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or, at the least, duryng this his vnhabilitie to pacifie these troubles; her Maiestie hath put certayne numbres of her subiectes in order, both by sea and land, to saue some parte of her good brothers innocent people from this tiranny, slaughter, and ruyne; and to preserue some speciall townes and portes of importaunce for the kyng, her good brother, that they come not into the possession of them; who, yf they hadde them, myght more easely therby prosecute theyr old particuler practises against this realme, as in tymes lately paste they dyd manifestly attempte; wherby of necessitie they muste nedes endaunger the perpetuitie of the peace betwixt the Frenche kyng and her Maiestie, and so, consequentlye, though agaynste the meanyng of the kyng, depriuc her Maiestie of her good ryght to her town* of Callyce, and the membres thereof, wherof it behoueth her Maiestie, as thinges be handled, to haue good regarde. And in this sort her Maiestie doubteth not, but the sinceritie of her doynges, tendyng onely to procure Chrystien quietnes, by sauing of Chrystien bloud, sbal wel please Almyghtie God; content the kyng her good brother, when he shal be in estate and libertie, to ponder the same indiflferentlye; and serue also for the iuste and naturall defence of her selfe, her people, and countreys; and, finallye, by Gods grace, shal establyshe the continuaunce of some more assured peace and Concorde betwixt both theyr Maiesties and countreys, so as eyther of them quietly enioy and rule theyr own. And, in the meane time, her Maiestie assureth the sayde kyng, the quene his mother, the kyng of Navare, and al his good councellours and subiectes, that, whatsoeuer anye malicious or miscontented person shall sinisterly report of her intent and doynges, her Maiestie meancth nothing herin, but sincerely, and as the necessitie of the time and cause requircth, without vsurpyng any thyng, or doyng wrong or violence towardes any the French kynges subiects; protesting before God and all the worlde, that her meanyng is for a necessary defence onely of the true and good subiectes of the Frenche kyng, whiche otherwysc apparently, in this troublesome tyme, shoulde be violentlye kylled or destroyed: And V; consequentlye, her Maiestie intendeth, by al maner of meanes possible, to kepe and continue good peace with the sayde Kyng and all his countreys, and to neglect no reasonable meanes, that may procure libertie to hym selfe, and quietnesse betwixt his subicctes; which then shall succede, when it shall please Almyghtye God to geue to the first and chiefe aucthours* of these troubles grace to content them selues with theyr owne estates, and to lyue within the compasse of theyr degrees, lyke quiet subiectes, and fauourcrs of the common peace and tranquillitie of Christendome: A matter more necessarye at this tyme to be sought for, rather by conjunction of Christen princes and states in vnitie of mynde, and loue of peace and concorde, then in this sorte by sworde and fyre, by priuate deuises and secrete factions to stirre a deuision and ciuile wane in Christendome, vnder the cloke and pretence of religion.
SIR HENRY SIDNEY, TO HIS SON, SIR PHILIP SIDNEY,
Consisting of RULES, IN HIS CONDUCT IN LIFE.
IHAVE received two letters from you, the one written in Latin, the other in French, which I take in good part, and will you to exercise that practice of learning often, for it will stand you in stead, in that profession of life which you are born to live in; and now, since that this is my first letter that ever I did write to yon, I will not, that it be all empty of some advices, which my natural care of you provoketh me to with you, to follow as documents to you in this tender age. Let your first action be the lifting up of your hands and mind to Almighty God, by hearty prayer, and feelingly digest the words you speak in prayer with continual meditations and thinking of him to whom you pray, and use this at an ordinary hour, whereby, the time itself will put you in remembrance to do that thing which you are accustomed in that time.
2. Apply your study such hours as your-discreet master doth assign you earnestly, and the time I know he will so limit, as shall be both sufficient for your learning, and safe for your health; and mark the sense and matter of that you read, as well as the words; so shall you both inrich your tongue with words, and your wit with matter; and judgment will grow, as years grow on you.
3. Be humble and obedient to your master, for unless you frame yourself to obey, yea, and to feel in yourself what obedience is, you shall never be able to teach others, how to obey you hereafter.
4. Be courteous of gesture, and affable to all men with universality of reverence, according to the dignity of the person; there is nothing that winncth so much with so little cost.
5. Use moderate diet, so as after your meat you may find your wit fresher, and not duller; and your body more lively, and not more heavy.
6. Seldom drink wines, and yet sometimes do, lest being forced to drink upon the sudden, you should find yourself inflamed.
7. Use exercise of body, but such as is without peril of your bones or joints; it will much increase your force, and inlarge your breath.
8. Delight to be cleanly, as well in all parts of your body, as in your garments; it shall make you grateful in each company, and otherwise loathsome.
y. Give yourself to be merry, for you degenerate from your father, if you find not yourself most able in wit and body to do any thing, when you be most merry; but let your mirth be ever void of all scurrility and biting words to any man, for a wound given by a word is harder to be cured than that which is given by a sword.
10. Be you rather a hearer and bearer away of other men's talk than a beginner, or procurer of speech, otherwise you will be accounted to delight to hear yourself speak.
11. Be modest in each assembly, and rather be rebuffed of light fellows for a maiden shamefacedness, than of your sober friends, for pert boldness.
12. Think of every word you will speak before you utter it, and remember how nature hath, as it were, rampired up the tongue with teeth, lips, yea, and hair without the lips, and all betoken reins and bridles to the restraining the use of that member.
13. Above all things tell no untruth, no not in trifles, the custom of it is naught; and let it not satisfy you, that the hearers for a time take it for a truth, for afterwards it will be known as it is to shame, and there cannot be a greater reproach to a gentleman than to be accounted a lyar.
14. Study and endeavour yourself to be virtuously occupied, so shall you make such a habit of well doing, as you shall not know how to do evil though you would.
15. Remember, my son, the noble blood you are descended of by your mother's side, and think, that only by a virtuous life, and good actions, you may be an ornament to your illustrious family, and otherwise through vice and sloth you may be esteemed Lobes Generis, one of the greatest curses that can happen to a man; well, my little Philip, this is enough for me, and I fear too much for you at this time, but yet if I find that this light meat of digestion do nourish any thing the weak stomach of your young capacity, I will, as I find the same grow stronger, feed it with tougher food. Farewel; your mother and I send you our blessing, and Almighty God grant you his; nourish you with his fear; guide you with his grace, and make you a good servant to your prince and country.
Your loving Father,
COPIE OF A LETTER,
ONE IN LONDON TO HIS FREND,
«IEJMT OF THE LATE PUBLISHED DETECTION OF THE DOYKGES OF THE
LADIE MARIE OF SCOTLAND.
Without date, black letter, 12mo. containing fourteen pages; and, by some, thought to bare been written by the learned Buchanan.
MANY arc the practises of Papistes, and other false and hollowharted subiectes; and wonder it is, what they dare do and say, as if they had the Maiesty of our Prince in contempt, or did still bcare them selues bold vpon the successe of some mightie treason, die bottorue whereof hath not yet bene throughly searched. Of late hath bene published, out of Scotland, a treasise, detcctyng the foulc doyngrs of some that haue bene daungerous to our noble Queene; by which detection, is induced a very excellent comparison for all Englishmen to iudge whether it be good to chaunge Queenes or no, and, therewith, a necessary enforcement, to euery honest man, to pray hartely for the long continuaunce of our good mother to rule oucr vs, that our pos teritie may not see her place left empty for a perilous stepedame. Some caryed with popishe affection, that regardeth neither natural! prince nor contrey, and puffed with the dropsey of a trayterous humor, labour what they can to discredit the same detection, as vntiue. Some of them, whyle they, lyke good sincere men forsoth, would fayne seme very indifferent iudges, say they will credit nothing, till they hcari) both parties, not remembryng, that, in the same one booke, are both parties to be heard, the one in the former parte, both in the declaration and oration of euidence; the other in the latter parte, in the parties owne contractes, songes, letters, iudictall procedynges, protestations, examinations, and confessions. Some other more open fellowes eay flatly that all is false, the booke hath no credit, the authour is vnknownc, obscure, the mater eountcrfaite, and all is nothing. If any such rumors come to youre eare, first, I think vercly, in truth you may be bold to say to the partie, Et tu ex Mis cs, thou art also one of them. And, for the matter, I haue thought good to enforme you of so much as I know, for profe of the same treatise to be of credite, wherewith you may aunswere and stoppe the mouthes of such rumor spreaders. The booke it selfe, with the oration of euidence, is written in Latino t>y a learned man of Scotland, M. George Buchanan, one priuie to the procedyngos of the Lordes of the Kynges secret Counsell there, well able to vnderstand and disclose the truth, hauyng easie accesse also to all the recordes of that contrey that might helpe hym. Besides that the booke was written by hym, not as of hym selfe, nor in hys owne name, but accordyng to the instructions to hym geuen by common conference of the Lordes of the Priuie Counsel of Scotland; by hym onely for hys learnyng penned, but by them the mater ministrod, the bookc ouerseeu and allowed, and exhibited by them as mater that they haue offred, and do continue in offcryng, to stand to and iustifie before our aoucraigne ladie, or her Highnesses commissioners in that behalfc apointed. And what profe they haue made of it already, when they were here for that purpose, and the sayd authour of the sayd booke one among them, when both parties, or their sufficient procurators, were here present, indifferently to be heard, and so were heard in deede; all good subiectes may easely gather, by our sayd soueraigne ladyes pro. cedyng, sins the sayd hearyng of the cause, who, no dout, would neuer haue so stayed her request, but rather would haue added enforcement, by ministring of aide to the Ladie Marie of Scotland, foi her restitution (the president and honor of princes, and her Majesties own former example of sinceritie, vsed in defense of the Scottish Queene, her selfe in Scotland against France, and her maintenance of the French Kinges honour and libertie, against the hye attcmptes of some of his Popish subiectes, considered) nor would haue lyued in such good amjtie with the yong Kyng of Scotland, the Regcntes, and the true lordes maintciners of that side*; if these haynous offenses, alleged on that part, had not bene prouable, or if the yong Kyng had bene an vsurper,or hys Regentes, and other lordes of that faction, traytors, as they must haue bene, if all be false that is obiected against the sayd Ladie Marie. I recite not what subscriptions and assentes haue bene to confirme the booke, and the maters in it contcined; byside that I do you to wytc, that one written copie thereof, in Latine, was now, vpon hys late apprehension, found in one of the Duke of Norfolkes mens houses, and tho ther sent, by his commaundement, a little before his apprehension, to he sccretlie kept there, with.diucrs other pamphelets and writynges; whiche thyng not onely addeth credit to this booke, that it was not counterfait, but also geueth shrewed suspicions, that the Duke could not so well lyke the woman, beyng such a woman, as, for her persons sake, to venture the ouerthrow of such a florishing state, wherein he stode before; but that some other greater thing, f it might be, that he lyked, the gredynesse whereof myght temper his abhorryng of so foulc conditions, and of so great a danger to hym selfe, to be sent after his predeccssour«.J The Bysshop of Rosse || lykcwisc doth both knowe, that the duke had this booke, and can tell how the duke came by it. The other mater of the contractes, letters, sxmgcs, jS*c, haue, among other, these proues. Liuely witnesses, of great honor and credit, can tell, that the very casket, there described, was here in England shewed; the letters,