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DIRECTION. — Point out in the following sentences the cases in which repetition is emphatic:

1. So many hours must I tend my flock;

So many hours must I take my rest;
So many hours must I contemplate;

So many hours must I sport myself. 2. Why, I can smile the while, since thy wiles can ne'er deceive me.

3. They upbraided him for evading the truth and parading his conceit in the presence of their friends. 4. Happy, happy, happy pair!

None but the brave,

None but the brave,
None but the brave deserves the fair.
5. No more shall the meads be decked with flowers,
Nor sweetness dwell in


bowers; Nor greenest buds on branches spring, Nor warbling birds delight to sing,

Nor April violets paint the grove. 6. They sang of peace to them that sang of war.

DIRECTION.- Make the following sentences more forcible, by omitting all words that the sense does not require:

1. What news have you heard from Genoa ?
2. May woe betide those within.
3. It is base treachery.
4. What is the cause, then, sir, the cause?
5. Rush ye on him, rush ye on him.
6. May it please God to bless you, sir.
7. Venice, thou art the proud queen of the waters.
8. Who is it that comes so fast in the silence of the night?

9. Is it that life is so dear or that peace is so sweet as to be purchased at the price of chains and slavery ?

10. Do not suffer yourselves to be betrayed with a kiss.



DIRECTION. - Substitute for each of the following generic words as many specific words as you can think of: 1. Flower.

10. Implement. 2. Fruit.

II. Garment. 3. Motion.

12. Fowl. 4. Animal.

13. Destroy. 5. Beast.

14. Building. 6. Insect.

15. Color. 7. Food.

16. Crime. 8. Free.

17. Sound. 9. Vehicle.

18. Disease.

DIRECTION. — Construct sentences containing the following specific words; and then exchange them for corresponding generic words. Note what you thus lose in energy: 1. Sparrow.

10. Plow. 2. Flannel.

11. Harp. 3. Horse.

12. Vulture. 4. Coat. 5. Daisy.

14. Mocking-bird. 6. Wagon.

15. Green. 7. Bread.

16. Thunder. 8. Small-pox.

17. Gun.
18. Silver.

13. Ant.

9. Oak.


DIRECTION. — Make the following sentences periodic :

1. He came out from the sheltering rock, and stood beneath the cave to receive the Divine communication.

2. I will be open and sincere with you before I invite you into my society and friendship.

3. The ministerial ranks began to waver as soon as it was understood that the attack was directed against him alone, and that, if he were sacrificed, his associates might expect advantageous and honorable terms.

4. Antonio, with calm resignation, replied that he had but little to say, for that he had prepared his mind for death.

5. I was willing enough to intrust my son with this commission, as I had some opinion of his prudence.

6. The ships were in extreme peril; for the river was low, and the only navigable channel ran very near to the left bank, where the headquarters of the enemy had been fixed.

7. I reflect with sorrow and astonishment on the little competitions, factions, and debates of mankind, when I see kings lying by those who deposed them, when I consider rival wits placed side by side, or the holy men that divided the world with their contests and disputes.

8. The contemplation of celestial things will make a man both speak and think more sublimely and magnificently, when he descends to human affairs.

DIRECTION. – Make the following sentences loose :

1. Unless we look on this world as only a nursery for the next, and believe that the several generations of rational creatures, which rise up and disappear in such quick succession, here receive only the first rudiments of their existence, afterward to be transported into a more friendly climate, where they may spread and flourish to all eternity, how can we find in the formation of man that wisdom which shines through all the works of God?

2. When he was not under the influence of some strange scruple, or some domineering passion, which prevented him from boldly and fairly investigating a subject, he was a wary and acute reasoner.

3. When in the course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another,

a decent respect for the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.

4. When, at length, Hyder Ali found that he had to do with men who either would sign no convention, or whom no treaty and no signature could bind, and who were the determined enemies of human intercourse itself, he decreed to make the country possessed by these incorrigible and predestinated criminals a memorable example to mankind.







DIRECTION.- Arrange in climacteric order the parts of these sentences:

1. It is good to commemorate patriotic sentiments, good to honor them, good to encourage them, good to have them.

2. Gentleness ought to diffuse itself over our whole behavior, to form our address, and to regulate our speech.

3. Ambition creates seditions, wars, discords, hatred, and shyness.

4. Charity breathes long-suffering to enemies, courtesy to strangers, and habitual kindness towards friends.

5. Virtue supports in sickness, comforts in the hour of death, strengthens in adversity, and moderates in prosperity.

6. Since man is on his very entrance into the world the most helpless of all creatures; since he must at last be laid down in the dust from which he was taken; and since he is for a series of years entirely dependent on the protection of others; how vain and absurd does it appear that such a being should indulge in worldly pride.


DIRECTION.- Complete the following sentences by adding suitable contrasts:

1. Pride is the offspring of ignorance
2. He is young in years, but
3. Silence your opponent with reason
4. The form perishes; the matter

5. The desire of the righteous is only good; but the expectation of the wicked

6. Force was resisted by force; valor
7. William was the more attentive, but his brother
8. The simple inherit folly;
9. In peace, children bury their parents; in war

10. Contemporaries appreciate the man rather than the merit; but posterity

II. Philadelphia covers the larger extent of territory, but New York

12. An upright minister asks what recommends a man; a corrupt minister


DIRECTION. — Criticise and amend the following sentences, with reference to unity, clearness, and strength:

1. The effect of the concluding verb, placed where it is, is most striking.

2. On this occasion, the question gave rise to much agitation, and soon after absorbed every other consideration.

3. After the most straightest sect of our religion I lived a Pharisee.

4. Thou found'st me poor at first and keep'st me so.
5. Rich or poor you have always been to me a true friend.

6. Owing to an obstacle on the track, and the dness of the weather, the train was delayed, and as John did not reach home in time to attend the funeral, they concluded to postpone it.

7. Yet it was natural for him to conceal whatever sadness he might entertain on account of the misfortunes of his friend, in the brilliant scenes of which he was the principal actor.

8. It was midnight—the very hour at which (with a punctuality few of them have exhibited in the flesh) spirits invariably revisit (what can be the attraction in many cases ?) their former abodes.

9. Both mind and body were patient under hardships, whether voluntary or under necessity endured.

10. He could only live in agitation; he could only breathe in a volcanic atmosphere.

11. Mrs. A.'s compliments to Mrs. B., and begs to say that C. lived with her a year and found her respectable, steady, and honest. 12. But

you will bear it as you have so many things. 13. No introduction has, nor in any probability ever will, authorize that which common thinkers would call a liberty.

14. I am going to yonder gate to receive further direction how I may get to the place of deliverance.

15. He sympathized, not with their cause, but their fate.

16. Upon which the Moor, seizing a bolster, full of rage and jealousy, smothered the unhappy Desdemona.

17. He knows, further, that the keeper of the asylum has either been deceived by, or is an accomplice of, these doctors.

18. He has carefully transcribed his history.

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