reserve bill.
Several bills were brought up from the Commons, among which were the Irish import and export bill, the Scotch miJiria families bill returned, and the Irish army of reserve bill.
The southern whale fishery bill, the Irish workmen combination bill, and the Irish promissory bank noie bill, were read a third time and passed.
On the motion of the Duke of Norfolk, the consideration of the claims to the Peerages of Zouch and Ross were, after a fhort conversation between the noble Duke and the Earl of Rosslyn, postponed till next session of Parliament.
Lord Moira presented a petition from 15,000 people of Gloucestershire, against the woollen manufacturers bill,
Lord Harrowby (formerly Sir Dudley Ryder) took the oaths and his feat. Adjourned.
HOUSE OF COMMONS.
THURSDAY, JULY 7. The House pursuant to a summons from the Black Rod, attended the House of Peers, and on their return, the Speaker informed them, that the royal assent had been given, by commiffion, to the clergy farming and residence bill.
The New Forest black game preservation bill was read a fecond time, and committed for the next day.
Mr. I, H. Browne obtained leave to bring in a bill for granting 20,0pol. for building a navigable canal in the Highlands of Scorland.
Sir Lawrence Dundas made a report from the Waterford election Committee, Itating, that there were a great number of voluminous documents, necessary to be minutely examined both by the counsel and members of the Committee, and at the express desire of both, the parties interested applied to the House for leave to adjourn till the 25th of August, which, after some further conversation, was agreed to.
The Speaker said, he considered it as a part of his duty to ftate to the House, that by the letter of the act of Parliament an election Committee was not empowered, without the