« ZurückWeiter »
And he often and openlie sayde (in the herynge of manie) in the time of Queene Mary, that the bnrnyngc of hcrettques (us he termed them) was to gentle a death, for they had too muche scope to prate and talke what they lust; but, sayde he, if I lyue, I wyll Ijaue a close cage of iron made for them, with a doore in the side, lyke £o the brasen bull x>f Perillus, where they shall be enclosed, and the doore made fast, and the fire to be made vnder them. And then (sayde he) they shall know what frying is, and their mouthes shall be stopped from blowyiug out iheir pestilent doctrine. So that, by the premisses, it maye manifestly sppeerc, tliat there hath not ben a wickeder man towarde Ood, his prince aijd countrey, then he hath ben.
God saue the Queote, and confound Iter enemies.
Seen and allowed, fyc.
DIRECT TO THE
TRE W LORDIS MANTENARIS OF THE K1NGIS GRACES AUTHGRrTIE. M. G. B. Iuiprcatit at Striviting by Robert Lekprevik. Anno Dom. 157).
Octavo, containing thirty pages in the- Scotisli tongue.
"/his pamphlet came out a* a time when Scotland was in the greatest fermentation: religion was then just reforming, and the Queen Regent was not only a prisoner in England, but there was a secret factiou ready to join with every designing maleconteut to destroy the reigning family. The Author, who, I apprehend, was the learned aud truly Protestant Buchanan, that wrote tlie detection of Mary Queen of Scots, was very well apprised of the danger of his country, to which it was liable, not only from foreign, but especially from the policy of the domestick foes; and, in a true regard to the real welfare of the same, writes these particulars, addresses them to the governing part of the nation, and by way 01 caution, as well as proof of what he advancetb, plainly shews the origin of all their present troubles and future dangers, to be owing to the ambition of the Hamilton-family, who, tired of subjection, were not content to share the government, but aspired to the crown of Scotland: and, perhaps, contains a piece of the best and most secret history of those times.
TT may seme to your Lordschippis, that I, raellyng with heigh rna■*■ teris of gouerning of commoun welthis, do pas myne estait, beyiig of sa meane qualitie, and forgettis my dewtie, geuyng counsall W the
• Ee 2
wysest of this realme: not the les scyng the miserie sa greit apperyng, and the calamitie sa neir approchyng, I thoght it les fault to incur the crime of surmountyng my priuate estate, then the blame of neglecting the publik danger: thairfor I chesid rather to vnderly the opinion of presumptioun in speiking, then of treson in silence; and specially of sic thingis, as euin seme presently to redound to the perpe- tuall schame of your Lordschippis, distructioun of this royall estate, and ruyne of the hole commoun welth of Scotland. On this consideratioun I haue takin in hand, at this tyme, tq aduertise your honours of sic thingis, as I thoght to appertene, baith to your Lordschippis, in spcciall, and in generall to the hole communitie of this realme, in punitioun of tratouris, pacificatioun of troublis amongis your selfis, and continuatioun of peace with our nighbouris. Of the quhilk I haue takin the traucll to write, and do remit the iudgement to your discn> tioun, hopying, at leist, that, althogh my wit and forsight shall not satisfie yow, yit my gud will shall not displeis yow, of quhilk aduertisement the summe is this.
First, To consider how godly the actioun is quhilk yow haue in hand, to wit, the defence of your King, an innocent pupill, the stablisching of religioun, punitioun of thiefis and tratouris, and mantenance of peace and quietnes amongis your sclfis, and with forrane natiounis.
Item, Remember how yow have vindicat this realme from the thraldome of strangeris, out of domestjk tyrannic, and out of a publik dishonour, in the sight of all forrane natjounis, we beyng altogiddcr estcmid a pepill-murtherars of Kingis, and impacient of lawis and ingrait, in respect of the murther of the late King Henry, within the wallis of the principall towne, the greatest of the nobilitie beyng present with the Quene. for the tyme: and by your power, one part of the chief tratouris tried from amongis the trew subjectis, quhairby strangers wcr constranid afterwart as mekle to praise your iustice, as of befoire they wrangfully condempnid your injustice.
Item, Remember how far, in doing the same, ye haue obliged your selfis befoir the hole warld, tocontinew in the same vcrtcw of iustiw, and quhat blame ye shall incur, if ye be inconstant: for all men can belief na vtherwise, if the tyme following be not conforme to the tyrpe past, that nouther honour nor commoun welth stirrid yow vp then, but rather sum particulair tending to your priuate commoditie.
Also remember how many gentill and honest meanis yow haiie sochf, in tymes past, to caus the King be acknawledgid, and the countrsrie put at rest; and how vnprofitabill hath been your honcstie in treityng; your vailyeant enrage in, werr; your mercyfuiocs in victorie; your clemencie in punisching, and facilitie in reconsiliatioun.
Quhilk thingis witnessis sufficiently, that yt cstemit na man an cnemie that wald Hue in peace, vndcr the Kingis authoritic ; that ye wer neuer desirous of blude, geir, nor honour of sic as wald not, rather, in making of troubill and seditioun, declair thame selfis encjneis \o God, and the Kingis Maiesfie, than liue in concord and amitie with thair nichbouris vnder the corrcctioun of justice.
And sen ye can nouther bow thair obstinate higbt with pacience, nor mease thair stubburne hartis with gentilnes, nor satisfie thair inordinntc desyris, vtherwyse then with the Kingis blude and youris, the distructioun of religioun, banisching of iustice, and fre permissioun of crueltie and misordour, your wisdomes may easily considder quhatkind of medicine is not only mete, but alswa necessair, for mending of sic a maladie.
And, to the effect that ye may the better considder this necessitie of medicine, remember quhat kynd of pepill they ar, that proJossis thamc sclfis in deid, and dissemblis in worde, to be enemeis to God, to iustice, and to yow, becaus ye maintenethe Kingis actioun.
Sum of them ar counseillaris of the King his fatheris slauchter, sum conueyaris of him to the schambles, that slew his grandschir, banisched his father; and, not satisfyid to haue slaync him self, murtherit the Kingis regent, and now seikes his awin blude, that thay may fulfill thair crueltie and auarice, being Kingis, quhilk they begonne to exercise, the tyme of thair gouerning.
Vthers ar, that, being alliat nor neir of kyn to the Hamiltounis, thinkis to be participant of all thair prosperitie and succes.
Vthers, being gyltie of King Henryis death, in the first parliament, haldcn in the Kingis regne that now is, could well accord, that the Quene should haue bene put to deith also.
And, seing they could not obtene that point, the next schift of thair impictie was, to put downe the King, that he should not rest to reuenge his fatheris deith; quhilk, thay thocht, could not be mair easilie done, then by bringing hame the Quene with sic a husband, that, other for auld haitred, or for new couatice, wald desire the first degre of succession to be of his awin blude.
Sum vthers ar practisid in casting of courtis, and reuoluing of estatis, by raising of ciuile werr, and ar becum richer than euer thay hopid; and, becaus thay haue found the practise sa gude in tyme past, now thay seik all wayis to continew it; and, hauing ones gustid how gude fisching it is in drumly waters, they can, by no maner, leaue the craft.
Vthers of that faction ar, sum Papistis, sum feined Protestantis, that hes na God bot Geir; and desiris agane the Papistrie, not for luif they beir to it (for they ar scorners of all religioun) but hoping to haue promotioun of idle bellies to benefices; and lamentis the presentestait, quhair (as they say) ministeris gettis all, and leifis nathing to gude fellowis; and to this intent thay wald set vp the Quenis authoritie, say thay.
Sum thair be also, that, vnder colour of seiking the Quenis author litie, thinkis to eschaip the punischement of auld faultis, and haue licence, in tyme to cum, to oppres thair nichbouris that be febiller then they.
Now haue I to schew yow, by coniecture, quhat frute is to be hopid of an assembly of sic men, as for the maist pairt ar of insatiabill gredines, intollerabill arrogance, without faith in promeis, measure in couatice, pietie to the iuferiour, obedience to the superiour, in peace desirous of troubill, in werr thirstie of blude, nuryshers of theft, raisers of rebellioun, counsallours of tritouris,- inuenters of trcssoun, 'with hand reddic to murthcr, mynd to dcceiue, hart voyde of trouth and full of fellonie, toung trampid in dissait, and worde tending to fals practise without vrritie; by quhilk properteis, and many vthers thairunto ioynid, as is knawin to all men, ye, that vhderstandis thair beginning, progres and hole lyfe, may easilie remember, to quhome thys general sprikihg app'ertenis in speciall; and it is not unknawin to sic as knawis the personls, how they ar mellid with godles persons, Papistes, harlot Protestantis, commoun brybouris, holy in worde, hypocrites in hart, proude contempncrs or Machiauill mocken of all religioun and vertew, bludie boucheris, and open oppressouris, fortifieris of theiffis, and manteneris of tratouris.
It is also necessarie to your Lordschippis to vnderstand thair pretence, that, if it be a thing quhilk may stand with the tranquilli- tie of the commoun-welth, your Lordschippis may, in sum pairt, rathercondiscend to thair inordinate lust, then put the hole estate in ieopardie of battel 1.
First, It is not honour, riches, nor authoritie that thay desire; for thay haue had, and als hauc presentlie, and may haue, in tymc to enm, sic pairt of all thay thingis, as a priuait man may hauc in this realme, not being chargeabil to the countrie, or not suspectit to anc King, as vnassurit of his awin estait.
It is not the delyuerance of the Quene that thay seik, as thair doingis 'contrair to thair worde testifeis manifestlie;' for, if they wald haue her deliuerit, they wald haue procurit, by all menis possibill, the Quene of Inglandis fauonr and support, in quhais power the hole recoueranre stode only, and not offendid hir sa heichly as thay haue done, and daylie dois, in participationn of the conspirit tressoun, to put hir Mairstic, not only out of hir stait, bot out of this lyfe present; nor in recciting and mantening of hir rebellis contrair to promeis and sotempne contract of pacilicatioun betuix this two realmes, nouthcryrt haue houndit furth proude and vncircumspect young men, to hory, bume, and slay, and take presoneris in her realme, and vse all misordour and crueltie, not only vsed in werr, but detestabill to all barbar and vile Tartans, in slaying of presoneris, and, contrair to all huraanitie and iustice, keip na promeis to miserabitl catiues, receiued once to thair mercy; and all this was done by commandiment of sic assayis thay seik the Queues deliiu-rancc, and reprochk to thame, by thedoaris of the mischerlis, saying, That they enterit thame in danger, and slipportrt thame, not in mister, so mekle as to cum to lawdcrand luik from thame; in quhilk deserting of thair collegis, thay schew cruelti* ioyned with falsheid, and maist heich tressoun against the Quene, pretending, in worde, hir delyuerance, and stopping, in warke, hir rccouerance; the quhilk, as eu'ery man may cleirlie se, thay socht, as he that socht his wyfe drowned in the riuer againis the streime. ■ It is not the Quenis authoritie that thay wald set vp, in hir absence; for, if that war thair intention, quhome can they place in it mair friendly to hir then hir onlie sone; or q'uhat gouernour may they put to him, les suspect, than sic men as haue na pretence of succession to the erowne, or any hoip of proffeit to cum to tham after his deith; or thay that cuer haue bene Uew scruandis to Kingis before hini, should thay not be preferrit to his paternal] enemcis, yea, and slayeris of his father, and sollicitaris of strangeris to seik his innocent blude?
Quhat then shall we think that these men seikis vnder pretence of the Queenis authoritie, seing they Can not bring hame the Quene to set vp hir, nor will not suffer the King lawfully inaugurat and confirmed, by decreit of parliament, to bruik it, withsa many of his tutoris chosin by his mother, as ar not to be suspectit to will him harme? I traistit is not vneasie to perceiue, by thairhole progres, now presently, and in tyme by past, that they desire ni other thing but the deith of the King and Quene of Scotland, to set up the Hamiltounis in authoritie; to the quhilk they haue aspyrit, by craftie meanis, these fyftie yeires ago: and, seing thair purpois succedit not by craftie and sccreit meanis, now thay follow the same traide, conioynyng to falsheid opin wickitnes.
And, that ye may see quhat meanis they haue vsid, thir fyftie yeiris by past, to set vp by craft this authoritie, quhilk now they seik by violence, .force, and tresoun, 1 will call to your memoric sum of thair practisis, quhilk many of you may remember asweill as I.
First, After the deith of King lames the Fourth, Iohn, Duke of Albany, chosin by the nobilitie to gouerne in the Kingis les age, the Hamiltounis, thinking that he had bene als wicked as thay, and should, to his awin aduancement, put downe the King, being of tender age, for the tyme, and by thedeceisofhis brother left alone; and that thay wald easilie get thair hand beyond the Duke, being an stranger, and without succcssioun of his body, held thame quyet for a season, thinking that vther mens actioun should be thair promotioun ; but seing that the Duke, as a prince baith wyse and verteous, to bring him selfe out of sic suspitioun, put four Lordis estemid of the maist trew and verteous in Scotland, in that tyme, to attend on the Kingis grace, to wit, the Erie Merchell, the Lordis Erskyn, Ruthuen, and Borthick; the Hamiltounis being out of hope of the Kingis putting doune by the Duke of Albany, and out of credeitto do him any harme by thame selfis, maid one conspyracie, with certanc Lordis, to put the sayd Duke out of authoritie and takeit on thame selfis, that, all thinges put in thair power, thay might vse the King and the realme at thair awn plesure. To that effect thay tuik the castell of Glasgow, and there maid an assembly of thair factioun, the quhilk was dissoluit by the haistie cummyng of the Duke of Albany, with an armie; for feir of the quhilk, the Erie of Arrane, cheif of that cumpany, fled to his wifis brother, the Lord Hume, being then out of court.
The second conspiracie was, after the Dukis last departyng (the fore- sayd Lordis separate from attending on the king) deuysit be Schir lames Hamiltoun, bastard sone to the sayd Erie of Arrane, quha conspyrit the kingis deith, then being in his hous, in the abbay of Halyruidhous; quhilk conspyracie, after mony yeiris, reueillit, the Schir lames sufferit deith for it. This conspyracie not beyng execute, Schir lames perseuerid m his euill intentioun; and, by secreit meanis in court, soghtalwais that the king should not mary, that, for lack of his succcssioun, the Hamiltounis might cum to thair intentis: For the King was young, lusty, and redy to auenture his persoun to all hasardis, baith by sea and land,