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would not now be any interruption to the civil tribunals of the country, which must be all fufpended if martial law was proclaimed. The loyal inhabitants of Ireland would now derive the full benefit of the Courts of Justice ; whereas none but rebels would be subjected to military tribunals. He equally approved of the plan for the fufpenfion of the habeas corpus act. The astonithment and indignation which he felt on learning these fresh instances of atrocity were greater then he could describe. But he had the fullest reliance on the firmness, the . patriotism, 'and courage, of a large portion of the peoplc of Ireland ; and he cntertained no doubt, but that those atrocious wretches who disturbed the public tranquillity would be defeated in all their schemes : would meet with ruin and disgrace. Before he sat down, there was one point on which he would take the liberty of throwing out a suggestion to his Majetty's Ministers. On a former occasion he had observed, that there should be no diftin&tion between the militia of England and the militia of Ireland, and that a small sea thould not prevent the militia of one country from pafling into another country. If it was proper at that time to adopt his recommendation, how much more so mult it be now, for reasons which he would explain to the House. There were about 18,000 militia soldiers in Ireland at this time. With regard to the courage, and the loyalıy of those men, he entertained no kind of doubt whatever. But he must assure their Lordships, and he spoke from positive knowledge and experience, that every art would be used, as had been used hitherto, to withdraw them from their duty and allegiance; and from the close connection that existed between them and those people who might be in a state of rebellion-from the fuperftitious attachment they generally had for each other, and the influence which their priests had over them, it was impossible ro say how far their loyalıy might be shaken. He must, therefore, again strongly recommend it to his Majelty's Ministers, to remove the militia regiments from Ireland to Great Britain, not by any compulsory law, not by giving them an opportunity of volunteering their services, and when they came to ihis: country they would be found as powerful and efficacious troops as any in his Majesty's service. He hoped he thould be excused for throwing out this hint, but he did it from a real convision inat it would be highly beneficial in the present state of the country.


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715 The address to his Majesty was then moved and carried nemine concradicente."

PRINCE OF ORANGE. Lord Hobart moved, that his Majesty's message, relatire to granting a provision to the Prince of Orange, be read. His Lordthip then moved an address to his Majesty, assuring bis Majeity that the House would cheerfully concur in any measure that would promote the. ohject of the meffuge,

Lord Harrowby expressed his surprise that the noble Lord had not explained the grounds of his motion,

Lord llobart replied, that explanation was unneceffary, until the House thould have before it the measure itself for granting a provilion to the illuftrious Prince in queltion.

The addiefs was then agreed to. The House, then, on the motion of the Lord Chancellor, adjourned until cight o'clock.

MARTIAL LAW. Between nine and ten o'clock, the Chancellor of the Exchequer, accompanied by several Members of the Commons, brought up two bills, one for trying rebels by martial law in Ireland, and the other for fulpending the habeas corpus act in Ireland.

They were both read a first time. On the motion of Lord Hobart, the proclanation issued by the Lord Lieutenant and Council of Ireland, on the 24th, was read, and ordered to lie on the table.

Lord Hobart then faid, that as it would be neceffary to pass the two bitis on that night, there must be a suspension of the standing orders of the House, which prevented the reading of any bill more than once on the same day. He moved, “ That as it was necessary for the public safety thefe bills should be passed with the utmost dispatch, the Houte forthwith proceed to read them in their several stages, nutwithstanding any ftanding orders of the House.”

The Lord Chancellor said, the House had sometimes, in cases of great emergency, broken through their standing orders. They had done to at the time of the mutiny at the Nore, when a bill of the utmost necessity was read through all its stages in one day. But although this had sometimes been done, the House ought to come to some regulation with regard to its standing orders, and endeavour to avoid the inconvenience of breaking through those rules by which

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its proceedings had been regulated. As Speaker of that House he was bound to adhere to its orders: and if he Thould now, in oppotition to an express order on their journals, put the question for reading a bill more than once, he hoped theHoule would relieve him from the responsibility he must incur by doing su; particularly when he did it by the order of the House. He trufted their Lordships would on fume future occasion come to a determination relative to the standing orders. His Lordship then entered into the merits of the bill before the Doule ; and fully concurred in the fentiments of the noble Lord who was representative for Ireland, as to the propriety of extending martial law only to thofe who were properly the objects of it; and with regard to fufpending the habeas corpus act, he confidered it an act of mercy, instead of an act of severity, towards thole persons who might fall under the operation of that law. For, by removing them at once, and detaining them in cuftody, they might be prevented from cominiiting acts for which their lives would become forfeited. His Lordship then lamented the unhappy state of Ireland, and congratulated the Houle and the country on the extirpation from Great Britain of those pernicious principles, with which a great portion of the people were once in danger of being infected, and on the spirit of patriotism with which the whole nation now seemed to be roused; a spirit that he was confident woulu carry us fafely through the great struggle we were engaged in : 'and if unfortunately we 1hould fail in that struggle, we should perith with the consolatory reflection, that we had donie our duty to oure" felves, our King, and our country..

The Earl of Roslyn made fome observations on thc standing orders, which lie did not consider to be of a nature 10 obligatory as to preclude the House from breaking tbrough them on luch an occasion as the present: nor could lic conceive that any responsibility attached to the Speaker of that House, for acting in conformity to the orders of the House, if he should put the question, contrary to those orders.

The two bills were then read through all their stages, and passed. Adjourned.


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THURSDAY, JULY 28. The two millions Exchequer bills' vote of credit bill; the 1,500,000 Exchequer bills' bill, the qualia additional duty bill, and the bill for regulating the exportation of tobacco, were read a second time, and ordered to be committed the next day.

The House in a Committee went through the renewed woollen manufacturers' bill. The amendments were agreed to, and the bill, ordered to be read a third time the next day.

Leave was given to bring in a bill for enclosing certain lands in the parish of Roxborough, in the county of Oxford.

Lord Hawkesbury brought up the bill for enabling his Majesty to settle an annuity of 16,000l. on the House of Orange ; which was read a first, and ordered to be read a fecond time next day.

Lord Castlereagh obtained leave to bring in a bill for exempting such persons as shall have found substitutes for the army of reserve from serving in the militia of the country. Read a first time and ordered to be read a second time the next day.

Mr. Vanfittart brought up a report relating to the exportation of copper and other articles from Great Britain, in neutral ships. Ordered to be taken into consideration next day.

The House, on the motion of Mr. Vanliilart, resolved itself into a Committee, to consider of the bounties and drawbacks on sugar exported from Great Britain and Ireland.Report to be received next day.

Mr. Vanfittart brought up a bill for re&ifying the mistakes of a former act, passed in the 420 year of the reign of his pre

fent Majesty, and for the better collecting the duties on auc'tions. Read a first time, and ordered to be read a second rime next day.

The bill for regulating the exportation of tea to Ireland was read a first time, and ordered to be read a second time next day.

Lord Hawkesbury moved that the consideration of the contested election petitions which stand for August, be further postponed, and taken into consideration in September.Agreed to. Vol. IV. 1802-3.


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The East India shipping bill was read a third time, and passed.

The Lord Mayor of London brought up a petition from certain persons, relative to the Bell Dock light house bill, and praying that counsel might be heard against the said bill.


The Chancellor of the Exchequer presented to the House the following mellage from his Majesty :

« GEORGE R. “ His Majesty feels the deepest regret in acquainting the House of Coinmons, that a treasonable and rebellious spirit of insurrection has manifested itself in Ireland, which has been marked by circumstances of peculiar atrocity in the city of Dublin.

“ His Majesty relies with perfect confidence on the wisdom of his Parliament, that such mealures will be forthwith adopted as are best calculated to afford protection and security to his Majesty's loyal subjects in that part of the united kingdom, and to restore and preserve general tranquilliry.

" G. R." After the message was read from the chair,

The Chancellor of the Exchequer rose and addressed the House to i he following effect: There'must exist in this House a general anticipation of those feelings and sentiments which his Majesty has entertained in making the communication which has just been read from the chair. There is also, I am persuaded, in this House, a disposition and fixed delermination, to justify and repay that confidence which has been reposed in it by our beloved Sovereign, in adopting such measures as may be belt suited 10 the circumstances of the present conjuncture. Government had every reason to suppose, that the contamination of principles which had produced in former years the calamities of rebellion in Ireland had been completely done away; that the experience of the blellings which have been already enjoyed in that country fince the period to which I allude, under the wise measures which were then adopted for the purpose of quelling the spirit of insurrection which was then testified ; and further, that the experience which the world has already had of all those views of revolution and French principles of military despouism, would have operated upon thole who were bale enough 10 join in rebellion against the constitution of the country. These Haltering hopes, I am exceedingly sorry to say, have


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