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to the wealth and prosperity of our country. Having thus particularly explained the nature of the work, we refer the reader to fome curious extracts in the present Number of our Miscellany.
We shall only add, that this interesting work is embellished with several beautiful engravings, including landscapes and subjects of natural hiftory. We fervently hope, that the other volumes of the Outlines of the Globe may be consigned over to the public.
The Villager's Friend and Physician, or a Familiar
Address on the Preservation of Health and the Removal of Disease on its First Appearance, supposed to be delivered by a Village Apothecary; with Curfory Observations on the Treatment of Children, on so briety, Industry, &c. intended for the Promotion of Domestic Happiness. By James Parkinson. Sy. monds. 3s. Eighty-five Pages. THE author of Medical Admonitions for Families,
has here applied his talents in a most happy and benevolent manner to the relief of the lower classes of the commurity. Of the object of this little work every individual must entertain a favourable idea, and the utility of its contents may be pronounced beyond calculation. It is adapted to remove those vices and diseases among the poor, the prevalence of which is a subject of very serious regret to every well constituted mind. For this humane effort, Mr. Parkinson deserves the thanks of society.
We have seldom seen fo fmall a work embracing such a variety of important topics, so immediately connected with the welfare and happinefs of the persons to whom it is addressed. Befide the excellent medical advice with which it abounds, moral obfervations are here and there interspersed with an appropriate felicity. It is our fincere with that the wealthy would contribute for
the distribution of such a pamphlet amongst the poor; this would, in every respect, be a well directed generofity, for by such a measure both their bodies and minds would be essentially benefitted.
Of the moral advice given in this familiar address, take the following specimen :
“ The amusements to which I have hitherto alluded, are those adapted to the summer, when fine weather and long days give the opportunities of an hour or two of day-light for your enjoyment when labour is over. But in winter, a greater portion of time will be found free from the exercise of bufiness, which want of day-light renders you unable to employ in out-door amusements. This portion of time is too commonly devoted to the ale-house; and this, it is frequently said, because your home can afford you no amusement. But let me point out an amusement or two, which I am confident, when you have made trial of for a little time, will yield you delight beyond any you have ever experienced, whilft imothering away life in that grave of happiness. Most of you have children, and if you are not devoid of affection for them, pleasures beyond expression will be derived from instructing them:
Delightful task ! to rear the tender thought;
THOMSON, But you may say, that, not having yourself received the advantages of education, you can communicate to them but lite tle instruction. The instruction I however allude to, is such as the most unlearned may communicate. Trace over in your memory the various events of your past life; you will thea see how you failed in your aim to do well, and also, why your endeavours sometimes succeeded. Communicate to your children the reflections which these observations create. Shew thèm the advantages of industry, civility, and fobriety ; let them see the necessity and advantage of rendering themselves useful to those around them. Place before them particularly the policy of such conduct towards their employers : fince he
who renders himself useful to his employer, becomes neceffary to him; and creates that attachment of his master, both from interett and from respect for his industry; that, if he engage also his affection by his civility and obligingness, the most advantageous and profitable consequences may follow. Point out to them the evils, which experience has taught you the neceflity of avoiding. Put afide all false Thame-own your youthful follies to them.--Show them the ill effects which followed, and confirm them in the resolution of thunning limilar foibles ; and, on the other hand, hold out to their imitation those actions which recollection is delighted in recalling. By this conduct, you will not only lead your children into a love of virtuous and industrious exertions, and take away the necefírty of employing that correction which may rob you of their love; but you will actually excite their affections, make them love their father as their friend, and perhaps secure for yourself in age, that protection from your child, which you might otherwise have to seek from a work-house. But to be assured of this, teach them to abhor cruelty to the brute creasion ; fince the child who delights to torment any fellowbeing, may be brought at lait to view the fufferings of even a parent, with feelings, worse than indifference. Be assured
That all the pious duties which we owe
WEST, “ The amusement which books afford, exceeds all others, which can be enjoyed by the fire-side, hy those whose days have been laboriously exercised. But should this not be to your taite, or should your youthful progress in learning not have been fufficient to enable you to indulge in this delightful enjoyment; have nol to reproach yourself with not having done all in your puwer, to enable your children to obtain the pleasures and benefits of reading. Consider at huw trifling an expence you may procure them this useful and entertaining accomplishment, and that a few pence, a very few pence, weekly employed for this purpose, may better their situation through the whole of their life. By reading they will have their minds ftored with precepts,initructive to the preservation both of their
health and morals: they will become better members of society, be more confirmed in their duty to you, and be furnished with an inexhaustible source of amusement and reflection for every vacant hour; so that the tediousness of leisure shall not drive them to the ale-house for amusement. In their youth it will afford them amusement and instruction, and in age, comfort.
“ Nor do I go out of my way when I recommend reading to you ; for I recommend it as a medicine, which, by its effedts on the mind, will secure you from the attacks of some diseases which really originate from the mind not being sufficiently exercised; and also, as a remedy which will better enable you to beguile away the dreary hours of confinement, from almost any kind of malady. Nor is this remedy an expensive one, since there is one volume, the cheapest in the kingdom, which, whether you seek to be interested by the plain facts of history, by the most pathetic descriptions and litua. tions, or by the most marvellous and even miraculous adventures; whether your taste be for plain prose, or for the most sublime poetry : whether in your youth, you search for instructions for obtaining happiness; or in your age, solid and essential comfort, this one volume will afford it all."
Of the manner in which diseases are treated, the subsequent extract will enable you to form an opinion.
“ The disease which I shall next speak of, is often, in its firft stage, mistaken for the effect of worms. Dropsy of the Brain, or Watery Head, may be suspected, when a child appears uncommonly heavy and dull, complains of pain in the head, has its sleep disturbed with alarming dreams, reluctantly moves its head from the pillow, or attends tu surrounding ob. jects; and is affected with frequent sickness and flight fever, To distinguish this disease in that early stage, to which the above symptoms belong, requires such till as you cannot possess; therefore here you must not trife, but on the appearance of symptoms resembling those I have mentioned, consider there is no other alternative, you must either apply directly to the most respectable professional man, or to some charitable in ftitution. To pretend to recommend particular remedies in this case, would, you must see, be in me a presumption full of mischief.
« This complaint is frequently occasioned by the falls on the head, which children are exposed to on first going alone. Guard their heads, therefore, at this time, with the oldbathioned head-dress for children, a quilted ftuffed cap, or pudding. I am sorry to be obliged to add another cause of this malady, severe blows on the head, inflicted in the correction of childien. Parents too often forget the weight of their hands and the delicate ftructure of a child. You must excuse the direction - It was but yesterday I passed the cottage of one you all know to have neglected his children; I heard the plaintive and suppliant cries of a child, and rushed into the Cortage; where I saw the father, whose countenance was dreadful, from the strong marks of passion and cruelty which it bore, beating moft unmercifully his son, about ten years old. The poor child's countenance would, one would have supposed, obtained mercy from the most obdurate; it was Thrunk up with dread and terror; the most earnet and humble supplications proceeded from his lips, whilst his eyes were fixed with horror on the impending initrument of his chartisement. I stopped the brute from proceeding in his violent outrage, asking what was the crime the boy had committed, and found he had not finished the task of work he had set him.' Ah! John, I exclaimed, consider how you ever neglected your children ; you have never troubled yourself to give them good advice, nor refrained from setting them bad examples. The crimies of the children of such a parent must be on his head : you nerit correction, and not he, for you never showed him what it was to be induftrious. Expect not duty from a child, if you have not done yours towards him. Duties are required of parents as well as of children; and although an undutiful child may be termed a monster, know, that the worst of monfters is an undutiful Parent. The wretch growled at the intersuprion he had suffered ; and I need hardly say, manifested no compunction or regret, at his cruelty.
6 What I have told you, is not foreign to the purpose of our meeting; for, not only do I believe the diseafe I have spoken of, may be brought on by unduc correction, but I have seen most dangerous diseases occasioned by the terror thus excited in the mind of a child. Let reason and parental tendernefs weigh with you; and, in justice to the little offending trembler, before you correct your child, correct your own anger;