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tained in that body of information which was before MiniIters on this subject, and which it had been their duty to consuit. As to field works, it was a fact that measures had actually been taken for the execution of every thing judged neceffary on that head, and money had been issued from the Treasury, weeks ago, to defray that expence; so that it was not necessary that either the officers commanding dittricts, or Government, should be reminded of their duty by any specches in that House.

Dr. Laurence contended that the provisions in the army of reserve bi!l, alluded to by General Maitland, were not introduced into the bill vill after the speech of his righe honourable Friend. The learned Doctor inveighed against the flownels of Ministers in all their preparations. He expressed a hope that some resolution to animate itie spirit of the couniry, fince Ministers had abdicated that talk, would be brought forward before Parliament rose, either by his right hon. Friend near him (Mr. Windham), by the right hon. Gentleman oppofire, or by the hon. Gentleman who spoke so ably on this bill a few nights ago (Mr. Fox).

Sir W. Erskine could not agree in some opinions that had been advanced. If we were to have a field-work from Yara mouth to Portsmouth, what effect could it produce, but 10 fritter away the main energies of our strength? In his opi. nion the only system that could safely be adopted, was to assemble the whole or our force upon one point. That point, a military knowledge of the country might easily fele&--it Thould be such as would maintain a compleat communication through the Thames; and without adopting such a scale of action, the whole provisions of the bill most prove nugatory. The fortification of the coasts would be of no avail it would only tend to scatter our forces, while such fituations might be adequately filled by light detachments of our cavalry, that may be properly stationed to announce the approach of ihe enemy.

Col. Craufurd complained that in most of his observations he had been misunderstood.

Mr. Archdale warmly supported the dill. He was only afraid that the people of England relied too much on their wooden walls, and on the local opportunities of their situation. They should be alarmed - but the alarm should be a judicious one; an alarm that created confidence, inttead of dismay:-it should be recollected, that the English character bad displayed itself in conquering abroad, while it professed

but MISCELLANEOUS.

675 bur

a small degree of military spirit and reputation at home.

Sis 7. Pulteney contended, that all history justified the sys. tem of tortified posts, which position he illustrated by a variety of references to ancient and modern history.

Caprain Markham complained that Gentlemen had enfered into a number of military details to which, in his opinion, it was not necessary or prudent to allude. As to the danger of invasion, it gave him no great alarm; if the enemy had a fair wind, and came in the force in which they threatened to come, the difficulty of their landing would be materially in, creased by the surf which their approach must occasion.

Mr. Hutchinson gave his most cordial support to the bill, as far as it went; but, in his opinion, it did not go far enough. There was one part of the united empire to which the bill did not extend, and perhaps prudence might have dics rated that refervation. This was a circumstance which he could not but lament; because when diftiuft was once betrayed, instead of affection, you must expect hatred. This, however, was a delicate topic to touch upon; he hould therefore refrain from any observations upon it, and content himself with saying, that the present measure, as far as it went, met with his moft cordial support.

Colonel Porter could not-see what advantage could be drawn from adverting to the vulnerable part of ihe country, Such inilitary discullions might as well be omitted in that House,

The question was then loudly called for, and agreed to nem con.

PROPERTY AND INCOME TAX BILL. The Chancellor of the Exchequer moved the order of the day for going into a Committee for the further consideration of the property and income tax bill.

The House resolved into Committee accordingly; and the Chancellor of the Exchequer moved some claues of further amendment, 'which were agreed to. The bill fo amended was ordered to be be printed, and to be taken into furiher consideration, so far as concerns the said clauses, on Tuesday

Reported the resolutions of the Committee of supply, on the vote of 300cl, annyity or compensation to the family of Lord Amherst

. Agreed to, and a bill brought in pursuant thereto, which was read the first time, and ordered for the Recond reading on Monday.

The

next.

The Chancellor of the Exchequer presented his bonding and warehousing bill, which was reach the first and second cime, committed, reported, ordered to be printed, and taken into considcration on Tuesday,

The Chancellor of the Exchequer gave notice that he Mould, in the Commiitee of suppy on Monday, move for a bill of credit for 2,500,000! for the service of the year, in addision to the vore already palled for 4,000,000l. making togethe: 6,5-0,cool. being ihe increased surplus of the confolidated fund,

Mr. l'anfittart presented a bill for repealing the present Namp dušies on receipts, and enacting others. Read the first time and ordered for the second scading Monday. To which day thie House adjourned.

HOUSE OF LORDS.

any bill.

SATURDAY, JULY 23. The general defence bill, or army en mulle bill. was brought up from the Commons by the Secretary at War, and others, presented, and read a first time.

Lord Hobart then moved, that the order for taking into consideration the landing orders, No. 26 and 155, be read. These orders were read accordingly by the reading clerk, ar dare resolutions that no question should be put from the woolrack a second time, on the same day, on any

Lord Hobart moved, that the said orders be suspended during the progress of the general defence bill through its several stages. Ordered.

*His Lordship ihen moved, that the bill be now read a fe.cond sime.

It was then read a second time.

Lord H bart said, it was of the utmost importance to the country, that the bill thould pass with every possible expedition. He meant, therefore, to move, that is be referred to ' a Committee of the whole House on Monday, as he thought the prints would be upon the table carly on that day; but as some noble Lords might have objections to the detail of the bill, they would have an opporiunity of urging those chjections on the question, “ that the House refolve itself into a Committee on the bill.” He hoped, however, the objections, if any were offered, would not be persisted in, as not a moment was to be lost in giving the bill the ana

thority

657

JULY 23) DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY,
thority of a statute. His Lordship concluded with moving,
" that the bill be printed.'

The Duke of Cumberland said, he certainly did not rise to oppo!e the motion; he rose merely to throw it out to the candour of the House, whether, if the prints were not to be upon the table before Monday, it would be possible for noble Lords sufficiently to examine the clauses of it, to prepare themselves for going immediately into a Committee upon them. He did not mean to obstruct the quick progress of the bill, but he thought it right to offer this suggestion to their confideration.

The Duke of Norfolk said, he conceived the sole question before the House to be," that the bill be printed." With regard to going into the Committee, there might be noble Lords who had objections to offer to particular clauses, in order to facilitate the general operation and effect of the bill. For his own part, it would not be convenient for him to attend on Monday, and therefore he took that opportunity of saying, that all of those in the country, every rank and description, whom he had lately seen and conversed with, appeared to be animated with the same patriotic spirit, and were eager to carry the measure pointed out by the present bill into immediate execuiion, or to effect any ftill stronger measure, that Government might think it expedient 10 suggest-being one and all duly im. preffed with the great urgency and importance of their fervices in the common defence of their country.

The bill was committed for Monday, and the Lords ordered to be summoned.

The million Irish currency bill, the bill to promote the building, repairing, or otherwise providing of churches and chapels, and the woollen manufacture penalty suspension bill, were read a third time, and the usual message ordered to be sent to the Commons.

Several bills were read a second time.

The clerical mistake correction bill (an error made in the bill to authorise spiritual persons to hold farms, and to enforce the residence of the parochial clergy) with two others, went through Committees of the whole House, and were reported without amendments. A petition was presented from certain debtors in Lancaster

gaol.

Adjourned to Monday. Vol. IV. 1802-3.

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wire HOUSE OF LORD'S.

1

MONDAY, J.LY:25. Counsel was heard in the Scotch appeal, Rutherford and Stormonth, after which the decision of the Court of Session in favour of the respondent' was affirmed, with 6ol. costs.

The London quota bill, and clergy residence mistake bill, were re ad a third time and passed.

The Çiratham chest and longitude bills were read a second time, and nicred to be committed the next day.

PRINCE OF ORANGE. Lord Hobart moved the postponement of the order for taking into consideration bis Majelly's message relative to the Prince of Orange till Thursday next. The reason alledged for this postponement was the indifpofition of a noble Friend of his (Lord Pelham) who wilhed to be present when the business which he had mentioned should be brought before the House, Agreed to.

DEFENCE OF THE COUNTRY, Lord Hobart rose, and moved the order of the day for the suspension of fome Itanding orders of the House, for the purpose of giving facility and dispatch to the progress of the general detence bill. Agreed to.

I'll He then moved the order of the day for the commitment of the defence bill. The object and nature of the bill was, he apprehended, so clearly displayed upon the face of it, that it required but little explanation. Their LordMhips were completely aware of its tendency. An act had been formerly passed to enable his Majesty to avail himself of the yoluntary services of his subjects. But this did not go far enough. Any person might, according to his pleasure, even in cale of invalion, have withdrawn himself from the service. It was his Majesty's ancient and undoubted prerogative, to call out his futjects upon the invasion of a foreign enemy; and therefore this might have been done without any application to Parliament. That it was his ancient and undoubt. ed prerogative, it would be quite unnecessary for him to enter upon any proof in that House. The circumstances of the times, and the changes that had taken place during the revolution of two centuries, had rendered the cxertion

of

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