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published in 1734, when speaking of Blackburn's edition of Bacon, says,
“ Would any one, that had consulted the repu“ tation of the Lord Bacon, or indeed his own, have "published several Apophthegmes under his Lord
ship's Name, which he himself, as well as Dr.
Tenison, allowed to be scandalous and spurious ? “ Those which his Lordship compiled as an amuse
ment, during his indisposition in the year 1625,
were printed in the same year, amounting to the “ number of two hundred and eighty : And were not
reprinted by Doctor Rawley in the first edition of “ the Resuscitatio in 1657: but, upon the re-publish
ing that work, with a dedication to King Charles “ the second, the Bookseller contrived to insert them “ with some alteration and additions; which, instead “ of increasing, diminished the value of the whole.*
This volume contains a copy of the first edition of 1625,4 with an Appendix containing the Apophthegmes, published by Archbishop Tenison in his Baconiana. I have, to use Bacon's own words, fanned the collection published under his name, and rejected the spurious additions. They are inserted in a note.*
* But note that this edition was published in 1661, during Rawley's life, who died in 1667.
+ Amongst the Apophthegmes inserted in the note, the following, which, from its internal evidence, I can scarcely think spurious, would have admirably illustrated Bacon's favourite opinion, that all men should be engaged in active life; that in this theatre of man's life it is reserved only for God and angels to be lookers on.-(See page 225 of vol. ii.)
“ When his Lordship was newly advanced to the Great Seal,
The use which Lord Bacon made of these “ Mucrones Verborum,” may be seen by comparing Apophthegmes 251, page 403, with the same anecdote as incorporated in the Advancement of Learning, Vol. II. page 224.
THE ORNAMENTA RATIONALIA, &c. Are inserted from the Baconiana.t - The short
— notes, of which there is a MS. in the British Museum, I are taken from the Remains published in 1645.—The Essay of Death, of which there is a Manuscript in the British Museum,* is inserted from the Remains.
" Gondomar came to visit him: My Lord said, “That he was to " thank God and the King for that honour; but yet, so he might “ be rid of the burthen, he could very willingly forbear the “honour. And that he formerly had a desire, and the same “ continued with him still, to lead a private life.' Gondomar "answered, that he would tell him a tale, · Of an old rat that 16 would needs leave the world : and acquainted the young “ rats, that he would retire into his hole, and spend his days
solitarily; and would enjoy no more comfort: and commended " them
upon his high displeasure, not to offer to come in unto “ him. They forbore two or three days; at last, one that was
more hardy than the rest, incited some of his fellows to go in “ with him, and he would venture to see how his father did; for “ he might be dead. They went in, and found the old rat sitting " in the midst of a rich Parmesan cheese.' So he applied the “ fable after his witty manner.”
* Page 451. | Page 60.
Lansdowne Collection, No. 205, fo. 217.
I know not by what authority this fragment is ascribed to Lord Bacon. It appears not to be in his style; and, excepting the following passages, I do not find any similarity in this Essay with his general sentiments upon death ;
; PAGE 137 OF THIS VOLUME. “ There is nothing more awakens our resolve “ and readiness to die, than the quieted conscience, “strengthened with opinion that we shall be well “ spoken of upon earth by those that are just and of “ the family of virtue; the opposite whereof is a fury “ to man, and makes even life unsweet.
Therefore, what is more heavy than evil fame “ deserved ? Or, likewise, who can see worse days, “ than he that yet living doth follow at the funerals “ of his own reputation.'
PAGE 7 OF THIS VOLUME. “ A mind fixed and bent upon somewhat that is good, doth avert the dolours of death; but, above “ all, believe it, the sweetest canticle is, ' Nunc “ dimittis, when a man hath obtained worthy ends “and expectations.”
* Harleian, vol. ii. p. 196.
PAGE 1. Truth
3 2. Death
6 3. Unity in Religion
8 4. Revenge
14 5. Adversity
15 6. Simulation and Dissimulation
17 7. Parents and Children
21 8. Marriage and Single Life
23 9. Envy
25 10. Love
31 11. Great Place
33 12. Boldness
33 13. Goodness, and Goodness of Nature
40 14. Nobility
43 15. Seditions and Troubles 16. Atheism
53 17. Superstition
57 18, Travel
59 19. Empire
62 20. Counsel
68 21. Delays
73 22. Cunning
75 23. Wisdom for a Man's self
79 24. Innovations
81 25. Dispatch
83 26. Seeming Wise
. 85 27. Friendship
87 28. Expense
· 96 29. The True Greatness of Kingdoms and Estates - - 97 30. Regiment of Health
. 109 31. Suspicion
· 111 32. Discourse
- 113 33. Plantations
- 115 34. Riches