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the revenue arising from permanent capital in London in the public funds, pay more than the precarious profils of trade or profeffion; and he regretted that those distinctions were abandoned for the sake of that uniformity' of principle, which his sighi hon. friend (Mr. Piti) had recommended.
Mr. Pilt in Gified, that the only ground for the exemption of foreigners was the avoiding a breach of public faith. Making them liable to the tax would not prevent them from buying ir:'o our funds. The advantages, and the security enjoyed by the British stockholder above the public creditor of any other country, would always procure plenty of purchafers.
After some further conversation, the amendment was agreed to.
The paragraph in schedule D, which subjects the annual profiis made by persons not the subjects of his Britannic Majesty, nor relident in Great Britain, on trade or employment exercised in Great Britain, to a duty of is. for 205. underwent a very long discussion. It was at last agreed to refer it for future consideration.
The first rule of schedule D, No. 2, which directs that the duty to be charged in respect of any trade or manufacture shall be computed on a sum not less than the full amount of the profits for the preceding year, was also disculled at great lengih.
Mr. Pilt thought that an average of the three yea simmediately preceding the time of making the assessment would be the fairelt rule of estimation ; but he was against leaving it 19 the choice of the parties, whether they would found their return on that average, or on the profits of the preceding year; because in that case the election would always be made in a way injurious to the interest of the public, The option to this effect, which had been given under ihe last income act, had occasioned a very great defalcation in the tax.
After a very long conversation, in which Mr. Vanfittart, Mr. Kinnaird, Mr. Hobhoule, Mr. Bragge, the Chancellor of the Exchequer, Mr Rose, &c &c. took a part, it seemed to be the general opinion of the Committee, that no option fhould be allowed, and that the duty should be estimated on the average profits of three years, immediately preceding the 5th of April last; but the clause was referred.
These were the amendments or suggested alterations most interesting to the public. About half past eleven, the Committee, having got through little more than one third of the bill, the Chairman reported progress, and obtained leave to Lit again on Monday.
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The other orders of the day were then postponed, and the House adjourned.
HOUSE OF LORDS.
MONDAY, JULY 18. Counsel were called to the bar and evidence further heard on the Bristol port bill, after which Mr. Adam and Mr. Harrison were heard in support of the bill, and Mr. Serjeant Heywood was heard in reply. The bill was-then read a second vime. On the question that the bill be committed, the House divided Contents 5, Non-contents 2. The bill was then ordered to be commiited.
The Scots inland navigation bill for the grant of 20,000l. was brought from the Commons, and presented by Mr. Hawkins Browne, and others; the Irish loan bill and the Thames police bill were brought up by Mr. Alexander and others. They were all read a first time
The bills upon the table were forwarded a stage each.
On reading the bill for procuring returns relative to the expence and maintenance of the poor,
The Earl of Suffolk rose and said there ought to be a regular return of the poor. It was highly important that their numbers should be known. By some late and minute calcusations, the poor of England amounted to three millions.
The Loid Chancellor said, it was competent to the Noble Earl to move any clause that he thought proper, on the subject to which he had alluded, when the bill was in a Commiliee.
WOOLLEN MA UFACTURE SUSPENSION BILL. The Lord Chancellor called the attention of the House to the bill brought in by a noble Earl, not then in his place, for the purpose of poftponing to some diftant day, the second reading of that bill, if their Lordships should ever think proper to read it a second time. His Lordship described the nature of the woollen manufacture bill which the House had referred to a Committee above stairs, and which went to repeal a variety of existing acts of Parliament. The object of the noble Earl's bill was to suspend the proceedings respecting the woollen manufacture bill, so as to enable the House to renew them in their present state at an early period of the next session. Their Lordships were induced to entertain it in the first instance, without perhaps giving it suficient con. fideration, He had since turned his mind to the subject, and had learned, that no precedent for such a proceeding had obtained, except in cases of bills of pains, and for the due securing of those who were amenable to the laws. Such a measure, if adopted, would tend to establish a dangerous precedent,t he practice might become frequent, and even a general bill of suspension. The option of deciding on the bill referred to a Committee lay with their Lordships, and it necessarily became a question, whether, considering the advanced period of the session, they could pay it that due and necessary attention which it required. His Lordthip then adverted to the length of time, nearly eight months, it was before the House of Commons, and said it deserved one consideration, whether in the little period of the feshon that remained, their Lord'hips would have sufficient time to weigh and examine the subject with proper care and deliberation. Every due attention ought to be paid to the interefts of the several parties concerned, but probably in the other House they may think proper to go upon the report of their Committee at once. His Lord Aip pointed out the different courses which the House had in their power to pursue respecting the woollen manufacture bill, and concluded with moving, that the further confideration of the Earl of Radnor's suspension bill be adjourned to that day forinight ; and that the bill to fufpend proceedings in actions, prosecutions, and proceedings, under certain acts relating to woollen manufacture (ordered to be printed in December laft) be committed for Thursday next.- Ordered.
HOUSE OF COMMONS.
MONDAY, JULY 18. Several accounts for the last fourteen months were pres fented from the East India House, and ordered to be printed.
An account was presented troon the Exchequer office, of the produce of all ihe permanent taxes, in the years and quarters ending 5th July, 1802, and 1803, respectively. Ordered to be printed.
The bill for making a canal from Inverness to Fort Augustus was read a third tiine, and palled.
The city of London army of reserve quota bill was reported and recommitted to the next day.
The House resolved itself into a Committee, to consider of the bonding of prize goods.
The following resolution was then moved :
" That prize goods after condemnation should be permitted to be landed and warehoused, on paying for every ton of wine and vinegar, 21. certain duties op brandy, &c. That corn and grain taken fhould be subject to the same duties as in Great Britain, and that prize goods thould be liable to the same duties as if imported.
The report was ordered to be received the next day.
The House went into a Committee on the longitude act, and the report was ordered to be received the next day.
The 4th report of the Commiflioners for Naval Inquiry was presented, and ordered to be printed.
A ineffage from the Lords informed the House, that their Lordships had agreed to the Queen Anne's bounty amendment bill and several private bilis.
The report of the churches and parsonage houses bill was received
A clause was proposed for allowing persons in devise Jands to the extent of go acres. This was opposed by Mr. Hurft and Mr. Courtenay, and supported by Mr. Burton and Sir William Dolben. Several other clanses were added, and the bill was ordered to be read a third time the next day. The Isith treasury bills bill was read a third time, and paffed.
DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY. The Secretary at War role and faid, that in consequence of the narice he had given, it now became his duty to propose to the House a motion for leave to bring in a bill for amending the act for the defence of the country, passed in the course of the present feffion, and to enable his Majesty more effcftually to exercise his ancient prerogarive in requiring the military service of his liege subjects. The bill already pafli al contained provisions which were extremely important in the present filvation of the country. It contained provificus for enabling his Majesty to iake such preliminary niealuses for ascertaining the strength and resources of the different parts of the kingdom as were necessary, with a view
to further measures of internal defence. It likewise provided a compendious mode of acquiring possession of luch property, on the part of the public, as might be necessary; and there were provisions for giving a fummary mode of indemnifying those persons, who mighe suffer either by the preparations, or by actual invasion ; but, upon mature consideration of that bill, which was similar to the bill passed last war, in the ycar 1798, it did not appear to him to go quite far enough. It was particularly defective in one point, name y, in enabling his Majesty to avail himself of his ana cient and undoubted prerogative, in commanding the asiste ance of all his subjects fit to bear arms, for the purpose of repelling the invasion of a foreign enemy. The bill went no further than requiring the different counties to furnish their quotas, and taking other measures with relpect to the safety of public property. In order to prove what he had ftated as the ancient prerogative of the crown, he conceived it would not be necessary to go much into detail. That it was the ancient prerogative of the crown, to command the services of all who were capable of bearing arms for the defence of the country, could not be doubted; but at ihe same time, it might be neceffary to state very Morily the general principles of the law, as they were to be found in our books, and to refi-r the House to one or two precedents. The King's prerogative, with regard to those points, was laid down by Judge Blackstone, in the first volume of his Commentaries, chap. 13. Having spoken of the ancient Saxon constitution, by which every man was compelled to three duties--that trinoda necessitas, to which every man's estate was subject, namely, the Arcium constructio Pontium reparatio et expeditio contra holiem, the learned writer thus proceeded “Besides those, who, by their military tenures, were bound to perform forty days' service in the field, first, the aflize of arms, enacted 27 Henry II. and afterwards the statute of Winchester, under Edward I. obliged every man, according to his estate and degree, to provide a determinate quantity of such arms as were then in use, in order to keep the peace; and confiables were appointed in all hundreds by the latter ftatuie, to see that such arms were provided." The same writer added, " That it was usual, from time to time, for our princes to issue commissions of array, and send into every County officers in whom they coull confide, to muster anil array, or set in military order, the inhabitants of every dif