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shewing to them the mischiefs and calamities which have happened inthis realm, since these new opinions have entered into men's spirits: how many murders have been caused by such which have fallen from the right way holden by their ancestors. First, they made them separate themselves from the church, then from their next of kindred, and also to be estranged from the service of their King, as a man may see since his reign. And, although the authors and heads of that side would have covered their doings under the title of religion and conscience, yet their deeds and works have shewn well enough, that the name of religion was but a vizard to cover their drifts and disobedience, and under that pretence to assemble and suborn people, and to make and compel them to swear in the cause, under the title of disobedience, and by such ways to turn them from the natural affection which they owe to the King, andconsequently from his obedience, it being notorious that, what commandment so ever the King could make to them of the new religion, they have not since his reign obeyed him otherwise than pleased rtieir heads-. And contrariwise, when their said heads commanded them to arise and take to their weapons, to set upon cities, to burn churches, to sack and pillage, to trouble the realm, and fill it with blood and fire, they, which went so astray to follow them, forgot all trust and duty of good subjects, to execute and obey their commandments: which things, if the gentlemen will well consider, they shall'easily judge how unhappy and miserable their condition shall be, if they continue longer therein. For they may well think of themselves that the King, being taught by experience of so great a danger, from which it hath pleased God to preserve him and his estate, and having proved the mischiefs and calamities which this realm hath suffered by the enterprises of the heads of this cause, their adherents and accomplices, that he will never willingly be served with any gentlemen of his subjects, that be of any other religion than the Catholick, in which also the King, following his predecessors, will live and die. He willeth also to take away all mistrust amongst his subjects, and to quench the rising of discords and seditions, that all they of whom he is served in honourable places, and especially the gentlemen which desire to be accounted his good and lawful subjects, and would obtain his favour, and be employed in charges of his service, according to their degrees and qualities, do make profession hereafter to live in the same religion that he doth, having tried that discords and civil wars will not cease in a state where there be many religions, and that it is not possible for a King to maintain in his realm diversities in religion, but that he shall lose the good-will and benevolence of his subjects, yea, and they, who are of a contrary religion to his, desire nothing in their heart more than the change of the King and his estate. For the reason abovesaid, the Duke of Guise, to bring the matter to this pass, shall take pains to persuade the nobility, and others, infected with the said new opinion, to return of themselves, and of their own free will, to the Catholick religion, and to abjure and renounce the new, without any more express command from the King. For, howsoever it be, bis Majesty is resolved to make his subjects live in his religion, and never to suffer, whatsoever may befall, that there shall be any other form or exercise of religion in his realm than the Catholick. The said Duke of Guise shall communicate with the principal officers and magistrates, having the principal charge and administration of justice in cities of his government, his Majesty's declaration, to the intent they should know his mind, and the good end whereunto he tendeth for the uniting and quietness of his subjects, to the intent the said Monsieur de Guise, and the said officers aud magistrates, should, with one accord, intelligence, and correspondence, proceed to the effect abovesaid, so that fruit and quietness may thereof insue, such as his Majesty desireth, not only for himself, but for the whole realm. The bailiffs and stewards, which are not in religion accordingly qualified, shall, within one month, resign their offices to gentlemen capable, and of the quality required by the edict, which may keep and exercise the same. And to the intent this shall be done, his Majesty doth now presently declare them deprived after the said month, if they do not then resign, that they shall have no occasion or colour of excuse to delay their resignations, and yet permitteth them, in the mean while, to resign without paying any fine. All bailiffs and stewards shall be resident at their offices, upon pain of loss of the same; and, if they cannot so be, then they shall be bound to resign. All archbishops and bishops shall likewise be resident in their diocese, and such as for age and other disposition of person cannot preach the word of God, nor edify the people, and do other functions appertaining to their charge and dignity, shall be bound to take a conductor to comfort them, and to employ themselves in the duty of their charge. To which conductor they shall appoint an honest and reasonable pension, according to the fruits and revenue of their living. Also parsons and vicars shall be resident at their benefices, or else shall be admonished to resign them to such as will be resident, and do their duty. Archbishops and bishops shall take information of them which hold abbies, priories, and other benefices in their diocese, of what quality soever they are, and how they do their duty in the administration of them, whereupon they shall make process by word unto the governors, which shall send them to the King to provide therein as reason shall move them. They shall compel the curates actually to abide at the places of their benefices, or else shall appoint others in their stead, according to the disposition of the canons. At Paris, the third day of November, 1572. Signed, CHARLES.
Letters of Monsieur De Gordes, the King's Lieutenant in Dauphiny, to ■ certain of the Religion in his Government; whereby he exhorieth them to come back again to the Religion of Rome; and how the King is determined to suffer no other.
I AM sufficiently advertised of your behaviour, but you should remember what advertisements I have before sent you to return to the Catholick religion of yourself, which is the best hold and stay thatyou can chusc for your preservation and health, putting from you all those which persuade you to the contrary, who would abide to see any commotion or disorder, rather than abate any point of their opinion; and, by this means, you shall make evident to the King the will which, you say, you have to obey his Majesty; counselling you, forasmuch as I desire your well-doing, that this is the best for you to do, without looking for any more open commandment; otherwise, assure yourself, there can but evil come of it, and that his Majesty would be obeyed: and thus I pray God to advise you, and give you his holy grace. Your intire good friend,
GORDES. From Grenoble, December 6, 1572.
The Answer of the Gentlemen, Captains, Burgesses, and others, being in the Town of Rochelle, to the Commandments, that have been given them in the Name of the King, to receive Garisons.
WE the gentlemen, captains, burgesses, and others, now being in this town of Rochelle, do give answer to you, Monsieur N. and to such commandments, as you give us in the name of his Majesty, that we cannot acknowledge, that that which is signified unto us, and the proclamation, which you require that we should cause to be published, do proceed from his Majesty; and thereof we call to witness his Majesty himself, his letters of the twenty-second and twenty-fourth of August, his own signet, and the publishing of the same letters, by the which his said Majesty layeth all the fault of all the trouble lately happened, and of the cruel slaughter done at Paris, upon those of the house of Guise, protesting, that he had enough to do to keep himself safe within his castle of Louvre with those of his guard. And we shall never suffer ourselves to be persuaded, that so foul an enterprise, and so barbarous a slaughter, hath at any time entered into the mind of his Majesty; much less, that the same hath been done by his express commandment, as the paper importeth, which you have exhibited unto us; nor that his Majesty hath been so ill advised, as himself to cut off his own arms, or to defile the sacred wedding of Madame, his own sister, with the shedding of so much noble and innocent blood, and with the shame of so cruel a fact to stain the nation of France, and the blood royal, which hath heretofore ever, among all nations, borne the name of Frank and Courteous; nor that he hath had a mind to deliver matter to writers to set forth a tragical history, such as antiquity hath never heard speak of the like, and such as posterity cannot report without horror; but that it was first laid at Rome, and afterwards hatched at Paris, by the authors of all the troubles of France. And, howsoever it be, we are ready to maintain, That out of the mouth of his Majesty doth not proceed hot and cold, white and black; and that he doth not now say one thing, and by and by another, as he should do, if the paper, that you present unto us bad passed from him; protesting, that he will inviolably keep his edict,
VOL. I. I t
and immediately breaking the same, in declaring, that he commanded those murders to be committed; having also made protestation before, that it is to his great grief, and done by the outrage and violence of those of Guise, against whom he was not able to make speedy resistance in time, as his Majesty desired. And, in this quarrel, we the gentlemen, captains, and others, that make you this answer, are ready to try it by combate, man to man, or, otherwise, to maintain the honour of our King against all those that so profane holy things, and, as much as in them lieth, do, by such words and titles, villainously defile the excellence of kis Majesty, and of the noble Princes of his blood: Which we may right well conjecture and estimate by the slaughters, that are yet doing,as well in the town of Paris, as elsewhere, upon so many noblemen, gentlemen, and others, men, women, and children; and upon a great number of young scholars, the maintenance, under God, of realms and commonwealths in time to come; and by many other barbarous, unnatural, and unmanly acts, generally committed. We think, therefore, and judge, that herein treason is enterprised against the person of his Majesty, and of my Lords his brethren, and that the Guisians mean to invade the crown of the realm, as they have of a long time practised; and, howsoever it be, we say, that his Majesty is forced by the power, that they have taken upon them, and usurped, by means of the rebellious stir of the commons of Paris. As for that which they say, That the admiral, and those of the religion, had conspired against the King's Majesty and his brethren, these are allegations of as great truth, and of as good likelihood, as their manner of proceeding in justice hath been orderly beginning at execution before examination of the fact. But there is now no need to tarry for time to discover it, for the matter is plain to be seen with eye, and groped with hand; and all those of the Romish religion, that have any drop of the nature of man remaining, do confess it, and hold down their heads for shame, cursing, both with heart and mouth,the cruel executors of this abominable enterprise, and the wicked disturbers of common quiet; which can yet no more suffer, than they hitherto have done, that this poor realm should long enjoy the benefit of that peace, which the King alone, next under God, had wisely caused to be made, and to be accordingly observed; whereof this realm began to feel the good taste, to the great contentment of all persons, except the enemies of peace and of this realm, namely, the Guisians. Finally, when his Majesty, being out of their hands and power, shall declare what is his pleasure, we will endeavour to obey him in all things, wherein our consciences, which are dedicated to God alone, shall not be wounded: In which case, we will rather forsake the earth, than heaven, and our frail and transitory houses, rather than the heavenly mansions. But hitherto the law of nature, and the duty that we owe to our natural prince, to the preservation of his crown, and to the safety of our lives, our wives, and children, doth command us to stand upon our guard, and not to put us at the mercy of those that have received the same bloody commission from the Guisians, under the pretended name of the King, to use us in the same manner, as they have wickedly, traiterously, and unnaturally done to those about his Majesty, and, as it were, under his wings, and under the skirts of his robe, which the traitors strangers have stained with the true French blood, without his Majesty's being able to remedy it, nor to stay their cursed attempts; so much less is he able, now so far off, to defend us as he would: Which his Majesty's goodwill, being known unto us, doth arm us for our defence, and for the safeguard of our lives, and of the privileges which he hath given us, until such time as he shall be able by himself to defend us against his enemies and ours.
A DISCLOSING OF
THE GREAT BULL,
CALVES THAT HE HATH GOTTEN,
AND ESPECIALLY THE
Imprinted at London, by John Daye, dwelling oner Aldersgate. Black Letter,
EXPERIENCE of the leud lustiness and unchastitie of popishe clergie hath long agoe ministred an olde tale, how a person of a towne hauing the lordship annexed to hys personage, as many haue, by reason thereof, was by special 1 custome charged, as in many places there be, to keepe a common bull for the towne, whereby theyr cattle, and hys tithe, might be encrcased, which bull had great libertie, and is, by custome, not poundable. It happened, that complaint was brought to hym by hys neighbors, of the insufficiencie of hys bull, that he dyd not get calues so plentifully as in tyme past they were wont to haue. The person, a wise man of good skill as it should seme, caused hys bull to be tyed fast, and hys crowne to be shauen, and then let him goc, saying, Now go thy way, there was neuer any bad of thys marke, he will get calues I warrant hym. So is it happened, that of late a holy bull, I thinke some Jupiter, is come for loue of hys lo, or rather, for lust, to some leud Pasiphae arriued in thys land.
It is the great persons bull, which person was wont, by custome, to finde common bulls for all England, when he claimed or vsurped the lordship of England, as annexed to hys personage. It is the same bull that begat the famous Monecalfe, that, of late years, made the terrible expectation. Of late, being against custome empounded, or kept from breaking of hedges as he was wont to do, and from spoyling of severall pastures, he grew to some faintnesse. But now hath bys