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yen: made forth towarde Mantua, and, bcynge halfe on their wayc, thanne perceyued, that they badde taken vppon them that iourney in vayne, we do not thynke them so foolysshc, that they wolle hereafter ryde farre oute of towne to be mocked. The tyme also, and the state of thynges is suche, that matters of relygion maye rather nowe be fcrougbtc farther in trouble, as other thynges are, than be commodiousely intreated of and decyded. For where as, in maner, the hole worlde is after suche sorte troublyd with warres, so incomhrcd with the great preparations that the Turke maketh, canne there be any roanne so agaynste the setlynge of relygyon, that he wolle thynke this tyme mete for a general 1 councillT Undoubtcdlye it is mete that such controucrsies, as we haue with the byshoppe of Rome, be taken as they are; that is moch greatter, than that they maye eyther be discussed in this soo troublesome a tyme, or elles be committed vnto proctours, without our greate icoperdie, all be it the tyme were neuer so quiete. What other princes wyll do, we can not tell; but we will neyther leaue our realme at this tyme, neyther we wyll truste any proctour with oure cause, wherein the hoik: stayc and welth of our realme standeth, but rather we wyll be atte the handlynge thcrof our selfc. Forexccpte both an other iudge be agreed vppon for those matters, and also a place more commodiouse be prouyded, for the debating of our causes, all be it al other thynges were as we wolde haue them, yet maye we lawfully refuse to come or sende any to his pretended councylle. We wolle in noo case make hym our arbyter, whyche, not many yeres paste, oure cause not harde, gaue sentence agaynste vs. We wolle that suche doctrine, *8we,folowynge the scripture, do professe, rytely to be examinyd, discussyd, and to be brought to scripture, as to the onely touche stoneof true lernynge. We wyll not Sliffre them to be abolyshed, ere euer they be discussyd, ne to be oppressed, before they be knowcn: moche lesse we wyll suffre theym to be troden downe beinge so clerely trewe. No, as there is no iote in iote in scripture, but we wolle defende it, thoughe it were with ieoperdie of our lyfe, and peryll of this our realme: so is there no thynge, that doeth oppresse this doctrine, or obscure it, but we wolle be at continuall warre therwith. As we haue abrogated all olde Popishe tradicions in this oure realme, which eyther dyd beipc his tyranny or increase his pryde: soo, yf the grace of God forsake vs not, we wyll wel forsee, that no newe naughtye tradicions be made with our consente, to bynde vs or our realme. Yf men wyll not be willyngely blynde, they shall casyly see eucn by a due and euident prole in reson, though grace dothe not yet by the worde of Christ enter into theym, howe small thauctorytie of the bysshop of Rome is, by the lawfull denyall of the Duke of Mantua for the place. For yf the bysshoppe of Rome dydde ernestly intende to kepe a councyll at Mantua, and hath power, by the lawe of God, to calle prynces to what place hym lyketh; why hath he not also auctoritie to chose what place hym lysteth? The Bysshop chose Mantua, the Duke keptc hym oute of it. Yf Paule, the bysshoppe of Romes auctoritye, be so great, as he pretendeth, why coulde not he compel Fredericus, Duke of Mantua, that the councille myghte be kepte there? The Duke woldc not suffre it. No, he forbaddc hyra his towns.

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Howe chaunccth it, that here excommunicacyons flye notabrode; Why dothe he not punysshe this duke?

Why is his power, that was wonte to be more than fulle, here emptye? wonte to be more than all, here nothynge? Dothe he not calle men in vayne to a councille, yf they, that corame at his callynge, be excluded the place, to the whyche he callethe theyinf Maye not kynges iustelye refuse to come at his call, whan the Duke of Mantua maye denye hym the place, that he choseth? Yf other prynces order hym as the Duke of Mantua hath doone, what place shall be lefte hym, where he maye kepe his generall councill? Again, if prynces haue. gyucn hym this auctoritie, to calle a councille; is hit not necessarye, that they gyue hym allso all those thynges, withoute the whyche he canne not exercyse that his power? Shall he call men, and wolle ye let hym fynde no place to call them unto? Truely he is not wonte to appoynte one of his owne cyties, a place to keepe the councill in. No, the good mannc is so faythefull and frendely towarde other, that seldome he desyroth prynces to be his gestis. And admytte he shulde calle vs to one of his cityes, shulde we safely walke within the walks of suche our ennemyes towne? Were it mete for vs there to dyscusse controuersyes of relygyon, or to kepe vs out of our ennemyes trappes? Mete to studye for the defence of suche doctrine as we professe, or rather howe we myghte in suche a thronge of perylles be in sauegarde of our lyfe? Well, in this one acte the b\sshoppc of Rome hathe declared, that he hathe none auctoryte vppon places in other mennes domynyons, and therfore, yf he promyse a councille in anye of those, he promyseth a councille in anye of those, he promyseth that that is in an other man to perfourme, and so may he deceyue vs agaync. Nowe, if he calle vs to one of his owne townes, we be afrayde to be at suche an hostes table. We saye, better to ryse a hungred, then to goo thense with oure bellyes fulle. But they saye, the place is founde, we neede noo more seke where the councill shall be kepte. As who saythe, that, that chaunced at Mantua, maye not also chaunce at Uyncence. And as thoughe it were very lyke, that the Uenccians, menne of suche wysedomc, shoulde not bothe forsee and feare also that, that the wyse Duke of Mantua semed to feare. Certes, whanne we thynke vppon the state, that the Uenecians be in nowe, hit scemcth noo verye lykely thynge that they wolle eyther leaue Uincence, theyr cytye, to so many nations, without some gjeate garrison of souldyers, or elles that they, beynge elles where so sore charged all redy, wyll nowe norysshe an armyc there. And, if they wolde, dothe not Paulus hym selfe graunt, that it shulde be an euyll presydent, and an euyll exaumple, to haue an armed councille: how so euer it shal be, we most hartely desyre you, that ye wolle vouchesafe to rede those thynges that we wrote this last yere touchynge the, Mantuan councille. For \vc nothynge duubte, but you, of yourc. equytyc, wyll stande on our syde agaymte theyr subtyltye and fraudes, and iudge, excepte we bo deceyued, that we, in this busynesse, neyther gaue soo moche to oure anectyons, neyther withoute greatte and mooste iuste causes, refused theyr councylles, theyr censures, and decrees, Whyther these oure wrytynges please all menne, or noo, wc tbynke, we ought not to passe raochc. Noo, yf that, that indyfi'erentcly is wrytten of vs, in aye please indyfFerente reders, our desyre is accomplysshed. Then false and mystakyng of thynges, by men parcyall, shall moue vs nothynge, or dies very lytel. Yf we haue sayd aughte agaynste the deceytes of the bysshop of Rome, that maye seme spoken to sharpely, we praye you, impute it to the hatredde we bare vnto vyces, and not to any euylle wyll that we bare hym. Noo, that he, and all his, maye percoyue, that we are rather at stryfe with his vyces, than with hym and his: oure prayer is, bothe that it maye please God at the laste to open theyr eyes, to make softe theyr harde hartes, and that they ones maye with vs, theyr owne glorye set aparte, study to set forthe the eueriastynge gloric of the euerlastynge God.

Thus, myghtye Emperoure, fare ye mooste hartely well, and ye Christen princes, the pylors and stay of Christendome, fare ye hartely well: Also all ye, what people so euer ye are, whiche doo desyre, that the gospel and glory of Christ maye florysshe, fare ye hartely well.

Gyuen at London oute of oure palace at Westmynster, the eyghte of Apryll, the nyne and twentyc yrere of our reygne.

A LAMENTABLE AND PITEOUS

TREATISE*

Verye necetsarye for euerie Christen Marine to reade, wherin is centayned, not onely the high Entreprise und Valeuuntnes if

THEMPEROUR CHARLES THE V. AND HIS ARMY,

fin his Voyage made to theTowne of Argier in Afiriqne, agayrmt the Turckcs, the Eneuiycs of the Christen Kaytb, Thinhabiloures of the same)

BUT ALSO THE

MYSERABLE CHAUNCES OF WYNDE AND WETHER,

WITH DYUERSE OTHEX ADUERSrTES,

Sable to mouc eucu a stonyc Hearte to bewayle the same, and to pray to God for his Ayde aud Succoure.

Which was written and tent vnto the Lorde of Langcst. Truly and dylygently translated out of Latyn into Fmiche, and out of Frenche into English. 1542. Rirardus Grafton exrudebat, cum PriiiUegio ad impriinendum solum. Octavo, containing twenty-seven Pages.

To the ryght hygh and myghtye Lorde, Syr Wyllyam of Bellay, Fyceroy of Pi/ment, and Knyght of the Urdre of the Mooste Christen Kynge. Syr Ny colas Uyttagon, Grctynge.

I haue gcuen you to wytte (ryght honorable Lorde) by my laste letters, that, in makyng hast towarde you, I was retarded and constrayned to tarye at Rome, because of the reucwyug and grefe of the woundes, that I was hurt of; the

"This ii the 71st number in the Catalogue of Pamphlets in the Hsrlcun Library.

which, by the dyffyculte aud length of the way, recreosed and waxed worsse dayly. For the truthe is, that the daylye procedyuge of my soreuesse hath holly taken from me hope to depart from hens, and from my departyng hath hyndred me much more then I wold, tlowbeit, beyng contynually incyted by great deeyre to se you agayne, and seyng the let of my departyng out of this towne, as yet vnredy, 1 haue aduysed ine to put in wryting the ordre and estate of my voyage, and send it to you, because that, in surhe wyse, yc should the sooner knowe it j which I my selfe wold sooner haue done, yf my dysease would haue sunred it. And, by the same meanes, the delay of my commyng towarde yon to be excused. Your good frende Franceys Guyche, a worthy man and lyberall, by greate amyte halh reccyhed mc into his house, and kyndly entreated me. Aud hath doone so muche by his great dylygence, that, bv the helpe of medycyns, I hope rygbt soone to come into the way of amendemeut, whciby I am greatly beholden to hym. It hath been he, that, whan I would haue enforced me to haue gone on mv wave, hath letted me ty 11 I were somewhat more at ease, and stronger to endure the trauayle of the waye, and the dltposyeion of wynter; which yf he had not done, I was iu daungcr to haue fallen in another greuous malady, for with the payne and smert of my woundes, all my body was swollen, so that alinostc 1 was fallen into an hydropsy. Howbeit, as nowc I purpose, as sone as my dysease is paste, to put me in waye with all dylygence to se you ryght soone. At Thuryn.

And fare ye well.

AS, in the sommer paste, my pryuate, necessary, and domestiqual busynes moued me to retourne into Fraunce, I was aduertised by my frendes of Themperours iorney into Italy, and of the purposed passage of his army into Affrique: Who, knowynge the councell and purpose of Themperour, dyd moue and persuade me to thire good and honestc entrcprise. Then I, vnderstandyng well my fayth and duetye accordyng to my profession, knewe that I was bound, with all my powre, to employe my selfe to fight against thenemys of the faith; and lykewyse fearynge greately, that my body, longe accustomed with the peynes of warre, shuld by the meanes.of muche ease become to tendre for lacke of vse and exercise, if I shuld haue taryed longe lyngcryngc ■with my frendes; wherfore, I purposed with my selfe, to deferre and set asyde my former busynes tyll another tyme, rather then to leaue. suche a present and oportune occasyon of honour in so necessary a matter. Nowe then, the mynd and purpose of Themperour (as I perceaued by my frendes letters) was thus, as folocth.

Themperour beyng in Allmeigney, to thentent to appease and set a staye in the controuersyes and dyssencyons, whiche are amonge the Allmeignes in matters of religion, dyd there fynde Ferdinand his brother, and the sonne of the same Ihon, which last of all obteyned the realme of Hungarye, and had knowledge that they wer inflamed with great and pcrnycious dyscordes, and in mynde to fyght together violcntlye for the right of the saide realme. The whiche sonne of Ihon, for the feare that he had of the powre of Ferdinand,called and sought ayde of theTurckes; whiche when Ferdinand sawe commyng, in prettentynge theim, with all his powre, beseged the towne of Budn, enforcynge him selfe moost dylygently to haue taken the saide towne before the Turckes cam. The which, when Themperour knew, and consyderynge howe necessary it was to stoppe the Turckes from entryng within our lymites and boundes, dyd dyspatche a porcion of his armye to go and ayde his brother, to thentent that the soner and the casyer he myght attayne to thend of his entreprise, and to take the saide towne of Buda; notwithstandyng he beeynge allwayes troubled with the feare of their purposed commynge, sswell of the strength of the place, as also of the dylygence of the enemyes which resisted and withstode him, was constreigned to tarye the commynge of the saide Turckes. And therforc Themperour, leauynge his former entrepryse of the controuersyes of the faithe, thought yt muche better to set a slaye and ordre in this aforesaide warre. And for that he knewe wel, that it was a verey daungerous and ieoperdous thinge, so sone and vnaduysedly to goo against the might and force of the Turckes beinge so freshly arryued, inlesse they had been, in some parte, weryed by longe soiournynge and taryenge after theyr commyng: Wherfore he was mynded to set lorwarde his hoost into another place, more farther back from the partes of Christendome, and therfore, leauynge with his brother Ferdinand, for his ayde and helpe, the hoost before sent, supposyng theim ynough, because the tyme was not conuenient for warre, seinge that wyntre was at hande; and the saide Ferdinand reccauyng the whole charge and guydynge of the said hoost to the parties aforesaide, Themperour, with great trauayle and dylygence retorned toltalye, at which place beinge arryued, he caused with al spede newe mennc of warre to be taken vp, and in a lytle tyme had readye a perfite hoost of men; and lykewyse ther was made aswell at Gene, as also at Naples, diuerse shippes and galyes imediatlye, to conducte and brynge the saide armye into Affrique. For it was now more necessarye for hym to assayle Affrique, then enye other contrey of Turcky, for feare that, if he had made his armye into Turcky, he had leaft his enemyes in Affrique without warre, whichc shuld haue turned to the great feare of the bpanyardes, whom he purposely kept, to be ayded by theim, bothe of money and menne, at his inuadynge of Turcky

In the meane ceason, that all thynges were makynge readye, and that the gallyes were furnysshed with vytayles and artillarye, receauyng the menne of warre, Themperour had communicacion with the B. of Rome, in the towne of Luke, to thentent to aduertise him of his entreprise, counsell and purpose of the saide warre. The B. of Rome, because Affrique hathe fewe good hauens to lande in, aduysed him not to take the sea, neither to abyde thereon, and toke muche pein to persuade Themperour from hys purpose. Howbeyt, that the reason of the saydc bisshop was alwayes very good, yet notwythstandyng, for other greater consideracions, Themperour dyd remayn in his fyrst purpose; for he knewe how great a nombre of people wer oppressed in Hongrie, and how nedeful it was, that the warre in that place shuld not be long continued; and therfore chaungod his purpose, to arrytte in another place, to thentent, that our enemyes shuld be compelled to kepe warre, wythin theyr owne countre; he sawe well that it was a woorke that requyred greate dylygence, and so much the rather, because he had conceaued wyth him •elfe, that the Turckyshe warre requyred a greater prouision. In such sorte, that, before the sommer next foloynge, he coulde not prepare so great an army; wherfore in the meane tyme, he thought it more conuenient to make warre in Affrique, to thentent to deliuer the Spaniardes from the feare of the Affricans, and that afterwarde he myghte the more

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