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Timely aid is that which comes before it is too late; Seasonable aid, that which meets the nature of the occasion.

The difference is slight between these and Opportune, which seems to express more the occurrence of that which, by its timeliness, aids some particular project or specific course of things. Like Timely and unlike Seasonable, it qualifies a case rather than a class of cases. Things are opportune for the occasion, and not as a rule. The shower which falls seasonably and in timely preservation of a crop may be inopportune as regards a party of pleasure.

DIRECTION.—Give the meaning which the synonyms grouped below have in common; give the meaning which belongs to each separately; and write sentences, using each word correctly:

1. Absolve-exonerate-acquit. 2. Adversary-opponent.

3. Affirm-aver-protest. 4. Alarm-terror.

5. Appreciate estimate -es




6. Assault-attack-assail.


7. Kill-murder-assassinate.

23. Insolence-insult.

8. Battle-combat-engagement. 24. Journey-tour-excursion—

9. Intricate-complex-compli

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17. Firmness-constancy.
18. Follow-succeed.

10. Calculate-compute.

11. Care-anxiety.

27. Mean-base-vile.

12. Adorn-decorate-embellish. 28. Manifest-evident-plain

19. Formal-ceremonious.

20. Friendly-amicable.
21. In-into.

22. Acquaintance-intimacy-fa


25. Amend—rectify.

26. Axiom-maxim-adage.


29. Mature-ripe.

30. Motive incentive-induce


31. Motherly-maternal.
32. Mute-silent-dumb.

33. Novel-new.

38. Poison-venom.
39. Rest-repose.

34. Abundance-plenty.

35. Pleasing-pleasant-agree- 40. Resign-relinquish. 41. Sensible-intelligent. 42. Gain-win.


36. Pillage-plunder.

37. Poverty-indigence-pauper-43. Slight-neglect. 44. Tall-high-lofty.



DIRECTION.-Supply precise words in the following sentences:

1. Hope-Expect. (a) Such was the violence of the storm that none of the passengers the vessel could outlive the gale. that his son would be eminent.

(b) The father had

2. Lonely-Solitary. (a) It appeared to the misled and traveler.

(b) Hie home unto my chamber, where thou shalt find me sad and

of me that I'll

3. Ask-Beg-Request. (a) What shall you deny?

(b) In

and modest.

other inferior things it may become us to be reserved


him to accept the same as a testimony of their tender ness towards him.

4. Admit-Allow. (a) The ruined spendthrift claimed kindred there, and had his claim

(b) Even a real miracle can not be as such by those who are not assured that the event is contradictory to the course of nature. 5. Excite Incite. (a) Can the sons of Greece


in Achilles' mind?

(b) The concurrence of many circumstances, resembling those which had been so favorable to the late monarch, him to a similar attempt.

6. Poison-Venom. (a) As souls, they say, by our first touch take in the of original sin.

(b) The God of truth defend you and all others that maintain his truth from the

(c) The

of liars.

of asps is under their tongues.

7. Modern-Recent. (a) Yet was much taxed, by that age precise, for faults which times not strange have thought. from the nether sphere.

(b) Amphitryon,
8. Curious-Prying — Inquisitive.

(a) Bacon says, some have been so —as to remark the times and seasons, when the stroke of an envious eye is most effectually pernicious.

(6) Man is read in his face, God in his creatures, but not as the philosopher, the creature of his glory, reads him, but as the divine, the servant of humility; yet he must take care not to be too

(c) So close in poplar shades, her children gone,
The mother nightingale laments alone,
Whose nest some
churl has found.

9. Tedious-Irksome. (a) The


(b) The English, coming

(b) It was perhaps less

to live the life of a hermit in a solitary den than to submit to the humors of a bigot. the right.

10. Defend Protect. (a) God (b) How poor a thing is man, whom death itself can not from injuries.

into the city.

(c) The most

14. Sorrow-Grief.


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a man to rob a

11. Glance-Glimpse. (a) The poet's eye, in a fine frenzy rolling, doth - from heaven to earth, from earth to heaven. (b) In His face the of His Father's glory shine. 12. Persuade ·Convince. (a) He that house is guilty of the sin he him to. (b) Wise men desire to discover such evident marks of superior wisdom, power, and goodness in the frame of it, as may them that it is truly divine.

13. Timely-Seasonable-Opportune. (a) Mercy is time of affliction.

length of nine revolving

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is humble and dissolves in tears; Make not your Hecuba with fury rage, And show a ranting


the stage.

in the

in to their succor, beat them back

place shall never melt mine honor into lust.

15. Impostor—Deceiver. (a) If these things prove true, let me be registered not only for a most notorious but such an hypocrite as never trod upon the earth before.


(b) Our Savior wrought his miracles frequently, and for a long time together; a time sufficient to have detected any


16. Propose-Purpose. (a) The ship a helpless hull is left; she quits her


(b) There are but two plans on which any man can duct himself through the dangers and distresses of human life. 17. Mutual― Reciprocal.

(a) But as He framed a whole, the whole to bless,
wants built


(b) Life can not subsist in society but by 18. Pillage-Plunder. (a) I took away from our men the with which they were loaded, and gave it to the owners. (b) For the of malignants, I answer that I think the parliament never yet approved the -, or, in plain English, robbing of any man by any of their forces.

19. Resolution-Determination-Decision. (a) Be it with then, to fight.

to con

(b) The will is said to be

when, in consequence of some action or influence, its choice is fixed upon a particular object. (c) The of dying to end our miseries does not show such a degree of magnanimity, as a to bear them. 20. Gratitude-Thankfulness. (a) · is the lively and powerful reaction of a well-disposed mind upon whom benevolence has conferred something important.

(b) Give us that due sense of all Thy mercies, that our hearts may be unfeignedly

21. Difficulty-Obstacle-Impediment-Obstruction. were all night removing the


(a) They that had been placed across the

(b) Was ever any

overcome by a sudden cast of thought?

(c) The want of a life conformable to the religion which we profess, hath been an to the progress of Christianity.

(d) Because an

by nature earthly and foul doth not receive the pure clearness of light

22. Exceed-Excel. (a) Man's boundless avarice his neighbors round about him feeds.

(b) The Power that shuts within its seed the future flower, bids these in elegance of form

23. Defamation-Calumny - Slander-Libel. (a) Their aim is

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and on

not their reformation, since they proclaim men's

only men's


vices unto others, not lay them open to themselves.

(b) Whether we speak evil of a man to his face or behind his back; the former way indeed seems to be the most generous, but yet is a great fault, and that which we call reviling. The latter is more mean and base, and that which we call

(c) "The way to silence -," says Bias, "is to be always exercised in such things as are praiseworthy."

(d) We have in a -; (1) the writing; (2) the communication; (3) the application to persons and facts; (4) the intent and tendency; (5) the matter-diminution of fame.

man is so only in

24. Bashful-Modest-Diffident. (a) A the presence of others.


is a kind of shame or bashfulness proceeding from the sense a man has of his own defects, compared with the perfections of him whom he comes before.


and presumption both arise from the want of knowing, or rather endeavoring to know, ourselves.

25. Scheme-Plan-Design. (a) The vigor of a boundless imagination told him how a might be disposed that would embel

lish Nature and restore Art to its proper office.

(b) The machine which we are inspecting demonstrates by its construction, contrivance, and

(c) The idea of the possibility of multiplying paper money to almost any extent was the real foundation of what is called the Mississippi the most extravagant project, both of banking and stock-jobbing, that perhaps the world ever saw.


26. Linger-Lag-Saunter-Loiter. (a) We must proceed speedily, and persist constantly, nowhere staying or


(b) Yet not content, more to increase his shame, when so she as she needs mote so, he with his spear would thump her


(c) On yonder cliffs, a grisly band,
I see them sit; they
Avengers of their native land.


(d) Upon the first suspicion a father has that his son is of a temper, he must carefully observe him whether he be listless and indifferent in all his actions, or whether in some things he be slow and sluggish, but in others vigorous and eager.

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