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OF THE

FIRST VOLUME OF PHILOLOGICAL TRACTS,

( Forming Volume Second of the Biblical Cabinet.)

I. Dr. PFANN KOUCHE on the Language of Palestine in the

Age of Christ and the Apostles.
II. Dr. Planck on the Greek Diction of the New Testament.
III. Dr. Tholuck on the Importance of the Study of the

Old Testament.
IV. Dr. BECKHAUS on the Tropical Language of the New

Testament.
“There is in the four tracts which compose this small but
very neatly printed volume, a mass of sacred erudition, a depth
of judgment, a comprehensive reach of understanding, &c.
The Importance of Studying the Old Testament, a disserta-
tion by Professor Tholuck of Halle, is maintained with great
ability.”—Monthly Review.

“ This volume (the second) contains a good essay on the
language of Palestine, by PFANNKOUCHE ; one by PLANCK
on the lauguage of the New Testament; and several others by
THOLUCK, BeckHAUS,” &c.British Magazine.

« The plan which Dr. BECKHAUS has adopted, in explain-
ing the tropical language of Scripture, proceeds on right prin-
ciples, avoiding all controverted passages, and taking his ex-
amples from such as have any difficulties in the language and
not in the doctrine.

“ It deserves, therefore, to be carefully studied ; and may
serve as an example by which others may pursue similar in-
vestigations. This volume will be read, both with pleasure
and instruction.

“ Planck on the genius of the diction of the New Testa-
ment is a very learned production, and evinces the author's
qualifications to investigate such a theme Tholuck on the
study of the Old Testament is a most beautiful production, and
may be very beneficially perused by the humble and devotional
disciple of Christ. The book ought to be purchased by all
who wish to have a knowledge of the oracles of God.”—Chris-
tian Advocate.

“ The publication before us, in its external form, is as re-
markably neat as its contents are richly useful. Dr
THOLUCK's Tract is interesting and instructive.

“Our wishes are justly called forth, and our recommenda-
tion is cordially given, that this new contribution to the science
of Biblical Criticism and Interpretation, may be received by
the Public as it deserves ; and that will be with warm appro-
bation and extensive support."--Eclectic Review.

PREFACE.

The following introductory observations by the American translators, will sufficiently explain the object and character of the tracts included in this volume, and it is hoped they will amply justify the republication of them in this country "The object of the work is to advance the cause of Biblical Literature, principally by placing within the reach of students some treatises, which are not now readily accessible. At the present time, this department of theological science is receiving a thorough investigation. Scholars, celebrated for the accuracy and the extent of their erudition, are devoting their talents to the illustration of the Bible, by cultivating a fundamental acquaintance with its languages, and with the whole circle of knowledge connected with it, and by applying to the subject all the light, afforded by historical research and philosophical investigation. In our own country, there is an increasing interest in Sacred Literature; and the Clergy, of all denominations, are more and more impressed with the importance of searching the Scriptures, in order to ascertain and defend the fundamental truths of revelation. Our Seminaries of theology are directing the attention of their students, to the careful study of the Bible in its original Languages, and supplying them with aids, to prosecute this study with success. In England, several of our critical works have been reprinted ; a few produetions of continental scholars have been translated; and some original publications have been added to the sacred treasury.

“But of all those who apply their learning to the explanation of the Scriptures, not only the largest number, but we must say, the clearest in arrangement, and the most satisfactory in collecting knowledge, are to be found among the German writers. We are well aware, that there is a prejudice in some minds, against German divinity and philology in general, arising from that looseness of interpretation, which has characterized the modern neological school. We would by no means vindicate their views; but it is unreasonable to condemn the whole, for the errors of a part only, even if that part should be considerable. And it is possible that the works: of many, even of that part, may contain much that is of great interest and value. Is it wise, then, to forego the advantage to be derived from the study of these authors, because some of their sentiments are loose and untenable? It

is the part of prudence, to use them with the proper caution ; for we may guard against their errors, and avail ourselves of the ample fund of learning which they are ready to pour out be

fore us.

- With these views, we offer the following Essays to the student of Sacred Literature, and to the intelligent Christian, who is interested in whatever extends a knowledge of the Bible.

"Gottlob Christian Storr was born at Stuttgard 18th September 1746, died 17th January 1805. He was Professor of Theology in the University of Tübingen, a distinguished interpreter of the Sacred Scriptures, and one of the most triumphant combatants of that fashionable theology with which Europe has been deluged. His numerous Philological and Exegetical works rank among the first critical productions of Germany, and few men have attained such profound erudition, and, at the same time, preserved so humble and faithful adherence to the doctrines of the Bible, as are displayed in the literary and theological career of Dr. Storr.

66. Storr was decidedly orthodox. He took a firm stand against the accommodating system, as maintained by Semler and his followers; and as a learned defender of the leading doctrines of the Gospel, he arrested the progress of naturalism, by the salutary influence of his able writ, ings. His treatises unite the results of "a vigo. rous discrimination, and of an enlarged view of scripture truth. He seems to bring together all that the Scriptures contain, on the subjects which he is investigating ; so that the parallel or collateral texts are either referred to, or brought to bear upon them.'' In this respect, he is superior to any author with whose works we are acquainted.

“ In his earlier life, after he had acquired a profound and critical knowledge of the original languages of Scripture and the cognate dialects, he confined himself for some time to the study of the Sacred Scriptures, to the exclusion of all other theological works. Accordingly, his various productions display an extraordinary familiarity with the Bible, and, in reference especially to biblical learning, what Casaubon said of his friend the great Salmazius, might with truth be applied to him, that he was “ ad miraculum doctus."

“ Professor Hengstenberg has long been well known as the able and persevering opponent of the rationalist party in Germany. His favourable position at Berlin, has enabled him vigorously and successfully to promote the cause of the orthodox party-and, through the medium of the Evangelische Kirchen-zeitung, which he has conducted for many years, he has ably combated the

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