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subiect to the subtilties of Sathan, to worke the untimelye death of so gracious a prince, that hetherto he hath defended your liberties, and maintayned your right these many yeeres, to the great glory of God, the aduauncement of your wealth, and the mayntenaunce of true religion. It were too tedious to set downe, in what subiection all the Lowe Countreys of Flaunders hath beene many yeeres yoked in by their ene· mies; the effect whereof is so notorious and apparant to all the world,

and the same so truely layd open by many, that it is heere needelesse to touche it; as also to handle great care of this Prince from time to time, who continually svught to maintaine your liberties, and to defend your countrey from extreme misery; which doubtles hath sharply pinched you; and now, hauing lost him who was the principal prop of the Lowe Countreys, it is like to fall out to the vtter ouertbrowe, ruine, and destruction of that poore cominaltye, a matter most lamentable, except God, the onelie defender of those that truste in him, doo speedely procure and stirre vp a carefull and godly prince, to bee the defendor of that people and countrey, that there by the townes and villages there about may become more populous and thorowly replenished, now grecuously impouerished through civill dissention, to the quietnes, wealth, and peace of the same.

And, considering it is most necessary to publish a true discourse of this late lamentable mishappe, I have thought it good breefely and plainely to set downe the true circumstaunce thereof; and that for one speciall cause, which is, that considering the untrue imaginations, and fayned reportes, of this princes death, now blased abroade, as well to hys freendes as to hys enemies; the trueth being layd open, and made manin fest to all men, that then those reportes may be accounted fryuolus, and to be trodden vnder foote. I therefore admonish you, O yee people of Flaunders, that, hauing lost the stay and staffe of your countrey, that you yet vouchsafe, with patience, to remaine content with Gods workes, who prouideth wonderfully for you. It is your sinnes that is the cause of al your care; wherefore call vpon God in this your time of affliction, and with prayer and hearty repentance, to turne vnto the Lorde, who no doubt will deliuer you from danger, as he did the children of Israell; and assure yourselves, that he will so establish your countrey, in short time, powring thereon peace and plenty, that the remembraunce of your great extremity, now fallen vpon you, shall in short time grow out of memory, and be made a forishing common wealth, which God the Father with al speede graunt to confirme, Amen,

The Dyscourse of the Treason wrought against William of Nassawe,

Prince of Orange, by Balthazar Serack, a base born Gentleman of Bur. guni, of the Age of twenty-five Yeeres.

VPON the 12. day of lune last past, 1584. there came to the Prince of Orange, a base borne gent. of Burguni, who brought certain letters from the states of Fraunce, conserning matters of newes, touching the death of the Frenche Kinges brother, who died a little before; which letters the Prince in most thankful manner did receiue, and gaue the messenger such freendly entertainement in his owne courte,as became a Prince in such causes. The Prince, liking well of this messenger, would sundry times vse conference with him, touching the garison of the Prince of Parma, whose souldiers greatly impouerished the countries round about. This messenger, in whom there remained nothing but subtilty and se cret mischiefe, dyd show ynto the Prince, howe he coulde at any time bring him or his souldiers into the Prince of Parmaes garison, whereby he might take the aduantage of the Prince of Parmaes power; for that this messenger, beeing a cunning penman, coulde finely counterfet the Prince of Parmaes owne hand, so neere that the one should not be known from the other. The Prince, notwithstanding, woulde not so deale by his deuise, but yet he woulde enquire of him how al thinges stood, as wel in the Prince of Parmaes garison, as of the Princes pretence towards the Low Countreys, who continually certefied vnto the Prince of Orange the trueth ; which caused the Prince to repose a greater crust and confidence in him, so that he remained in the court without suspition of any trechery. But behold what folowed, on the 1. day of Iuly last past, which, by the newe computation of the Romish churche, was the centh day of the same moneth, this traytor, thus harbored and lodged in the courte of this good Prince, seeing a small pistoll or dagge in the hands of one of the Princes seruaunts, did demand what it might cost him, saying, I haue occasion to ryde a journey shortly, and that dagge would be a good defence for me vpon the high way side; wherefore he requested the Princes seruaunt that he might bye it of him, who, thinking nothing of that which hapned afterward, did sel it to him for the some of 10. shillings of English mony. The Prince then being in his court at Delph, a town of great strength, where the cheefest states doo inbabite, who beeing gon to dinner, and the garde attendaunt about his person, this traytor, secing it a meete time to compasso his pretended mischiefe, which was to bereave the Prince of his life, as he did, went into his chamber, and charged the pistoll with powder, and put three bullets in the same; that doone, he placed it priuelye in his pocket, and went downe to dinner; who, after he had dyned, hearing that the Prince would anon goe vp into his priuie chamber, deuised in his minde where 'he might best plant himselfe, for the finishing of his wicked entent; who, finding a priuie corner vpon the stayres, where he might be shadowed and not be seene, placed himselfe vntill the Princos comming.

The Prince, so soone as he had dyned, which was betweene one and two of the clocke in the afternoone, came forth of the great chamber, with his lady and gentlewomen attenda unt; his lady, purposing to walke abroade, took her leaue of the Prince, who going towards the stayres which did leade to the priuie chamber, and seeing an Italian pamed Ma. Carinson, who had stayed to speako with the Prince, to whoin the Prince very freendly spake, saying, Carinson welcome, and tooke him by the hand, willing thys Italian that he should goe vp with him into bis priuie chamber, proposing there to vse some conference with the Italian gentleman; and, before the Prince entred the stayres, there came an English captaine, called Captaine Williams, who, dooing reuerence untu

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the Prince, was entertained in moste freendly manner, laying his hand vpon Captain Williams head, wylling him also to come vp with him. .

The garde then attendant vpon the Prince, Maister Carinson and Cape tain Williams followed: But the Prince going vp the stayres, not thinking of any such matter as happened, no sooner came directly against this villenous traytor, but he presently discharged his pistoll, wherein, as before mentioned, he having put 3. bullets, two of those bullets went through the Princes body, and the third remained in his bellie; through which wicked stoke, the Prince fell downe suddainly, crying out, saying, Lord haue mercy upon me, and remember thy little flocke.' .

Wherewith he changed this life, to the great griefe of his lady, who greatly lamented his death, as also to the great sorrowe of the whole countrey. The garde pursued the murtherer, and sought to slaye him; but he ouerscaped the first garde, and was staied by the second watch garde, which was within the Princes court.

When he was taken, they demaunded of him, What he had doone, who very obstinatly answered, That he had doone that thinge, which hee would willingly doo, if it were to doo againe. Then they demaunded of him, For what cause he did it! Hee answered, For the cause of his Prince and countrey; more confession at that time they could not get of him. Forthwith they committed him to pryson, where he remained aliue, to the pleasure of the estates of the country; who shortly after deuised a torment, by death, for this murderer, which was reasonable sharpe, yet not so terrible as he deserued.

Greeuous was the cry of the people that came flocking to the Princes gates to heare the report and trueth of what had happened; which knowne, euery household was filled with sorrowe, who powred forth their plaintes, and did shedde teares, for the losse of so good a Christian, and so carefull a Prince.

The murtherer, while he remayned in pryson, was sundry times examined by the chiefe estates of the countrey, upon whose procurement he committed the said fact; who answered, At the Prince of Parmacs request, and other Princes, at whose hands he shoulde receiue for dooing the same 25000. crownes.

The order of the torment, and death of the murtherer, was as followeth, which was foure dayes: He had the 1. day the strappado, openly in the market; the second day whipped and salted, and his right hand cut off; the third day, his breastes cut out and salt throwne in, and then his left hand cut off: The last day of his torment, which was the 10. of July, he was bound to 2. stakes, standing vpright, in such order, that he could not shrinke downe, nor stirre any way. Thus standing naked, there was a great fire placed some small distaunce from him, wherein was heated pincers of iron; with which pincers, two men, appointed for the same, did pinch and pul his flesh in smal peeces from his bones, throughout moste partes of his body. Then was he vnbound from the stakes, and layd vpon the earth, and againe fastened to fowre postes, namely, by his feete and bands; then they ripped vp his belly, at which time he had life and perfect mcmorye; he had his bowels burned before his face, and his bodie cutt in forre scucral quarters. During the whole time of his execution, he remained impenitent and obstinate. rejoicing that he had slaine the prince.

Vpon the 16. day of Iuly, the Prince was very royally buryed, in the new churche at Delph, being lapped in seare cloth and leade, according to the manner of other princes in time past. · The cittizenes of Antwerp are many times driuen to shut up theyt gates, by reason of theyr enemies, who wold gladly take the citty at some aduauntage : the enemie bath built a forte vpon the banke, between Antwerp and Lullo, so that they doo what they may to stop the pas sage of the riuer from them.

There is not as yet any gouernour chosen for the Lowe Countries : but they are in bope that some order will be taken for them very shortly.

God for his mercy sake sende quietnes in those partes, that the people may enjoy theyr owne, to the health, wealth, and comfort of them all now distressed. Amen.

TRUE AND PERFECT DECLARATION

OF THE

TREASONS ,
PRACTISED AND ATTEMPTED BY
FRANCIS THROCK MORTON,

Late of London,
AGAINST THE QUEENES MAIESTIE AND THE REALME.

W HEREAS there haue bene very lewde and slaunderous bruites

V and reportes given out, of the due and orderly proceedings held with Francis 'Throckmorton, lately arraigned and condemned of high treason at the Guild-ball in London the xxi. day of May last, whereby such as are euill affected toward her Maiestie, and the present gouernment, haue indeuoured falsely and iniuriously to charge her Maiestie and her faithfull ministers with crucltie and iniustice vsed against the said Throckmorton, by extorting from him by torture such confessions as he hath made against himselfe, and by inforcing the same to make them lawful euidence to conuict him of the treasons therein specified : albeit her Maiesties subiects in general, calling to mind the milde and temperate course she hath helde all the time of her most happie reigne, might rather impute her clemencie and lenitie vsed towards all sortes of offenders to a kinde of fault, then tax her with the contrarie; yet such, as allowe of practises and treasons against her Maiestie, do alwayes interprete both of the one and of the other, according to the particular affections that doe possesse them, that is, to the worst. And forasmuch as the case of Throckmorton, at this time, hath bene subiect to their sinister constructions, and considering that lies and false bruites cast abroad are most commonly beleeued, vntil they be controlled by the trueth ; it hath bene thought expedient, in this short discourse, to deliuer vnto your view and consideration à true and perfect declaration of the treasons practised and attempted by the said Throckmorton against her Maiestie and the realme, by him confessed before his arraignement, whereby her Maiestie was iustly and in reason perswaded to put hiin to his triall. You shall likewise perceiue what course hath bene helde with him by her commissioners to bring him to confesse the trueth ; with what impudencie, and how falsely he hath denied his sayings and confessions : and lastly, how, by a new submission and confession of his said treasons, sithens his condemnation, he endeuoureth to satisfie her Maiestie, and to shew the reasons that mooued him to denie the first, which he affirmeth and confirmeth by the last; which may in reason satisfie, though not all, yet such as are not forestalled, or rather forepoysoned and infected with the lies and vntruths alreadie spred and deliuered, in fauour of the traitor and his treasons. You shall therefore vnderstand, that the cause of his apprehension grewe first vpon secret intelligence given to the Queenes Maiestie, that he was a priuie conueiour and recejuour of letters, to, and from the Scottish Queene*, vpon which information neuerthelesse diuers moneths were suffered to passe on, before he was called to answere the matter, to the end there might some proofe more apparant be had to charge him therewith directly; which shortly after fell out, and thereupon there were sent vnto his houses in London, and at Leusham, in Kent, to search and apprehend him, certain gentlemen of no meane credite and reputation; of whom, two were sent to his house by Poules-wharfe, where he was apprehended, and so by one of them conveyed presently away, the other remaining in the chamber to make search for papers, writings, &c. which might give proofe of his suspected practises,

In that search, there were found the two papers containing the names of certain Catholique Noblemen and Gentlemen, expressing the hauens for landing of forraine forces, with other particularities in the said papers mentioned; the one written in the secretarie hand, which he at the barre confessed to be his owne hand writing; and the other in the Romane band, which he denied to be his, and would not shewe how the same came vnto his hands : howbeit in his examinations he hath confessed them both to be his owne hand writing, and so they are in trueth. There were also found, among other of his papers, twelve pedigrees of the discent of the crowne of England, printed and published by the Bishop of Rosse, in the defence of the pretended title of the

• Mary.

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